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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 12, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and sony's pictures classics. now presents "truth." . >> this is dan rather. >> i wanted something for the election. >> the president went awol. >> parts of his files going in the waste basket. >> tonight we have new
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information. >> to be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> they have a major case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. >> you can't get this mad because we're asking the question. >> "truth" opens in new york and l.a. friday. >> and now "bbc news world america." >> this is "bbc news world america." reporting from washington, i'm jane o'brien. turkey continues to bury the dead from saturday's attack while the government points the blame at islamic state. migrants have been arriving in greece by the boat load. we unveil a network of smugglers cashing in on their hopes for a better life. >> up in the sky. >> it's a bird. >> it's a plane. it's superman. jane: and they've been protecting the world against danger for decades. tonight we look back in history
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to see how superheros got their start. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. turkey's prime minister say they're close to identifying the bombers who carried out the deadly attack saturday and they say islamic state is nment one suspect. attacks at a peace rally were an attempt to influence the general election but vowed it would go ahead in three weeks' time. jeremy bowan has the latest. jeremy: his wife grieved for him and for small and precious moments in the life they had. the toy he bought for our son is still there, she said.
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they'll never be able to play together now. he was a lawyer, 32 years old nd his son is 3. his wife is also a lawyer. >> the two were more than husband and wife. they were partners. they were lovers. they were friends. jeremy: the head of turkey's bar association knew the couple. he's one of the government's most prominent critics. >> the government is their responsibility for not taking enough precautions, for olarizing the society, for being so tolerant towards isis and for interfering serious
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internal affairs. jeremy: the people of turkey's capital, like the rest of the country, are shocked, angry and divided. they want to know who killed so many people. the main railway station where the bombing happened is working a normal timetable but not a normal life. [crying] this was a few minutes after the attack on saturday. turkey was in crisis before it happened. tense police clashed briefly with angry survivors. national unity is a memory. the prime minister rejects accusations that the government bears any responsibility for the killing. on turkish tv he said the jihadists of islamic state were the prime minister suspects. but the banner at yet another funeral says the murderous
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state. grief is fused with politics. what happens in turkey matters because of the country's position between europe and the turbulent middle east, because its deeply involvement of the war in syria and because it's so divided. the bombings have reawakened memories of devastating political violence against to the 20th crevertry and have deepened the divisions in what is already a very fractured country. this was the last of a trade union leader. his wife said goodbye with a clinched fist of the left. just one of many groups that feel pushed out by 13 years of religious nationalism. she said, my comrade, i salute you a thousand times. so many personal tragedies add
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up to much more. the middle east is pouring blood into a home dwrone crisis and turkey, the worst vital ally, is struggling. jeremy, bbc news, ankara. ne: for more on the recent things, author of the "the rise of turkey." thank you for joining us. >> pleasure to be here. jane: turkey is no stranger to turmoil but why is this attack so shocking? >> this is different because this is as close as it gets. it's a massacre and as close as it gets to being turkey's 9/11. it's killed -- twin bombs killed hundreds of people, injured others. bombed ankara's rail system. you would think when a country facing an attack like this they would be ue need -- unified
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force and stand against terrorism. the opposite has happened in turkey. that's why it's shocking. beyond the fact the attack is horrific, it's shocking because the turks are divided of the justice and development party, a.k.p. government and those that support him are blaming the opposition. more specifically leftist and kurdish groups and those against are blaming the government. probably neither is. it's probably isis. jane: you say the attacks are dividing the country, but does this give any indication as to just how vulnerable turkey is to the conflict in syria and the regional chaos? >> turkey has suffered three major terrorist attacks in three years and they are linked to syria. they have killed hundreds of people. it's a very polarized country and this polarization is not a creation of syria. i think it's the creation of the president. the right wing ultra
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conservative candidate brutalize his opponents. he sends the police to crackdown peaceful rallies and he wins lixes that likes this but also votes for his conservative man image as well as rewards him for the economic -- the growth that he has delivered. but at the same time he has a large opposition block composed of leftist liberals and now kurds who dislike his rule and now turkey is very much split in the middle. jane: and turkey is a key factors, not also dealing with syria but also part of nato. how concerned should america be? >> they should be concerned. isis was able to exploit the divisive nature of turkish politics. instead of blaming isis, the turks are blaming each other. turkey can withstand the fight of isis and defeat them as they have dob with terrorist attacks. but they can't do that when they are fighting against itself.
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washington should be concerned that turkey is more about fighting itself from within than fighting the threats coming from outside. jane: thank you very much. >> my pleasure. jane: in other news now -- the pentagon says u.s. military transport planes have dropped more than 100 palettes of supplies, including ammunitions grenade to those fighting against the islamic state group. they have been dropped in the northern syrian province. well, for months we've been reporting on the dangerous journey taken by hundreds of thousands of migrants. now, the weather is making matters even worse. mud, rain and plummeting tempts are all reaching havoc in the balancingans. ed thomas sent this report from macedonia. ed: every step is getting harder. winter is nearly here. but in the cold and the wet, his journey goes on.
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this man and his family escaped from syria they left everything behind. >> it's very hard. hard for children. hard for women. hard for all. all men. all women. sometimes i cry. the world, do something for syria. ed: the risk, a sense of urgency here. soon, these fields will be covered with snow. with it freezing temperatures. the rain is torrential now. there are young people here, old people, families. many from afghanistan. they've already traveled hundreds and hundreds of miles to get here. and now it's getting colder, wetter, and this journey still has a long way to go.
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night and day trains arrive full of people. the weather isn't slowing down this crisis yet. in just three days, 20,000 cross from macedonia into serbia. there is never enough to go around. and the need here is overwhelming. they are looking to a new life in germany. but right now all she wants is for her children to be warm and fed. some here are escaping war, poverty. all have hope. and so they continue walking while they can through the cold and rain still looking for the chance to begin again. ed thomas, bbc news, macedonia. jane: growing numbers of
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migrants are choosing to avoid the long dangerous journey over land and by sea to reach europe. instead, they're returning to gangs, selling forged passports and trying their luck using traditional transport routes. the united nations says the trade in counterfeit passports and identity cards are now bigger than the trade in drugs and weapons. as our special correspondent reports. reporter: still they keep coming in the thousands. syrians, afghans, iraqis. >> welcome. >> welcome. >> welcome. reporter: and still generous. the greek activists have been here for months but for others these fleeing people are a business opportunity. everybody here has the same objective and that is to get out of greece as fast as they possibly can. but the road ahead is fraught with difficulty. that's where organized crime comes in. a vast industry preying on these people's vulnerability.
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the journey north can be over 2,000 miles, taking weeks with thousands of others across several borders. to avoid the trials of the refugee road, many turn to the criminal gangs selling fake european i.d.'s in the greek capital. to refugee contacts, we were led to a sudanese man. he told us he could supply fake passports to fly directly to northern europe and claim asylum there. reporter: with the passport is a plane ticket and money back if you fail to get through.
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if all that's too expensive, just send ahmed a photo, paid 200 euro and a you get a fake european identity card. the following day our undercover reporter met ahmed to receive a spanish i.d. card, ood for flying north, he said. >> this was the card produced in under eight hours. watching from nearby we emerged to confront the trafficker. >> from bbc news. we'd like to know why you're selling false identity papers to people? we know what you are doing. you, sir, are a crook. you're a criminal. yes, you are. you're engaged in criminal activity. he was just changing money, he said. but are these any good? where will they take you? well, we discovered they can take you here to the very heart
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of the european union. there's no knowing how many get through. people do get stopped. it can be a matter of luck. but we've spoken with several who've flown successfully to northern europe. this man now in brussels described approaching the airplane gate security at athens with a fake italian i.d. >> i passed him and i gave him my certificate and he said, ave a nice day, sir. police officers didn't notice anything. i just go. reporter: it was easy as that? >> no. not easy. my heart went pump, pump, pump. reporter: back inthens, greek police say they face an uphill struggle against the smugglers. the organized crime squad recently broke up a large pakistani gang. this was part of their hole. dozens of fake documents.
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including 30 british passports and sophisticated forging equipment that can also produce credit cards. all of this can be used, not just by refugees or migrants, but also by terrorists. >> because of what's happening in the middle east, the number of migrants have increased and that's led to the creation of new criminal organizations. they make very believable documents, digital devices. once we finish an operation, we immediately start another to find a new crime syndicate. reporter: this human disaster is boom time for organized crime. they'll keep making their millions while war guarantees are relentless supply of the uprooted and desperate. bbc news, athens. jane: you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, getting ready for their first debate as the democratic presidential
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candidates prepare to square off, we'll have a preview. buried under mud in a river near southampton in the south of england is a wreck thought to be 600 years old and which may be one of henry v's war ships. bbc's duncan kennedy has more on the search for the holy ghost. duncan: taken more than 30 years ago, it was this aerial photo of the mud banks of the river showing the spot where a legendary ship may be buried. the ship was the holy ghost, one of the key naval vessels of henry v, built in 1415, the same year he fought on the battle of agincore. for three decades, the doctor believed the aerial photo showed the exact location of the holy ghost but he never had the money to act on his hunch. >> it's yet to be finalized but
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yes, i would be absolutely delighted if this is the ship and was the holy ghost. it would be a great find. duncan: he used the holy ghost in two battles, to fight the french during the hundred-year war. it seems incredible that one of the greatest war ships of the middle ages could lie in the mud beneath my feet here. the team will now use sonar and other devices to carry out a much more detailed search. but if it is confirmed, then it could be one of the greatest maritime discoveries of recent years. some are already comparing the finding of the holy ghost to the discovery of the mary rose, henry viii's war ship discovered more than 30 years ago. if these waters and this mud really are the home of this ancient vessel, an archaeological story that began 30 years ago can finally surface into life.
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duncan kennedy, bbc news, on the river hambel. jane: tomorrow night, the democratic candidates vying for their party's presidential nomination will go head-to-head in their first debate. hillary clinton is hoping her odds are good in las vegas, while vermont's senator bernie sanders is looking to increase his support and, of course, we're all still talking whether vice president joe biden will jump in or not. a brief time ago i talked with kevin, reporter for "the hill." are we expecting anything similar tomorrow night? kevin: there is a lot of interest but no donald trump so maybe the ratings won't be as high. the bottom line is whether or not senator sanders will be able to continue to gain traction on hillary clinton. look to see how hard he's going
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to hit politically speaking the former secretary of state on issues, particularly pertaining to wall street regulation as well as a massive international trade agreement that hillary clinton just came out to oppose. but the one to watch i really think is former maryland governor martin o'malley. jane: well, a lot of the people you mentioned probably aren't household names to anybody outside america. why is bernie sanders, in particular, gaining so much support? kevin: i think bernie sanders has tapped into the progressive base that's been leery of the clinton ties to wall street. you got to remember we're still just only a couple years after the 2008 economic collapse. a lot of progressives really disappointed with how no one went to jail on wall street but with governor o'malley, here's the divide between senator sanders and governor o'malley. bernie sanders describes himself as a socialist. that's not really popular political branding in america. the difference is governor o'malley can make the argument that he was a progressive
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liberal without the socialist label and it's a lot of nuance but he could be positioned for a search. he needs a strong -- jane: well, let's talk about the man who isn't in the race. kevin: biden. jane: is he or isn't he? what's the latest? kevin: vice president biden has had a tough family decision to make about whether or not to get into this race simply because he lost his son just a couple of months ago. so it has been a personal tragedy. that being said, a lot of the early indicators look to suggest he's keeping his options open. there is an outside group that is trying to urge him into the race. what is very interesting is that the longer he waits potentially could help him simply because hillary clinton continues to be investigated by the f.b.i. over her email server and i think that as her poll numbers, if she continues to sink, and a socialist from vermont continues to gain on her, that provides an opening for the vice president.
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jane: well, they're in vegas. people will be betting. kevin, thank you very much indeed for joining us. kevin: thank you. jane: and we'll be making sure that what happens in vegas doesn't stay in vegas because we will have full coverage of that debate. now, for more than 75 years, superheroes have been fighting against evil in comic books, on tv and radio, and more recently in blockbuster movie franchises. well, today superman, batman, spider-man and wonder woman are multibillion-dollar global brands. but the new york historical society has just opened an exhibition which traces our origins to back to more humble times during the depression and world war ii. michael spoke to the show's curator, nina, about the cultural phenomenon born on the spreets of gotham. -- streets of gothapple. >> look in the sky. >> look. >> it's a bird, it's a plane, it's superman. nina: when superman came out, within three printings, the comic book, 900,000 copies
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sold. immediate success just took off. superman, 1938, batman, 1939, captain america, 1941. wonder woman 1941 into 1942. there was this sort of inspirational, uplifting storyline of just simply the idea of a superhero. if your life is rough and you're reading books that have these characters that can do things that you can't, maybe you wish you could, so it's very much wish fulfillment. new york city was definitely an inspiration for superheroes. the landscape of new york city at the time that the characters were created, you had skyscrapers and you had elevated subways. superheroes were born in new york. the creators of superheroes were based here. most of them were the sons of
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immigrants, jewish immigrants and they were looking for work and it was hard to find because it was a depression but also because of their ethnicity. with world war ii coming along, storylines got very realistic. all of the american superheroes were fighting the axis powers. and then we're looking at the next generation, which is early 1960's. very much a product of postwar nuclear age experiments gone wrong. so spider-man and iron man. >> presented a new exciting radio program. nina: the very first radio show having a superhero was superman in 1940. >> superman. : the first animated was superman in 1941. it is parallel to the evolution of the media. and how lucky for the people that are selling the characters and also how lucky for the
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audience. besides superman's costume from the 1950's tv show, we have -- >> ♪ bat man nina: batmobile. it's so cool. it's one of three bat mobiles 1956 as created for the show. there is the signage spelled out in the 1966 show. >> ♪ batman nina: superheroes is like jazz in a way because it's an american cultural phenomenon that started in new york city and now it's worldwide. >> ♪ nina: i don't know if the popularity of superheroes has reached a -- >> congratulations, lois. that was a great school. >> yes, thanks, chief.
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jane: thanks to superman indeed. and that brings today's show to a close, but you can find much more on our website. thanks very much for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kolvar foundation, prosuing america's neglected for goods and sony pictures presenting "true." >> what's our next move. >> something to the lecks. >> the president may have gone awol. >> he never even showed up. >> parts of his file they
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tossed in the was basket. >> tonight we have new information. >> memos can be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you got to make your case. >> this isn't a trial. >> they do not get this mad because we're asking the question. >> "truth" rated r opens new york and l.a. friday. >> bbc world news america was
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight: amid continued scrutiny over hillary clinton's emails... >> woodruff: ...clinton and four other candidates are getting ready for the first democratic debate. we'll look at what they're facing on politics monday. and, "washington post" journalist jason rezaian convicted in tehran. will the verdict lead to a harsh sentence or a possible pardon? then, discipline in schools. concerns over how young is too young to be suspended. and, one pro basketball player returns to his home country,

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