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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 28, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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♪ announcer: this is bbc world news america. announcer: funding of the presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. the newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation. and, mufg. announcer: it is a global truth that we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our relationship span cultures and support almost
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every entity across the globe. success takes partnership. only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg. we build relationships that build the world. announcer: now, bbc world news america. host: this is bbc world news america. one is from jordan and the other is from japan. both are islamic state hostages under threat and jordan says it is willing to do a deal. an attack increases tensions in a volatile region. it took 10 long years to save enough money to buy the fridge. now, it has finally arrived and everyone is celebrating.
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♪ host: welcome to our viewers and around the globe. jordan says they are willing to do a deal with islamic state to free a fighter pilot. i s issued a deadline that threatened to kill the air man if they do not release a woman who is jailed for her part in a suicide bombing in which 60 were killed. the deadline has passed. here is frank gardner. frank: the captured were threatened with beheading by islamic state. in jordan, the call is for a prisoner swap and he does not believe his country should be fighting.
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>> when he joined the air force we never knew he would be joining other countries to fight outside of the borders. joining the coalition is not in our interest. it is not our war. frank: in japan, there have been protesting -- has been protests. >> please save my son's life, kenyji. he only has a little time left. frank: islamic state wants this woman released, a suicide bomber whose belt failed to explode. her accomplices murdered 60. releasing her would look like giving in to terrorism and could encourage more hostagetaking. it would be a huge boost to islamic state which operates
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across the border with iraq and syria. it could jeopardize relations with allies. on the other hand, there is public support for rescuing the pilot. many jordanians are unhappy about the action against the islamic state. i spoke to a kidnapping expert who asked to remain anonymous because of the sensitive nature of his work. he believes that jordan cannot afford to give up the prisoner. >> they would be giving up a suicide bomber. there are many of those. if they were giving up a bomb maker, it would be a different question. the risk of giving up a bomb maker would be greater. frank: they shouted at the king.
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a small but angry protest outside of the palace by the family and supporters. they are losing hope he will ever come back alive. frank gardner, bbc news. katty: i spoke to the bbc's -- in jordan. how much pressure of the under to do whatever it takes? >> there is immense pressure. we have seen demonstrations by relatives of the pilot. those here outside of the royal palace and king of della -- king ofabdullah. the government is doing all it can to secure the safe release. what we have seen is so many rumors and conflicting reports about what is happening to him. it has been frustrating for the relatives.
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he is fine one moment. then, picked up by hope. jordanians go on the emotional journey with them. how it will play out will have a profound affect on domestic political opinion here. and, it will shape the strategy and how jordan deals with islamic state militants next-door in syria and iraq, how it determines its future in the u.s. coalition. katty: thank you very much. for more on these negotiations, i spoke with tom sanderson. the deadline has passed. how do you think this plays out? >> they are able to tie us into knots. the have the opportunity to free someone who is of value.
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it could be that the woman has a relationship that we do not know about. someone in a province who is important to isis. it could be a tribal leader or a relation that is relevant. katty: in 2005, the bombing took place. islamic state did not exist. tom: the precursor dead. -- did. you still have the relevant actors and it is the evolution of the group going forward with a much broader mandate. katty: is jordan doing the right thing? is this a mistake? tom: it depends on what is getting negotiated. it certainly looks like a gain on the part of the jordanians. they view this prisoner as less valued than an f-16 pilot.
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it sharpens the nature of the kidnap-four-ransom market. isis has said, we need more than just this woman for a pilot and a reporter. they want cash on the table that is done out of the sight of the world community and the u.s.. katty: to what extent is islamic state depending on ransom for financing? we know the oil prices crumbled. does that put more pressure to make money out of ransom? tom: no doubt about it. oil was that $104 a barrel. now, we are below $50. not as many takers. airstrikes have crushed a lot of oil infrastructure for isis.
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the have to expand other parts of the funding portfolio including kidnapping, theft antiquities. katty: foreigners know the risk and are not going into the area. tom: there are still many people there and the market is alive and well. nonetheless, you see the high price that they asked for the two japanese reporters and it indicates that they need more money. katty: thank you for coming in. two israeli soldiers have been killed near the lebanese border. hezbollah says they carried out the attack on the convoy. israel fired shells into lebanon. netanyahu says that those responsible will pay. our middle east correspondent joined us a short time ago. this area has been picking up intention.
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-- in tension. what do you think the outcome will be? reporter: there is uncertainty and anxiety about what may follow. besides fought a war -- the sides fought a bitter war in two dozen six. -- in 2006. the trigger for all of this was an airstrike inside of syria that killed six hezbollah fighters and an iranian general. the understanding was that hezbollah would feel compelled to respond and it has. they blamed israel and killed two soldiers. the question is, is this enough? have they, in their terms, it evened the score. what would israel's response be? we have had a tough face from
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benjamin netanyahu. he says that anyone who wants to challenge israel should keep in mind what happened to hamas in gaza. we do not know for you once in escalation. he is facing an election. any prolonged military engagement would be costly. fighting on behalf of -- hezbollah has been fighting on behalf of assad. even if neither side wants to escalate there is a danger that the escalation could come. >>katty: how much pressure are they under at the moment, given what has happened across the border. reporter: domestically, they needed to show that they could fight back. a military commander was a huge
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symbolic loss for hezbollah. we expect a speech on friday. we will get more of a sense of what he is planning. interestingly, the statement today announced a strike against the israelis. it was the first statement that suggested that there will be more to follow. >> thank you very much. >>katty: $18 billion is the record-breaking profit posted by apple. the company made a huge amount in 2014 from iphone sales. the growing shares of consumers are in china. reporter: welcome to the most profitable company in the world. whether it is beijing, new york, or london, they turned out to buy the sleek and expensive products. what is it about apple that
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means that the firm is selling 34,000 iphones in our? -- an hour? >> it is an amazing machine. it is amazing. >> young people are gravitated towards apple because they get the latest of everything and they are always on top of their game. reporter: the launch of the new phone and good christmas trading made it record-breaking. even seasoned watchers were impressed. it will be hard to top the profitability and success of the iphone. apple is truly the iphone company. north of 75% of the profits come from the sales of the phone. a major success story is china. revenue is up. middle-class consumers see apple as the badge of success. >> it is an era of apple.
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apple has conquered the world. >> i want to play games. all mobile phones are similar. the iphone functions for playing games. reporter: customers are almost religious in their fervor for religious products -- for the products. there are concerns. many say that apple should pay more taxes around the world. competitors are snapping at the heels. >> the financial committee will question things, like why they are not paying more taxes and not putting more to work in dividends or anything of that nature. reporter: next, a watch that will be launched in april. katty: for more on the i-p opping profits, let's go to
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dan. 75,000 iphones sold. >> a lot of phones. they got a lot of boost this time around because the generation was different than the last couple of generations. they picked up people who have been waiting around for key features. iphone had fallen behind. other phones have bigger screens. a lot of people have been waiting to get the iphone that has bigger screens. katty: are you suggesting that they need to come up with new and improved iphones? dan: certainly, whenever they have success in an area everyone gets in the bandwagon and says, how long can it last? the original ipads were selling wealth. -- selling well. it turns out that people keep ipads for four or five years.
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you should not count apple out. they are hoping that will be the apple watch later this year. katty: the other part of the story is china and the chinese market. american tech companies have seen china as the place to produce products. apple says, this is the market. dan: there are two important things about this in china. this is the earliest the phone has gone on sale in china after the release. it was almost simultaneous. they had to wait a long time. there is a lot of pent-up demand. you see the writing on the wall. you see a lot of people lining up to buy the iphone and handing them off to a handler to ship
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them to china. there was a black market. the have taking care of that by getting the phone out right away. katty: you mentioned the ipad. sales r.o.k.. -- are ok. what about the macbook? dan: they are much more expensive. $1000-$2000. the iphone is $200 and costs the same as everyone else. everybody is in the same pool. katty: i have to ask you about the watch. what is your hunch? dan: it is tough. it is a foggy area. a lot of companies have been putting wearable devices up and seeing what sticks. so far nothing. i think it is hard to figure out
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why you would want a smart watch. katty: what does it offer? dan: it is getting text messages or directions. there is not a lot you can do with a watch. talking to your watch looks silly. katty: thank you for joining me. you are watching bbc world news. still to come, the greek prime minister that to not default -- the greek prime minister vows to not default on the debt. scientist have discovered a solar system using data from the kepler telescope. they found a star orbited by five planets. david has more. david: astronomers have been using the telescope to look at 150,000 stars in a small patch
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of sky. this comes from a star in this patch. this starts with listening to the star. >> listing to the musical tones tells you something about the size of the instrument and the stuff inside of the instrument resonating. david: you can hear what it sounds like. here is a similar star and how it sounds. from all of that, you can find out the diameter, mass, and age. you look for the tiny dips of the brightness and it passes in front of this. there is the dip. this is a system of rocky planets. some the size of mercury. others, the size of the notice.
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it is the oldest of its type discovered. planets and life could have been around for a very long time. that has interesting implications. >> let's imagine a civilization that has a few billion years head start relative to us. david: so, while this ancient system cannot support life, planets formed at the same time could. alien life might be very advanced. katty: the greek prime minister has said that his country will not default on the bailout debt. he said he wanted to negotiate a fair deal with the grecian creditors. among the options are a haircut
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which persuades the creditors to accept only payment of part of what is owed. we take a closer look. ♪ >> the election is over and there is a new prime minister in the hot seat. he has been plans. the anti-austerity leader has vowed to persuade the eurozone to slice the debt in half. in economic terms, it is a haircut. the level of debt is enormous. it is the second highest in the world. the country owes 300 billion euros. that is the equivalent of each citizen saddled with a debt of 30,000 euros. >>it was money owed to private
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bondholders that was forgiven, 100 billion euros worth. three years later and the prime minister says the same is needed for public devtbt. >> there is a lot of opposition, notably from germany, who provided the lion share of the bailout. they fear a backlash. a sharp rebuke from berlin. the leaders says the debt level is unsustainable. austerity is not the solution and that era is in the past. he will not let his demands be brushed aside by the eurozone. he prepares for a haircut. he should come here. i am ready for the full work! katty: better him than me.
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obama called and said that the countries were looking forward to working together to boost the country's economy. no talk as to whether they spoke about haircuts. material goods that used to be unaffordable are suddenly within reach. one indian taylor bought a fridge. it took him 10 years to save enough my to buy it. -- an of money to buy it. -- save enough money to buy it. reporter: it is one of the more dilapidated once in the village -- ones in the village without even a proper roof. >> i work sometimes as a factory worker.
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i make about three dollars-four dollars a day. >> it is a hard life. his wife makes a fresh meal every day. they have nowhere to store leftovers. this will make things a bit easier. >> i have been dreaming of owning a refrigerator for years. now, i have enough. reporter: it is a good time. the final week of winter with attractive discounts on offer. >> it is a bit confusing. i think i will get the one the consumes the least power. it is best if you live in a village. reporter: finally the big day and a huge sense of anticipation. all are waiting to catch a glimpse.
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they are the first in the village to acquire a fridge. a little ceremony to seek divine blessing and welcome the fridge. >> im so happy. -- i am so happy. we have been waiting for this for years. i am looking forward to drinking cold water in the summer. reporter: 200 people live here. three quarters of indians live in real communities, such as this one. their income is rising and they are using money to buy things that will improve their lives such as a fridge. he kept his word and made his wife happy. d bbc news calcutta. katty: the simple pleasure of a
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new gadget brings the show to a close. you can get more on our website. thank you for watching and i will see you back here tomorrow. announcer: makes sense of international news at b bc.com/news. announcer: funding of the presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. the newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation. and, mufg. announcer: they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> ifill: in the latest hostage crisis, the kingdom of jordan is now the latest to debate: how far should a country go to save one of it's citizens? good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead this wednesday, heroin on the rise. the moral and medical dispute over prescribing drugs to help people get clean and avoid fatal relapses. >> woodruff: plus, after decades of confrontation, bridging the chasm between iran and the u.s. for the sake of common interests. >> the goal is, for you to do less of the fighting and get your allies

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