tv BBC World News America PBS May 14, 2014 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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they can be a family tradition. some say the risks are simply too high. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. turkey is reeling from the country's deadliest ever mining disaster. the government has declared three days of national mourning after nearly 275 miners were killed in an explosion at a coal mine in the west of the country. their fate is unknown.
>> a moment of relief. >> all day at the mine, and agonizing vigil. vain.ment and in overnight, some walking wounded him urged. turned a mine into a burial ground. it pastrnment says regular safety inspections. a struggle against lethal fumes that claimed many lives. at the hospital, the desperation
grew by the hour. it was a real sense of community losing hope. we found them in the hospital grounds touching a photograph of her missing husband. she encouraged him to start mining because the benefits were good. he was just four days on the job. please don't leave your children, she says. everyone is waiting for you to return. i beg you. please come back. don't leave me alone. just outside, protesters directed their anger at the police chief. they blamed a mining company and the government for the loss of so many lives. >> the anger has spilled over
onto the streets. these protesters have been demanding the resignation of the prime minister. they say he's a murderer. they are asking who will be held to account for the hundreds that died in this tragedy. this is a mining town and many believe the disaster was man-made. >> this former coal miner has lost several friends. he told us safety inspections should have been done without warning but were always known about in advance. the prime minister came to the mine today. his car was attacked by locals. many accuse him and his government of ignoring safety problems. another body was recovered. another victim of a disaster that some had warned was waiting to happen.
>> what more do we know about what caused this terrible accident? and how difficult will it be to reach the miners trapped underground? >> stunned that he is still alive. this is a disaster on a horrific scale. the battered figures emerging from underground are the lucky ones. and amid the tears, a mounting sense of anger that this was ever allowed to happen. thousands of people have gathered and are hoping for any positive signs from down below. the nightmare is that so many obstacles stand in the way. no one can be sure where people may be trapped. the explosion, cut out the power supply. the ventilation system is critically important.
they are pumping in fresh air but oxygen levels have dropped because freshly exposed coal sucks and oxygen. levels of carbon monoxide have been rising. that is potentially toxic. reducesildup of smoke visibility. control,easures to they are putting stone dust into the mine. all very well-known for decades and there is no reason other than incompetence. >> that accusation was shared by many in turkey today. accused them of being murderers. became morets violent. the police responded with tear gas and rubber bullets.
they were furious that the government was warned about safety a few years ago. under pressure, the turkish prime minister promised an investigation. including one in britain as far back as 1862. behind the trauma and the grief lies the fact that turkey is a fast-growing economy that needs more energy. and the government has been pushing for a big increase in coal production, a policy that will be tested as the horror unfolds. >> i spoke on the scene of the mine collapse. i asked what the mood was like. is a real sense of shock and grief and a tremendous feeling of anger. many of those we met today say there have been complaints about poor safety standards that have been made public. a trade union representative
raised the issue and very recently, the opposition party requested a parliamentary inquiry into a series of smaller accidents. certainly, you will find people that thehat believe prime minister and government have blood on their hands and they have been ignoring the issue of safety standards for many years. and a drive for growth. there is a mix of a motion and a sense of community and hope. the rescue operations we are told will be continued through the night. i think there can be very few people here now that expect there is any remaining chance of survivors being found in more
than 100 men still unaccounted for. we are simply hoping that they might relieve the body they can marry. it is a very grim milestone for turkey making this the worst ever mining disaster. and there is great anger about what has happened. >> there is a safety inspection , that they had been inspected regularly five times since 2012. the government says the energy minister says it has passed that inspection and there were no safety issues detected. and that there were proper safety standards. today when the prime
minister came to the area, and acknowledgment of the fact that there is a case to answer. he said there will be a full investigation. that negligence would not be allowed. the problem is that many feel it is the government themselves that have been negligent. it is not a new concern. i think there is a real question for the government to answer about how this can happen all over again. >> over the past few days, we reported on the ground and in the air for the search of 200 schoolgirls. hundreds of militants were reportedly killed after villagers repelled an attack. the -- is theas only journalist to travel across the northeast.
>> it is extraordinarily ferocious. i saw thegain, aftermath of this extreme brutality. thanks mostlyed to the robberies and bankrate and is dedicated to the man who has been the charismatic leader for five years now. in a recent video, he says, i will slaughter you. a local created self-defense force armed only with primitive weapons. these men fought a battle in the northeast yesterday and killed 200 of them. usually it is book over on that does the killing.
dispose of it back though >> is it going to be possible to stop them? possible. are hoping they are willing to lay down their arms. easy to findre not and not in charge of the movement. themselves people committed to propagating the prophets teachings of jihad it. their operations are spreading alarmingly. they blew up this bus station in the capital. there was a second explosion in the same place. 75 people died and all.
a bomb in a place like this, you can't possibly know who you're going to kill. you're just as likely to hit muslims as christians. they were intended to demonstrate how powerful they are becoming. it is no longer just the northeast which is afraid. these children told us that they felt frightened to come to school. that is exactly the purpose of their campaign. >> those girls were kidnapped exactly one month ago. still to come on tonight's program. together with edward snowden, his revelations provoked an international firestorm.
>> the trial of oscar pistorius could face a lengthy delay after the judge ordered he should undergo a mental health evaluation. ruled that psychiatric evidence could not replace a proper inquiry into his state of mind. andrew harding has the latest on the case. psychiatrist as a general anxiety disorder. the prosecution has now hit back. demanding that independent trying to persuade the judge it was unnecessary. must undergo 30 days of evaluation.
pretoria. >> glenn greenwald was planning a trip to hong kong to meet an anonymous source -- source. bet source turned out to national security contractor edward snowden. they created shock in the u.s. and abroad. he describes his collaboration and what he thinks of the a year ago, the name of edward snowden was unknown. did you ever dream that revealing the story of u.s. government surveillance would have such an impact? >> there was a time where i started to understand the scope of the archive.
union thinking about the likely dreame, we really didn't that it would be this sustained global debate. >> and he almost passed on the entire story. to me inld only speak an unencrypted environment. quiterospect, he was rational but unwilling to share anything about it he had or what he was. they were very vague missives asking me to install sophisticated programs with out him sharing something with me. i did almost move on from the story. someoneere expecting taking a huge risk. to hugew he had access numbers of very sensitive documents. i also spent a long time talking to him online and his website
were uniformly sophisticated. i knew he was ready to risk his life to go to prison. it made me think he must've been around for a long time. that mass say surveillance by the u.s. government is necessary to protect lives. of 9-11 was that the u.s. government failed the plot not because they had collected enough but they hadn't collected -- but they had collected so much that they did not know the meaning of what they had. the problem is, when you're collecting billions of calls and e-mails every day, it is almost impossible to find the people that are plotting attacks. it becomes overwhelming. it really belies the claim that
this is for national security. the people that have access network onnformation the senate intelligence committee and the president's own advisory panel, the federal court ruled it unconstitutional. they say it is incapable of identifying any actual terrorists. there is zero evidence for it. i don't think anybody in the think there is any legitimate surveillance. >> president obama has announced changes.
what do you make of the changes. >> they offer the pretense or the gesture of reform but not really in any meaningful way. they are steps in the right direction. it will come from other countries banding together. that the nsa can actually invade. he does not have a single regret. >> is he worried about being in russia? >> people seek asylum in all kinds of countries and have all kinds of human rights abuses in
the record. the idea is to get protection from persecution. he was forced to stay there as he was trying to leave. he has been free to participate. >> you have saved the best fireworks for last. >> it isn't so much that i saved it. it is a story that hasn't been told because this takes so much time. the clashes from the surveillance debate are like exactly who they have targeted. what kinds of people do they consider sufficient threat? will help inform the debate in a very serious way. >> more revelations on who was targeted to come. -- can youe on you
be sure that it was not painted by children? >> a group is unsuccessfully campaigning for the american government to can't -- change situations. north carolina reports. >> they are working in the tobacco fields of america. third world concern is now being raised. the issue of child labor. about 630 andere i wasn't out until 8:00 or 8:30 p.m. at night. 13 with long days picking tobacco. >> people kept trash bags on them. day it got on my
face a lot and i did not know later thati got home day and i thought my face is burning. my mom says the chemicals were on my face. it upset her to see her son like that. there really was no option. to do what we had to do to keep a roof over our heads. >> it will surprise many to know that you're in the united states, places like north carolina, children as young as 12 can work even 72 hours a week here in the fields. something that is perfectly legal. civil rights roofs are asking if it's right. it can lead to nicotine poisoning.
they worry the farm work interferes with education. and children work far more susceptible to accidents. the u.s. is not complying with international conventions that regulate hazardous work for children. they are both major tobacco producers worldwide and keep kids from doing many things like tobacco farming. >> it does have to be outside school hours. tobacco farmers say it is part of tradition that children work in the fields anyway and that it is good for them. if it was safe enough for me to be here, i am an eighth generation farmer. that is the way they learn their responsibility. >> there are no signs the american government is going to change its rules of children working on farming here.
activists are hoping tobacco companies themselves will decide it is wrong. >> brandon and fernando working in the tobacco fields of north carolina bringing today's show to a close. to reach me and most of the bbc team, just go to twitter. thanks for watching. see you back here tomorrow. ♪ >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good for over 30 years, kovler foundation. united health care. and union bank. >> at union bank, our relationship managers work hard to understand the industry you operate in, working to nurture
captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: the death toll from a coal mine disaster in turkey continued to climb today. and while hopes dimmed for those still trapped inside, anger over the tragedy fueled violent protests nearby. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. also ahead this wednesday, a portion of my wide-ranging conversation today with former president bill clinton. we talk health care, politics and income inequality >> it's really put a cramp in the whole idea of the american dream.