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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  December 8, 2014 3:59pm-4:31pm PST

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. we believe in nurturing banking relationships for centuries because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come.
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giving your company the resources and stability. -- to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> "bbc world news america this is." -- this is "bbc world news america ." reporting from washington, i'm laura trevelyan. people have been killed and they are still assessing damage. in ukraine, an attempt to revive a shaky cease-fire. to the ambassador to the country. one woman goes on a quest to discover her grandfather's story of love and loss.
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>> welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. in the philippines, people are getting back to home after more than a million were evacuated before the typhoon hit on saturday. the have struggled to avoid loss of life from last year, and have been successful. the typhoon still caused considerable damage and 27 people died. from manila, we have this report. >> in the emergency shelter, filipinos are counting their blessings. they are safe. the atmosphere is one of happiness and relief.
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that is because over the weekend the typhoon had over 100 miles per hour winds. fell, power lines came down. 12 months ago, another storm blew across the country, but too many people fail to seek shelter. thousands died. many lost loved ones. her nephew died in the storm. >> it was so traumatic, that is why we came early to be the storm. >> the whole nation was traumatized. this time, things are different, .nd this is why the biggest these dumb evacuation in the country's
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history -- the biggest evacuation in the country's history. could be found in schools, sports stadiums, churches. this has been a success story, and while it is still dumping rain on the capital of manila, so many lives have been saved the country. what has been achieved is a model for future disaster management anywhere in the world. they arehe shelter, betting down for the night, secure in the knowledge that they survived the terrible storm that in a couple days will be gone. bbc news, in manila. >> for more, i spoke briefly with the director of the foundation supplying assistance. jeremy, what assistance is the u.s. prepared to offer?
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the united states is currently working on assessing the damage. we have been sending our team members out with the filipino military, particularly where the storm first made landfall. we saw damage, but it is less than we saw over a year ago. we have told them that we stand ready to provide assistance. learnt lessons can you from disaster management? caughtstorm surge really the local population unaware. this time we saw a much more concerted effort to evacuate people in the low-lying coastal areas where they might be vulnerable to the coastal surge. because this typhoon was much weaker when it made landfall, we did not see the storm surge, but i think we would have been very prepared. >> there is still potential for
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this tropical storm to do tremendous damage? downgraded from a full typhoon to a tropical storm. we are not expecting the catastrophic impact of a year ago. second deadly natural disaster for the philippines in as many years. with so many people living in low-lying coastal areas, what can the government do to help the population prepare? the government has taken the lead on helping the population built for a natural disaster and that is an area where the u.s. has partnered with them extensively. we have built out visit -- natural disaster risk mitigation. their meteorological capacities so they can predict the storms and prepare accordingly.
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when you see that kind of preparation, it really mitigates the catastrophic impact of the storm. also things like building houses differently so rooms are -- r oofs are less vulnerable to being blown off during a storm. >> thank you. ahead of the release of a congressional report expected to criticize controversial interrogation methods used by the cia -- the methods were used to get information after the september 11 attacks. the report, which is expected to be heavily redacted, is set to be released on tuesday. i spoke to our north america editor. john, what could this tell us about interrogation techniques after 9/11 that we do not know? >> we will have a humongous
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but it willport, basically come down to three questions. you have torture techniques -- you pays your money and you take your chance -- the sleep deprivation, waterboarding, keeping people in a confined room? it looks to be the answer is yes, it is more widespread. the second question, whether these techniques are taking people to these so-called black sites read by the say as, producing life-saving intelligence is the the answer to that seems to be no. were the ciastion, honest with the white house about what they were getting up to? again, the answer from the committee seems to be no. i think we need and expect a pretty firm reports and the start of a counter blast from cia operatives and national security people who were around at the time it will challenge the conclusions. john, why is the report being
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made public given fears of the damage it could do? >> right now you have the white house and the state department saying we are absolutely in favor, in principle, of this report being released will stop it is just the practice we're not quite so happy with. john kerry intervened saying, you have to think about what is going on elsewhere in the world before you release it. >> thank you. elsewhere in the world, the international taxi serviceuber has been banned in italy after a passenger was raped by a driver. the driver has been arrested. the case of a british businessman has been thrown out,
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accused of hiring a hitman to kill his wife while on honeymoon in cape town. expressed has disappointment at the decision. anuge fire spread through apartment building under construction in los angeles, shoving to get major freeways. no reports of injuries, and it is not thought anyone was in the building at the time. the causes not yet known. months, the cease-fire is supposed to been in place in ukraine, but during that time, more than 1000 people have died and fighting on the ground continues. tomorrow a day of silence is planned to try to rebuild peace. spoke to the u.s. ambassador to the ukraine earlier today. 's deputyy the ukraine
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foreign has accused the u.s. of trying to bring down ukraine. that is echoed by vladimir putin. are they right? >> not at all. our interest is with these grainy and people, helping them to advance their choice to move to closer integration with european institutions. this is not anti-russia. this is pro-ukraine. >> so many people have died. what hope do you hold out for these peace talks that are supposed to restart this week? >> as you say, one of the great tragedies are the hundreds of casualties that have happened since september 5 when the minsk agreement was framed. russia, implemented by it provides a path toward de-escalation.
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done so.s not it has not withdrawn his forces and heavy weapons. it has not released all the prisoners. talks can gethese the minsk agreement back on track. says het poroshenko will declare a day of silence tomorrow, regardless of what happens in the talks. we hope that happens. there has been too much violence and suffering because of russia's actions. >> russia is facing sanctions from the west and oil prices are plunging. is there an incentive for vladimir putin to make peace in the ukraine? >> we hope so. this is about providing incentives for russia to change its strategic calculus. it lies in the full implementation of the minsk agreements, which lies in a russian acknowledgment of ukrainian territorial integrity and a russian acknowledgment of the democratically elected
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ukrainian government and its decision to move toward a more just and european society. >> it has been an eventful 18 months for you as ambassador to the you -- to the ukraine. you say you remain hopeful. why? theecause i have seen ukrainian people, the unity of ukrainian society. there has been a false narrative of civil war propagated by moscow. what i have seen is a ukraine that is much more united than ever before. they are fighting corruption, which was bequeathed to buy president yanukovich. they are an example to the wider region. >> do you see any evidence that the poroshenko government is doing any more than paying lip service to the notion of combating corruption? >> i think business as usual is
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the biggest threat to ukraine. it is bigger than the war and donetsk. people have made clear they want a government that is not shaped by corrupt dealings to benefit one business group or another. >> when you talk to ordinary ukrainians, do they feel to be doomed in this talk of war between the u.s. and russia? .> that is why i am hopeful i see ukraine people who are proud of what they have accomplished. they are proud of what they accomplished through their elections. and they are resolved about building a more modern and democratic state. >> the u.s. ambassador to ukraine speaking to me there. the african nation of cameroon, and elites group of fighters struggling to hold a border town while boko haram advances its campaign of violence.
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our reporter has rare access to troops fighting and has this report from the front line. patrolling cameroon's border, weapons turned toward nigeria. just a few hundred yards from this deserted village is what boko haram calls -- more than 40,000 nigerians have fled their brutal insurgency. many carrying nothing, traumatized. walked five days to escape forced recruitment. he is christian. he took a bullet in his arm and then was maimed defending himself from a machete attack. he had refused to convert to islam. this family finally together after a year on the run fled one
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attack after another, but not everyone has made it out. her husband was shot dead by boko haram. >> when they took over my town, we felt like prisoners. and when they ordered single women to marry fighters, i knew i had to escape. released by boko haram appears to show large numbers of fighters and supporters celebrating a victory in nigeria. could this happen here in cameroon? there is suspicion and fear that these towns have already been infiltrated. boko haram from is not just carrying out raids and abductions. over entireing
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towns just across the border in nigeria, and the real concern is seeking tots are raise the flag of their so-called caliphate in cameroon as well. hasroon's elite battalion lost dozens of men in the fight. for security reasons their commanders would only speak to us off-camera. .> every day, gunshots you are there, you are watching, trying to know how you can react. it is unpredictable. boko haram is like a ghost. are safewho have fled for the moment. but the brutality they left behind may soon follow. bbc news, in northern cameroon. >> cameroon's battle with boko from. you are watching "bbc world news america."
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tonight'some on program -- prince william makes a stop by the white house on a whirlwind three-day visit to the u.s. nato has formally ended its combat mission in afghanistan. john campbell paid tribute to the troops. a new nato force well-trained the security forces -- will train the security forces next year. >> colors were lowered and cased, as is the tradition at the end of such a mission, and tribute was paid to service personnel from 50 nations who part inplayed their security operations in afghanistan. since 2011, more than 130,000.
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the chief said it was the end of an era of sacrifice and progress. we are now at the tail end of this year's fighting season, the second fighting seizing with the afghans in the lead and we've seen afghan security forces continue to demonstrate confidence, courage, and resilience in a very tough fight. >> the steady pullout of foreign troops in recent weeks means they are almost down to the number that will be required for the new nato mission, focused on training and supporting the afghan forces that starts january 1. even as this transition happens, there will be an upsurge in taliban attacks, and afghan security forces have record caliber -- casualties this year. has been a significant milestone along the way to the end of the combat mission in afghanistan at the end of this month.
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evermore, the conflict is in the hands of the afghan security forces, and no one here is playing down the challenge ahead of them. bbc news, kabul. the duke and duchess of cambridge or run a three-day visit to the united states. prince william that president obama before making its reach about the need to tackle illegal ivory poaching. harlemhess visited a children's center. a warning -- there is/photography. >> nothing like baby talk to break the ice, even in the oval office. william recalled the joy of george's birth. >> [indiscernible] >> like everything else, it is chaos. >> [laughter] >> what about the serious stuff?
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william's campaign against the trafficking of ivory and rhino horns. what does president obama think of that? >> very important work. >> with that endorsement, william goes to deliver a speech, urging more to be done. >> criminal gangs realize that profits with the illegal killing and capturing of wildlife. it had been an impassioned speech on an issue william is making his own. william and his wife deliberately pursued separate programs today. william on wildlife conservation. catherine in new york with disadvantaged young people.
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she went to the new york center for child development in harlem, founded 70 years ago by two civil rights leaders. surprisingly, the children did not know what to make of her. >> they think you are from "frozen." >> in case you did not know about two princesses and an icy partner. not entirely appropriate, given the warm welcome. but a to a dying art, collection uncovered by isrnalist sarah waldman revealing a history she did not know. her grandfather fled, but his lover was left behind.
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tonight she shares it with us. i asked -- >> i asked my grandmother who the girl in the photo was, and she said it was your grandfather's true love. then she left the room. my name is sarah wildman, and i wrote a book called "paper love." i came across a box of letters. my grandfather was a doctor, but it did not include letters from his patients. there were dozens and dozens from this the emmys girl. i went from archive to archive, looking for all of the pieces that would allow me to re-create her life and intersected with my grandfather's as well. she was a student at the university of vienna medical school. of the last juice to
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receive a diploma, four days -- to receivelast jews a diploma. four days after she received it, jews were expelled. they are taking a photograph of each other into the mirror. here she is in -- i believe -- woods. vienna at one point she says, do you remember the birch trees in the vienna woods? 1940, she is no longer able to buy clothes, and i think i the winter of 1942, she is no longer allowed to have warm clothing. they lose the right to eat meat and eggs and at the same time she is riding these letters -- do you remember when we sang the songs to each other?
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i sing it and i think of you. i think she does love him, but it is also a way of not experiencing this horror that is taking place, and you feel the horror of camp. it is the horror of being taken away from your society. as a child, i thought that my grandfather escaped very cleanly. he took with him his mother, his sister-in-law, his nephew. but i did not think he had lost everyone, schoolmates and and children. he lost this girl who was his love of the entire 1930's stop -- entire 1930's. his escape was not necessarily happy. not necessarily an ending to the story. it was a new one. >> a lost love story uncovered. that does it for today's show.
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you can find more on our website bbc.com. the rest of the team, you can do so on twitter. lauratravelyan. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> it is a global truth, we can do more. -- if we work together. our banking relationship spans
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cultures and supports almost every industry across the globe. because success takes partnership, and knowing through -- only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg. we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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- coming up next on odd squad... - so cute... - close that box! - why? - it's a centigurp! that one little guy will become 100 little guys. we need all 100... there's still some more out there. - odd squad is made possible in part by... - ...a cooperative agreement with the u.s. department of education, the corporation for public broadcasting's ready to learn grant, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. - my name is agent olive. this is my partner, agent otto. this isn't anything - but back to otto and me. we work for an organization run by kids that investigates anything strange, weird, and, especially, odd. our job is to put things right again. (theme music playing)
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-rrr! -yeah! who do we work for? we work for odd squad. - the weird thing is, is i'm really happy! - not to worry, sir. we got this. - oh! thank you, odd squad! - have a good day, sir. let's go. - i'm slappy the sun, and i'll always be with you! - what? - ♪ slappy and derek, we're best friends ♪ ♪ slappy and derek, friendship never ends ♪ - odd squad! i can't live like this! - hi, derek, i'm slappy! i'm your new best friend! hurray! - lovely. - i love you! - yeah, great! - ♪ slappy and derek
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- you wanted to see us, ms. o? - yes. something very odd has happened. a giant goldfish is attacking the harbour. olive, activate your suit for water travel. - on it, ms. o. - so that's what these things do! cool... - otto! - oh! yeah, ms. o. what have you got for me? - take this down to storage. - but that's not fair... - and whatever you do, don't open it. - (sighing): so unfair. stick the new guy with all the boring jobs. (warbling)

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