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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 5, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america". >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good, kobeler foundation, pursuing solutions for neglected ts needs. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at e.m.f.g. we believe in good banking relationships for
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centuries. strong partnerships are cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the resources and stability to thrive. mufg that relationships that built the world. >> and now "bbc world news america". >> this is "bbc world news america" reporting from washington. the pentagon changes its account to the nasdaq. medical charity running a facility calls for a full investigation. some u.s. intelligence analysts sit down with the bbc, insisting he's not a crater for leaking classified information. >> i regret that i didn't come forward sooner. i have paid a price but i feel comfortable with the decisions i've made. >> he's among america's best-known statesmen. we look at the years that helped
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shape the career of henry kissinger. viewers on our public television in america and also around the globe. the u.s. military has changed its account of an air strike that destroyed a hospital in afghanistan. today officials said the strike was requested by afghan troops under taliban assault. 22 people, including medical staff, were killed in the attack on saturday. the charity doctors without borders says what happened could be considered a war crime. here's the latest. >> the afghan flag was raised again today over the governor's ffice in kundus.
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recriminations are still continuing over the human cost of that victories. collateral damage was the cold jargon used by the pentagon to describe the u.s. air strike on this hospital which killed 22 people. it claimed initially the strike was direct at taliban insurgents. >> but today the pentagon changed its story. they stopped short of acknowledging american responsibility. >> we have now learned that on october 3, afghan forces advised they were taking fire from enemy position and asked for support. several civilians were accidentally struck in the attack. this was different from the initial reports which indicated that u.s. forces were threatened and the strike was called on their behalf. >> a plane equipped with large caliber guns originally zige to
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take out tanks was used, directing its firepower on a hospital. the attacks were carried out for fierce fighting control of a city after the taliban had taken control of it. troops may have pushed the militants closer toward the hospital. doctors without borders deny there was any taliban in the hospital at the time of the air strikes. >> we're very concerned at the inconsistent accounts of what exactly happened that we are hearing from the u.s. government from collateral damage to a tragedy incident to now passing responsibility to their afghan allies. >> as if wounded continue to be treated, m.s.f. has recented its demand for an independent international investigation into whether a war crime has been
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submitted. for more than a decade now, civilian deaths caused by the u.s. military has made it harder . bbc news, washington. >> now to syria. russian air strikes have drawn for criticism. oscow says it was due to wax conditions. but they don't see it that way. the u.s. secretary of state said it could have resulted in a shootdown. i spoke with former u.s. ambassador to turkey james jeffrey who's now at the washington institute for near eaat policy. thanks for being with us, jeffrey. so just how destabilizing is this? the russians flying into turkish airspace? >> it's extremely destabilizing.
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the region they flew into, hatay province, syria has never acknowledged it as turkish territory. so you have a very interesting situation. it's very difficult for me to believe that the russians made a mistake. >> how do you think the u.s. and turkey should spont respond to this? >> i think it should be clear that if russian planes should enter turkish airspace, they should be shot down. >> should there be a safe zone inside syria, where southeastern refugees could return? would that put a line down for the russians? >> it would. the embarrassing position i have trying to answer your question is that the u.s. said five weeks ago said that it would work to et up a no-isis zone, which is like a no-fly zone, serblingly. i don't know where the
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administration is on it. it would be a good idea. it would help show everybody in this region that the united states is not backing down every time putin steps forward. >> what do you think the russian end game is? are though trying to test where the americans really are? >> mr. putin has a tactical end game of preserving his navel base on the coast of syria and in buttressing his ally, president assad. at the strategic level, putin is t to totally dismantle the u.s.-led global security system that's been in place basically since 1945 and was triumphant after 1989. >> russian officials are suggesting that fighters from ukraine could be showing up in syria. would they be in effect a kind of ground force fighting along side president assad? >> i'm sure that they would be fighters either from crimea or
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the eastern provinces, and that would brks of course, a further escalation because nobody recognizes those people as a legitimate fighting force. >> does russia really want to get embroiled in the mideast lined up against the u.s., turkey, and the islamic state? >> putin doesn't think there's really any real beef behind this coalition beginning in washington. he thinks as he bullies his way forward, everybody's going to fall back. putin's a guy all about intentions. he doesn't think that president obama intends to do anything but back down. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. >> in other news now, the oil company b.p. is to pay the u.s. government and american states $20 million to pay for damages arising from the oil spill five
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years ago. it's the largest settlement in american histories. oscar pistorius must remain in jail and not transferred after a decision to grant him parole was delayed. he was jailed in 2014 for the culpable homicide of reeva steenkamp. his release has been blocked. >> nine people have died in floods in the u.s. united states, the u.s. state of south carolina. rain continued to fall and roads were closed. torrential rains were made worse by connections to hurricane joaquin. u.s. coast guard has concluded that the missing cargo ship sank in the storm.
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sunday, search crews found dee brie. the vessel and its crew had been missing thursday. a distress call was made from he ship. former u.s. intelligence edward snowden cysts he's not a traitor. what's more, snodeon says he acted to protect the american people. the information he revealed has led to espionage charges in the u.s. he's currently hiding in moscow. our correspond tracked him down for his first bbc interview. >> it took three months to arrange the interview. via an encrypted app, we were told to go to moscow, check into a hotel and provide a room number. then edward snowden would knock on the door. he explained why he did what he did. >> i felt that all our communications were being
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intercepted all the time in the absence of any suspicion of wrongdoing. this was something that was occurring without our knowledge or consent. >> one of his concerns about the government's electronic ears and eyes was its ability to hack into our personal data into our smart phones. it's called c.n.e., computer north america exploitation. he told us about a program named smurf. >> dreamy smurf is the power management, which is turning your phone on and off without you're knowing. >> and we've got nosey shumb. what is that? >> nosey smurf is the hot miking tool. it consider turn on the microphone in your pocket and listen to everything going on around you. >> tracker smurf, what is that? >> it's a geeo location tool that allows them to follow your
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position. >> he described how gchq hacked vast amounts of data from inside pakistan presumably to help identify and track terrorists. it did so by secretly hacking digital junction boxes manufactured by the american company cisco. >> they hacks them and secretly take ownership of the devices. >> without the service providers knowing about it? >> yes. >> the hacking of cisco's devices was secretly signed off by the government. gchq won't confirm or deny, but it says all it does is legal. both the u.s. and british governments believe edward snodeon has betrayed the trust placed on him. >> of course not. who did i betray? >> the american people because you betrayed the intelligence agencies whose prime
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responsibility is to protect the american people. >> an argument could be made that i betrayed the government to protect the people. >> but what is likely to happen to him? is he doomed forever to remain in moscow or will he return home to america, stand trial, and go to jail for what he has done? do you have any regrets about what you've done? >> i regret that i didn't come forward sooner. i have paid a price. but i feel comfortable with the decisions i made. >> edward snowden defending his actions to the bbc's peter taylor. now after years of work, the united states and 11 other pacific rim countries agreed on a trade pact. the transpacific partnership sets labor and environmental standards. it still needs approval by the u.s. congress. i spoke with our business correspond in new york.
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give us some idea of the vast scale of this trade agreement. >> this is a massive deal encompassing 12 different countries aiming to cut trade barriers and increase trade between these countries. it has the potential to really affect about 40% of the worrell's economy. it is really massive. it also acts at a counterweight to china's really big economic influence within the region. but if you speak to critics, they will say that this has been negotiated in secret, so many people aren't a participant. they don't really know what is specifically in the deal. but the deal potentially could be just good for big corporations and it could actually hurt developing nations by preventing the developing countries within the transpacific partnership the ability to sort of grow without some protectionist rules to sort of help them along.
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>> and washington has anxiety about the effect that this is going to have on american workers. is it going to have a rocky road in congress? >> it certainly could have a rocky deal, especially if that fast track legislation was anything to go by. president obama and his administration has already begun lobbying lawmakers today. they are looking to try and seal -- make sure that they have enough votes to seal the deal. the trouble will be not so much perhaps with republicans that are generally more pro-trade. the trouble may be within his own democratic party. we already have some members of the democrats that are saying that this is going to cost u.s. jobs and that u.s. jobs are going to end up goingovers, so the toughest battle may be within his own party. >> thank you for joining us from new york. you're watching "bbc world news
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america". still to come on tomorrow's program, los angeles declares a state of emergency to tackle homelessness with an increasing number of people living on the street. >> the former chief executive of hong kong has been released on bail after appearing in court on charges of misconduct in public office. he's accused of failing to file conflict of interest declarations in connection with a luxury apartment. he insists he's done nothing brong. julianna liu rorts. the public sight never expected to see. the president charged with misconduct. he's the highest ranking official to face a corruption trial. after a brief hearing at eastern court in which he spoke only three times, he addressed the reporters. >> for the past three and a half years, i have cooperated fully
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with the i.c.a.c. investigation. my conscious is clear. i have every confidence that a court will exonerate me at the end of the proceedings. >> his wife selena spoke of the former chief executive's moral character. >> he longed for peace and tranquility in retirement, away from application. instead, we find ourselves dragged into a whirlpool. over the past three and a half years, we have been harassed daily. i have known donald for 56 years. he's pa man of honesty and integrity. his mind was preoccupied how best -- with how best he can do his job. >> now his mind is no doubt on the upcoming court case. both misconduct charges are related to him renting a luxury three-story luxury apartment in mainland china.
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he was not required to enter a plee plea but his statement that his conscious is clear provides a strong indication how he will likely plead when the legal process continues. >> los angeles in california has declared a state of emergency. but it's not over drought or wildfire, instead, it's the dramatic rise in homelessness which is raising alarms. one of the richest cities on earth is struggling to cope. in just two years, number of people living on the streets has risen by 12%. the city is looking to free up money to solve the problem. >> they have pitched their tents in the land of fame and fortune, of glitz and glamour. the city of angels has another nickname. the homeless capital of america.
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this is its heart. skid row in downtown los angeles. >> you've been living here 10 or 15 years? >> yes. >> steven lives on skid row. every day is a struggle to survive. >> how did you end up here? >> mostly psychological problems which led to escape from drugs, prison and jail go hand in hand. that's why i'm here right now. >> he is far from alone. at last count there were 44,000 homeless people in l.a. county. everywhere you look they are living in the shadows, a forgotten people and many say the same thing, there is no way out. >> you have nowhere to stay? >> nowhere to stay. >> and how hard is it to get somewhere to stay? >> it's very hard. >> we don't have a -- everybody's not out here smoked out and cracked out and everything. we need some help.
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>> in some ways los angeles is a victim of its own success. the city is booming, but that means rental costs are rocketing, leaving many people simply unable to afford a home. so many, in fact, that l.a. has declared a state of emergency. it's the first time that has happened since a deadly earthquake struck los angeles over 20 years ago. >> i think this is absolutely as serious as the aftermath of an earthquake. the only difference is this has been going on a very long time. >> it's shameful about a country as rich as this one? >> it is shameful that this problem was continued. we've got in los angeles a growing gap between the rich and the poor. >> to help bridge that gap, the city council is trying to find an extra hundred million dollars. amid the despair on skid row,
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there is some hope. this is the los angeles mission. christian, a heroin addict found his salvation here in the form of shelter, a shower and the prospect of a job. >> one day i woke up and said i don't have a roof over my head, i don't have a job. i fell down on my knees and started praying. it was like somebody whispering in my ear, go back to the shelter. >> the city authorities are now under intense pressure to do more to help the homeless. when a picture poach card from venice beach looks like this, you can see why. james cook, bbc news, los angeles >> the face of homelessness, a scene that is playing out in many cities across the united states. now, he's one of the most divisive diplomats of the 20th century. in a new book is not his tenure as a secretary of state that's
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examined. instead, it's his early life and academic work. kissinger, is a two volume auto biography. kneel ferguson, henry kissinger has a reputation with you you have called this book about his early life the idealist. why? >> well, seemed to me when i started reading my way through his letters and diaries at the beginnings of my research, he wasn't fitting the profile. what i found was quite different. i came to realize that he was actually, at least in the first half of his life up to the point he entered government much more of an idealist. this to me was a surprise. >> how did his experience of fleeing nazi germany as a child
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an then fight for the americans against the germans, how did that shape his world view? >> i think first of all it really shook his religious faith. his family as orthodox jewish. by the end of the war he made it clear to his parents that he no longer believes. that has to do with the war. did other thing i think matters here is he experienced war, full-scale total war at the sharp end. he was there at the battle of the bulge under german shell fire. i think any generation who fought in world war ii was fundamentally shaped by the experience. >> then he became this harvard intellectual. how did that experience before he was in the heart of government shape his views of government bureaucracies? he seemed to detest them. >> he found out the hard way that practice is harder than theory. he had written influential books but when he got drawn into the
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consider course of power by john f. kennedy, it was a bruising experience. he found it hard to get access to the president. he found himself outmaneuvered in beltway application. i think the first volume, you see him learning, mostly learning by mistakes. there's some epic fails when he does his press conferences, however. the man who emerged as the arch operator in the washington beltway began as a beginner and made many mistakes. >> with all your access to his private papers, including teenage love letters, what surprised you the most about henry kissinger? >> i think the thing that is the most start ling document in the book is something he wrote after he witnessed the liberation of a concentration camp in germany around 1945. he was so stunned by what he saw, and this was before he even
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knew that so many members of his family had died in the holocaust. he wrote down and wrote called the eternal you and it's a searing document. it makes it clear that kissinger came out of world war ii with a very deep loathing of the totalitarian forces that had produced the holocaust. in that sense his idealism was rooted in a searing experience of war and genocide. i read that dalmt very, very early in the process. i was looking at it at kissinger's home in connecticut. it was one of the things that caused me to write the book. once i read that, i felt i really, really had to write the story. >> thanks for joining us. that's neil ferguson there on volume one of the kissing jer biography, which brings us to a close. for me and the bbc team, go to
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twitter. thank you for watching. please tune in tomorrow. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good, kobeler foundation and mufg.
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>> because success takes partnership and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg. we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is on assignment. on the newshour tonight: a historic flood leaves much of south carolina under water. then, this politics monday: hilary clinton weighs in to the debate over gun control. and in congress, a fight over who will be the next speaker of the house. plus, an investigation into the nation's silent mass disaster, when people go missing and their families are left in the dark. >> you can't celebrate a holiday when there's somebody missing from the room. i actually was supposed to get married and i didn't get married because i couldn't get married without my dad. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.


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