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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 23, 2015 3:59pm-4:31pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good kovler foundation, and mufg. >> build a solid foundation and you can connect communities and commerce for centuries. that's the strength behind good banking relationships, too. which is why at mufg we believe
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financial partnerships should endure the test of time. because with time comes change, and what matters in the end is that you are strong enough to support it. we build relationships that build the world the >> and now "bbc world news america." karl: this is "bbc world news," reporting from washington, i'm katty kay. and president obama expresses deep predid regret for a killing -- >> in the fogg of war mistakes sometimes deadly mistakes can occur. katty: e.u. leaders triple
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their budget to deal with the immigrant crisis. and for 25 years the hubbell telescope has been sending us extraordinary images from space. today nasa shares one of the best to mark its extraordinary anniversary. katty: welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and as -- around the globe. president obama today confirmed that two hostages, one american and one italian, were accidentally killed earlier this year in a counterterrorism operation in the border region between afghanistan and pakistan. warren weinstein and giovanni lo porto were working in the area. >> statements don't come much more difficult than this for a president to make. president obama: as president and as commander in chief i take full responsibility for
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all our counterterrorism operations including the one that inadvertently took the lives of warren and joke of annie. i profoundly regret what happened and on behalf of the united states government offer our deepest apologies to the families. it is a cruel and bitter truth that in the fog of war generally and our fight against terrorists specifically, mistakes sometimes deadly mistakes, can occur. >> warren weinstein was an aid worker in pakistan when he was seized by militants in 2011. a year later came this heart-rending appeal which, given events is seems even more poignant today. >> my life is in your hands mr. president. if you accept the demands, i live. if you don't, then i die.
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reporter: warren weinstein's wife issued a statement. "we hope that my husband's death and the other recent tragedies in recent months will finally prompt the government to take its responsibilities seriously pand establish a coordinated approach to assisting the families of hostages, she said." outside the weinstein home in maryland, floral tributes. another american hostage dead and searching questions again about the quality of u.s. intelligence and the unintended consequencing -- consequences of its actions. katty: for more on this announcement i'm joined by crine kalus, a senior fellow at the american institute. brian, when the president says
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it's an inevitable consequence of the war is he right? >> i think he's right but we're almost 14 years after 9/11 and after president bush who used a lot of con vexal -- conventional forces and a heavy footprint on the ground, president obama has had this light footprint heavily dependent on drones. if you look at places like yemen and so on, we are safer in the homeland but have we produced stability in these places? the answer to that had is no. katty: and the fact that these two hostages were killed points to gaps in the intelligence gathering, right? >> oh, absolutely. we can connect phone calls and emails as well as what we can do with aerial surveillance but also human intelligence, the networks we have on the ground and clearly there was a mistake
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here. they have a certain checklist when doing these types of operations and something was clearly missed. not only in the fact that we killed two american hostages but that we accidentally killed two yadier -- al qaeda operatives we accidentally killed. katty: yeah, the report said it was two americans working for al qaeda and that seemed to come as a surprise as well. reporter: that's right. we had had a bounty on one of them for a while. it's never going to be a perfect system but when these two things happen at the same time it should raise questions about not only the utility of these tools but how are we using them and whether our agencies really have the information. katty: and the broader question you suggested of whether we have actually produced stability in the region and that's obviously not the case. we have heard families of
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hostages killed in syria rates the same issue that they didn't get support they feel they should have from the u.s. government. reporter: there was a frustration about how consistent the communication was, what sort of information wats provided to them and it's complicated because u.s. government officials are dealing with information that sometimes we collect through different means that we can't share. so there's been a review under way. not certain had that will be completed but given all the complaints, we need to do something different. i think the one thing that probably won't change is the hostage component of, giving money and things like that, i doubt that will change in terms of u.s. policy but it's clear to me in talking to some of the people involved in with all this that there would -- could be a bert way of how we talk to the families of hostages.
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katty: thanks, brian. extra shims for search and rescue he and more money those were the commitments made after a ar an emergency meeting in brussels after a string of deadly accidents that have left 1,700 dead in this recent months. katya adler has the latest the katya: a journey made in hope ended here if unmarked coffins. just a few of the hundreds who died at sea this week. given a number, no name -- there was no one left to identify them or mourn for them except other migrants who survived a sea journey of their own. the coffins were laid at the feet of european officials, whose countries scaled back search and rescue missions last year. they said that would put migrants off making the journeys. these deaths show that didn't happen. >> i'm here to cry and beg for
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the world to stand up and stop fighting the cat yo: europe's leaders arrived at an emergency summit in brussels today, under urgent pressure to save lives. a minute of silence for all those lost at sea focused minds from the very start of the meeting. immigration is a sensitive issue and divisive, so leaders today focused on something they could all agree on while touching on more complex issues. the e.u. agreed to provide for -- more funding and treble the levels of search and rescue ships back to the former level. they want to trarg traffic -- target traffickers who put desperate people's lives at risk. few details as to how they will do it. leaders remain at odds over will the refugees should remain
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-- be distributed more equally among the european countries. italy had called for the summit appealing for help dealing with the mile rante crisis on its shores. >> for the first time, europe has a strategy. noting a -- an emotional reaction but a strategic vision. here at a meeting of the leaders convened for the first time because of what southern europe is facing. katya: this help is urgently needed these migrant were rescued this morning in flimsy dingies. if the weather turns warmer, countless more are preparing to come to europe, risking their lives to do so. catia adler, bbc news, brussels. katty: for more on this summit, i spoke with catia a short time
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ago from brussels. we heard there in your report the italian prime minister saying that he's satisfied with the measures the e.u. is taking. from what you nove the crisis is this going to be yuff -- enough? katya: absolutely not. these are absolutely fundamental questions for the european union and not all those questions were answered today at all. when you did have after an appalling week in the mediterranean, something had to be done immediately and it was done. a trickling of funds for the search and rescue mission, suleiman fundamental to rescue the gown -- drowning migrants at sea. there are for more thorny issues such as what happens to those migrant after they've been rescued? germany has the lion's share of asylum seekers in europe and wants them spread out more
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equally among members. that is a hugely divisive issue as well the and there was ir trait at that today. a senior diplomat from one of the mediterranean companies that david cameron's offer of planes and helicopters but his point-blank refusal to take in any of the migrant didn't go down well at all. so the questions of whether you can target the traffickers whether you can destroy their boats owned international law, all that still has to be worked out. katty: katya, thank you. as this debate continues over what each european government is willing to do in this crisis, a top greek minister has demanded that europe's biggest powers take more responsible. there's been a surge in the number of migrants trying reach the eag ann islands. -- our correspondent spoke with
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some of thome on rhodes. >> finally i get free. it's ok now. just take my records, go out take shower, sleeping. >> full freedom. >> yes. >> complete freedom. >> and how does that feel? >> it feels very good. very pleasant. >> their stories show how hard tackling this crisis will be for europe's leaders. among them, 21 eritreans saved after their boat sank on the rocks this week. a call home was the first thing she did. others posted facebook updates saying they'd made it. john was messaging his brother in london. >> how did he go to london? he began his own journey through africa and turkey years ago. >> five years ago. >> and he paid dear.
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>> 12,000 euros dollars. $12,000. reporter: but for him, it's been worth it. john and his friends are now on their sex -- next stage of the journey to athens and, they hope, elsewhere in europe. this is what europe's leaders are grappling with. increasing the number of sea sea patrols won't make much difference because that's turkey right there so close. behind the wire are the latest to be picked up. in the dstans, a turkish town. already this year more than 10,000 have arrived in greece. europe's leaders talk of sinking the smuggling boats but this is what they use. and the arrivals crowding around us said as long as europe doesn't provide legal ways of getting in, they will find other routes. amir is from iran. >> i want to move from here to another country to find a new
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smuggler, you know? >> europe's beaches awaited the summer holiday rush. meantime, the human tide looks unstoppable. the question, will europe take them in or turn them away? katty: the journey is expensive and dangerous and increasingly fatal and yet thousands ever still trying to plaque it to get to europe. a quick look at other news from the around the world. security forces in iraq have confirmed that a new emir has been re -- appointed leader of the islamic state. it's thought that abu bakri al-baghdadi was killed in iraqi strikes. the former general petraeus has been ordered to pay a fine of
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$100,000 for sharing military secrets with his mistress after the retired four-star general pled guilty to the charges. the parents of an unarmed black teenager shot dead by police in ferguson missouri, are suing reportedly seeking $75,000 in damages. the killings sparked weeks of sometimes violent protesters. you are watching "bbc wording news america." a century after armenians were rounded up and killed he -- at the height of the first world war, we look back at that dark period and the scars which remain. 1,500 people have been forced to evacuate after two separate eruptions from a volcano in chile. it hasn't been active for 42
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years. reporter: it's been lying dormant 42 years but now has erupted twice in the space of a few hours. this spt gateway to patagonia, a major tourist destination. there were no signs that the volcano was about to blow its top and the government had to act quickly. >> we will expand the evacuation area from 10 to 20 comploims and -- kilometers and we appeal to the people that live around or find themselves within 20 kilometers should evacuate the area and take all precautionary measures. reporter: around 5,000 people have been told to leave their homes. flights have been cancelled and schools closed. >> there was a lot of panic,
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tchoos, traffic jams. people going into supermarkets. everyone was looking for water and trying to take money out of cash machines. >> at the beginning it was small. later the cloud grew until it was a huge cloud over you and true terror starts. it's the first time i've lived through this. >> in the east people have been told to stay indoors. there is a worry that the ash could fall on fields and clog up machinery the this is one of the most tive volcanos in chile. and it could erupt again within the next few hours. bbc news, santiago. katty: 100 years ago this week,
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hundreds of thousands of armenians were rounded up, then kills -- killed or starved to death. they died at the hands of troops from the ottoman militia, which became modern turkey. the bbc's special correspondent explores the issue. reporter: the orders for deportation were given here in what was then the ottoman capital of constantinople. the armenians died of starvation and disease and they were massacred. >> i have seen death. but i was so young then, only 9 or 10. i felt completely broken. all i've seen around me is death. death and nothing else. i hardly saw any people alive. reporter: i recorded the voices
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of some of the remaining survivors over a decade ago. their experience fore shadowed a global century of genocide. >> some people they ran to the church and my father was home that time. he ran to the army soldiers. they went after him and they killed him and cut his head off. oh we cried. we cried. what can we do? is >> this is turkey's east. more than 50,000 armenians once leist here. now, just 2 osm the few survivors of the slaughter were often forced to convert to islam oar adopted by local kurdish families. >> armen grew up with official denial about the past and only found out as an adult that he
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was armenian, having been raised as a muslim. most of his ancestors were killed in 1915. "it's painful. my ancestors decent -- don't even have a graveyard. i don't know where they are. i don't know which well or river they were thrown into. they have no graves." the turkish government has always denied genocide, arguing that the deaths were caused by the chaotic conditions of wartime. among historians there is more open discussion now but some are worried that growing international pressure n turkey could be counterproductive. >> i am always fearful of turkey being pushed more and more back into some kind of psychological iceation and overreacting as a result. mind you, to repeat, i saw all this with a recognition that of
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course it was genocide. reporter: the candles have been lit in a restored armenian church. armen is remembering his dead relatives. then a school tour arrived. what would they be told about the tragedy? they were told there was a war but nothing else of the vanished armenians. in turkey, the past still struggles to be acknowledged. katty: the armenians remembering what happened 100 years ago on that anniversary. now to a more joyful milestone. it was 25 years ago that the hubbell space telescope was launched into orbit. it's been senked back simply amazing images and in monday of -- honor of the anniversary, nasa has release aid new picture of what it calls celestial fireworks in a giant
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star cluster. >> this is a place that really does exist. 20,000 light-years away where stars are born. it's been captured by hubbell, just the latest remind rve you -- of how over 20 years that telescope has brought the outer reaches of space into our homes. >> before hubbell, people thought of their universe as dark and void. after hubbell they think of beautiful and colorful things. i think that subtle shifert in how humanity thinks of space is profound significant and really does speak to the impact of hubbell on the culture at large. >> hubbell was launched in 1990 do great -- to great excitement. the size of a bus, it orbited outside the earth's atmosphere so there wouldn't be any distortion in its pictures. but after having cost $1.5
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billion, the first pictures were blurry. nasa was under pressure to turn things around with an extraordinary fix. >> it's disappointed no one. the photos capture the imagine nation. they also performed a hugely important function, of changing the way scientists view our universe. >> same thing any photographer would do. >> ha is considered to be the most important pictures the telescope has proceed -- 3r0 duced? >> i think the deep fields are going to be one of hubbell's main legacies. these are very long, deep exposures of a single spot in the sky and reveal thousands of galaxies spanning nearly the entire dptd of the universe. reporter: hubbell is due to be
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retired in the next five years but that will be far from the end of the story. inspired by its success, a new generation of space telescopes is being built that will be 100 times more powerful and lifert the veil on more space secrets, including maybe the big one. >> i think we can definitely find a planet in our lifetime. that's a remarkable prospect. reporter: the hubbell telespace has already done so much to show the vastness of our universe. but the next 2 years are likely to be the most exciting yet for astronomers. katty: hubbell showing us the university in a whole new incredibly beautiful light. happy birthday hubbell. that brings the program to a kloess. of course you can find much more of the day's news at our
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web site and if you would like to reach the bbc news team, you can reach us at twitter. see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good kovler foundation, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we've believed in nurturing banking relationships
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for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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- coming up next on odd squad... - ms. o! what happened? - someone let the dinosaurs out of the dinosaur room downstairs. - there's a dinosaur room? cool! - not cool! odd squad is ruined! - my name is agent - odd squad is made possible in part by... - ...a cooperative agreement with the u.s. department of education, the corporation for public broadcasting's ready to learn grant and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. olive. this is my partner, agent otto. this is emmy noether. but back to otto and me. we work for an organization run by kids, that investigates anything strange weird and especially odd. our job is to put things right again.
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- come on, come on! - who do we work for? we work for odd squad. greetings. my partner and i have faced many odd problems. like the time otto got chopped in half. - ahhh!!!! - or odd stuff started happening to my favorite basketball team. - got some odd activity on the court tonight. - or the time ms. o started turning into a monster. (screaming) - what is with you guys today? (coughing) - or when oscar created 25 oscarbots.
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- oscarbots, assemble! in my lab. - one! - two! - three! - we faced odd creatures... - oh, no! - and odd villains. (growling) - whoa! - otto, meet the shapeshifter. but the biggest challenge we've ever faced... wasn't a creature. wasn't a villain. it was a clock. let me show you. this is 1:30 in the afternoon. you can tell because the hour hand, the short hand, is pointing to the 1 and the minute hand, the long hand, is pointing to the 6.

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