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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 30, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> it's a global truth, we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support every industry across the globe.
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because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." a wave of attacks in egypt target the military and police with more than 30 dead. major security issues have been raised. dozens are killed at a mosque in pakistan. the blast went off as worshipers were gathered for friday prayers. shooting for the moon. one immigrant from india has a robotic mission in mind, and he is not letting anything stand in
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his way. >> what makes me good is because i know nothing about space. >> welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. in egypt, more than 30 have been killed and many more wounded during attacks on military and police targets launched i islamist militants. most of the dead were soldiers. groups with links to extremists carried out the attacks. place in northern sinai where egypt and security forces have been claiming offense -- success in an offense against the militants. >> full military honors for some of egypt's fallen soldiers. a huge loss for the army and a
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challenge to the state. the generals are pledging to step up their battle against insurgents in sinai who now kill in the name of isis. they struck under cover of darkness. this unverified video is believed to capture one of the attacks. about a dozen targets were hit simultaneously in three locations. these are the militants behind the attack. they pledged allegiance to isis in november, rebranding themselves the sinai province of islamic state. experts say they are gaining in skill and strength. >> the overall result is you have an insurgency that is growing in size, scale scope and intensity. for the first time, you have nonstate actors in egypt with this level of sophistication in
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terms of the armed attacks and the type and number of arms they have. >> the militants have taken root in the sand of sinai where tribes have long complained of neglect and where movement is controlled by the army. this is now a key battleground for egypt. what happens in this strategically important peninsula is also a concern for egypt's neighbors. instability here is a threat to the region. militants based in sinai have shown themselves to be a resilient enemy. that enemy benefits from the poverty and lack of development here. locals tell us they are struggling to survive. she says she has four sons, all with diplomas, but none with a job.
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she says they sit home idle and depressed and it pushes young men into crime. others say the massive army offensive is pushing them into the arms of the insurgents. in northern sinai, the army has demolished entire neighborhoods and imposed a curfew and state of emergency. in this troubled corner of the middle east, isis seems to be gaining a new foothold. >> a short time ago, i spoke with her from cairo. i asked what kinds of questions egyptians are raising in the wake of the attacks. >> i think the main question is how could this have happened again. this is an attack with a new level of sophistication and ambition. but nonetheless it is more or less a per pete -- a repeat performance of an attack carried out by the same group last october.
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on that occasion, they carried out a simultaneous strike on military targets. they managed to kill more than 30 troops. a lot of questions were asked then. authorities said they would double efforts, hit harder, make more arrests. they are now saying again today they will intensify their operations not only in sinai but elsewhere in the country. but i think what many are asking is will these techniques work. they have all been tried before. there has been a large-scale military operation going on for more than a year. there have been houston relations, arrest, curfews, and so on -- house demolitions arrests, curfews, and so on and still they managed to strike. >> charles, what do you make of the fact an attack like this could take place in the heart of egypt? >> is a troubling sign you have radicalism on the rise, more coordinated attacks, which is a
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very troubling fact for the egyptian government. i think the government has to be worried now. this is becoming more organized and possibly more internationally supported. >> does it surprise you that of all the places in the middle east, this is happening in egypt with its strong military? >> it is not terribly surprising given the fact that in the sinai, the tribes have been restless and felt oppressed by the government for many years. given the coup that toppled president morsi political radicalism has been on the rise. i think this is reflected in the attacks on the sinai. these attacks are going on elsewhere in egypt as well. >> the military have been cracking down on the insurgents. what is the attack show? >> i think it shows when the only tool you have is a hammer, every problem is a nail. that is the way the egyptian military is approaching it, with further repression,
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crackdowns attacks against civilian populations to try to eradicate the problem. i don't think they are succeeding. >> what is the president going to do now? >> i think he's going to escalate his response in the sinai and possibly elsewhere. i do want to point out this is connected to the further campaign of political repression against the n.g.o. community political opponents, and so on. >> you were in the state department for many years. you were in egypt for three years. what you think your former colleagues in the state department are making of the rise of islamic militants across the middle east and now in egypt? >> i think there is a certain discussed -- disgust with some policies of the egyptian government. people want to stay the course. they deal with the broader rise of isis across the region -- they feel with the broader rise of prices across the region they need to double down on supporting the egyptian regime.
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>> what does this mean for egypt's neighbors? >> some neighbors are clearly supporting what assissi is doing. saudi arabia is in the lead of the movement to support egypt. the tunisians are keeping their distance. they have moved to a parliamentary democracy. they don't want anything to do with this. i think people are worried about the escalation of instability due to the egyptian situation. >> charles, thank you for joining us. tonight, the united states military says the chemical weapons expert working for the militant group has been killed in a coalition airstrike in iraq. u.s. central command says the death of the man will disrupt islamic state's ability to develop and possibly use chemical weapons. a bomb blast ripped through a shia mosque in southern pakistan
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as friday prayers ended. officials say at least 55 are killed and more than 50 others wounded. the attack took place in an area normally spared the violence that has cost so many lies elsewhere. we have this report from karachi. >> this is what is left of the mosque after the bomb blast. the explosion destroyed the inside walls of the mosque. the victims were shia muslims who had gathered for friday prayers. the mosque is located in a congested area of the town. scenes of chaos as rescue workers tried to get to the casualties. grieving relatives searched for loved ones and transported them. doctors at nearby hospitals struggled to cope with the carnage. many of the wounded later died in local hospitals. a shia militant group says it ordered the attack.
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the group is allied to the pakistani taliban. it has previously carried out attacks against foreign tourists and pakistan's shia and christian minorities. this particular group that has gone for this attack is a splinter group of the pakistani taliban. they warned they were going to target she is in pakistan -- shias in pakistan they consider to be non-muslims. they said they were linking up with the islamic state of iraq and syria. >> now to eastern ukraine were heavy fighting is continuing with civilian casualties on both sides. rocket attacks and the shelling of a cultural center in donetsk have killed at least six people. david has the latest from kiev. >> in eastern ukraine, the fighting intensifies and the death toll mounts. the latest scene of a rocket attack. a humanitarian aid center and
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nearby trolley bus. bodies sprawled on the street and in cars. the snow stained with blood. each loss is wrenching. for locals, it can happen at any moment. >> people started hiding. i drove closer and some people started to run towards me to get away as fast as they could. it turns out, they were running away from the area of the bombing. i started moving from behind the trolley bus. there was a second or third explosion. >> throughout eastern ukraine violence is spreading. this footage shot by russian television shows the moscow-backed rebels in nighttime combat. this is a vicious war. the west says russia is fueling the fighting, which moscow denies. that the rebels are well armed
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and the fighters move easily into ukraine from russia. separatist leaders say they have nearly surrounded ukrainian forces in one town. >> you see over there a tank man has surrendered. i would like to a all ukrainian army serviceman. i offer you the chance to lay down your arms and leave. your fighting the wrong people. you have a chance to save your life. all of you surrender, and you will live. i promise, all of you will return home. >> international efforts to end the fighting continued. but so far, to no avail. on friday, french and polish leaders called for an immediate cease-fire and demand -- an en to moscowd's support for the militants. government forces are digging in and sending in reinforcements. here, they destroyed a train track used by militants.
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as the separatists pressure increases, ukrainian soldiers are fiercely fighting back. but the question is, how much longer they can withstand the russian backed rebel onslaught. >> as the leader of death squads in africa, he became known as prime evil. he was jailed for his role in the torture and murder of more than 100 activists. the south african justice minister says he will be released in the interest of nationbuilding. our correspondent reports. >> in modern south africa, evil has always had a face. the quiet policeman who confessed to killing and torturing dozens of black activists in the years before the end of racial apartheid. he was sentenced to life in prison many times over. his nickname?
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prime evil. 19 years on, is it time to forgive? this morning, the south african government and we said yes -- finally said yes. >> in the interest of nationbuilding and reconciliation have decided to place them on parole. >> in recent months, he has met some of his victims' families in jail seeking forgiveness. she has -- her husband was shot dead as part of the campaign to wreck the transition to democracy. >> you look at this guy and say and i really face to face with a killer? when he said he was sorry, you could see he was sorry. it is not just that he was saying it to get parole. you can see in his eyes he was genuine. >> it is that many of his victims were dumped in this deep pit. as horrific as his crimes were
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this is not about just one man. it is about the system that enabled him and the fact that all nobody else was made to pay the price. was it perhaps an official cover-up with the ultimate scapegoat? >> he did not wake up one morning and say i'm going to do this. he got instructions from the top. they got away with it. they are monsters, and one man is taking the fall. >> but some think he got off too lightly today. she was a human rights lawyers blown up by one of his letter bombs. >> they called him to killing machines. -- they called him to killing machine. at least 50 years in prison. he deserves it. >> as the archbishop said today
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forgiveness is not easy. andrew harding, bbc news, south africa. >> you are watching " the b.c. world news america." 50 years after the funeral of winston churchill, britain stops to remember the prime minister who helped change the course of history. this month, two climbers achieved the unthinkable when they climbed the sheer face of el capitan in yosemite national park. today, another record has been achieved in much colder conditions. a canadian climber has become the first person ever to scale a frozen section of niagara falls. >> it is considered one of the most powerful waterfalls in the world. this is the professional climber climbing up it as the water
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thunders past at 70 miles an hour. the impact of the water is equivalent to 4000 18 wheeled trucks hitting the ground at the same time. >> i have never seen anybody in the wintertime scaling the gorge so close to the scouts kids -- cascades of the horseshoe falls. >> a 140-foot climb soaked in freezing spray. it begs the question, why? >> i have been ice climbing for 30 years. this is the coolest thing i have ever done. this is niagara falls. this is the largest, wildest, most famous, most well-known, coolest waterfall in north america. and i just got to do the first ascent of it. >> here is the moment he made it. what a reward. >> yeah! >> if you thought that record
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was impressive, here is another. two in fact. the pilots of a helium filled loon have broken the record of spending more than 138 hours in the world. the american and russian left japan on sunday and are currently crossing the pacific ocean. they have also eclipsed another milestone. they are due to land in mexico on saturday. it was the gears ago today that the funeral was held for winston churchill -- it was 50 years ago today that the funerals held for winston churchill. he let his country to victory in world war ii. when he died, one million people lined the streets of london to watch his burial procession. half a century later, british politicians were again paying tribute as duncan kennedy
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reports. >> we shall fight on the landing grounds. we shall fight in the fields and in the streets. we shall fight in the hills. we shall never surrender! >> historic words from the man who changed the course of history, remembered 50 years on. the breathtaking scenes of public mourning at churchill's funeral unprecedented for a commoner in the 20th century. >> the sound of the solemn funeral marches, one after another. >> all there to pay tribute tribute to his wartime resolve and courage. the prime minister joined the eulogies shadow of the men whose common speeches started the spirit of the nation facing nazi tyranny. history has been kind to winston churchill. not because he wrote it, but because he shaved it -- shaped
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it. today, the tower bridge was raised to let it pass. it carried his coffin. thousands lined to watch its passage past modern buildings churchill would not have recognized and ending at one he would. >> he was the greatest investment who has ever lived. i don't think there will ever be another man like him. he was the greatest englishman who ever lived. >> for all his faults, he did what had to be done in terms of getting us through the war. >> the pipes are sounding again. >> it was used in recognition of his nautical past. where pallbearers once stood guard, today family members gathered to deliver their own personal homage. >> people do still lined as much as they did on the day he died practically.
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so it is not just his family. but we are all in harmony with the people of this country. >> winston churchill's final journey on the thoame only lasted a few minutess, but his residence has -- resona has endured for half a centurync. at westminster abbey tonight, a more intimate family memorial from the generations who wants new him to those who will come to know him. modern views of winston churchill have changed. but for most, he remains as iconic as the cranes that once bowed before his coffin -- the crowds that once bowed before his coffin in a nod to greatness. >> >> remembering the british bulldog.
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this week, president obama was in india touting greater economic ties. the u.s. has been the land of opportunity. he came to america nearly 35 years ago. from humble beginnings, he is now the c.e.o. of moon express a company launched to send the first private robotic mission to the moon. he is fine for a multimillion dollar award -- he is vying for a multimillion dollar award. we went to california for a look. >> he is an entrepreneur who has made billions of dollars through software startups. at this warehouse his latest company is trying something quite different. >> last month we actually flew our own spacecraft. this is the first time in the history of the universe a
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private company has built a craft and the hardware and software to fly on its own. >> moon express is among the front runners in the race to send the first robotic mission to the moon. there $20 million in prize money. he thinks far richer rewards could follow. >> the moon has 16 quadrillion dollars worth of elements. imagine if you are able to bring helium 3 to earth. a small quantity willpower this planet for decades if not generations. >> with big names and a promising indian entity in the race, the competition is tough. but he believes he has the edge. >> any person who is an expert in their field can only come up with an incrementally better idea. but most disruptive ideas come
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from non-experts. what makes me good at space is i know nothing about space. [laughter] >> it might sound far-fetched but part of the appeal is getting people talking and thinking, especially back home in india. he has teamed up with the indian industrialist and founder to try to encourage innovation in his homeland. >> i absolutely can tell you the next google or facebook can come from india if we do two things. one is allowing our people to dream so big that people call them crazy and take away the fear of failure. >> it took several years of struggle for indians to make a mark in the silicon valley. today, they are part of the valley's d.n.a. and nothing seems to be out of reach for them. not even the moon. >> dreaming big.
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that brings today's show to a close. you can find much more on the date's news at our website. thanks for watching. have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we've believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries.
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because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by macneil/lehrer productions >> woodruff: fierce fighting in ukraine. hopes for new peace talks fail as pro-russian rebels try to seize important towns in the east. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. also ahead: >> it's easier than ever to become a filmmaker. that doesn't mean it's easier than ever to become a sustainable filmmaker. >> woodruff: we travel to utah at sundance, where directors are trading the theater in for the small screen. and why video on demand comes first for more independent filmmakers in search of an audience. >> maybe it's time we stopped calling ourselves filmmakers. maybe it's time to start

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