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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 16, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. them it is a global truth we can do more when we work together. our banking relations have supported every -- across the
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globe. success takes partnership. only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg, we build relationships that hilda world. >> and now "bbc world news america." >> opening a new front in the fight against islamic state egypt attacks i asked her fits in libya as retaliation for the murder of 21 hostages. a fragile truce in ukraine. the military's -- the military and rebels accuse each other of continuing attacks. >> this is supposed to be day two of the cease-fire in eastern ukraine. the piece has not settled them.
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>> these images were captured at decades ago. now they have been given new life. we meet the photographer with quite a story. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. egyptian warplanes have attacked islamic state targets in libya. it was retaliation for the murder of 21 christian hostages from egypt. they targeted training camps and weapon storage is areas. >> under cover of darkness egyptian warplanes setting out
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or a bombing mission inside libya. with retribution for the beheading of coptic christians and the opening of a new battlefront in the middle east. state tv aired what it called video of egyptian missiles hitting militant training camps. cairo once the international community to join in, targeting the islamic state here as in syria and iraq. and here is the grief behind the egyptian airstrikes. in the village, the streets echoed with anguish today. this small community has lost 1410. -- 14 men. she cries out for her beloved ones. five of her relatives are gone. in a nearby house, more torment.
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relatives -- relatives hold aloft two brothers and their 20's, who hoped for a better life for libya. in the church they prayed for men showing no mercy, coptic christians are a minority and often complain of neglect. some say the governments did not do enough to save their sons and brothers. unable to scratch out a living, they went in search of casual labor across the border. >> relative say the men were driven from their homes in the village by grinding poverty and lack of work. they followed a well trodden path to libya, it is the only option for many desperate egyptians. locals tell us in spite of it happened, men from this area will continue to make that journey.
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>> we could go to libya tomorrow and the day after. people prefer to die there than to live here. egypt is facing new losses and new dangers. there are risks in getting embroiled in conflict across the border. bbc news in the village of value are. >> i spoke a short time ago with a senior associate at the kearney tn. >> we have heard about islamic state being established i rock -- established in iraq. >> it is a recent outgrowth. we know a lot of libyans went to fight in iraq and syria. last year they started coming back and that was the nucleus of the islamic state in libya. there was a group in october that declared allegiance. they have a branch to the east
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and south and west. it is unclear the size of this group. >> did you see much sign of islamic state? >> people were aware of it. you knew about certain pounds. but i think there was a certain sense of denial in some quarters. first with the hotel attack and with these beheadings. >> what is the appeal of islamic state within libya? >> there have been areas that are hotbeds for radicalization. they have been marginalized in the middle east. many of these areas were successful -- were susceptible to al qaeda. they are peeling off from these older jihadist groups and joining the islamic state. >> how effective do you think that it airstrikes will be against islamic state? >> they have an agenda in libya to eliminate the muslim
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brotherhood as a political force. this is not the first time they have intervened. they have been backing one faction in this civil war. they seem to be going after -- airstrikes are not effective in eradicating these types of groups. >> what will be effective? do you have any hope for these -- for the islamic peace talks? fama there are two factions. this is the vacuum the islamic state is exploding. there needs to be a unity government and cohesive army that can go after this terrorist group. >> there a such concern in washington about what is happening. do you see the americans getting involved? >> i do think there is a sense in washington they are becoming more concerned. for a while it was let the europeans handle it present
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there are terrorist groups and libyan arms are destabilizing. this is a problem that affects not just the surrounding neighborhood but the entire region. >> it seems like it is deteriorating so fast, even since you were there a few weeks ago. >> very shocking how things turned. i think washington is taking a second look at their approach in this country right now. >> thank you very much for joining us. tonight the cease-fire in eastern ukraine is looking increasingly fragile. just a day after it went into effect the ukrainian military command said pro-russian rebels have attacked more than 100 times since early yesterday. from there are international -- our international correspondent reports. his report does contain images some viewers may find distressing. >> this is what a scorched earth
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policy actually looks like barely recognizable for what it is. donetsk international airport. a symbol of the searing intensity in the war in ukraine that is supposed to have stopped, a battle that pitches in western leaning government against a rebel army that turns to its russian neighbor. this is a too of a shaky cease-fire and heavy weapons are supposed to be pulled back. >> the rebel defense minister says he will only hold his forces back when he has that ukrainians on this line have withdrawn there's. but the issue that threatens this peace deal is and that the guns have hold back, it's that they are still firing. >> this is supposed to be day two of the cease-fire. as you have been hearing, the
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piece is not been settled in. we hear the constant sound of artillery fire. most of it appears to be outgoing. people are saying there is suppressing fire. run. >> the ukrainians insist they haven't broken the truth -- the truce. accusing the rebels of shelling their own territory. >> that is firing out. >> know it is in and out. the defense is -- the defense minister says he is trying to stop the enemy from the -- from firing at their position. one of 5000 people have been killed in this war. there were other bodies of the airport too gruesome to show. this is where it really broke
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down. today's peace deal has held in most places, but there is a clear risk that what we are watching is history repeating itself. bbc news, donetsk international airport. >> ukraine's uncertain cease-fire, 30,000 people have attended a vigil in copenhagen tonight. two men appeared in court accused of hiding the suspected killer and helping to dispose of a weapon. lucy manning reports from copenhagen. >> streaming in the tens of thousands, the streets that had been shut down by terror now reclaimed. they came to stand together outside the cafe, where those who stood free speech have been attacked. >> i came here to some ice sympathy. >> we stand up to those -- stand
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up for those who have died. >> named as the gun man omar hussein had only come out from prison for violence. he was identified as having radical views inside. martin a former danish soldier was a classmate. saddened, but not priced about the attacks. >> he has well-known radical views. i am absolutely sure they knew. i have no doubt in my mind. i know that people called in. >> they told the police about his abuse? >> yes. >> two men were charged with helping the suspected gunman. >> they are charged with providing the test providing shelter. they are denying those charges. >> a film was murdered at the cafe. and an economist, who was a volunteer guard, was killed at
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the synagogue. family and friends were celebrating her vestments for, her coming-of-age ceremony. the end of the night bit -- they ended the night barricaded in a panic room. >> my main focus was keeping the children comment safe. -- calm and safe. tell them i going to explain this to my children? cash how am i going to explain this to my children? -- how am i going to explain this to my children? >> also grace -- also grateful to the police man who have been injured, they believe there should have been greater security. the prime minister doesn't believe the attacks were part of a wider terrorist network.
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>> we have no indication at this stage that he was part of a cell that took him to where he was now. >> them -- denmark is defiant but nervous. lisa manning, bbc news copenhagen. >> the yemeni rebel group has rejected the united nations security council call for their and that for its relinquished -- call for its ruling wished path. the country's president resigned last month after being put under house arrest. china has warned an upsurge in fighting between myanmar and ethnic rebels could pose a threat to border stability and chinese security. ethnic rebels say more than 18 civilians have been killed by soldiers. the army has killed 26 rebels.
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talks between greece and eurozone finance ministers over the country's debt broke down today when athens rejected a proposal to request a six-month extension of its international bailout, calling that unacceptable. this raises further questions about greece's future in the single currency. >> have the talks broken down irretrievably? >> they were first done acrimoniously. the finance minister says he will do whatever it takes for deals to be reached in 48 hours. so a hint or a hope that it can strike a deal. the word extension of the program is a real sticking point. the eurozone has issued an ultimatum to greece. they have to agree to extend the current bailout program while new changes are agreed.
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they promised that the bailout would be dead in the water. at the moment there is exasperation from the government they feel they haven't taken into account that there has been a change of governance and a huge democratic mandate given by the majority of people for the government to renegotiate the bailout. one calling the rhetoric of certain and unacceptable. a vast majority support their government 75% according to pick -- according to opinion polls. if he is forced to throw back significantly on the promises he made during the election, and if the threats looms ever larger, clearly the move -- it is a deliberate decision for the eurozone, or could greece be in very dangerous waters? >> thank you.
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you are watching bbc world news america. still to come, 11 dispute has caused hughes -- caused huge destruction and the impact is being felt far and wide. the italian coast guard has this is from boats in the mediterranean in their biggest operation so far. the coast guard says they were confronted by armed people traffickers. >> one by one they came to sanctuary. the people streaming out of civil wars and states. they had come to the tiny italian items -- italian island. a narrow strip of water separating the world they fled from and the world they would risk everything for.
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more and more migrants do not make it, losing their lives on the rough seas. last week 300 were killed as they tried to costs -- tried to cross the water. the intent -- the italian island is just 160 kyle -- 160 miles from the libyan coast. the waters were patrolled by an italian with european funding. that has stopped in the much smaller force, with one third of the funding keeping watch. this is the violent date way to europe for tens of thousands of migrants. once the libyan government held back the tide, but governance is now in short supply as militias battling out. huddled on a coast guard, these are the lucky ones.
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only one thing is certain, there will be more fleeing from their homes and if -- from their homes in search of a better life. bbc news. >> going nowhere fast, that is a story for america's west coast ports, which are utile -- which are usually telling cargo hubs. they have nearly ground to a halt. because of a labor dispute between shipping companies and dockworkers, the white house is even sending the u.s. labor secretary to california to break the impasse. >> in the orange business, timing is everything. the fruit is ripe and ready to be, the packers and disorders
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taking out the best for export. but it is not running as smoothly further down the line. tom wolman is ready to harvest. but delays at the port are keeping fruit on the trees and costing him a fortune. >> normally we would be shipping 800 to 900 containers a week to asia. it is probably only going to ship half that many. the economic fallout for this industry and my company is really tremendous. we are talking hundreds of millions of dollars. >> a labor dispute has slowed work down so much it has practically stopped. the unions and the management are in deadlock and an all-out strike is looming. >> the union has been slowing down and creating bottlenecks that have created economic harm up and down the west coast. the fact is they are not
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ordering their jobs. that is why productivity is low. this is not a question of throwing labor at the problem. the finger is being point at the labor. the fact is there are the companies getting this economic congestion. >> ships arriving from asia with nowhere to land and nowhere to unload them. there shouldn't be any. >> thousands of containers stranded off the coach of long beach and los angeles port. importers, exporters, and the u.s. economy are starting to suffer. >> hundreds of millions of dollars of goods have been left languishing on shore. >> they are not going to be on the shelves as this progresses. you are going to find the
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retailers are going to charge more because they have incurred higher transportation in getting the goods to market. >> with nowhere to go, president obama has sent his labor secretary to join in the negotiations as businesses on both sides are waiting for a swift resolution. bbc news los angeles. >> a damaging dispute. thanks to social media, the photographer's work is reaching a whole new audience. his children found a collection of his personal photos from the 1960's and 70's. they digitized them and started an instagram account, which has thousands of followers. it reflected on their usual upbringing and their father psychedelic lifestyle. the bbc caught up with them in california. >> would you like to see the library?
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>> i was an irish kid who was the oratory champion for the american legion. acid ripped the top of my head off and made me see the world in an entirely different way. i think a lot of my pictures represent that. i'm also a gemini, so duality interests me. a lot of my favorites are the double exposures. the family asset is the term for the photography i have been shooting since 1967 in vietnam and all the places i have in in between. mostly color slides. >> my brother started scanning dad's slides and it took about a year. i started publishing them on instagram about a year and a half ago, trying to catalog some of our stories. we have summon a great stories and no one ever believes they are true. >> come with me to the chamber of sacred vinyl.
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>> we have friends with various nicknames for us. we are a functioning happy family unit. >> imagine bob marley covered what new pussycat by tom jones. >> our lives are full with -- are filled with unusual people feared all kinds of people come through these doors everyday. i couldn't figure out a way to describe that in a phrase without including some of the trippy nature of our upbringing. that is where the acid came in. >> here is the world's largest collection according to the whalers of bob marley records. >> it was an unusual way to grow up. my brother and i would be trying to study for a test the next day and there would be eight rosters truck -- eight rosters drumming next-door. you don't want to go out and tell them to be quiet. >> i shot this in san diego and it has been bootlegged all over the world.
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>> it would be nina simone or keith richards. i got very used to greetings -- greeting famous people in my jam is. -- in my pajamas. >> photography has always been a hobby. i just love taking pictures, and i always have a camera with me wherever i go. because i was on the radio and television for so many years i encountered a lot of well-known people. it was always fun to take pictures of them and put them informal contexts. i have every record i thought since 1954 going back to 1978. i have every frame i ever shot in my life. >> the waltons on acid, bringing today's show to a close.
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you can find more on our facebook page. please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we've believed in nurturing banking relationships
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for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news ame
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: egypt strikes back launching airstrikes at islamic state positions in libya after militants behead coptic christians. good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. also ahead this presidents' day: getting smart on crime and punishment, a new study finds jails and prisons have become overcrowded warehouses for the poor. >> ifill: plus... >> jehovah witnesses abhor child abuse in any form. >> ifill: ...breaking the silence-- can freedom of religion trump protections against child abuse? the legal battles with jehovah's witness leaders who refuse to shed light on members' dark

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