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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  June 19, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, mufg and sony pictures classics, now presenting "testament of youth." >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> is it terrible of me to be
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excited about oxford? >> we have to work twice as hard as the men. >> do we have a suffragette on our hands? >> given the chance. >> wordsworth, shelley -- these romantics are not good for you. >> i cannot stay here buried in books. >> i have to go. >> we belong together. >> i am coming back. >> "testament of youth," rated pg-13. now playing select cities. coming soon to a theater near you. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> this is "bbc world news america." i am laura trevelyan. the shooter makes his first court appearance. the family movers of the victims emotionally address him. >> i forgive you.
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it hurts me. laura: billions of euros are taken out of greek banks as fears rise that they won't be able to pay debts. one designer is going from the field to your floor. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. an emotional scene. today the relatives of the nine black victims shot at a south carolina church addressed the man charged with carrying out the crimes. 21-year-old dylann roof showed a little expression. the family members of the dead expressed forgiveness and asked god to have mercy. reporter: dylann roof brought
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back to south carolina and handcuffed and led in shackles aboard a private plane. unnamed officials say he has confessed to the murders and told them he wanted to ignite a race war. >> thank you very much. please be seated. reporter: today, a bail hearing. roof appearing from video link in a prison cell. >> the charges nine counts of murder and one count of possession of a weapon during a violent crime. reporter: for the first time, charleston heard the voice of the man accused of killing nine citizens in a bible class. >> is your address 1042 gardens ferry road in south carolina? >> yes, sir. >> what is your age? >> 21. >> are you employed? >> no, sir. >> you are unemployed at this time? >> yes, sir. >> thank you.
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reporter: there was deeply moving testimony from family members who have lost loved ones. "you have killed some of the most beautiful people i've ever known. every fiber of my body hurts." >> you took something very precious from me. i will never be able to hold her again. but i forgive you. and have mercy on your soul. reporter: throughout, he stood impassive. two days ago, he spent the morning playing computer games and breaking vodka with this man, joey meek, before the shootings. >> he told me that the black people was taking over the country and that he wanted to -- wanted it to be segregation white with white and black with black. reporter: but far from driving
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people apart, this is a community that is coming together. this was a vigil for sharonda singleton, one of those killed at the emmanuel church. her teenage children were among the mourners. they told us that faith helped them cope. >> i'm a little bitter, but i'm overwhelmed with love. >> we already forgive him for what he has done. there is nothing but love from our side of the family. reporter: this evening, thousands will fill a sports arena entrusted to remember all nine victims of the bible study killings. laura: a brief time ago john joined us from the scene in south carolina. can you describe the atmosphere for us? john: well, it was extraordinary. it was deeply moving. it is hard to overstate the generosity of spirit that was shown by the families, one after
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another, standing up and saying we forgive you, even though every fiber of my being hurts. i suppose we are going to have to forgive you, god have mercy on your souls. one after another said this as dylann roof stood there looking impassively on this video link from the detention center where he is being held. it is worth adding one other thing, laura, to this, that the president has tweeted from his personal twitter account say "in the midst of darkness tragedy the decency and goodness of the american people shines through in these families." laura: john, the department of justice is going to look at whether this might be an act of domestic terrorism. how significant is that? john: well, it is significant but they are also going back as
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saying that it is one of the options we are looking at, don't get carried away. if anything is an act of domestic terror, it is the federal government that would effectively be taking over the case and it would not be the south carolina authorities prosecuting it. it might all still lead to the same endpoint, which is possibly a jury finds him guilty of the charges, he could face the death penalty, which is what the federal government has asked for in the case of the boston marathon bomber. but that legal process has still got an awful long way to unfold. what is clear -- it was said by the mayor of charleston a little earlier today, there was a collective sigh of relief in the city when the new that i suspect -- when they knew that the suspect was in custody. laura: john, thank you. for more on the wider discussion of race relations in the united states from i'm joined from philadelphia by paul taylor, a professor of african american studies at penn state
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university. paul taylor, what single change would you like to see in america in the wake of the killing of these black worshipers? paul: well, i appreciate the opportunity to speak review about this. it is hard to focus on a single change. there are multiple changes we can make -- and the policy domain, in education, multiple spaces. if i had to focus on one thing i would think it is very important that we try very hard to get people to take seriously the kinds of concerns that people in the black lives matter movement have been raising, the kinds of concerns that people who teach about race and racism in the higher at sector have been trying to raise for many years, the kinds of concerns that often get pooh-poohed in situations like this as we are asked to brush to a certain kind of judgment and morally quarantined the perpetrator and think of him or her as broken and proceed as if nothing systemic has happened. the single biggest change is the
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change we have got to bring about in multiple domains and will -- multiple ways, to take seriously the real meaning of this instead of racing to a certain kind of closure. laura: dylann roof said he wanted to start a race war allegedly. how widespread do you think views like that really are in this day and age? paul: much more widespread than people like to think. one of the consequences are outcomes people wanted in the wake of president obama's election and inauguration was a surge in racist sentiment. one of the famous instances was people shouting "kill him" at a rally for one of president obama's opponents. there are moments that lay bare the evil at the heart of american society in some ways. this is one of those moments. we got a glimpse of this sort of sentiment. we are encouraged to think it is
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isolated in certain ways but he goes deeper than we think of there are people who study these things to have figures. the southern poverty law center is one of those places. but just anecdotally we know that at moments like this what we see is the tip of the iceberg. laura: and yet as we saw in that report in response to the hatred they are forgiving the men who killed their mother. that is a powerful example isn't it? does that work as a healing tool? paul: it is extraordinarily powerful, it is extorting a really important, and it is extraordinarily important that we get it right when we think about this. forgiveness is a personal and ethical virtue, but it can be a political problem. it is important for the victims of crimes like this to cultivate a capacity for forgiveness so they can go on with their lives. but when forgiveness is offered to us as a substitute for justice and when it is offered as a way of short-circuiting the conversation about how and whether we protect our citizens, that is a real problem. we cannot require that people
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cultivate the capacity for forgiveness as the central or the only response to this, but it is crucial that individuals cultivate this capacity on the run. as a society, we have to do more . it cannot be just forgiveness. it must also be just as go -- justice. laura: just briefly, is it time for gun control in the wake of this? paul: it is long past time. this is the easy part. it lays bare the corruption that raises the heart of american politics. we can't get civil things right. gun control is in no way a simple thing. in some ways it is not but in other ways it is. there's a lot of support in the american travelers for gun control. this should be easy, but it is not. laura: paul taylor, thank you for joining us. in other news from around the world, peace talks between yemen's warring factions have broken down without the cease-fire agreement. the exiled prime minister blamed
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the failure of the talks on the rebel who sees, who they -- who she says have stalled progress. it has left an estimated 20 million people in need of a stop no date has been set for a second round of talks. denmark's center-right group has beaten the prime minister's centerleft coalition, despite her party being the largest. the right wing anti-immigration danish people's party will become the second-largest in parliament. talks are due to begin soon on forming a cabinet. the european central bank has granted emergency funding to greek banks for the second time in days. it is driven by fears that greece will be able to pay its debts. the euro zone once agrees to make financial reforms to secure a bailout they have withheld. here is our economics editor. reporter: greece, country facing default on its massive government debt.
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greek savers increasingly anxious whether their precious euros are safe. >> i don't want a return to the drachma. if we are out of europe, things could get dangerous. >> i think we find the solution and we stayed in the euro. we want that. everybody wants that. reporter: when the greek financial crisis began at the end of 2009, revisited -- people had 50 billion euros in savings and depositing great ranks. since then the sabres have withdrawn about 100 billion euros, 3 billion euros have been taking them out -- have been taken out in the past few days. the european central bank and the bank of greece have lent around 120 billion euros to the banks to keep them alive. today, the european central bank's governing council agreed to lend even more to greek banks
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to repay panicky savers from now to monday's big meeting with eurozone savers. if the emergency summit doesn't deliver a rescue to the prime minister, alexis tsipras, maybe you will get help from his new friends in st. petersburg, which included the russian president vladimir putin. pm tsipras: we are in the middle of the big storm that we are a sea nation that has had to escape the big c storms and is not afraid to open up to unexplored seas. reporter: the u.k. is a spectator in this greek tragedy and our chancellor, arriving in luxembourg, could not avert his days. >> we must be prepared for the worst. in the united kingdom, we have taken measures to give greece economic security so that we can deal with the risks like this from abroad and we can complete
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that plan. reporter: for the u.k., what is happening is a terrible, but -- >> at least the euro means a stronger pound and that could hurt our exporters. but the banks have less exposure to greece and the bank of england is a strong economy already. we don't have to do too much. reporter: an economy needing emergency care, as workers including everyone's drivers, are doing more for less. >> salaries are getting lower -- reporter: a national health and wealth tragedy. and it wass -- ambulance is commission for want of the help to fix them. this carpark and much of a proud nation could degenerate into a scrap yard. laura: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, hundreds of thousands of migrants are making their way to germany, many are children left to fend for themselves.
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time -- a family of 12 who disappeared from the north of england are now in syria. the three sisters and their children, aged between three and 15 went missing after going on the islamic pilgrimage to saudi arabia. two of their husbands have made an emotional appeal to return. we saw the families cross the border near the turkish town, possibly heading for a syrian town, a major stronghold of the islamist group. the news comes as the british prime minister david cameron says radicalization has to be tackled at its source, and he condemned british muslims who as he put it, quietly condone the ideology of the islamic state. our correspondent paul would respond -- reports -- paul wood reports from the syrian-turkish border. paul: we are told the women and the children are split into two groups.
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the first six went as of wednesday and the final group went yesterday. that is according to a man who is part of the isis-smuggling network. it fits with the news that one of the sisters sent a message to her family that she was inside syria. she didn't say exactly where or with whom. if what the smuggler said is true, it clears up the main ambiguity of the story. the fall of the isis-held town on monday cut off a major supply route for the jihadis but according to smugglers i.s. has one route into syria still working south of the town in turkey the jihadis. -- loyal to the jihadis. the border is poorly guarded and in many places consists only of offense. they would have entered the islamic state fairly easily. if there, they would not be allowed to leave.
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laura: this year we have seen an ever-increasing number of migrants was all in search of a better life will stop the countries they arrive in our often struggling to cope. it is thought that 400,000 asylum-seekers will end up in germany this year alone. among the latest -- among the places hardest hit is near the border were thousands are being dumped by the traffickers. jenny hill sent this report. jenny: once a quiet border town, now they call it the gateway to germany. here is why. hundreds of refugees arrive here every day, some with their families, but we found him alone along strangers. he has fled from afghanistan.
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his mom, dad, and younger brother are still there. he is 15. >> the most difficult part of the journey was from afghanistan to iran. but macedonia was bad. jenny: what happened to you there? >> thieves stole everything from me. jenny: like so many others, he paid hundreds of euros for across the austrian border. a lift early everyone morning men, women, and children are brought here. there left to walk down the motorways -- they are left to walk down the motorways. the police took these pictures. they have stopped trying to catch the traffickers, too busy they say, dealing with the human cargo. officers told us that one in 10 refugees here is a child traveling alone. they can be as young as six and they end up in homes like this. these boys tell us that they
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want to study and work in germany. they have made it here -- that they have made it here at all seems extraordinary. >> people in the one car 14, 13, in the one car. laura: this is a rich town, and people want to help, but they have set aside money for flood defenses and spending it fast on refugees. >> we are very surprised that there is no european solution yet to the problem of unaccompanied child refugees, to the refugee problem in general. it is unacceptable that some eu countries refused to take responsibility. jenny: for now, they promised food shelter. as for what happens next, it is harder to guarantee. jenny hill, bbc news. laura: police in britain argosy
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getting whether a body found on the roof of a shop in london phil from the undercarriage of a passenger plane. it is thought that a stairway hit the landing year from johannesburg to heathrow airport. another man is in critical condition after being found in the landing here the same flight. sarah campbell reports. reporter: it is believed a man fell from a plane, a shocking discovery for the people who live and work here. >> it is awful, absolutely awful. if they live in the middle of the street, there would be lots of people there. >> shows you how desperate they must be. getting on a plane and taking it up. reporter: shortly before the dead body had been discovered, police were called to heathrow airport.
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amanda had been found unconscious in the carriage of a plane -- a man had been found unconscious in the carriage of a plane. did the two men traveled together? police are looking into whether they start away on the same plane, boarding at johannesburg airport, where we are told security has now been stepped up. after the death of a stowaway in 2012, the bbc was given access to the undercarriage area of a passenger plane. >> the wheels were tracked up and filled most of this space. reporter: it is hard to believe anyone can survive and 11-hour flight here. >> it is a really tight space to squeeze yourself into. the temperature drops down to -60 centigrade during the last part of the cruise. the oxygen levels really drop and you need forced ventilation to breathe. really difficult. reporter: in richmond, jirga seven left to the unnamed man who has died, it appears, a long way from home. laura: with the conditions that
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man was fleeing. this next story may change the way you think about your furniture. designer gavin monroe is growing trees directly into the shapes of lamps. some of them are ready to be sold as finished product. he spoke to the bbc about the unique business. >> the end goal is to make a manufacturing technique that isn't just chairs. it is actually like 3-d printing. except we are using air and water and sunshine is our materials. it was one of those eureka moments where i realized, hold on a minute, why are we cutting trees down and shipping them around and making them into smaller and smaller bits only to stick them back together again? why don't we just throw the trees directly into the shapes and forms that we want? we planted here in 2008 and
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full-time in 2012 with several rows of chairs and lamps. the process is actually pretty simple. you take them and you try them as they grow and after a certain point you put them back together again so they are one solid shape. we look after them while they thicken up. this is one of the chairs in the final four. we will harvest this with these branches of the top here fit as these at the bottom here. once you have harvested the peace, we season it for anywhere between six months and a year. and then we take them into the workshop, climbed down the outer edges. when we are going for is a kind of clean midcentury geometric crisp outside. it shows off the kind of natural
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origins of the tree on the inside. we are selling early preorders. the chairs are 2500 pounds. the lancet roughly 1000, some of it more, some a bit less. we expect to be double if not more on release. this here is what gave us the confidence to plant hundreds more. this is one tree here. another tree there. you can see where they are grafted together into one solid piece. this is a much more efficient way to get the things that we want in this case furniture and usable objects, while disturbing the natural world as little as possible. this is a factory where we have birds and bees and insects living in our production lines. the possibilities are endless.
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can work anywhere you go trees. laura: place your orders now. that brings today's broadcast to a close, but you can find more on our website. get the day's top news sent to your inbox. sign up for the daily brief at from all of us here at "world news america," thank you for watching, have a good weekend and we will see you back here next week, i hope. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation newman's own foundation giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, sony pictures classics, now presenting "testament of youth," and mufg. >> it's a global truth -- we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every industry across the globe.
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because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg -- we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news america" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> wooduff: a community grieves and cries for justice reverberate, as a man said to have white supremacist motives is charged in the shooting of nine church-goers in charleston south carolina. good evening, i'm judy woodruff. also ahead, airstrikes continue in yemen while peace talks in geneva collapse, an on-the- ground look at the civil war's devastating toll on daily life. it is now the priority. in addition to air strikes saudi arabia has imposed a blockade on the country and surprise is running desperately


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