tv PBS News Hour PBS July 10, 2015 6:00pm-7:01pm PDT
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: a weekend of work for world powers and iran. disputes over arms embargos and economic sanctions relief prolong nuclear negotiations. good evening. i'm judy woodruff. also ahead: it's friday. david brooks and e.j. dionne are here to analyze the week's news. plus, serena williams enters the wimbledon finals on the verge of making history-- one match away from her second grand slam. ♪ we only said goodbye with words ♪ and a harrowing look at the rise and fall of british soul singer amy winehouse. a documentary sheds light on the
star's talent, fame and the addiction that cut her life short. >> my aim overall for the film was to humanize her and show you how brilliant she was and for you to fall in love her. when you fall in love with her you feel very different about that archive footage of the paparazzi and her being hounded. >> woodruff: those are some of the stories we're covering on tonight's pbs newshour. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: ♪ ♪ ♪ moving our economy for 160 years. bnsf, the engine that connects us.
♪ >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the worlds most pressing problems-- skollfoundation.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and... >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. >> woodruff: the head of the federal government's personnel office resigned today in the wake of a massive data breach at the agency. katherine archuleta stepped down after disclosures more than 21 million current, former and prospective federal employees
were affected. white house spokesman josh earnest said today the president believes new leadership is "badly needed". >> director archuleta did offer her resignation today. she did so of her own volition. she recognizes, as the white house does, that the urgent challenges facing the office of personnel management require a manager with a specialized set of skills and experiences. >> woodruff: in her statement today, archuleta said she wants to let the personnel office "move beyond the current challenges." federal reserve chair janet yellen signaled today the u.s. central bank is ready to raise interest rates this year. but in a speech, she also said that could change because the economic outlook is "highly uncertain". meanwhile, hopes for a greek bailout deal buoyed wall street. the dow jones industrial average gained more than 210 points to close at 17,760. the nasdaq rose 75 points and the s&p added 25.
for the week: the dow gained a fraction of one percent. the nasdaq and s&p fell a fraction. it turns out the suspect in the church shootings in charleston, south carolina should have been legally barred from buying his 45-caliber handgun. the f.b.i. said today a background check failed to spot dylann roof's arrest for drug possession, weeks earlier. f.b.i. director james comey said he blames incomplete and inaccurate paperwork. the charleston shootings led directly to removing the confederate battle flag from south carolina's state capitol grounds today. an estimated 10,000 people cheered and chanted as an honor guard of state troopers lowered the banner. long-time civil rights activists were jubilant. >> it's a great day in south carolina because for the first time in my life the state has said that we're all one and all lives matter.
and if it offends us, we will take it down. and for all these years, the state wouldn't do it. but it was done today. it's an awesome day. >> woodruff: the confederate banner had been on the state capitol grounds for more than 50 years. after being taken down today, it was moved to a nearby museum. the u.s. food and drug administration is upping the warnings on some popular anti- inflammatory drugs. the agency says the change affects non-aspirin painkillers- - like ibuprofen and naproxen-- sold over the counter and by prescription. new labels will add to existing warnings about increased risk of heart attack and stroke. the u.s. house of representatives voted overwhelmingly today to speed new treatments to market. the bill is meant to expedite approval of drugs and medical devices by the food and drug administration. it also boosts funding for biomedical research by nearly $9 billion. consumer groups warned that the bill will weaken safeguards
against potentially dangerous products. the senate has yet to take up the issue. in yemen, fighting raged on even as a u.n.-brokered humanitarian truce was supposed to take effect. saudi-led air strikes blasted shiite rebel targets in sanaa-- the yemeni capital city. the rebels, in turn, shelled the city of aden. a u.n. spokesman said both sidesñh& had agreed to stop fighting. >> if this humanitarian pause is respected, during any humanitarian pause, the humanitarian agencies and their partners aim to reach people in need with essential supplies and that includes everything: medicine, vaccination, food water, fuel. >> woodruff: the truce is supposed to last for a week, and aims to get aid to some 21 million people. the u.n. refugee agency sounded the alarm today over a flood of refugees into greece, even as that country faces bankruptcy. more than 77,000 migrants have
landed on greek islands this year-- an average of 1,000 per day. the u.n. appealed to the european union to step in before the situation gets worse. >> we have seen huge expression of solidarity from the greek people, the greek public, organizing distribution of food, water, milk for the babies and so on, which is particularly moving, given the economic situation in greece. but greece urgently needs help and we expect europe to step forward. >> woodruff: more than 60% of the migrants arriving in greece are fleeing the war in syria. new york city turned out today to celebrate the u.s. women's soccer team and their world cup victory. throngs lined streets in lower manhattan for a ticker-tape parade. it was a first for a women's sport team, and fans held signs and chanted "u.s.a". the americans beat japan last
weekend for a record third world cup championship. and actor omar sharif has died. his passing today ended a career that made him a global star in the 1960's. he made his international debut with this scene. as a bedouin tribal leader-- sherif ali on camelback, and killing a man with one rifle shot. >> he is dead. >> yes. why? >> this is my well. >> i have drunk from it. >> you are welcome. >> woodruff: the 1962 classic "lawrence of arabia" earned omar sharif worldwide fame, and an oscar nomination. he'd been born michel shalhoub-- to catholic parents in egypt-- in 1932, but later adopted the name "sharif", meaning "noble" in arabic.
three years after "lawrence", came "dr. zhivago". sharif played the title character-- with julie christie as his mistress "lara"-- in the epic drama of world war one and the russian revolution. >> wouldn't it have been lovely if we'd met before? >> before we did. yes. >> woodruff: in 1968, sharif starred as nicky arnstein, the jewish gambler in "funny girl", opposite barbra streisand. a long drought of good roles followed, but in 2003, the french film "monsieur ibrahim" brought him new honors. omar sharif died today in cairo of a heart attack. he was 83 years old. still to come on the newshour: an iran nuclear deal delayed, greece's latest offer to win a european bailout, violence, crime and incarceration rates for undocumented immigrants in the u.s., david brooks and e.j. dionne on the week's news
serena williams eyes her second grand slam and a new look at a british rock-star, whose fame and addiction spelled her demise. the world's major powers will continue to negotiate with iran throughout the weekend, aiming to clinch an agreement that would curb that country's nuclear program. a number of self-imposed deadlines have come and gone. for an update on where things stand, we turn to michael gordon of "the new york times" who has been covering the talks in vienna. i spoke with him a short while ago. michael, welcome. it's late friday night there. another delay. where to things stand? >> well, i do have the sense that they're beginning to close in on the final accord. this is going to be the third weekend we're here in vienna and i'm positive secretary of state
john kerry has never been in one place as long as he's been here as the secretary of state but there is a sense of progress, and waiting to see if this thing comes together in the next day or two. >> woodruff: is it clear what they've made progress on and where the hangups are still? >> well, i think they've made a lot of progress in defining the nuclear provisions of the accord. we certainly already know they've decided on the number of centrifuges iran will be allowed to have. i think they've made progress on what research and development will be allowed on new types of centrifuges. i think there have been some very delicate issues to work out on terms of sanctions and the timing of sanctions relief, and there was a new one that cropped up this week -- actually an old one that reemerged, and that's whether to lift the arms embargo on iran and that's been a contention issue this past week. >> woodruff: so why is that coming up at the last minute? >> well, it's something that nerns thought they had resolved or at least finessed in lausanne
in april and previous security council resolutions at the united nations banned the import or export of conventional arms and missile technology to iran and the iranians had wanted this off, but that's really a non-starter in the american political system. i mean, the idea you're going to give iran billions of dollars in sanctions relief so that they can go buy conventional arms that increases their military power in the region is just not going to fly in the american congress or even among president obama's democratic allies in the congress. and the americans thought they had that resolved burks it came back this week and the iran i don't think --and the iranians had support from the russian and chinese both who wanted to sell them arms. >> woodruff: how do you see that getting resolved? >> well i really don't think this is one that the united states will give in on, and i think probably the best
resolution would be if both sides come to the conclusion that there is a lot more at stake in this agreement. this is probably the most important arms agreement in decades with ramifications for u.s.-iranian relation force the region, and i can both sides will come to the conclusion that that's too important to risk for the lifting of the arms embargo. i don't think it will be lifted. i think it will remain a feature of the u.n. resolution and i think the iranians interruptions just won't like it and maybe they'll sort of agree to disagree. that would be my best guess as to how this comes out. >> woodruff: so, michael you mentioned some disagreement or difference of opinion among the u.s. and its negotiating partners. is that a serious -- is that turning out to be something serious or what? how do you see the group sitting across the table from iran holding together? >> well, the united states, and particularly secretary kerry
have really been in the lead for the last six months if not longer, and the other five countries involved in the talks with iran show up at critical junctures. and the united states has often said that the russians have been very cooperative in these talks, that this has been one area of u.s.-russian relations where things have gone well unlike ukraine or syria or arms control. but i think the russians have been a bit difficult over this past week because of their interest in getting the arms embargo lifted for their own really, financial reasons. but i think, in the end if iran can live with the agreement, the russians and chinese will go along, and i don't see it as a show stopper. >> woodruff: michael gordon with the "new york times" spending one more weekend in vienna. we thank you. >> thank you. >> woodruff: now, the drama in greece-- heading toward a climax
at a sunday summit of european leaders. the greek prime minister has now offered concessions to creditors, ranging from a higher sales tax-- the so-called vat-- to pension changes. the goal: a new bailout worth nearly $60 billion. jonathan rugman of "independent television news," reports. >> reporter: climbing the steps of greece's parliament today the members of a government forced into a last minute climbdown. days ago they were railing against greece's creditors. today they were talking up the chances of a new deal with them this weekend. >> ( translated ): i am certain we will reach an agreement, there was never any doubt. the battle was lengthy and long and will reach its conclusion by taking the steps you already know about. >> reporter: and greeted like a conquering hero, alexis tsipras the prime minister, who is now pushing through parliament the kind of austerity 61% of greek voters rejected last weekend.
because money or lack of it talks. these banks could be bankrupt by monday and so the government it seems has blinked. greece's proposals are on time and to the kind of budget a wary eurozone might accept. with a standard vat rate at 23% beginning in october, reducing the 30% vat tax break applied to tourism rich greek islands. corporation tax rising from 26% to 28%, and raising the standard retirement age to 67 over the next seven years. but what is mr. tsipras hoping to win in return? well, 53.5 billion euros in loans over three years and crucially restructuring the repayment of greece's vast debt though the 13 billion euros in tax rises and spending cuts is at least 4 billion euros more than the package greeks on sunday voted against.
a new and lasting deal with greece depends on the greeks doing what they say they will and not buckling under the weight of austerity. germany will have to agree on some sort of debt relief, leaving german taxpayers feeling shortchanged. whatever the outcome greece is headed for years of economic hardship and the debate over euros and membership is unlikely to stop. no wonder there are protests in athens tonight by some of those who said no and meant it. though the french who helped draw up this plan are perhaps prematurely hailing it as a breakthrough. >> since it's serious and credible and they won't submit it to the parliament that shows strength, commitment and indeed courage. the discussions now need to
start with the will to conclude. >> tonight, greece's parliament is set to back its government and euro's own finance ministers may do the same tomorrow. and if they do, greece's banks could be refinanced and reopened on monday. though today's climb down could leave the pensioners feeling worse off than before. >> woodruff: we turn now to immigration. the complex issue has remained frozen in washington for years, but is quickly heating up outside the capital. our william brangham unravels the debate. >> reporter: the firestorm started when-- in his announcement that he was running for president-- donald trump turned to the topic of immigration. >> when mexico sends its people, they're not sending their best. they're not sending you. they're not sending you. they're sending people who have lots of problems.
and they're bringing those problems with them. they're bringing drugs, they're bringing crime. they're rapists. and some, i assume, are good people. >> reporter: in the weeks following, major businesses connected to trump backed away from partnerships and projects with him. they included nbc, univision, macy's, espn, and the professional golf association. for his part, trump stood by his comments. but then a tragedy in san francisco added fuel to the fire-- 32-year-old kathryn steinle was shot and killed at the end of last month. undocumented immigrant juan lopez-sanchez confessed to a reporter that he shot her, but said it was an accident. all this has just inflamed the debate about immigration in the u.s.: whether immigrants are a positive force in the country or whether they should be feared. there are currently more than 41 million immigrants in america, over 11 million are estimated to be here illegally. now to discuss what we know about the nation's immigrants-- legal and illegal-- and what the facts say about the concerns or
benefits they bring, i'm joined by three people who have studied the research. marielena hincapie is the executive director of the national immigration law center in new orleans. marc rosenblaum works on immigration policy at the migration policy institute and jessica vaughan of the center for immigration studies. welcome to all three of you. >> thank you. >> brangham: marc rosenblaum, let's start with you. donald trump is saying immigrants come to the doesn't and commit a disproportionate amount of time. you've looked at this data quite a bit. is he right? >> there is a very persistent stereotype but there's a lot of research showing immigrants are disproportionately unlikely to be in prison the prison population doesn't have a lot of immigrants in it and when you look at crime rates and correlate them cities with lots of immigrants don't have a lot of crime.
>> brangham: jessica vaughn, what do you make of this analysis? >> we've looked at it deeply. what the research shows is there's no evidence that immigrants are either more or less likely to commit crimes than anyone else in the population. the studies that claim to find immigrants are more law abiding than americans are based on very flawed data because that does not identify correctly necessarily what someone's immigration status is. what we do know is that there are certain types of crime that are very closely associated with illegal immigration -- drug crimes, gang crimes smuggling, trafficking, identity theft -- so that the areas of the country that have those kinds of problems need to have some mechanism for work and they have a legitimate public safety reason for working with immigration enforcement, but i don't think that's the most
relevant policy question for lawmakers here, and that is we know that some illegal immigrants are here committing crime, so what do we do with those illegal immigrants who are committing crimes? how do we handle that? >> marielena hincapie, why does this perception persist? donald trump is not the only one that raised concerns about immigrants and crime. why do you think we keep talking about this? >> that's a great question. i think what we have to remember is what's at issue here is really that this is about a human tragedy. we are talking about kate has been murdered in san francisco and this is not about immigration, but the perception the narrative out there really has its basis in the scapegoating the race which, often for example, the willie hortons of the world that fuel those myths of whether it's a black man or a brown man like
this particular defendant and that's often at the root of this and it isly about society's implicit bias and the fact that politicians like donald trump are exploiting this particular tragedy in san francisco to move an anti-immigrant agenda. >> brangham: marc rosenblaum what do you make of that? is this primarily driven by race? >> i would agree with marielena hincapie that you see politicians and political entrepreneurs exploiting this to include immigrants more broadly. >> brangham: jessica vaughn, do you think this is racism? >> no, of course not. i mean, obviously it's not true immigrants don't commit crimes of course, they do. again, the issue is how do we handle that fraction of the
immigrant population that has been committing crimes and has been contributing to crime rates in our communities. the logical answer is they should be removed. crime is not a job americans won't do. there is no reason to allow people who are here in defiance of our laws to stay here if they are contributing to crime in our communities, and, again, it does exist. it needs to be acknowledged, and law enforcement agencies need to be cooperating to make sure that they are finding those criminal aliens who are preying on people in the communities and deporting them as expeditiously as possible. the problem is there are certain areas, like san francisco where political leaders have imposed policies on law enforcement officers to block immigration enforcement, and the people they end up protecting in those cases are actually the criminals because they're allowed to stay in the community and continue
preying on people there. so again, there is no -- if we can't agree on removing illegal immigrants who have committed crimes, then who can we deport? >> brangham: marielena hincapie, let's talk a little bit about federal policy. as you know, in 2005, the federal government stepped up its enforcement and instead of just when they caught people coming across the border, instead of sending them home, they started putting them into the judicial system. and i wonder what's your take on how that policy has played out? how has the federal government's role contributed to this? >> yeah, i thinkex is i think jessica is right. the fact the bush and most recently obama administration have been enforcing laws, have prioritized people who have committed crimes. but again that's not at issue. san francisco is not an isolated case. there are over 300 local, city and counties across the
countries where law enforcement leaders themselves have decided they needed to change the policies to restore trust between the communities and the police so that individuals will serve as witnesses and report crimes, whether committed by another immigrant or u.s. citizen. so the fact that we're suddenly taking this particular individual case in san francisco and jumping to try to make changes in the federal law when, in fact the federal law already exists. >> brangham: all three of you care deeply about immigration. you spend a lot of time thinking about it writing about it, talking about it. does something like what happened with donald trump, when he comes out -- regardless of what you think of what he said -- does this help us have this debate or is this toxic to the debate? >> i mean, i think one of the most interesting things about the donald trump comments is how it highlights the divide within the republican party and how -- you know republicans are struggling to respond positively
or negatively to him and, ultimately, that's really going to drive the policy-making agenda is how that party sorts out its conflict over immigration. so, in that sense, it's been a little bit productive in that sense, but, you know, it does distract from real -- you know to focus so much on immigrants and crime does distract from the issues that do dominate immigration policy. >> brangham: jessica vaughn, do you think this is helping the debate, helping the conversation move forward? >> well, the advocates in our country for give amnesty to illegal aliens and expanding immigration would like people to believe that everyone who is coming over here is harmless and here for good reasons, and what donald trump did point out is that, you know, that not all immigrants are here for those reasons, that some of them are committing crimes, and we need to have policies in place that ensure that they are being
removed as quickly as possible and that local jurisdictions are not allowed to obstruct immigration enforcement for political reasons, which leads inevitably to people who should be removed getting released back on to the streets. and this is something that congress needs to address, to crack down on sanctuary jurisdictions and make it clear that they're expected to comply with immigration law and may be penalized if they don't. >> brangham: marielena hincapie, can i get a last take from you on this? >> yeah, the reason there is such a reaction to donald trump's comments is in 2015 in the united states we are no longer going to accept that level of intolerance in our nation especially from someone who is trying to become president of the united states. so i do think that as marc said, it helps the debate only from the perspective that it helps us to see which politicians really believe in a
vision in our country which is inclusive and which have an intolerant and racist perspective that basically labels all us immigrants as criminals and that is definitely not a fact and the studies show that in fact the majority of immigrants are not committing crimes. >> brangham: thank you all very much for joining us tonight. >> thank you. s. >> woodruff: and to the analysis of brooks and dionne. that's "new york times" columnist david brooks and "washington post" columnist e.j. dionne. mark shields is away. welcome to you both. >> good to be with you. so let's pick up this conversation about immigration. we've just heard this rational -- david this rational discussion about immigration, but what donald trump has been saying and doubling down on has really started a firestorm. what does that do to the national -- our nation's ability to get its hands around this
issue? >> well, it might be what trump said is the dictionary definition of negativism. he had a statement that generalized a whole group of people inaccurately in a slurring manner. we have a parking lot in the "newshour" where we brought a bunch of immigrants and they're not trying to do anything illegal, they're trying to paint your back porch. that's statistically what the population is. they're here to work. it's what most people's common experience of immigrants, undocumented or not. that's the reality. as marc said, the useful thing about what's happened is we've seen this fissure in the republican party where it's brought their ire out, a little passion in rebutting trump. ted cruz a little more disgraceful, saying he raises good issues. so we've seen it begin to split. the party has to combat this.
most of the leading candidates have come out on the right side, in my mind. >> woodruff: so it's been helpful in deciding where republicans stand on this issue? >> i think if you ask most to have the republican consultants, they would love to say to donald trump you're fired and have him walk away because this has been terrible for the republican party's image. david is right about bush and rubio pushing back but they're slow to bush back and a lot of republicans have been cautious in dealing with trump and i think latino voters or voters of any kind will remember that caution. i think what trump did this summer will last. usually, 16 months till the election, a lot of things will happen, but the nature of his words, using the word "rapist" are so powerful -- >> woodruff: and murderer. and murderer that i don't think there is any political eruser that's going to get rid of them completely. it's the last thing republicans need. >> he was only a republican
since last week. he's in a position of being a political freak. >> you mean trump? eah. if trump ever gets serious, i think the attacks on him for where he was on any number of issues, including now he thinks hillary clinton is the worst secretary of state in history. he used to say he loved hillary clinton, thought she would be a much stronger candidate than president obama. now that's a sin in the republican party to have said something nice about hillary clinton. >> woodruff: david, you don't think the delay, the fact it took some oleksandr -- some of the other candidates to come forward with their statement makes a difference? >> no, it's a matter of days and hours before they formulate things. what matters is the republican rediscovers where george bush, john mccain and bob dole have been on immigration and the party has wandered into an anti-immigration reform direction as a result of the rise to have the talk radio part
of the party. but that part of the party is waning, frankly and i think it will be very possible for jeb bush or rubio whoever the nominee is, to be where mccain was and where george w. bush was. those are not ancient history of the republican. the republican party will rediscover that moment. >> woodruff: so you're saying maybe he's doing a favor to some of the republicans? >> well it's hard to give him credit for doing a favor, but the people who did the favor were bush and rubio and the party members who did the right thing. >> if they come out strong i think he will have done them a perverse kind of favor. i think the reason this is so harmful to republicans, it's not just latinos. asian-americans voted 55% of the first president bush and a lot of that reaction among asian-americans, the sense of prejudice, they have to beat it back if they will have a chance.
>> in the last midterms they did reasonly well with asian-americans so they're working well and conscious with it. >> woodruff: you won't think this has a lasting effect on the republican party? >> i have a lasting assumption it's not completed in. terms of the issue, i think the merits are on the comprehensive immigration reform george w. bush champ champion, but just in terms of political survival, if you just want to win elections, this is not rocket science here. >> i think the catch is a very substantial part of the republican coalition and even a larger part of the tea party coalition is very anti-immigrant or very anti-immigration reform so i don't think it's as easy as you're saying for republicans to do this, even if it is -- and i agree with you on this -- in their long-term interest. >> so a related issue, and that is the flag, the confederate flag. it came down today in south carolina. there was aig celebration. but meanwhile yesterday david, at the capitol, there was this
sudden partisan flareup over the flag. why does this issue keep coming up now? >> i guess, in my view, the reason the flag should come down is a matter of civic politeness. a large percentage of your fellow citizens disgreerks dis-- disagree fine, accept it and saily respect you. in both tissues, there is a large cultural war element. donald trump was exploiting things like people like us and people like my newspaper would come down hard on him for sheaing things about the immigrants. same with the flag, if you get the main stream against you you win a point in certain circles, so you want to pick the fights. the confederate flag has been an issue that people use to pick a cultural war flight and helps you in the sarah palin wings. so i think it's part of the media game some people play to
get attention, pick fights and win support against those who don't like the mainstream institution. >> woodruff: does it continue to be a political issue? >> i think it's slowly going away. the problem is this isn't simply a cultural war issue. people have legitimate disagreements on abortion and we'll probably argue on that for a long time. the confederate flag really stands for a regime that endorsed slavery. the confederate flag did not go back up in the south until the 1950s and early 19 1960s very conscious as a symbol of white supremacy and opposition to the whites. african-americans know that. this isn't just about culture politics. this is about racial politics. we have been fighting in our country from the very beginning. i think that what you saw in south carolina was a reaction even on parts of people who had been for the flag before saying not only was the death of nine
people horrible but the spirit of forgiveness from their families really moved an entire state, and that's a big deal. but before we pat ourselves on the back too much, we should remember it took nine deaths and good people to bring that flag down. that's not very heartening. >> it's a good day. we're upset about the fluff in washington. bringing the flag down in south carolina is a symbol but there was a symbol of hostility to the civil rights movement. that era is over with the bringing down of the flag. we'll talk about the other issues but it's still remarkable data to come down to widespread cheers. >> i don't want to take away from a good day, i want to agree. but the southern strategy as part of the republican strategy going back to when the civil rights bill passed and lyndon johnson said we, meaning democrats, have lost the south for a generation, i mean it's all connected to that, so yes,
i celebrate. but again, it still bothers and sobers me it took what it took to get this done. >> woodruff: i want to ask you one other thing and that is the democratic presidential contest. i interviewed jimmy carter, former president jimmy carter on this program last night. among other things, he complimented bernie sanders. he said he's been bolder than hillary clinton when it comes to income inequality and other liberal issues. how do you see that? we have been talking about this for several weeks about how sanders is drawing bigger crowds. how do you see the dynamic playing out? bernie sanders playing to the left of the party and what it's doing to the campaign. >> there always has been a progressive element in this country at many of our fine universities and he's playing for that element. that element is not big, not even big within the democratic party. he does not get the working class, the suburban voter or by and large
african-american/latino voters so there is a huge ceiling to what he can do. for hillary clinton to fear him is wrongheaded. she's still the big winner no matter how many crowds he can get in university towns. secondly, she lives in a country where people are more suspicious of government than they are business and, in my view, on substantive grounds aside political grounds, if she goes over the big government liberal, it will be harder for a republican to run against her because this is a country not sangsang win about government power. >> bernie sanders is a socialist with a brooklyn accent. you know he's saying exactly what he thinks. i think that appeals to lots of people. one thing i would disagree with david on is he will and has
gotten working class voters in vermont and union locals. i think there is a ceiling. i will agree i don't think he'll win the nomination, but it's not inconceivable to me that he could win in both iowa and new hampshire. hillary clinton only got yes and a third of the vote in iowa the last time she ran. he's close to new hampshire. those races can be tight. as it goes forward, i think clinton will still win the nomination. on the government point -- >> woodruff: even if she were to lose in iowa and new hampshire. >> i'm just saying that is a possibility we shouldn't write off. in terms of the government thing, she'll give a speech monday that is a very progressive speech about what government can do for people. i think public's view is ambivalent. they would like the government to do a lot of stuff, they don't trust it very much. she has to solve the riddle.
>> if she sticks to that speech that's fine, that's getting people into the marketplace to have an opportunity to compete. if she begins to be medaling in the marketplace and capitalism, i think people will recoil. >> woodruff: we will all be listening. david brooks, e. j. dionne, thank you. >> thank you so much. >> woodruff: now to wimbledon, where serena williams reigns on. tomorrow morning the tennis great will attempt another "serena slam," holding all four grand slam titles at once. she won the u.s. open last year and has since won the australian and french opens. she pulled off the same feat 12 years ago. at 33 years old, serena is seeded number one and faces 21- year-old garbine muguruza from spain in the finals. we look at this latest run and her remarkable career with tom
perrotta a sports correspondent for "the wall street journal" and editor-at-large for "tennis" magazine. tom perrotta, we can welcome. you wrote i believe back in november, about how serena williams then, you said, had the right to be acclaimed the best of all time. that was eight months ago. so now it's even more so, right? >> it is even more so. it's pretty amazing what she's doing, especially at this age. she's won seven grand slam titles in her 30s. it's really unprecedented. >> woodruff: how do you explain it? >> it's an amazing resurgence. she's really improved her fitness and her speednd her game a lot in the last few years. she hired a new coach and has really taken off. the thing that's the most amazing about her is the drive that she has at this age. i think most players when they get into their 30s, a lot of times burn out and a i think a
lot expected her to burn out much sooner because she began when so young. it's been against the narrative everyone expected that she's been so good this long. >> woodruff: what's different about her game today than 12 years ago when she pulled off the remarkable feat of all four at one time? >> much better at defense. much steadier, better rallies morning alive and confident on rallies. all the other stuff is there the killer instinct. the thing that separates her is her serve better than anybody else on the tour so far. she can ace people seem lig whenever she needs it. it's an amazing weapon probably the best server the women's game has ever seen. >> woodruff: what does she face tomorrow in this young 21-year-old opponent? >> on paper, it's a big mismatch. this is her first grand-slam final and she's only won one tournament in her life, but
she's a good player and played furiously so far. she's 6' tall moves well, has a good serve herself and has nothing to lose and sounds confident and she was an admirer of south serena williams when she was a kid. and she also beat her once at the french open gave serena a loss in her first grand slam. she has the game to do it, a matter of whether she'll get nervous or not. >> woodruff: as you said she's beaten her before. how significant in tennis history would it be if serena williams were to pull this off tomorrow and win, again, four grand slams again at one time in one year? >> it would be the second time she's done it, which is really remarkable. if she went on to win the u.s. open, she would be the first person since steffi graph in 1988 to win all in one year.
serena has 20 graph has 226789 serena has the span in that period since 1968. between her first grand slam and latest it's almost 16 years and if she wins it will be the longest in the history of the sport. no one's been this good this long in tennis. >> woodruff: roger federer had a remarkable performance today. he's the same age as serena williams 33. how do you explain that? >> federer is the player time forgot. andy and some of us were talking to him. federer rolled it ankle, hut his foot playing with a junior player. federer never seems to get hurt. light on his feet. his technique is beautiful, helps him a lot. a great serve. continues to have fun.
he will be playing the number one player in the world. they played in the final last year. it was a very good match. they've had a great rivalry. federer leads 20-19. it's very close. >> woodruff: tom perrotta with the "wall street journal." we thank you. >> woodruff: next, a new documentary takes an intimate look at the life and death of amy winehouse. jeffrey brown has the story. >> brown: july 23rd 2011, amy winehouse, the british megapop star was found dead from alcohol poisoning in her london home. she was 27 years old. ♪ four years earlier she'd released her multi-platinum album back to black, including the hit song rehab. ♪ trying to me go to rehab ♪ ♪ go, go go ♪
>> brown: her music told of addictions to drugs and alcohol and troubled relationships much of which played out in public in front of cameras, lots of them. ♪ happy birthday to you ♪ >> brown: but now the new documentary "amy" use cameras in another way. home movies, phone video and more, to build a more complete portrayed of the artist. >> my aim was to try to humanize her as much as possible. she didn't have a very good rep. people knew her songs but the word that comes up in interviews is "train wreck" which is not nice for a young girl. my aim overall is to humanize her and show her how brilliant she was and for you fall in love
with her. when you fall in love with her. you feel very different when you see the paparazzi and her being hounded. hounded. her idea was to make people feel slightly uncomfortable. you realize there was a very special soul there. how big do you think you will be? >> i don't. my music is not that style. sometimes i wish it was. but i don't think i could handle it: i'll probably go mad. >> brown: he gained access to fat ogee from winehouse's family, friends and record company and makes a mosaic. we rarely see the faces of those talking. what we see in every possible light is amy herself. >> i wouldn't be able to tell
the story right. >> i find her expressive. you see the way she changes over time, her hair, body shape, all of that. for me, this is more sinmatic, a more theatrical experience where you spend two hours with the lead character in front of you and not so much worrying about who's talking because they're giving you an opinion and the audience has to piece together what's going on from their own opinion. >> brown: winehouse grew up in north london listening to jazz singers, then created her own sound and phenomenon with her powerful voice, lyrics -- ♪ -- and she, of course, has a
personality that is sometimes frightened, sometimes funny and often ferocious. (singing) >> it's what we're saying at the end, isn't it? >> she's a natural artist. she goes on stage and sings and blows you away. so really the biggest revelation for me was to understand her personality, to understand these songs were personal like pages from her diary, and the relationships and the choices she made and people around her made, then you follow it through and realize enough issues are already there but it's under control. when you become megafamous and send the paparazzi after you, it all became out of control. it's something she was fearful of right from a young age. >> brown: if the intimacy of the camera draws us in, the glare of the constant cameras,
including those of the paparazzi repel us. >> amy winehouse is back in rehab -- >> brown: -- as we watch winehouse's life unravel. >> to make it feel visceral for the audience to be in the middle of it. we are really one of the people in the middle of it hounding amy. we deal with it and become the person holding the camera. she's always performing this way for the camera. later on she becomes more aggressive and painful, and i guess we the audience were the people watching these videos of her giving bad performances, where somebody is buying the tabloid newspapers. the intention was to make us wonder about how much did we play a part in her downturn. >> brown: it also called into question the role of some of those closest to winehouse. her family, after working with the filmmaker disassociated itself from the movie saying it
was both "misleading and contained some basic untruths." >> the aim was never to point a finger in a particular direction or apportion blame, but the whole thing became muddy and cloudy and messy. most people who have seen the film, who were on the inner circle and there, even if they don't come out of it well have said the film was honest. i guess the most important is amy came out of it and that's what i was trying to achieve. >> i'm just a girl: >> brown: it opens today across the nation. for the pbs "newshour". i'm jeffrey brown. >> woodruff: finally tonight, to our "newshour shares" of the day. something that caught our eye which might be of interest to you, too. tonight, an inside look at the workshop of artist koki ruiz, who this week put the finishing
touches on a massive, edible altar that pope francis will use tomorrow when he celebrates mass before thousands in paraguay. >> we are making the altar to reflect the history of our culture. the baroque of the jesuit missions but with the fruits of the earth. thinking about the indigenous culture that speaks to the seeds of mother earth, like all the indigenous of america before columbus' rival. thinking earth is mother earth who trites all children equally. the earth was bred for all her children. there are over 30,000 ears of corn that make up the altar, 200,000 coconuts or more, that have written messages which bear the names of people and their
wishes. >> it gives us great satisfaction to see so many young people are who are seeing how creativity makes wonderful things. >> an altar that will be seen all over the world, it's a pride and joy for all of paraguay. >> this is unique in paraguay, and in the whole world. what can i say? it gives you goosebumps. the pope's mass will begin at 10:00 a.m. local time sunday morning. an editor's note before we go: last night in my interview with former president carter, i mistakenly said that senator bernie sanders wants to "cut taxes on the wealthy." i meant to say "raise taxes on the wealthy." i regret the error. and a reminder about some upcoming programs from our pbs colleagues. gwen ifill is preparing for "washington week," which airs later this evening. here's a preview: >> ifill: we take you behind the scenes tonight to the big federal personnel data breach to the late night drama that
moved the confederate flag debate from south carolina to the halls of the congress, to the 2016 campaign, where candidates are raising money hand over fist, while coping with the trump factor and to the negotiating table in vienna, where the u.s. and iran are moving cautiously toward-- and away from-- a nuclear deal. so much to talk about, tonight on "washington week." judy? >> woodruff: on pbs newshour weekend saturday: from northern somalia, the story of one town's fight to prevent its youth from fleeing to europe. that's tomorrow night on pbs newshour weekend. and we'll be back, right here, i'm judy woodruff. have a great weekend. thank you and good night. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> carnegie corporation of new
york. supporting innovations in education, democratic engagement, and the advancement of international peace and security. at carnegie.org. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions and... >> this program was made possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned by media access group at wgbh access.wgbh.org
this is "nightly business report" with tyler mathisen and sue herera. >> what a week drama in greece volatility in china, big swings in our market so what should investors inspect when the corporate earnings parade starts to roll? >> on track, the head of the federal reserve says the central bank remains ready to hype freight this year. >> new rules how the change in our nation's hostage policy alters the game in the fight against terror. the final part of our series "held hostage: the big business of ransom" tonight on "nightly business report" for this friday, july 10th. good evening everyone and welcome. hope in greece a rally in china resulting in big gains on wall street. investors were in a buying mood