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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 8, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good kovler foundation and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we believed in nurturing banking relationships
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for centuries because strong initial partnerships are just cultivated or the years to come. giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." there's a huge manhunt going on in france for the suspects who killed 12 people at a magazine. the capital is now the focus. across france, there was a minute of silence today, and tonight, the eiffel tower has gone dark as a tribute to the victims. and syrian refugees are already struggling. now they've been hit high a
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harsh snowstorm, and their fight to survive just got harder -- now dave then hit by a harsh snowstorm -- now they've been hit by a harsh no storm. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. a massive manhunt is under way in france tonight after yesterday's attack at a paris magazine in which 12 people were killed. the tea suspects still on the run arec ands -- the two suspects still on the run are cherif and said kouachi. >> swooping low, police hunting the paris attackers today. an hours drive outside the city,
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a petrol station. it seems they are just a couple of hours behind their suspects. as they look through the security camera footage, there were fears the men were heading back towards paris. the men had stolen food and fuel this morning. military helicopters flew low over the roads looking for the getaway car. the suspects, brothers cherif and said kouachi are french algeria, both in their 30's. cherif had ties to radical groups. he was jailed for three years for helping send young french muslims to fight in iraq. by early afternoon, anti-terror groups were converging on one village. once in the village, they moved incautiously -- in cautiously. officers know the attackers have already killed two policeman.
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they fear what they will do if they are cornered. officers blocked all the roads to the village. this is as close as we can get. the road down to the village now sealed off. the armed police we have seen in this area all day have converged on there, and that is where they have focused their search. >> police going door checking every house. for a second night now, france remains honest highest alert. the killer still remain on the loose, but the net may be closing. >> it's night, now, they're in france. what is happening? is this manhunt still under way? >> a little bit earlier this evening, all of those police teams who had been in their coming their way through the village then moving their way into the forest then next to it.
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what we have seen here is the convoy 30 or 40 vehicles strong moving out, pulling out of here carrying officers. it appears that search being scaled down for the night, but police dog teams heading towards that village, which is still sealed off, so it seems that the search is going on, the police have reduced things a bit. they are not certain i think at the minute that they will continue all day tomorrow. we'll see what happens. >> what are you hearing? do they still think that these men are in that area? >> well, interestingly, the one thing they do seem fairly certain about now -- sources talking to french media -- that the hijacking, the theft at the petrol station just up the road here, about 10 or 15 minutes back down the highway towards paris, that the robbery they are
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pretty certain was carried out by the two prime suspects, the brothers who they have named and are searching for. that comes, i think, from the manager of this petrol station. and we saw the police officers going through the cctv footage. that seems to be the last sighting they are fairly sure about. here, we are 10 or 15 minutes away. they came into this area today but in truth, they do not seem to know exactly where these men are. >> it's curious that this attack seems to have been well organized in some ways, and yet the planning for what happened after the attack seems to have been slightly chaotic, doesn't it? >> well, certainly. it does seem to appear to be that way but what we saw here today were military helicopters flying low up and down the highway, doors open, scanning the traffic the low.
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it's not clear which direction those men did eventually go in it a work at that petrol station today. they may have had some sort of plan, they may not have done but even the events of the attack itself show a sort of mixture. they win in a new the offices they were going to but they went to the wrong building first. we know that now. there have been elements of this all the way through -- some things that look planned, some things that do not. >> thanks very much. much of france came to a halt for a minute of silence to honor those who died in yesterday's attack. flags were own at half mast and even the paris metro system stopped running. the eiffel tower switched off its lights as a tribute. we have this report from the day france mourned. >> the deep wells of notre dame marked france's day of mourning -- the deep bells. at midday, hundreds of people stood in silence with the only
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sound rain on a umbrella's -- on umbrellas. strange faces remembered the 12 people killed at the office of satirical magazine charlie hebdo yesterday. many held high the journalists pencil in support of freedom of speech. they finish with applause for those who had died in the terrorist attack. >> i think we need to protect freedom. >> je suis charlie. i am charlie. ich bin charlie. wherever you are in the world,
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this is a tragic event, and i will march on saturday in defiance of the evil. >> french president francois hollande was at headquarters. two officers were killed in the attack. more pictures emerged of some of the other people killed in yesterday's attack, including a columnist, the only woman to lose her life. today, a photograph was released of the entrance to the room where the editorial meeting was taking place and where the gunman opened fire. in paris, there was another shooting. early morning, and police units were called to a southern suburb. a policewoman and a police colleague were shot by a man with an assault rifle. heavily armed police units arrived to search buildings for the gunman.
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once again, residents in the french capital had witnessed shooting on their streets. >> i heard three shots. i went down and saw a policeman lying on the floor. someone was trying to resuscitate her. i sought a policewoman who had been shot at winning called an ambulance. >> after the phone calls were made from here that two police officers had been shot antiterrorist units were rushed to the scene. the injured were taken away in ambulances under full police escort and an investigation began into what the significance of this was. police do not believe there is a direct link with yesterday's attack, but they have opened an antiterrorist investigation. the policewoman later died of her injuries. in the face of these attacks the french political establishment has tried to give a united response. today, the former wrench president, nicolas sarkozy was invited back to the eddie's a powerless -- today the former
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french president, nicolas sarkozy, was invited back to the elysees palace. >> this is a declaration of war on civilization, and the responsibility of civilization is to defend itself. >> candles and layers have been laid close to the offices of charlie hebdo. it will defy attackers next week publishing's special edition with a print run of one million copies. tonight, the eiffel tower dimmed its lights in tribute to those who had died. >> muslim leaders in france have condemned the killings in the strongest possible language. president hollande said freedom of speech had come under attack, but nothing would divide the nation and its ideals, and yet the attack on charlie hebdo has raised fears of a backlash against muslims in france, which has the largest muslim community in western europe. we have reports on the response among the muslim community.
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>> the word suburb is often loaded with negative association. in the minds of some wrench, these states can be breeding grounds of radicalism. here in the northern suburb, cherif kouachi, one of the alleged attackers lived quietly before becoming one of the most wanted men in france. his neighbors remember him as polite and kind. >> he was nice, correct, and clean and very helpful with the people. i saw him here every day. the last time was three days ago. >> there is shocked here, and among some muslims i spoke with, a fear that attacks like this threaten their place in france. this woman was too afraid to show her face. >> because we have children, we are afraid of everything. everybody is looking at us as if we did it. everybody says, "you are arab. you are muslim or cup -- you are
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muslim." >> is a national drive for unity. at the grand mosque, an unprecedented show of solidarity. buddhist, jewish, christian leaders join muslims in the silence for the dead. there will be people who now fear islam. what do you say to them? >> we are here to say that islam has its own will place in the republic, and we say this together in unanimity. >> france is outraged but not yet polarized between muslims and the rest. muslim elders say the key to tackling the problem is breaking the power of radical islam among the alienated young. >> we need to be very careful with such young people. they are nurtured by
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fundamentalistsa who are members of terrorist groups. these people should learn the values of democracy and the republic in our schools. they should not commit these kinds of crimes. >> the background from which the attackers emerged was impoverished. they were radicalized both by personal circumstance and larger politics. the challenge for the french government is not just a security one. it is to make those who feel alienated who owed no allegiance to the french state deal part of a french identity. >> in the wake of this attack u.s. attorney general eric holder will travel to paris on sunday to discuss ways to counter the violent extremism. a short time ago, i discussed these events with the first u.s. secretary of homeland security after the attacks of 9/11. to some extent, this is much
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more of a european problem the problem of radicalized muslim communities, then it is an american problem. how concerned are you? >> from an american perspective, we should be very careful to suggest it is simply a european problem. i think the scourge of terrorism, this form of terrorism, is global. it manifested itself at fort hood a couple of years ago, to the northern border just a couple of months ago in canada. i think attorney general holder is going over there because i think we have a collective interest and mutual goal to figure out ways as democracies to deal with this. reports suggest these individuals were armed. -- were on the radar of the intelligence community. that's fine. one had been imprisoned. we understand that. but in a democracy how far do you go? suspicions may be great, but what is the connection you may be able to use in order to pull them off the street? that is one of the issues in
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terms of speech and law enforcement, given this emergence of this new form of terrorism we will be wrestling with consistent with our value system and civil liberties over the next several years. >> to some extent, does the fact that they were on the radar, that one of them had already spent time in prison show just how difficult both a security operation this is and an intelligence operation this is? the french have very good intelligence on this. >> a have superb intelligence. it shows you the extraordinary burden placed on the national and local intelligence and law enforcement community. they know about individuals about whom they must be aware, whose conduct a must monitor, but since 9/11, weather you are in france or the united dates you still worry about soft targets -- weather you are in france or the united states. this very little you can do in terms of incarcerating people from you suspect of potential terrorist activity.
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the issue is it is important we take a look at this tragedy and say to ourselves as a country or group of countries, when we talk about integrating individuals in a community, we talk about multiculturalism -- that means diversity. it means tolerance, but it also means shared values. we ask ourselves what we do in the u.s., canada, france, and the voices that have been muted or silent generally many of the muslim clerics. what political leaders do, what economic leaders do, where they integrate them and shared values. these individuals will never share the values of a democracy but the broader muslim community we know would. when he to raise their voices and have them become part of the effort to diminish the possibility that these attacks will occur. >> what do you make of some of the backlash that has already happened today in europe from people like the leader of the anti-immigrant party in britain, calling this a fifth column, the
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leader of the nationalist far right party in germany calling for more people to rally against islam? and similar declarations from far right groups in france today -- what do you make of that as a response? >> it's beyond troubling, almost inconsistent with the democratic freedoms we enjoy in these countries because we know that diversity is important. the conclusions they are drawing is that every other muslim in france or every other muslim in great written embraces this mindset of these jihadists. i don't think that is accurate, and it is not appropriate, so i would rather see them expend their energies trying to unify and inculcate the value system and pull out and integrate the dialogue with the religious clerics and muslim community. and multiple religious communities to build a different platform of unity rather than
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just trying to segregate them off and say that all muscles are problematic and all muslims may speak -- must be basically excised from the national fabric of rents or anywhere else. it will not solve the problem. >> thank you for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come -- struggling to say warm. for syrian refugees in lebanon in a winter storm, fresh pleas for help. comedian bill cosby has gone on stage in canada for the first time since more than a dozen women came forward with accusations of sexual assault against him. there were angry scenes outside the theater in ontario. the bbc past david willis reports for us now. >> breathing canada's arctic temperatures bill cosby arrived only to find feelings every bit as chilly as they are back at home.
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there were heated exchanges outside the local theater. protesters heckled those attending the performance. >> cause be handed me a tall thin champagne-type of glass. >> a few hours earlier, three more women have come forward to claim that they, too, were sexually assaulted by bill cosby. >> what are you doing? stop. >> some were still willing to give him the benefit of the doubt. >> until there is an actual charge and conviction, i will still support him. >> no qualms about that tonight yet >> not at all. >> despite years -- fears of the contrary, the show passed off without incident thanks substantially to the security presence. >> this was to be a victory lap for bill cosby, a tour that would march his coronation is one of the greatest entertainers of all time, but with protest
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growing and more than a dozen states still on the colander, completing it may be the toughest part of his career. >> till cosby was once arguably the most beloved man in america. -- bill cosby was once arguably the most beloved man in america. now the muscle around him tells a different story. >> do you have anything to say about the protests? >> he continues to strenuously deny the allegations against him. >> ok, let's get a quick look at what else has been happening around the world. strong currents are hampering efforts to recover the tale of that airasia plane that crashed into the java sea. the tale part was discovered on wednesday. it is the first significant piece of debris found. the plane, which was carrying 152 people, disappeared from
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radar screens 12 days ago. islamic state militants have attacked iraqi security forces. today people were killed, 28 injured, after five suicide bombers were detonated at checkpoints along the motorway. the bombings were followed by mortar attacks. it is home to one of shia-islam's holiest sites. boko haram militants have carried out a second attack in northeast nigeria. local government officials say the militants burned down most of the town. as many as 2000 people are thought to have been killed there in a previous assault on saturday. for many of the 3 million refugees who fled the conflict in area, the hardship has just become even worse. after a winter snowstorm enveloped much of lebanon. a six-year-old boy and two men died of exposure while they were lost in a blizzard as they crossed the border. the united nations refugee agency has been giving out emergency winter aid, but the
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need is urgent and immense. >> winter is one more thing for syrian refugees in lebanon to endure. children are most vulnerable to the diseases that come with this weather. many are poorly equipped to brave the cold. the caps are a pitiful sight. the children have no bread, he says. we do not have enough would to keep them warm. it's hopeless. please, we need help. >> this is the fourth winter of war in syria the fourth winter the refugees have been stuck in atrocious conditions like this. getting used to it does not make it any easier. the fact the united nation's refugees agency says it is providing emergency assistance
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to no less than 700 house and syrians in lebanon -- 700 house and -- 700,000 syrians in lebanon. their mother says she prays to god for better days. the family are often hungry. the united nations has been forced to cut food rations for refugees. >> our situation is very bad. i have to keep the kids locked up all day buried in this tent. we cannot afford many things we need like medicine. the children all have the flu. >> near the border, a frantic -- to save a six-year-old syrian boy. it is too late. he dies lost in the blizzard. his father had to stumble
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through the snow with the body. they've been walking over the mountains into lebanon. they were found just 200 meters from the lebanese army checkpoint. there will be other such tragedies. at another camp, refugees wait patiently for a. lebanon has the highest concentration of refugees in the world. no one thinks this harsh winter will be their last here. >> the conditions are truly miserable, but those refugees still keep coming. a quick look at our main story again -- france, a nation in mourning over the deaths of 12 people who were killed when a magazine came under attack in paris yesterday. a moment of silence was held at notre dame cathedral, and the lights were turned out at the eiffel tower in paris as a tribute to the victims.
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the manhunt continues for two of the suspect. of course, you can get much more news on our website. that is it for today. i will see you tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good kovler foundation and mufg. >> it's a global truth -- we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking
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relationships span cultures across the globe. because success takes partnership, and only discipline and trust can re-create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that built the world.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: the search intensifies to find and capture two gunmen responsible for the worst terrorist attack in france in decades. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead this thursday, a look at what's behind the alienation and radicalization of some muslim youth in european countries. >> ifill: plus, ava duvernay, the golden-globe nominated director of "selma," on her effort to bring the civil rights movement to the screen. >> this is art. this is a movie. this is a film. i'm not a historian, i'm not a documentarian, i am an artist who explored history and what i

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