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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 3, 2014 4:00pm-4:31pm PST

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high, credit ratings high. companies expected it then. companies expect it now. doing right -- it is just good business. union bank. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is bbc world news america reporting from washington. the political crisis in soud sudan is taking a heavy human toll on the even of direct peace talks where those were forced to flee the violence. >> they still have no clean water, little food. it's major humanitarian cry is sis. >> a winter storm slams the u.s. northeast, bringing with it whipping winds, frigid cold and in some places up to two feet of snow. and talk about temperature shock. these lads in somalia not only taken to the ice but now heading
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to siberia. we will tell you why. >> welcome to our viewers in public television in america and also around the globe. tonight the u.s. state department is evacuating for of its embassy staff from south sudan due to the deteriorating security situation there. it comes on the eve of direct talks getting under way in ethiopia aimed at ending weeks of violence. the fighting left hundreds of civilians dead and tens of thousands displaced. the bbc is is in south sudan and starts our coverage. >> those who ran from the violence now must wait for help. across the nile they fled the fighting, cramming into these narrow boats. they have no food, clean water or shelter, but at least now
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they're safe. they're almost all from the dinka tribe, fearing ethnic violence they suffered once before in boria, a town now controlled by rebel forces in their newer, tribal militia. human effect of the political crisis that sparked tribal violence. some aid has reached the camp. food and some oil from 30,000 from the red cross, a drop in the ocean but much, much more is on the way. >> give the people what they need because when they are displaced, for them some of them are displaced a lot of time and in the process they have lost their food so you come and look at them and see their needs in this community and are quite huge. >> well over 200,000 people have been displaced by the fighting across country. tens of thousands sought refuge in u.n. compounds. this one in the capital juv
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afflet. from those trapped in towns held by the rebels, ascare of what might happen when the army tries to retake them. many believe more fighting is imminent. hard to know the full extent of the crisis. >> there are still great unknowns. nity in upper nile state which has seen considerable fighting in the past couple weeks and increasingly trying to move around by air and we will try also by road to reach as many people in as many sights as possible to get a clearer picture to what is happening. >> that's led the u.s. embassy here to evacuate more staff because of deteriorating security. delegates finally started to arrive for peace talks in ethiopia but those representing the former vice president, who's accused of staffing the crisis by trying to snatch power v. a less of seven things to agree on in order of priority. and cease-fire is is last on the list. without any progress to bring peace back to south sudan, it
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seems likely for now these people won't be able to return to their homes across the river. they still have no clean water. they have little food. it's a major humanitarian crisis. bbc news in south sudan. >> and for more on the situation in south sudan, i spoke a brief time ago with peter fam, director of the council's africa center. these peace talks starting in ethiopia tomorrow. what are the peace talks for agreement? >> the problem with the peace talks are two-fold. first, not all of the parties to the conflict are represented there. although the former vice president will be represented, it's not entirely clear he's in full command of the so-called rebel forces. it's not sure who is in command of the white army irregulars and certain plager general peter ga debt, who controls the regular forces and probably one of the more accomplished soldiers formally in the south sudanese
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military will is not being represented. it isn't a question of who isn't represented. the other question is going to be can peace talks occur while a number of people, political leaders dismissed and subsequently imprisoned by the government in juba remained prisoners. >> now, you warned when south sudan became independent that seldom did a new state had so many disadvantages. was this a cry sess foretold? >> this was a crisis that should have been foreseen and certain flower told by a number of analysts. ut but the international community investing so much in the independent process and independence of the state everybody tried to put positive gloss on it, overlooking veras developmental and conflict challenges that were not addressed as well as questions of accountability and corruption has just been enormous the last few years. >> is this really an ethnic problem or something sfells >> certainly an ethnic connection that cannot be denied, but more profoundly political crisis.
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government that was elected in rather imperfect elections in 2011 glossed over. not bonn to the polls since. we had the president in august of 2013 fire most of his government, including the vice president ending any prospect of power sharing. and massive corruption by the government's own 0 admission in the last few years, $4 billion and probably more went missing from just 75 government officials. there's massive corruption, lack of service delivery and increasingly a dictatorial slant to the government. >> so did the u.s. and e.u. which did so much to support the process leading to independence ignore these warning signs? >> unfortunately i think a lot of the debate up to independence consumption was led by activists and advocates who had their own agendas and perhaps were not really down in the weeds of what was really going on. so a lot of signals were missed. by looking at this purely in terms of black and white, north and south, they ignored the deep
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fissures in the south that remained to be addressed and need to be addressed if there's going to be sustainable peace in this country. >> peter fam, thank you so much for joining us. >> thank you. >> across south sudan's border, united referee agency said more than 900,000 people have been displaced by fighting in the central african republic. that's almost faith of the population. and includes half the entire population of the capital city. there's been no letup in the violence despite the presence of nearly 6,000 troops in the country from france and african union. u.n. children's agency unicef said the violence in the country has reached a vicious new low. after at least 16 churn were killed in december. u.s. and israeli officials say the militant group hezbollah has been moving long-range missiles from war-torn syria into neighboring lebanon. that's according to reports today in "the new york times" and "the wall street journal." officials believe that hezbollah
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is trying to avoid an israeli military strike inside syria that would destroy the weapons. for more i spoke with eric schmidt, who co-wrote the article about this in "the new york times" times. eric, why is hezbollah moving these weapons now? >> they're moving them now to try to take advantage actually of some of chaos that's going on in syria, hoping that the mayhem on the ground will obfuscate some of the movements of these missile parts, missile systems if you will. the israelis have been watching this very close. they're very concerned about the impact these various kinds of missiles could have on their security and they conducted at least five air strikes in 2013 against these different systems that have so far been stored in warehouses in syria. many along the border with lebanon. so hezbollah has taken a different tact now. they're trying to move these missiles, missile systems piecemeal, trying to basically slip them, pieces of missile systems under the radar, if you
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will, of the israeli surveillance systems and bring them in piece by piece into lebanon to be assembled. >> how is israelis likely to snond >> israelis are watching this closely and as i mentioned struck these depots, warehouses in syria that have been where the hezbollah has been storing these systems. it's been very difficult for hezbollah to get even the components of these missiles into lebanon and u.s. intelligence told us yesterday do not believe there is yet a complete missile system that's been shipped into lebanon particularly of these new russian-made anti-ship missiles that are screrning to the israeli navy. >> what do you think the impact will be on lebanon already destabilized by the conflict in syria having these weapons moved in? >> no doubt it only escalates tensions there if roorltlies believe there are weapon systems such as long-range scud missiles
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or anti-ship missiles that can jeopardize their security and could lead to further attacks against any suspected warehouse or depots housing these components. >> is the chaos of the war in syria priing hezbollah with an opportunity to get new weapons as israelis have feared? >> absolutely. what you have seen is weapons coming in from iran into syria, some of them in syria it isself from the vast arsenal that president assad has assembled there over the years. it's been the goal of the syrians and, of course, their backers in iran to move some of these weapons into lebanon, moving them even closer to israel as a deterrent for the israelis to strike any targets in syria. >> is lebanon really that much more secure a place in syria to store these weapons ultimately. >> not exactly, of course. but again trying to take advantage of the chaos not only in syria but you mentioned increasing sectarian violence we're seeing now in lebanon with the tit for tat strikes that are
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being carried out with dangerous regularity we are seeing now. so again, it's both sides trying to take advantage now of the situation on the ground to their advantage. >> eric schmidt, thank you so much for joining us. >> you're welcome. >> in other news now, the authorities in egypt say at least 11 people have been killed n violence for supporters of the zimbabwe president clashed with forces. arrests in alexandria and other cities. the number of dead has been put at 17. another day of fighting in two cities of western iraq between army backed by local tribesmen and militants linked to al qaeda. in ramadi forces say they inflicted numerous casualties on the militants and street battles in nearby fallujah. russian president vladimir putin has taken to the ski slopes in so muchy, where the winter olympics will be held next month. it's part of his tour of venues
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in the black sea resort. russian television showed mr. putin skiing not on the olympic slope but facility next to the main venue. a powerful winter storm with snow and frigid temperatures hit the northeastern united states today. boston was blanketed with more than a foot of snow and had wind chills of minus 20 degrees fahrenheit. more than six inches of snow in new york city, where schools were closed and some roads temporarily shut down. the storm has been blamed for at least 11 deaths or more than 2,000 flights have been canceled. bbc has this report from new york. >> i'm here in central park in new york city, and the temperatures are absolutely freezing. it's minus 10 degrees crellsous now and temperatures are expected to drop even further. so long with the snow the wind and these cold temperatures are really creating a harsh condition here. but that hasn't stopped people from coming out.
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new york city actually shut down government offices and schools in response to the storm and so people here have taken it as an extended holiday break, having a bit of winter fun, sledding down the hills here in the park and enjoying time with the family. but that hasn't meant that it's been a rosy picture across the city in other northeastern states that have been hit. people trying to travel back home have been stuck in airports and thousands ever flights have been delayed or canceled and roadways have also just reopened after being closed for major part of the storm last night. in new york city has dispatched 2,500 plows just to get the city cleaned up and ready to go back to business by start of work monday. >> reporting there on the big freeze here in the u.s. you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program -- the global waste line waist line is growing at an alarming rate. a new report raising concerns
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developed countries are following an unhealthy example. in china, police in the southern ovince of kwan dong busted a massive drug ring. they confiscated nearly three tons of crystal meth. amazingly officials say more than a third of the country's entire supply of the drug comes rom one village. >> 3,000 heavily armed police officers swept into this village at dawn. their mission was to eliminate what they called the region's number one drug village. and this is what the village has become known for, methamphetamine, highly addictive stimulant commonly called crystal meth. it is easy and cheap to create with the right tools. police say more than one-third of china's total crystal meth supply comes from this one village. known as ice in china, this drug is incredibly lucrative source
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of income for villages, officials say. >> 20 crepts of households in the village were directly involved or had a stake in drug production. drug production was run by families, brothers, sisters, relatives and friends and had been industrialized in the village. worse still they were under the protection of local officials, village and township cartels and local police. >> officers involved in the raid were recruited from outside bscher and surrounding areas. local media said it was to avoid the possibility of tipping off villages. the raid was part of operation thunder, an anti-drug crackdown announced in july. in addition to three tons of crystal meth, officers also seized 260 kilograms of ketamine powder, narcotic and raw materials for making drugs. officials are now hailing what they call one of china's biggest drug busts but with recreational
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drug use on the rise, they say much more work is ahead. bbc news, hong kong. >> sleepwalking into a global problem. that's how one independent think tank is describing the alarming increase in obesity, especially in developing countries. the overseas development institute found the number of obese or overweight people in those nations quadrupled to almost a billion between 1980 and 2008. bbc has the details. >> eating to success. chances are many of us overdo it over the festive period but there are fresh concerns about our globally expanded waist line. researchers say it's particularly alarming in the developing world where people are choosing to spend their increasing disposable income on
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fatty, sugary foods. the future diet report analyze existing data on global obesity rates. it found in 1980 one in five people were overweight or obese. in 2008, it had risen to one in three. the report also found that in the developing world countries like u.k. and u.s., rates went from 321 million to 571 million. but in developing countries like egypt to mexico, numbers almost quadrupleed from 250 million to 904 million. >> the explosion of overweight and obese people in the developing world is largely down to the meerging economies, those that have gone through a transition from being low-income economies to middle-income economies in the last generation. and that has produced a large middle class of people who have rising incomes and they can buy the foods they want and they're undertaking more sedentary life
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styles. >> if these sorts of greasy, fattening, sugary process foods are causing the problem, this has more than the top daily recommended amount of sugar in it, around 13 to get in this food and drink often enough and you risk heart disease, diabetes, certain types of cancers and strokes all increasing. it's already put huge strain on health symptoms. denmark banned trans fats, used to extend shelf life but no nutritional value back in 2004. the report also cites south korea's large-scale training scheme to teach women about preparing traditional low-fat meals and success story how government policies can help fight obesity. translator: i never worried about my weight because i always enjoyed eating poreage like this. i would never eat fatty foods. i like to eat vegetables and
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fruit. >> koreans before vegetables, where as werners seem to eat more wet meat. and even people are quite weight conscience here. the report said more governments need to start introducing taxes on 0 sugary, fatty foods. much of the food and drink industry isn't keen and argue the only thing that will get lighter is people's wallets. bbc news. >> and for more on what could be done to tackle this growing epidemic, i spoke a brief time ago with dr. jayhan from the george washington school of medicine here in washington. so is it the newly wealthy in developing countries who are becoming obese? >> don't think that's necessarily the case. if you look at what's happened to our world through globalization, you will see that the number of kentucky fried chickens and mcdonald's have really spread throughout the developing world. so as a way of getting closer to the western ideal, if you will,
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a lot of people, wealthy or not, have been eating more westernized diet. >> seems extraordinary there, doesn't it, countries with good diets are adopting terrible ones. >> i think that when you're looking at super powers, super powers are even that for a reason. people want to emulate what's considered the status symbol in the world and so whether it's dress, whether it's movies, whether it's speech, english, whether it's food, it's kind of part of the whole package. >> but i suppose what happened here in the developed world, there have been efforts to tackle obesity. what can the developing world learn from what's been successful? >> i think first the point is the burden of disease is so high in the developing world because of infectious disease that when you rare obesity-related illnesses and that burden becomes adding insult to injury, there are good lessons in the united states in particular that have to do with how tobacco has been tackled. if you look at the numbers of
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smokers, at least particularly in the particular age group, numbers have actually gone down. i think that, that public health campaign to really tackle that is the way we need to go with obesity. >> how about taxes on soda and fatty foods? >> you know, in new york and new york city that was effective. sadly, that's now being reversed. and actually you saw the body mass index actually going down because from having cokes or sodas this large, they were reducing sizes or taxes. i don't like to -- i'm not a thor tarean in the way i think about things but at the same time we are a society, health insurance is a huge issue. it has to do with how competitive this economy is and if we don't ramp down our costs, not to mention improve the quality of our citizens' life, we're all in trouble. >> how about the sedentary lifestyle that we have?
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>> look, we're all sitting around more because we're glued to our computers or tvs or something, you know, our work is much more sedentary. and if you look at what's happened at least in the united states, a lot less sidewalks have been built in some of the new developments and actually the number of sidewalks correlates with the body mass index of people. so hopefully one of the silver linings, if you will, of a recession is that with less, especially cars, maybe people will move around a little bit more. >> doctor, thank you so much for joining us. >> my pleasure. >> here in the united states, few is have probably ever heard of bandy but this fast-paced game played on ice is has gained an unusual following. countries like swede land, london and russia are nationals to send team to the world championships. however this year a team from somalia is joining the ranks. somalia, where snow almost never falls. we caught up with the team
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practicing in sweden. >> let's get ready to rumble! >> hi, my name is anthony. i'm part of the somali downhill mission team. i'm going to siberia. that's right, bandy. andy, like ice hockey. you have a small pole. they shoot it with a stick. score one goal. if you score two, it's two. more s like past sports like ice hockey because you're skating and you can't stand. you have to move all around. even if you have the pole.
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never knew what snow even looged like but i thought maybe you have to have some ice and i came here five years ago and now i'm exiting my country, smi somalia to get my colors and wear my home country t-shirts. it's amazing, siberia is a great team i will be proud of someday. >> somalia national team there talking about their upcoming trip to the bandy world championships. very good luck indeed to them. that brings today's broadcast to a close but you can continue watching "bbc world news" and learn more about bandy by looking at our website and
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watching our 24-hour news network. check our local listings for channel number. from all of us here at "world news america," thank you for watching. have a great weekend. >> make sense of international ews at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, nd union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture
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new ventures and help provide capital for key strategic decisions. we offer expertise and tailored solutions in a wide range of industries. what can we do for you? > "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los presented by kcet, los angeles.
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(george chattering excitedly) this program was made possible by: at houghton mifflin harcourt, we believe reading opens new worlds and inspires curiosity in learners of all ages. we're proud to sponsor curious george on pbs kids. can fuel a lifetime of learning. early learning academy, proud sponsor of pbs kids and curious george. early learning academy, are designed for kids to be as active as their imaginations. all she knows is that, today, purple is her favorite color, and that's good enough for us. stride rite is a proud sponsor of "curious george." funding for curious george is provided by contributions to your pbs station... ooh.
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...and from: (lively drum intro) ♪ you never do know what's around the bend ♪ ♪ big adventure or a brand-new friend ♪ ♪ when you're curious like curious george ♪ ♪ swing! ♪ ♪ well, every day ♪ every day ♪ ♪ is so glorious ♪ glorious ♪ george! ♪ and everything ♪ everything ♪ ♪ is so wondrous ♪ wondrous ♪ ♪ there's more to explore when you open the door ♪ ♪ and meet friends like this, you just can't miss ♪ ♪ i know you're curious ♪ curious ♪ ♪ and that's marvelous ♪ marvelous ♪ ♪ and that's your reward ♪ you'll never be bored ♪ if you ask yourself, "what is this?" ♪ ♪ like curious... ♪ like curious... curious george. ♪ oh... captioning sponsored by nbc/universal
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narrator: it was a great day to fly a kite with a friend. kite-flying friends are forever... (wind gusts) whoa! ...even if good weather isn't. (grunting) (excited chattering) (grunting, yells) hey! come back here! (grunts) (both grunting) all right! (george shouts) whoa! whoa... ooh. ah... (chatters sadly) i think we need a new kite. (chatters quietly) narrator: bill and george


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