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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 7, 2015 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> they say the oldest trees bear the sweetest fruit. at mufg, we have believed in nurturing banking relationships for centuries, because strong financial partnerships are best cultivated for the years to come, giving your company the
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resources and stability to thrive. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is bbc world news america, reporting on washington i am laura trevelyan jerian -- laura trevelyan. missiles intos syria saying they are going after the islamic state but the ll -- calls the strategy tragically flawed. capturing america during that year of tte great depression. a treasure trove of photos online for all to see. ♪
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. russia is launching its first airstrikes in syria, today they accelerated there a military campaign five firing 20 missiles from a warship in the caspian sea. russia claims it is targeting the islamic state. there's criticism, including from washington, that no isis areas are being struck. from the caspian sea, a russian warship launches the next move in syria's war. missiles fired from 4 ships in
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this campaign. tanks have seize the opportunity. they key up this morning. they were stopped in their tracks. [yelling] the free syrian army using american supplied weapons hits tank after tank. [yelling] 2 soldiers escape the burning tank. a third makes it out with his light.a they are under fire from the rebels. made a forceful return to the battlefield. it is not clear if they are russian or syrian air force, but they have not been seen flying this low in years. washe afternoon, it
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fighters celebrating, attacked on 4 fronts and did not lose ground. we will fight you and slaughter you russian bears, says this man. are targeting us because we are the free syrian army and are effective against the regime. we completely destroyed their armor. , presidentworld away clinton is on ice, celebrating his 63rd birthday and scoring goals. earlier, he said with his defense minister and toasted russia's military success. >> it is too early to some of the the results, -- to sum up the results, but what has been done so far deserves praise. >> america's defense secretary took a different view.
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>> they continue to hit targets that are not isil. we believe this is a fundamental mistake. despite what the russians say we have not agreed to cooperate with russia so long as they continue to pursue mistaken strategy and hit these targets. >> today's onslaught in had little to do with the islamic state group. the kremlin is escalating its campaign far from is territory. russia's actions have been a shot in the arm for president al-assad. the free syrian army and its western allies believes that armenian and russian troops could join president al-assad's forces on the battlefield. the ground war has only just begun. bbc news, the turkey-syria border. laura: for more, i spoke with william taylor, the special
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coordinator for middle east transitions with the state department and is currently at the u.s. institute of peace. we saw in the report the free syrian army is being targeted by russian airstrikes. 90% of the russian strikes so far have not been against the islamic state or al qaeda related groups. what is rusher up to? william: it is always difficult to figure out what russia is up to. they will often not tell the truth. it is often on impulse. it is difficult to say the answer to your question. what appears to be the case is they are targeting al-assad's enemies. they are trying to support the dictator in syria to keep him in power. his power has been declining. this could have been the prompt for mr. putin to send in his forces. laura: what do you make of the russians launching missiles from
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the caspian sea? is there a tactical military% value, or is it a show of strength for the cameras? william: there is a military value. to use precision targeting weapons, which cruise missiles the it also reduces exposure of the russian air force and personnel in those aircraft to any fire that they might otherwise encounter. laura: the u.s. defense secretary said that russia's strategy is flawed and there will be no cooperation between the u.s. and russia. we have 2 rival coalitions flying over syria, what will happen? have beenhat needs to is coordination of military actions on both sides so there is not a tragic accident or clash. that work needs to be done.
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laura: there is a discussion on whether the u.s. should impose a no-fly zone over syria along the border with turkey. would that in reach the right -- would that enrage the russians more? william: a no-fly zone over that part of syria would enable the humanitarian operations to move forward. if the russians are serious about trying to help the people of syria, as opposed to trying to support the dictator that has been bombing the people of syria, they will do that. think your do you former colleagues in the state department are saying about the idea of the no-fly zone? william: it has been discussed for so long without the ability to move forward. i believe there is a general in a negotiated and diplomatic political solution that we have been looking for, the state department has been looking for for a long time. that, mr. putin could help with if he had the intent. was the idea when
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president putin and president obama met, that russia could use their leverage to nudge president al-assad into a transition. but the strikes are backing him up. william: the russians do not seem to be moving in the direction of pushing or easing him out. important, butot the endpoint that he actually leave is important. if both the iranians and russians were to move him out that could resolve the situation. russians arenk the up for a long and bloody campaign in syria, or are they hoping this will scare off his rivals and they hope it will be short-lived? william: they hope it will be --rt-lived, but what we saw the free syrian army is pushing back hard.
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this could be a quagmire for the russians. it may be more than mr. putin intended to have bitten off. laura: president obama apologized to the head of msf. the americans now say it was a mistake in attack. nick bryant is in washington. were today pictures released of how the hospital in kunduz used to be. a safe haven protected under law from the war being raged outside of its door -- war being waged outside of that store. then footage of the aftermath of the american airstrike, which lasted more than an hour and killed 22 people. from the rubble of kunduz to the
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grandeur of the white house. president obama placed a call to the head of msf saying sorry for the american military mistake. >> the united states, when we make a mistake, we are honest and we own up to it. we apologize, where necessary, as the president did in this case, and we implement changes that will make you less likely those mistakes will occur in the future. nick: the call was put through to the president of msf, joanne liu, in geneva. it has not told demands for an international and independent investigation. >> doctors without borders appreciates the condolences from president obama, but our great call to action for him is to consent to the fact-finding mission that we ask his government and other governments to consent to. we think that would be the greatest expression for humanitarian law if the geneva convention that his government
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can show us. the pentagon claims that u.s. forces came under favor from the tally dan, but now admitting the request came from the afghan army. the pentagon is best place to transparent the investigation. msf disagrees. laura: democratic presidential candidate hillary clinton does pacific rim trade accord, breaking away from president obama's white house. it was backed by the administration but faces opposition in congress. there are reports that peta recommended the president of football's -- there are reports recommends the
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president of football's world governing body step down. sepp blatter says he is not been the ethics action by committee. the first board meeting under a new chairman. a huge scandal over rigged emissions. tell today how their cars can comply with regulations. -- europe wasel said going through a trial of historic measure, and cohesion was needed more than ever before. president hollande and chancellor merkel spoke in the european parliament in strasbourg. biden, will he enter the democratic presidential race? that is the question millions asking.
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speculation is in overdrive. jill biden has toyed with the idea and appears to be close to a decision. today a group released an ad recounting the loss of his first wife and daughter in a car crash, and the impact that had on his political career. >> the incredible bond i have with my children is a gift i'm not sure i would have had had i not been through what i went through. by focusing on my sons, i found my redemption. laura: for more on a potential whitebid i spoke with a house correspondent from real clear politics. eaut of joe biden's son b that survived the car crash and died of brain cancer. before he died he urged his father to run for president. how much does that way on his deliberations? >> we know it is weighing on him
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quite a bit. he used opportunities publicly when he has either been asked or questioned in a detailed way to talk about not only the grief that his family is going through, but the personal attributes of his son and the feeling that there is a deliberation of what he -- deliberation of should he run or should he not 20 has run twice and lost. family discussion about what would be right for the entire family and to honor his son, who wayrevered in a public when he was alive, and in poignant ways since he died in may laura:. you cannot run a campaign on emotion alone. suggest hee polling would do against hillary clinton? bidene say vice president would never be more popular than now, the american public has
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president's toce liberation and the feeling he wants to put his family and his emotional well-being in the right context about seeking to run the country. the polls indicate something interesting if you are hillary clinton. that is that the polls show that he pulls away support from her, much more than the other democrats in the field who are leading, that is vermont senator bernie sanders. the anxiety inside the hillary camp is real, genuine. they understand he might give her a real race. when does he decide? laura: the first presidential democratic debate is next week. beene vice president has prolonged in a long
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deliberation. we heard he would make a decision by the end of the summer, then the end of september, now into october, then we heard he might not have to decide until you have to get on the ballot in the early primary states, then we heard he might decide in the new year. he will miss the first of a craddick debate next week in nevada -- the first democratic debate in nevada. laura: will he wait until later in october to see how hillary clinton does in the big ozzie hearing -- in the benghazi hearing? iswhat he is waiting on whether his mind, heart, and family is in the right place. who are we to question? there has been reporting he is more calculated than that. we will have to wait and see. laura: thank you for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america." could cigare, loving cuba and the fight against lung cancer? medical research
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might reap the rewards. the nobel peace prize for chemistry for helping discover how dna repairs itself. a warning, there is flash photography. >> congratulations. >> a glass of champagne in hand, britain's latest nobel laureate posts his win. he has won the most prestigious chemistry that is leading to new cancer treatments. did he know his work would have a profound effect on medical research? >> no, but i thought that might have been the case. i thought i could do groundbreaking work in the competition. every cell in our bodies contains dna, the instruction
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manual for how the body works. discovered the toxic chemicals and radiation damages thousands of dna strands on a daily basis. he found that our cells have inbuilt mechanisms to repair most of the brakes and faults. this is the lab in hertfordshire where the professor carried out in theh nearing work 1980's. it was here that researchers found what was triggered 20 and triggered when dna failed. it has led to a new field of dna repair research. which has given life to a whole new set of treatments. to research has led important new insights of how cancer takes hold, and it is hoped by understanding more about the body's dna repair
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mechanism scientists will be able to develop more effective therapies. bbc news. ♪ laura: foreign relations in cuba, airlines and sporting franchises are looking for a hold. a key area could benefit -- specifically cancer research. cuban scientists have created a potential vaccine for lung cancer. an early trial showed promising results. havana, our reporter reports. havana's annual cigar festival. cuba has a complicated relationship with tobacco. fine cigars generate $5 million a year in income. on the other hand cheap cigarettes are everywhere and
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lung cancer rates in cuba are among the highest in the region. although they have much to do to tackle the disease at its source, particularly underage smoking and encouraging people to quit, they are leading the fight against lung cancer in biotech science. they have made a vaccine against the disease. it was developed at the center for molecular immunology in havana. the head of research says the vaccine is a preventative measure given to healthy patientssand a therapeutic one for those who art in have the disease. it stimulates the immune system to attack the proteins that produce lung tumors to prevent them spreading. long-term for patients without a diagnosis, the cancer is very poor. this vaccine prolongs the survival of the patients.
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york, governor of new andrew cuomo, recently came to cuba. with him were representatives of buffalo.r institute in they are running chemical trials in the united states. one man who intends to be around for the next five years is this man, a venezuelan lung cancer patient and a vaccine for the -- and a guinea pig for the vaccine. >> it has raised my spirits. my life expectancy is being discussed in different terms than when i first arrived. the treatment, the personnel, they have raised my spirits. i'm still in this fight. >> science in cuba has been complicated by the u.s. embargo, which has made up to date technology hard to come by. answer patients in both countriis hope medical research
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is one area where the old enemies can work together for the common good. will grant, bbc news, havana. the american dustbowl during the great depression. a collection of photos is giving viewers a look at that time in history. photos from the government archive were put into a searchable collection online called photogram. we spoke about the significance of the images. >> these photographs are a very resident portrait -- a very antident -- a very resan portrait of a time. we are at another crucial time, and we are thinking about how to picture who we are. a were originally made in the 1930's and 19 40's.
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there are 170,000 of them. did was to take the images and put them into a new interactive database. we made it possible to see the pictures in an aggregate, to see that it was not only the dust bowl or appalachia, but the entire united states. know these pictures, they are part of our dna. we are referring back to them and using them to look deeply into ourselves now. the migrant mother might be the most used photograph in history. there are many that are favorites and great works of art. my favorite thing is every time i go into this, i find another one. being able to see images in these way is something that star goals and stays with people. i think they had not realized
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how close to them these pictures can come. we get a chance through the image to go beyond those initial locating questions and ask more. that is what the photogramer project allows us to do. it is a resource to build on the images, and see where, looking deeply, the links of an image and where that can take us. it is not only the photograph that is rich, but it is public access to images that takes us to places and teaches us things that we do not already know. university professor on the heartrending images from the great depression. that brings today's broadcast to a close. you can find more on our website. to reach me and most of the bbc
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team go to twitter. i am @lauratrevelyan. thank you for watching. please, tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and mufg. >> it is a global truth. we can do more when we work together. at mufg, our banking relationships span cultures and support almost every institute
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across the globe, because success takes partnership, and only through discipline and trust can we create something greater than ourselves. mufg, we build relationships that build the world. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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- (narrator): coming up next on odd squad... - something very odd has happened. - why did the ball of gum shrink from 1,000 wads to one wad? - what happened to the zero? - (olive): they're disappearing. otto's turning...1! - tomorrow i'm going to be in diapers! - (olive): my name is agent olive. - odd squad is made possible in part by... - ...a cooperative agreement with the u.s. department of education, the corporation for public broadcasting's ready to learn grant, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. this is my partner, agent otto. this is what i had for lunch today. but back to otto and me. we work for an organization run by kids that investigates anything strange, weird, and, especially, odd. our job is to put things right again. (theme music)

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