tv BBC World News America PBS October 15, 2015 4:00pm-4:29pm PDT
investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. >> they did not get this for asking the questions. >> "truth" -- rated r. opens in new york and l.a. friday. >> and now, "bbc world news." >> reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. extends its military mission in afghanistan. president obama announced troops will stay beyond his time in office and why it is called for. president obama: i believe this mission is vital to our national security interests for preventing terrorist attacks against our nation. scottish prosecutors say two libyans have been identified as suspects in the bombing of pan am flight 103 over lockerbie. ♪ been entertaining
for decades. elvis costello tells us about his life and music. viewers onome to our public television in america and around the globe. policy. today, president obama announced he is extending the mission of american troops in afghanistan. he says delaying the timetable for withdrawal was necessary because of the deteriorating security situation. administration that campaigned on ending u.s. involvement in afghanistan, this means he'll leave office in 2017 with 5000 u.s. troops on the ground. our editor jon sopel reports. s of battlear
from a war in president obama's mine was meant to be over. this front your hospital was mistakenly bombed by the americans is they assisted afghan forces to retake kunduz that had fallen to the taliban two weeks ago. that episode underscore how fragile the secured situation remains in much of the country. president obama today, change in policy. the 10,000 troops in afghanistan would stay. he had this message for u.s. armed forces. president obama: i do send you into harm's way lightly. the most solemn decision i make. i know the wages of war and the wounded warriors i visited in the hospital and in the grief of gold star families. but as your commander in chief, mission isthis vital to our national security interests in preventing terrorist attacks against our citizens and our nation. jon: it is 14 long years and a
week since the u.s. went to war in afghanistan. at one time, the americans had 100,000 troops in the country. last year, there were still 38,000. now president obama has said the u.s. will maintain a force of 9,800 through most of 2016. president obama: i know many of you have grown weary of this conflict. as you are aware, i do not support the idea of endless war. i have repeatedly argued against marching into open ended military conflicts that do not serve our core security interests. at stake inhat is afghanistan, i'm convinced that we should make this extra effort. jon: so the packing up of kit bags comes to a hault. will it be worth the effort? the question being asked is not whether there are too many but whether there are sufficient american troops left in the country to support afghan forces and keep the taliban at bay.
on today'smore announcement, i spoke a brief time ago with the u.s. ambassador to afghanistan. you called on the administration to do this, to maintain u.s. troop levels in afghanistan. but is it going to be enough? >> i would have preferred for the numbers to be condition based, that if there was a need for more, we should be prepared to do more, but i think what the president has done is very prudent. to leave the decision for the next president in terms of the size of the force, but at least nure, willis te continue to have 10,000 forces. i think that is positive. it was a good decision by him. laura: you say it's positive withunduz briefly fell 10,000 troops. what is to prevent that from happening again? was liberated.
over a few years ago we had 100,000 troops in afghanistan. than 10,000, with combat responsibilities largely in the hands of the afghan armed forces, with a few forces relative to what we have less the afghan000, forces are holding. i do not believe the taliban is in a position to take over the country. i think the afghans have some time to make tough decisions. they cannot hold every -- with a smaller number of forces. laura: but the president says that afghan forces are not as strong as they should be. that, despite the hundreds of billions of dollars that have been spent training of. >> true, but the weaknesses are not only in some special cases with regard to training, but they also lack adequate equipment such as air support, transportation, intelligence, and i think between now and the
end of the administration's time in office, i think that besides the number, if we could accelerate, increase the capabilities of the afghan forces, i think that would be very important. laura: you were the ambassador in iraq. you have a unique perspective. do you think the administration is trying to avoid the mistake it made in iraq? but it left, islamic state came in. >> no question about that. i think the president has learned the lesson of iraq. and the rise of isil has also been effective. because now dash is also in afghanistan. i think that certainly had a big .impact on his decision. laura: how much of a threat to think islamic state in afghanistan is? >> they seem to be localized in the eastern part around
jalalabad. some disgruntled taliban. there is a fragmentation of taliban that is taking place. some are joining dash, some are going towards the government. there is a struggle going on and dash has become a factor in eastern afghanistan. laura: this administration wanted to end the war in afghanistan, but it has become a problem for the next president. we do not know who will end this longest war in american history. >> it is a lesser problem than it has been at times in the past. as i said before, there were $10,000.own to president obama wants to bring it down to under 6000. there is a model for success if one can raise an armed forces in a country that one liberates and gets rid of existing institutions, establishes new institutions. that takes time and one has to
be patient. and if we stay at some level, i take careafghans will of this problem themselves. we will be needed. given the geopolitical situation -- terrorism -- having access to a place where people want you can be positive for u.s. strategic goals. laura: thank you very much for joining us. been 27 year since scottish bombings, but prosecutors announced today that two libyans have been identified as new suspects in the ongoing investigation. they believe the two acted only persondul, the convicted of the atrocity when a pan am flight from london to new york was brought down with a loss of 2870 lives. lorna: it is 27 year since flight 103 exploded above lockerbie in the depths of winter on the longest night.
the aircraft from london to new york fell from the sky after being targeted in a terrorist attack. 270 people died. nearly three decades since their murders, the investigation into exactly what happened has never stopped. the only man ever convicted of the bombing was released from a scottish prison on compassionate grounds in 2009. he died from cancer. and always protested his innocence. but the possibility of other people being involved has never been ruled out. today, scotland's prosecuting authorities announce their two other people believed to be involved and you are being pursued for questioning. stephanie bernstein who lost her husband in the bombing welcomed the announcement. stephanie: we have always known that there were many other the persone from convicted who were involved. this was a massive security operation that could never, ever have taken place without many people involved.
so that fact the scottish and the u.s. government had identified these two individuals that hope to question them is really wonderful news. : scottish officials have requested access to the two men. progress being made and there is potential for further investigations, and if there are further people who should be charged, that is what the prosecuting authority should be doing. lorna: the bbc believe the two identified suspects are of della -- and colonel qaddafi's spy are currently being held in jail in libya for other crimes. for 27ink it is tragic years later, we still do not seem to know who is responsible
for murdering our families. and our bereavement is a life sentence. i think 27 years is more than enough time for the authorities to have found the real perpetrators. very: there is, though, a big hurdle. it is now up to the authorities in libya to decide whether they will allow scottish police and the fbi to interview the two suspects in tripoli. it's unclear how easy that will be. there is a memorial in lockerbie to those who died on that terrible december night. they will never be forgotten. thatopes now must be now those being pursued in connection with their murders will eventually face trial in scotland. in what has been a long and convoluted search for justice. in other news from around the world, reports from nigeria say there have been too big explosions at a mosque and the city. one eyewitness said they counted 40 bodies. it would appear to be an attack by suicide bombers. are frequently targeted by
the islamist group boko haram . volkswagen says it will carry out a recall of 8.5 million vehicles affected by the emissions scandal. vw had been hoping to rectify the problem on a voluntary basis. the german regulator said it would force the company to recall the 2.4 million german cars that use rigged software. the government of myanmar h as signed a cease-fire agreement armed groups. it follows two years of difficult negotiations. 7 of 15 groups refused to sign. athlete oscarcan pistorius will be released from prison next tuesday. in 2013, he was sentenced to five years in jail for killing his girlfriend reeva steenkamp. when he is released, pistorius will be placed under correctional supervision. a form of house arrest.
disgraced terror olympian will walk free from prison next tuesday, having only served one year of his sentence for shooting dead his girlfriend. a parole board at the prison decided today that the double-amputee could be placed under house arrest. he will remain under house arrest for the rest of his five year jail term. the athlete will face strict conditions on his movements, be unable to handle firearms and will undergo continuing psychotherapy. -- 28 shot his girlfriend the 28 year old shot his girlfriend in valentine's day 2013 claiming he mistook her for an intruder. but the prosecutor in the case believe the shooting was premeditated after a heated argument. however, the judge in the trial convicted him of a lesser charge, believing the killing was not planned.
but his freedom could be short-lived. right to appeal, the prosecution will once again tried to convince the court that the athlete should be convicted of murder with a minimum prison sentence of 15 years. this will be decided next months of the supreme court of appeal. a lawyer speaking for the steenkamp family said they oppose the early release, citing that whatever decision had been made, it will not bring back their daughter. laura: you're watching " bbc world news america." steven spielberg's latest film as a spy thriller that dates back to the cold war era. he tells us why it is still resonating today. here in the u.s., just under 1 /3 of tech workers are women. to latin america and the figure is lower.
michelle reports from peru. ♪ michelle: meet mariana. in latin america, not many people work in the tech sector. something she is working to change that laboratoryia, the company she helped build to teach girls how to code. >> we started laboratoria, because the tech sector is providing more opportunities in different jobs. and particularly more opportunities for women. we need more women. on the other hand, women are still in a very disadvantaged position in terms of social and economic situations. reporter: in latin america, more than 20 million young people are studying or working. aren't studying or working. 70% are women. she wants to develop new skills. she is also providing young
woman with the opportunity for a better life. chance tont had a escape the dead-end job. >> this is a really good opportunity for me, for my future, for my career. reporter: many go on to higher skilled, higher-paying jobs, a dream of maryilyn. she told me she wants to be a software developer. in five years time, she hopes to start her own company. with all that potential, it is no wonder who the board ---laboratoria is being celebrated as holding the key to growth in latin america. decades, audience have enjoyedf the thoughtful music
of elvis costello. he was raised in london and liverpool. his signature sound has won him fans in the rock 'n roll hall of fame. he has written a new memoir called "unfaithful music and disappearing ink." he joined me a short time ago. elvis costello, the title of this book refers partly to your father dying. say in the book your mom raise due. your dad was a huge influence. how come? elvis: we do similar jobs. i watched him as a child. heard him rehearsing in the front row. he sang with an orchestra for many years. so my childhood experience, was my father going to work was going in the front room with a stack of singles. and sheet music and learning them to sing on weekly pop show broadcasts. he went to work and everybody else's dad was coming home from work. laura: he was performing that
glenn miller music. very different here. elvis: that was the model, but the odd thing, fans will remember this, that he was great on the dance crazes. he caught on the twist. everything that we got from america or from wherever, he attempted to synthesize it. my mother probably knew more about music than my father, even though she did not play an instrument. when she left school at 14, went to work in a record shop. there were no computers to look up the titles of famous songs. you had to learn it. you had to be able to recommend which was the best of three or four versions of a song. laura: years has been a varied career. you ended up at one point working for the makeup died elizabeth arden. how come? school and took a job with the bank, working in computers, i got transferred to a job -- i wanted to keep a job
so that i had something to pay the rent while i was trying to make my way in music. and i worked for a little while as lowly clerk in a bank and was given a silver whistle and told to stand outside the bank with this whistle. i said what is that for? they said in case. in case of a robbery. i thought maybe i should get out of that job before he was shot. laura: it is a good thing you turn to music. "allison" was like a soundtrack for my trouble teen years. elvis: i don't believe that. laura: what inspired "allison"? you sometimes see somebody and you imagine her story and you might be completely wrong. it is one of the things we do when we hear songs. i was a young fellow, and i think i had -- that about myself, about whether my heart was as true as i hoped it was. ♪
allison ♪ so that put the conflict into the song. i think that is what people liked about it, because people still want to hear this song. you would think after a few years they would say, singh is another song. another song. there are some that stick around. as a performer, you have to balance between people's expectations and keeping those songs alive to you so it does not just become a lazy rituals performed for a round applause. about you write a line your collaborations with other musicians, including paul mccartney. what was it like working on "chronicle" -- on veronia? elvis: he invited me to work on his record. but in order to get started, i did not want to turn up unprepared. i turned up with a fairly well-developed sketch of a song which was, it was about my grandmother, about her, she was moving into dementia and alzheimer's. and it was something you might
instantly right as a ballad to reflect the terror or sadne ss. but i decided to something i had done in the past with serious subject matter contrasting with a bright tune. because it was my story, paul, he just went to work making it better pop music. it worked. there was no point in trying to write a bright tune. and that was a very generous thing to do. that was the starting point. laura: so, what is next for elvis costello? elvis: i'm working all the time. new songs to be written. i've been working with burt bacharach. a record with burt bacharach 15 years ago. a musical is being developed out of those songs. when you write a musical, the characters demand other songs. we've written 10 more songs, i can't believe you get the
opportunity to get to work wit h him again. laura: thank you very much for joining us. in one more musical note, today the white house hosted the point of vista social club. vista social club. ♪ it is the first time in 50 years that a musical band based in cuba has performed at the white house. it's another sign of warming relations between the two countries and it comes in honor of hispanic heritage months. for music to the movies now. g'ss steven spielberg hitsi thems -- new film the big screen. tom brooke has more on the action. >> the family of a man trying to free traders? tom: steven spielberg's "bride centers on a new york
lawyer james donovan played by tom hanks who ends up -- defending an alleged soviet spy. >> you should be careful. donovan is later asked to negotiate a prisoner swap in arlin involving a spy and pilot. the season the film are shot in new york just over a year ago. the central character in the film, the lawyer james donovan, lives and operated in the city. as did the russian spy he was defending. what emerges from this film is that james donovan, the lawyer tom hanks played, is very principled. h believed in oppositione to popular opinion that the alleged soviet spy did absolutely -- was absolutely entitled to a fair trial. as he makes clear to the cia, he believes indecency and playing by the rules. 9 we called the constitution.
we agree to the rules. and that is what makes us americans. >> he takes a very thirsty. then you see how the actions of an individual, one individual -- he takes a very thursday. see how the actions of one individual make a big difference -- he takes it very seriously. tom: he was shot down because his u2 spy plane was in reconnaissance over soviet territory. steven spielberg believes his film will resonate with modern audiences because surveillance is so commonplace. steven spielberg: eyeballs trying to find out what is behind the thinking of another set of eyes. that is exactly what was happening in the 1950's in this cold war. there's so much of that going on now. anybody can be a spy today. 68, steven spielberg has still got what it takes to be a formidable director.
looks gripping. you can find much more in all the days news on a website. thanks for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics, now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. >> what is our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol. >> he never even showed up. >> parts of this file were tossed into the waste basket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information.
>> the memos can be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. >> they did not get this for asking the questions. >> "truth" -- rated r. opens in new york and l.a. friday. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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