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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 30, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> it is a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking
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relationships span cultures and support almost every institute across the globe because success takes partnerships. and only through discipline and trust, can we create something greater than ourselves. at mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now "edc world news america." anchor: this is "bbc world news america." nigeria weeks to see who its next -- is next president. the u.s. and you can a possible rigging as votes are counted and. talks over iran's nuclear program still face tricky issues. how do warehousex -- whales hear? the answer could help save them for the future.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. in an unusual move, they warned the vote count in the nigerian election could be compromised by deliberate political interference. the concern comes even as the ballots are still being tallied and official results are not expected until tuesday. andrew harding reports. andrew it is an uneasy wait. in city streets, tight security outside as the nation waits to see if nigeria's political elite will play by the rules. >> at least 30% of people in this country [indiscernible] waiting for the results in case of trouble. people are anxious. >> we are hoping by the grace of
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god everything will be fine, people will accept defeat graciously and move on. andrew: nigeria's main opposition has put up fresh decorations at its headquarters anticipating victory. as the electoral commission starts to unveil the results, a dramatic intervention by britain and america. this joint statement released warning of disturbing indications the collation process where the votes are counted may be subject to deliberate political interference. >> there is a fog of war at the moment. there is a great cloud of rumor and concern in the country. it is a risk of distortion of the expressed views of the nigerian people. that seemed sufficiently great to require a response and an early one. it is an indication the international community is watching the election closely. andrew: no one is saying in
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public yet, but the concern is the president may be heading towards an election defeat and is looking for ways to change that. the longer it waits for the final results to be announced, the more attentions -- tensions are likely to rise here. quite an achievement for africa's largest democracy. those monitoring elections say that any rigging now will be easy to spot. >> we will know. that is the intent of the methodology for the election. andrew: you have been counting at the local level. if the results are different you will know? >> absolutely. that is why we insist on collecting our results at the polling level. it is in full view of the voters and they accept it before moving home. andrew: nigerian voters have risen to the challenge.
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now the pressure is on the politicians to do the same. andrew harding, bbc news. anchor: at least 45 people have been killed in an airstrike that hit a refugee camp in north yemen. it comes on the fifth night of strikes against shia rebels in the country. the yemeni government denies this was a mistake consisting the deaths were caused by rebel artillery fire. for more on the volatile situation, i spoke with the former u.s. ambassador to the country. he's now executive vice president of the air -- arab gulf states institute. the saudis went into yemen in 2009 with the idea of trying to route out that with the rebels -- houthi rebels that time. do you think they will be more successful this time? >> i do not think they will be successful. these airstrikes in heavily
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populated urban areas are going to create a more difficult situation in terms of trying to create a negotiation environment that will bring the houthis to the table. anchor: i cannot imagine there are that many military targets to take out in yemen. it is a small, unpopulated population. >> they are jammed into the city's. that is the problem. they may have weaponry and aircraft. but these locations are where people are inhabiting the same areas as well. it is difficult. i don't know that the saudis are proficient enough from the air to do the kind of strikes required by the circumstances. anchor: what is your reading on the reaction of the yemeni population? we know it is a divided country. to what extent is their support of the saudi operation? >> i suspect there is some.
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there's clear disrespect for the electoral results the yemenis have produced in the way they felt they might have been able to direct the country. that said, there is a lot of unhappiness with external intervention. the saudis are not admired in yemen. this is not a way to engender a lot of admiration and loyalty are coming in and bombing the country. anchor: the houthi rebels were making swift progress down south toward aden. if the saudis had not stepped in militarily, has this operation stopped the houthis? >> the houthis are slowing moving toward aden. the bombing is some distance away. i don't disagree with the goal to get the houthis to pause and
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pay attention and say maybe we cannot achieve this goal, to take over all of yemen, which is what they have in mind. the saudis would like to see them stopped. we would like to see them stopped. i'm not sure using heavy artillery and aircraft is the way to do it. anchor: you are a former ambassador you say we would like to see them stopped. there are concerns raised in washington about whether the u.s. should be more involved. what are the options? >> we cannot be involved militarily. we would create a huge distraction. i think we can be helpful trying to use leverage with iran. i hope on the sidelines of the talks in switzerland someone is speaking with the prime minister asking them to have a word with them to have them come to the table and settle down. i hope that is one direction we move in that would be helpful. anchor: thank you. the copilot of the germanwings
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plane which crashed into the french alps last week had received treatment in the past for suicidal tendencies. german prosecutors say he had been treated before receiving his pilot's license and since had shown no signs of suicidal behavior. from düsseldorf, the latest. >> he is the man who dreamed of flying. andreas lubitz had also wanted to end his own life. prosecutors are analyzing evidence from his flat in düsseldorf. today, they would he had been treated for suicidal tendencies. we don't know where or when, but we do know it was before he became a pilot. >> had at that time been in the treatment of a psychotherapist because of what is documented as being suicidal. >> still no concrete motive,
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prosecutors say, for why he apparently did this. there will be no bodies to bury. teams are matching d.n.a. samples to those supplied by relatives. the circumstances in which 150 people lost their lives have been described as unimaginable. no one knows for sure whether the copilot's mental health problems are to blame for what happened but already germans are asking, our existing checks on pilots sufficiently robust? in europe, pilots are psychologically assessed once at the start of the career. after that, there is an annual medical. >> even with our experience, we cannot always tell if someone is suicidal. we cannot look into someone's head. even the most refined tests cannot do that. >> still, so much pain, so many questions. it may be weeks, investigators
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warn, before they have answers. anchor: a tragic story. a quick look at other news from around the world. when men has been shot dead and another injured after they tried to ram a vehicle into the national security agency. the f.b.i. says it is not thought to be related to terrorism. it is a sprawling army installation northeast of washington. prosecutors have rested their case against the boston marathon bomber. it followed gruesome autopsy photographs and testimony from the medical examiner describing the devastating injuries suffered by three people who died in the 2013 terror attack. he could face the death penalty if found guilty. amanda knox's ex-boyfriend may seek reparations after his second acquittal for the 2007 murder of meredith kercher. last week, italy's highest court
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quashed their convictions for good. he described the decision as being like being born again. the clock is ticking of the tuesday deadline set to reach a deal over iran's nuclear program. for days top diplomats from six world powers have been meeting their radiant counterparts with the goal of hammering out a framework so a final accord can be reached by the end of june. as american secretary of state john kerry said today, there were tricky issues still. one diplomat said they included the length of time in iran's nuclear activities would be limited, how quickly sanctions would be suspended, and penalties for noncompliance. for more, i am joined by stephen hadley. he served as president bush's national security adviser from 2005 2 2009. you have been in tricky negotiations. if you were in switzerland today, what would you be advising the american team to
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do? >> the american team is focused on getting agreement on a set of terms that can offer some reassurance iran is going to be blocked on any path to getting a nuclear weapon. the outstanding issues remain. there is a lot of anxiety about this agreement. i think the biggest thing they need to do is to try to get as tough terms as they can because this agreement is not what anybody hoped for. what the resolutions have called for all this time is no enrichment, no reprocessing, the two ways in which iran could get the material to make a bomb. this agreement is going to allow some considerable amount of enrichment. this is the problem. the agreement has two problems. one, it is not going to be the agreement many people hoped for.
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two, it is in the context of the middle east melting down and violence and is risking moving from a proxy war to a direct war between iran and the sunni states. you cannot have a more bizarre or surreal situation negotiating and arms agreement when the middle east is melting down. anchor: reading not much between the lines, it sounds like you are saying the compromises the west has to make do not make the deal worth it. >> we need to let the negotiators reach the deal. we need the president and secretary kerry to make their case. but i think they have a tough road ahead of them to convince the american people, to convince the congress, and to convince our friends and allies in the region that this can be a piece of stabilizing the region rather than what many of them fear, that this will be in some sense a green light for iran to get
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out from under sanctions and continue the kinds of activity they are doing in yemen, iraq and syria. anchor: let's say negotiators on both sides share your skepticism and a deal is not possible. what happens next? anchor: -->> one of the questions is they may not be able to reach a deal. they may negotiate in good faith. the issues may be too hard. i think it is fine if they want to continue to negotiate. i would hope the joint plan of action that limits iran's nuclear program stays in place. anchor: beyond the june deadline? >> i think it is possible they would go beyond the june deadline. i think the real question is, what is the united states going to do to address this meltdown in the region and this effort by iran to establish a shia crescent and isis to establish its own radical terrorist crescent?
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what is the united states going to do to reassure friends and allies we will help them with isis and iran? if we can do that, the context is better for this nuclear agreement. anchor: when one of the options -- should one of the options be as prime netanyahu has suggested in the past military action against iran if the negotiation process in switzerland falls apart? >> it is difficult. one thing we might have to do, even if we get the agreement, if iran decides at some point to go for a nuclear weapon, the president of the united states has said, and i believe him, that he will use military force to stop it. i think what he has in mind is a limited strike that would hit tour three places. if iran were going to a nuclear
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weapon, i think most of the american people would support that. anchor: still to come, the british election kicks off. it is the most unpredictable race in decades. we will let you know in just 38 days. and around the world journey is impressive on its own, even more so when attempted by a solar powered airplane. it is the first of its kind to embark on the excursion. today, the plane was up in the air again on the fifth leg of its trip. it was in the air for over 20 hours before it successfully touched down in china. the pilot had to battle extreme cold in the cockpit over you flew over mountainous chinese provinces -- as he flew over mountainous chinese provinces. >> with the weight of a family car, the solar impulse 2 is
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making history. powered entirely by the sun it has set off on the fifth leg of its journey around the world one of the trickiest so far. >> today, the flight through china. if everything goes well, we will continue tomorrow morning. then it will be positioning for all the way across the pacific to hawaii. there's a lot in front of us. >> the team have waited more than a week for the right weather conditions. they are still expecting low-level wind picked with a top speed of just 99 coulomb it is an hour, that could make for a difficult landing. he began circumnavigating the globe 20 days ago. the flight plan has only taken the adventurers over the persian gulf and across india.
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next, it will fight for china, america, and europe before returning to the emirates. the most challenging leg of the journey comes next when it leaves china. apollo -- the pilot will be spending five or six days in the hot seat crossing to the united states. anchor: the british election is officially underway. in just 38 days, voters will go to the polls in what is one of the most hotly contested elections in decades. at stake who will lead parliament and become the next prime minister. our deputy political editor has more. >> and so it begins. at exactly one minute past midnight, parliament ceased to exist. it happens by law these days once the five years is up and david cameron no longer needs to
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ask the queen's permission. he went anyway using all the status of his office to ask her majesty formally to summon an apartment in may. then it was back to downing street and what he wants to be the central part of the campaign, stronger leadership and lower taxes than labor. >> the next prime minister walking through that door will be me or ed miliband. you can choose an economy that grows, creates jobs, generates the money to ensure they properly funded and improving national health service a government that will cut taxes for 30 million hard-working people, and a country that is safe and secure. or you can choose the economic chaos of ed miliband. >>'s hope is that is the message that will persuade voters not to turn their backs on the tories,
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votes he needs if he is to stay. in london, labor was warning business leaders of economic chaos if the tories were reelected. ed miliband arguing the tories' plans would damage the economy something he claimed many in business feared. >> it is a recipe for at least two years of uncertainty in which england's investment would drain away. two years of and certainty in which businesses will not be able to plan for the future and two years of wasted opportunities. it is a clear and present danger to british jobs, british business, british families, and british prosperity. >> this morning, officials began issuing writs triggering elections in constituencies. elections will not just choose the next prime minister but mold the country.
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the election is so close that the role of smaller parties will be vital. one of those smaller parties got their campaign underway today. >> it is exciting for us. i am delighted the campaign has started. i can get out of offices and tell our side of the story. when we tell our story, we regain support. >> stakes could not be higher. either they stay in government or become an endangered species in westminster. next time david cameron or ed miliband drive through the gates, it will be to ask the queen's permission to form a new government. the question is whether they will need other parties to do it. the answer could shape government for years. anchor: just 38 days to go until we have that british election and an idea of who is going to be our next prime minister. we know that whales navigate
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and communicate through sound. why have they developed different systems of hearing? scientists in washington think they have a clue. it seems to be linked to jaw movements. >> vista gold lou yale -- this pickled blue whale fetus was acquired a most a century ago. now scientists are using it to learn more about how the world's largest mammals developed underwater hearing. sound is crucial to survival. scientists have discovered different whales have developed different ways of hearing. >> they echolocate from the forehead. they are listening to echoes from prey or surrounding. they are paying attention to sounds around the.
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in sum, the acoustic funnel starts out facing forward but then it rotates out to face sideways. >> the results of the fetal scan were compared to the bones of adult whales. >> if this was a spur whale, -- 's sperm whale they would have gone that way. we think it has to do with how whales see. >> baling whales open their jaws by as much as 90 degrees. to accommodate that, thereir earbones have shifted. sonar and ships have made the ocean incredibly noisy. >> we don't know how that impacts whales who use hearing to make a living in the ocean.
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to understand that, we have to understand how they hear in the first place. we will have a better understanding of how to mitigate the causes and consequences of ocean noise on whales. >> the remains of this whale were saved research after was found dead in a net. damage indicates it may have also been shut -- struck by a ship. learning how these bailey whales process and react to sound may save others from ending up as museum specimens. anchor: what an amazing skeleton . trying to find out how we can save the whales. that brings the show to a close. you can find the latest on the news on our website. anything we get out of switzerland will be posted, as well on yemen and the saudi assaults in yemen. i'm katty kay. for all of us, thank you for
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watching. do tune in again tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit at mufg
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we've believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: down to the wire. iran nuclear weapons talks intensify in the 11th hour. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. also ahead this monday: nigeria on edge. africa's largest economy awaits final results in a presidential election still too close to call. plus, testing for implicit bias and prejudice. a science laboratory studies human instinct to uncover the subtlety of racism. >> sreenivasan: in this test, i had under a second to decide whether or not to shoot the person that flashed on screen- based on just one thing- whether

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