tv BBC World News America PBS April 6, 2015 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT
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partnerships should endure the test of time. with time comes change and what matters in the end is that you're strong enough to support it. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now "bbc world news america" anchor: this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington i'm katty kay. closing arguments in the trial of the boston marathon bomber. the prosecution says dzhokhar tsarnaev wanted to punish america. forced to flee, the fighting in yemen as the crisis escalates, we speak to some of those who have managed to escape. these dancers have become famous far beyond the new york subway. authorities want to pull the plug now.
welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the closing arguments were delivered today in the trial of the boston marathon bomber, dzhokhar tsarnaev. the prosecution argued that he wanted to punish america when he killed three people and injured more than 250 others at the race in 2013. the defense lawyers described what happened as a senseless act, but insisted that he was under the influence of his older brother who died during a police shootout. our correspondent has the latest. correspondent: the finishing line of the boston marathon, april 13, 2013. two bombs exploded, 12 seconds and 200 meters apart dzhokhar tsarnaev had planted one of the devices and filmed running away from the scene. he targeted because the eyes of the world would be on the city
and the streets packed with spectators. he wanted to terrorize his country and punish america for what it was doing to muslim people. the jury saw a video. he seemed entirely untroubled while the carnage he was about to unleash. nor did he show any remorse shortly afterwards. he was filmed 23 minutes after the bomb went off in a supermarket casually buying milk. in a city traumatized boasting i'm a stress free kind of guy. days later though, on the run from the police and while hiding in the hull of a boat, he wrote a note asking a 11 lah to grant him martyrdom. the defense team has admitted his role in the bombings, they called it a senseless action, but claim he was under the influence of his elder brother who was killed in a shootout with the police. they say he planned the attack and constructed the bombs.
he led, he nearly followed. if he is found guilty, the trial will move to a second phase to determine whether he will receive the death penalty. the federal government wants to see him executed. the defense will argue there are mitigating circumstances, namely the influence of his brother. nick bryant, bbc news, boston. anchor: with the jury now starting deliberations early on tuesday, i spoke a few moments to our correspondent outside the courthouse. a couple of weeks until the second anniversary of the boston marathon bombing. how much is this affecting that city still? correspondent: well, i think the first thing to say is today was another emotional day in this trouble which has lasted more than a month. there were screens of people crying in the courtroom survivors, some who had lost limbs and relatives of the three victims as the prosecution showed images very
graphic images of the aftermath of the attacks. that was just another reminder of the enduring impact that these attacks have had on boston and the wider community. now, i think the key thing for people here is they want this trial to come to a conclusion and many people i have spoken here in boston say they just want boston to be done. the key question now as this trial eventually moves into the sentencing phase, assuming that dzhokhar tsarnaev is convicted, is what that justice looks like. for some people, that means the death penalty which is one possibility that the jury could decide for another life in prison. massachusetts is a liberal state that doesn't have the death penalty on its state laws of how it punishes the perpetrators of a crime that really has affected people here and will continue to do so. anchor: outside the courthouse in boston, thank you.
in yemen, more than 140 people have been killed in the last 24 hours as fighting continues between rebels and government forces backed by air strikes from a saudi led coalition. the united nations is warning that the country is heading toward a humanitarian disaster. many of those flees are arriving in neighboring countries. it's from there that we received this report. correspondent: an indian warship coming into port after a rescue mission in the gulf of adrianne. onboard, some of the latest to flee the fighting in yemen. most here were indian nationals as the country plunked deeper into chaos. the evacuees are coming ashore. the authorities are expecting more boats in the coming days. the longer the crisis in yemen continues, the greater the numbers try to flee. the united nations refugee agency has been preparing for an influx of 5,000 but already
says that number may be exceeded. the new arrivals are putting a strain on this tiny poor nation. the officials say they need international assistance. some here told us they were caught between the rebels and the air strikes. something was coming from nearby, people died with the shooting. correspondent: this is what he left behind, an intense bombing campaign aimed at stopping the rebels. almost two weeks of air strikes have not forced them into retreat. the this is some of the latest fighting in the southern port of adrianne. -- aidan. this group of fishermen fled in their own boats. the air strikes made them refugees but most here told us they want them to continue.
yes, yes yes they said. mohamed told us the saudis should keep bombing the rebels so peace can be restored to yemen. some fear the air strikes could spark a wider conflict across the water bringing new dangers to the region. anchor: the impact of the fighting in yemen being felt across the red sea. first came the agreement, now the sales pitch. president obama has been busy in the past few days trying to convince skeptics, both in the middle east and here in the u.s. congress, that the new agreement that he has reached with iran is a good one. one of his vocal critics is benjamin netanyahu. the on sunday president obama spoke to the "new york times" aboutist's concerns. president obama: israel is right to be concerned about iran. they should be absolutely concerned that iran doesn't get
a nuclear weapon. what i would say to the israeli people is, however that there is no formula there is no option to prevent iran from getting a nuclear weapon that will be more effective than the diplomatic initiative and framework that we put forward. that's demon extraable. anchor: president obama speaking to the "new york times" about the framework agreement. for more on the accord with iran, i spoke with christopher hill, the former american ambassador to iraq and an author. thanks very much for coming in, chris hill. president obama has given an interview and national public media, the second he has given in the last couple of days on this and linking the idea that you could never have got a deal with iran and forced them at the same time to accept israel's right to exist. is israel ever going to be reassured by this framework agreement? chris: it's compared to what.
if you don't have this agreement, what do you have? you have some sanctions which clearly have proved inadequate. you have talk of military bombing which is clear that there is no way forward on that. so i think the idea is to start with this agreement, see if it can be cod night and eventually it might lead to something. i think it's the way to go and frankly speaking, i'm not going to speak for prime minister netanyahu, but if i were an israeli, i would be interested in seeing this thing going forward. anchor: do you think people who were critics of this deal before we got the framework arrangement last week will now look at the details, actually you know what, there is more in this than we thought there was going to be or the critics would always say critics of any kind with negotiation with iran unless it totally ends their enrichment program forever. chris: some critics will take some credit for the degree of specificity that is in the agreement. there was a view that somehow this agreement would never have
anything really specific in it. it has a lot that is specific. they should take credit for that. you're quite right, there are others that are opposed to this and this is really something very deep for people in the middle east, especially the saudis who see some kind of recreation of the 1970's when the u.s. and iran were very close and where the u.s. looked to iran for leadership in the region. there are people who really worry about that. in fact, more of it it's in the agreement in terms of u.s. iranian relationship, the more they worry. anchor: what can president obama say to the allies in the region, you mention saudi arabia as it looks through the arc of iran and iraq, you were ambassador into syria, up in lebanon and libya as well as an emerging power? kris: they worry that power was con sole dated in iraq, this will continue. oh, by the way, we're asking the saudis to be much tougher
on this radical sunni organization isis, they are worried. the way to handle that is to be very active diplomatically, arms programs and we understand their concerns and we have been with them for some time. anchor: here is the toughest sale for president obama, allies like saudi arabia or allies and enemies up on capitol hill in washington? chris: a lot of people on capitol hill that don't like this at all. the president will reach over their heads to the american people. there is a lot of support for this agreement. i think that will help mollify some of the critics in washington. it's going to take time. again, the question that keeps needing to be posed is if you don't like this, what do you want? people usually say we could have made a better agreement. really? i think the president is in a good position. he has got to keep up the momentum. anchor: from the man who knows his negotiating, chris hill, thanks very much for coming in.
two media interviews in the past 48 hours, president obama clearly trying to make his pitch to the american public as well. let's look at other news around the world and staying with the middle east, forensic teams have begun looking at mass graves in iraq which thought could be held by hundreds of soldiers killed last year. as many as 1,700 shia soldiers are thought to have been killed at the former u.s. army base near tikrit back in june 2014. so far 20 bodies have been found there. i u.n. official has described the condition in syria as beyond inhumane. islamic state took control of large parts of it last week. 18,000 palestinian refugees are thought to be trapped inside this catch. food, water, and medical supplies are running out. reports from northeast anyway jia say that jihaddist fighters have killed at least 20 people in a series of attacks.
the one redent told the bbc that almost every building has been set alight. at least a dozen people were killed in two other visions close to the border with cameroon. the kenyan government has launched air strikes against islamic militants in somalia after an attack at a college in northeast kenya last week that killed almost 150 people. the kenyan president had warned of the severest possible response by militants. our correspondent reports from nairobi. correspondent: the families of those killed now a reality. among those that died is a second-year business student. his family has been searching for the past five days not knowing if he is dead or alive. >> it's been a really slow
process. we looked through the list of all of those who were alive. his name wasn't there. we asked everywhere and we were told to go to the mortuary where we found his name among the dead. correspondent: other families are experiencing the same opportunity. this mortuary has been full of relatives since saturday, many angry that it's taken so long for them to be able to view the bodies. so far only 80 victims have been identified. the government insists it is doing all it can. >> some of the bodies are badly damaged, so it's taken a little longer for our for ensticks people to get i.d.s. the families can do finger i.d.s. once that's done, then we don't think that any of the families should be allowed to contribute.
>> the survivors of the attack, there is pain and grief across the nation as kenya comes to terms with the brutal killings in garissa. there is also a sense of solidarity. many of the people you see here have come to donate blood to the survivors who are still in hospital and their message today is we are together with the victims and their families. they sing and pray for god's comfort, a message that resonates with a country now trying to heal a collective pain. anchor: our correspondent reporting on that awful plight of the relatives in kenya. you're watching "bbc world news america." the fight against big tobacco has a high powered ally. we speak to michael bloomberg on why he is jumping into this fight to help. two australians on death row for drug smuggling cannot challenge the president's
rejection of their clemency pleas. they were convicted in 2006 of leading a group of heroin smugglers. our correspondent has more. the correspondent: andrew and myron, two australians who have shown a global spotlight on indonesia's death penalty policy for drug traffickers. they spent the last decade in a prison after being sentenced to death for attempting to smuggle 8.3 kilograms of heroin to australia. they say they're now changed men and have reformed in prison. they deserve a second chance. an indonesian court upheld the rejection of their clemency applications. dashing their hopes of being saved from the firing squad. their lawyers aren't giving up. they say the indonesian
president joko widodo's decision to grant clemency from all drug traffickers is unconstitutional and they are taking their fight to the next level. >> we are about to file a constitutional issue to the court asking the court to emphasize what is the obligation with the clemency. correspondent: indonesia has become the target of international outrage as a result of its policy to ban all clemency applications from drug traffickers. critics say this is without reviewing each case individually. the external pressure only appears to be firming indonesia's resolve and position on the death penalty.
anchor: getting some high profile help in fighting the tobacco industry. billionaire and former mayor of new york, michael bloomberg is determined to stop the spread of smoking in poorer countries by launching a multimillion fund to finance legal battles against tobacco companies in the developing world. our correspondent reports and warning, there are flashing images here. correspondent: the tiny country has become an unlikely battleground between anti-smoking campaigners and big tobacco its government embroiled in an expensive legal battle with the cigarette industry over its laws. into the fray has stepped michael bloomberg, a long-time advocate of tighter controls on tobacco. michael: we are in this to help countries who cannot defend
themselves against an industry that is trying to kill a billion people this century and if that isn't a noble cause i don't know what is. we all talk about saving society, but you got to translate that into action. correspondent: although tobacco consumption is falling in the west, the opposite is true in the developing world. that's why along with fellow billionaire bill gates bloomberg is setting up his multimillion dollar fighting fund. the health ministry, they're working on the latest anti-smoking strategy. the country is being sued by tobacco giant philip morris over its rules on tragedying and restrictions on sales, but their policies which nonetheless work say health professionals. >> we have numbers. we have scientific evidence that these kind of policies and the implementation of these kind of policies and the enforcement of these kind of
policies has been effective. correspondent: the already tough anti-smoking legislation goes too far says the cigarette companies. that's why this test case is so important, the right of an individual country to pursue its own aggressive health policies against the commercial freedoms of the cigarette company. health campaigners say the industry deliberately targets young people in those countries where advertising is allowed an allegation emphatically denied by philip morris international. >> we do not target kids. that is not our audience. we seek to maintain brand loyalty among the existing adult smokers and there are many who prefer our brands and those who don't currently prefer we would like them to switch to our brand. the correspondent: there is nothing that i will do that will save as many people says michael bloomberg, a man who made his billions in the free market and is now spending that money
fighting big tobacco. anchor: michael bloomberg wading into another big fight, guns and then tobacco. to new york where there has been a crackdown on some fancy footwork. light feet is a new hip-hop and every day teenagers are dancing for donations on new york subway trains. they have quite a following online. the city is cracking down on these performers citing safety concerns. the bbc caught up with the members of live time, one of the city's most popular groups. ♪ ♪ correspondent: dancers, hundreds maybe 70 to 80 teens, but individually, it's hundreds of us. i'm talking about just new york, like an epidemic. >> a lot of dancers incorporated into one.
because they consider it like soliciting or reckless endangerment. when i was younger, 15 years old, they didn't stop and tell us to get off the train because we were too young to get locked up. after 15, they started putting the cuffs on us, taking us to the precinct. that happened to me about 10, 12 times. >> he is like only four or five days old. he is my pride and joy and for me to keep on dancing, i'm not going to stop. seven days a week i'll be dancing on the train. i know if i stay home, i could slip up and do something negative. the girls, the money, and the way it makes me feel, i feel like i'm expressing myself. >> i feel like i'm on stage, on broadway or something.
>> black people would not mean that think they, they think we're mean, but they're knocked up. anchor: the very talented members of light time on the new york subway. finally, a bit of easter cheer to end the program for you straight from the white house. the president and mrs. obama hosted an easter regular roll on the lawn. this was the 137th time that people assembled on the lawn for the roll. thousands of children gathered to take part in the festivities. it was the fifth anniversary of mrs. obama's let's move campaign which is aimed at children leading healthier lives. they had great weather and a lot of chocolate. not exactly how healthy that is, but it was a good roll at the white house. you can find much more of the day's news on our website. go to the website to get more.
i'm katty kay, from all of us here on "bbc world news america," thanks for watching. i'll see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good kovler foundation, and mufg. >> global truth, we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking
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