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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 16, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america" >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics, now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. >> what is our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol. >> he never even showed up. >> parts of his file being tossed into the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information.
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>> the memos can be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they do not get this mad just for asking the question. >> "truth" -- rated r. now playing in select cities. >> and now "bbc world news america." >> reporting from washington, i'm laura. palestinians set fire to a jewish shrine in the occupied west bank. it's the latest in a string of violent attacks which president obama says need to stop. tonight, hundred garry is closing -- hungary is closing its borders with croatia. my rants are getting by. and decades after the last man walked on the moon, scientists don't only want to return, they want to live there.
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. today, president obama condemned in the strongest terms possible the violence in israel and the west bank. it started two weeks ago when palestinians feared the access to the holy site. it would be restricted by israel. something the israeli government denies. since then lone attackers have killed seven jewish civilians on the streets of jerusalem. the israeli security forces response have left 31 palestinians dead. that starts our coverage. >> jerusalem, a city of beauty, sanctity and hate. its holy places are at the center of the conflict. only muslims can pray in the compound around the golden dome of the rock of the mosque. the israelis deny they want jews who ven rate the site to worship there too.
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palestinians don't believe them. that's a major reason for the anger on the streets across the palestinian territories. this was bethlehem just outside jerusalem. israel says palestinian leaders tell lies to incite riots and the killing of jews. palestinians say they don't need to be told when to be angry. after almost 50 years of an occupation, that is always coercive and often brutal. the alleyways of jerusalem's old city is full of tension and fear. israel has reinforced security to stop any more attacks on jews. this was the spot where an israel man was killed and his wife and child wounded. >> we are talking about a small number within the israeli arab population that unfortunately are both listening to the incitement that is being put out on the internet as well as by
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different organizations. >> but then we saw a palestinian youth who was angry about his mother being questioned. he thought too aggressive. >> palestinians get constant reminders that israel is in charge. it can mean a lifetime of humiliations. >> you tell me, do you think people get provoked here? >> it's normal. reporter: for some, that produces a murderous rage. in an ultra religious district -- a salem, death palestinian rammed his car into a bus. thousands came to mourn a respected rabbi. the rabbi's son says palestinians stargetted jews
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long before israel captured and occupied east jerusalem in 1967. >> it happened because a terrorist searched for a jew. that's what he searched for. they are not doing this because of occupation and also not because of the mosque but the solution is to somehow get along together. reporter: the rabbi's killer, onewas shot dead, came from in occupied east jerusalem. he snapped, ground down by the occupation, according to his cousin. >> he wants peace even though his house has just been destroyed in an israeli reprisal against his brother who killed five israelis last year. 20 years my son, 20 years old. whenever you think about killing because he sees this site that
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destroys his house. there is this situation, the children, my wife, my father, everyone. they're jewish. why they must leave this situation. reporter: in all the years of conflict between the israelis and palestinians, this kind of thing has happened so many times -- killing, destruction, reprisals, counterreprisals, more killing, more destruction. that's how new generations get entrapped in the hatred. and so far no leader, no diplomat has been able to cut hrough it all to make peace. age 15, was stabbed dead. his father can't understand where as a parent he went wrong. >> i don't know. i really don't know. [crying]
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reporter: grief cuts across this divided city. palestinians and israelis share tears and anger and not much else. as it stands, that won't change. jeremy, bbc news, jerusalem. laura: and for more on the violence unfolding on the ground i spoke a brief time ooth from robert, a senior from the council on foreign relations. so robert, thank you for joining us. these latest clashes on citizensively were triggered over access to a contested hol esite in injury use aluminum by -- holy site in jerusalem but what is at the root here? robert: fear on the palestinian side, the muslim side that the israeli jews will come up and take over the muslim site and change the status quo. and that's a big fear that's driving much what's happening now. and today you had now an attack
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against joseph's tomb in the ancient city which obviously is a jewish religious site. so there is now this very strong religious overlay to what has already been a very strong national struggle and it's driven by fear on each side. laura: and as someone who has 20 years experience as a diplomat working the middle east, you've seen these cycles before but how do you see this one developing? robert: unfortunately, we've seen each autumn the last couple years violence in and around jerusalem has escalated and it's very ten with us the situation right now -- tenuous the situation right now. it's bottom up violence. it's not driven by any organized group. it's been encouraged by hamas and the islamic group and you see them trying to keep it quiet. given how precarious it is, given how much violence there
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has been to date, it's easy for this situation to escalate out of control. recall last fall you had this kind of violence taking place which ultimately led through a series of events to a war in gaza between israel and hamas. so it could take just a very little to escalate the situation a great deal. laura: the u.s. president has called on the violence to stop. john kerry said he will meet with the israeli prime minister next year. what kind of role do the americans have to play when the relations are so tense after the iran nuclear deal? robert: traditional diplomacy won't speak to the problems. both parties don't have a great deal of fate in the diplomatic process to bring about a solution to the problem. especially when there's a fear about changing the status of religious sites. what is needed really is leadership on the ground both political leadership and also leaders of religious faiths to speak out, to say, no, we need to tamper down the situation.
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we are now out to change the status quo on the ground, and this is not a religious conflict. it needs to be tampered town and peace needs to prevail. laura: robert, thank you very much for joining us. in other news now frarned the world. turkey -- from around the world. turkey believes to have shot down a drone in airspace near the syrian border. the aircraft ignored repeated warnings. turkish media say first images of the downed vehicle suggest it's a nonmilitary model aircraft. tonight, hungary is closing its border with croatia to curb the number of my grants traveling through the country. and the my grants have moved to the -- migrants have moved to the crow arab ab border today. damien sent this report from the border town. damien: by the train load
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hey're still coming. sending the refugees through croatia. the goal, sanctuary in western europe almost in sight. this is at 5:00 p.m. today on croatia's border with hungary. after this one last train might make it through. at midnight this will be sealed. since the insurgent arrivals in -- the numbers vin creased. they say they're justified in shutting its borders and why europe's leaders are now making greater efforts to try to prevent the people from making the journey in syria and turkey. syria -- the exodus from
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continues. there's no life there? mohammed's family said the final straw that forced them to flee was when russia started its bombing in support of the president. >> destroy syria -- when bashir coming, that's a bigger problem now. for that i was afraid for my family. and i take them out. damien: europe has no idea how to end the syrian war but they are offering turkey a deal. stopping the refugees from coming and they'll give aid. many in the e.u. have been critical of turkey's president in what they see is authoritarian but they need him now and he's driving a hard bargain. >> they say it can't happen without turkey, so why don't hey take turkey into the e.u.? in the meantime, a country say they'll take 30,000 to 40,000
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migrants and nominate for the nobel prize. we are sheltering around 2 1/2 million refugees but nobody cares. damien: the prospect that more of those millions might head to europe are what they fear, hungary's response is barbed wire. the rest of europe wants to keep borders open. doesn't have a proper answer of its own. bbc news on the croatia-hungary border. laura: now, the united states has condemned a recent missile test by iran as a clear violation of united nations sanctions. america's ambassador to the u.n. said the ballistic missile launched earlier this month was capable of delivering a nuclear weapon. it comes just months after tehran reached a deal on curbing's iran's nuclear ambitions. we covered the negotiations and
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i was joined by barbara a short time ago. if they fired a ballistic missile capable of delivering a nuclear weapon, as the americans say they did, are they in breach of u.n. sanctions but not in breach of this nuclear agreement they just negotiated? barbara: yes, that's what the americans are emphasizing, these are two different things. iran violates a u.n. ban on ballistic missile testing but does not violate the nuclear agreement because that's very narrowly focused on the nuclear program and preventing it from actually making a nuclear weapon. and this is true by and large, although they are not completely unconnected because according to the terms of the nuclear agreement, some of those restrictions on iran's ballistic missiles will be lifted in eight years for good behavior if iran has good behavior. so the americans won't want to appear soft on this. they'll want to look tough at the u.n. but at the same time they'll go ahead and implement the nuclear deal. laura: the americans are very irked by this, arennt this, because that iran nuclear deal was so politically divided here. what has president obama had to
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say about it? barbara: he was irked. he called it part of iran's bad behavior. but, again, he downplayed the importance of this specific missile test. he said iran often violated the ban on missile testing that the u.s. opposed. and he repeated his argument for the nuclear deal. he said it was aimed at a specific problem preventing iraq from getting a nuclear weapon. it did not solve all the problems that the u.s. and other nations felt that iran had, that the u.s. would work together with the international community to keep up the pressure. but his argument is it would be easy to do it as long as iran is not pursuing a nuclear weapon at the same time. laura: thank you very much for joining us. you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program -- in canada, it's down to the wire ahead of monday's elections. we'll look at what matters to voters as they cast their ballot. heavy rains have triggered flash
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floods and mudslides across southern california. cars and homes were hit by a tide of mud through rural communities just north of los angeles. several main roads remain closed. torrential rain has lashed parts of southern europe leading to five people killed in italy. reporter: it's becoming a common sight across parts of southern europe. hundreds of roads overrun by rain. heavy downpours battered the region. italy has seen days of storms. the river near rome bursted banks. landslides and collapsing buildings killing those in its path. many neighborhoods were left knee deep in mud. the effort to clean up the thick sludge was at time few tile. street after street with cars submerged while swept onto
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marble slabs at a factory. in neighboring croatia, moving through the old city center, proved difficult. >> it's like venice. you should see the neighborhood. all we're missing are the gondolas. reporter: further north, rushing waters pulled out cobblestone and rolled them into lower parts of the town. firefighters struggled to pump out water from a basement gallery. thousands of businesses affected. heading into bosnia and herzegovina left many stranded. across parts of europe, heavy rains are expected to continue. although this unusual autumn weather is forecast to ease over the next week.
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laura: just three days from now our neighbors to the north in canada will go to the polls to vote in a federal election. at stake is who will become the country's next prime minister. and it's down to the wire. in a moment we'll get the view from toronto. but first, here's a look at where things stand. >> thank you very much, everyone. >> make it, they take it, then they spend it.
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>> we built one of the most progressive platforms in canadian history. >> when we sign new trade deals we don't commit the errors of the past.
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laura: and for more on what we should be watching for as the election approaches, i spoke to rajini in toronto just a short time ago. rajini, as you go into this final weekend of campaigning there, what are the top issues? rajini: well, lauua, this has been the longest election campaign in canadian history. so inevitably a wide range of issues have been discussed. everything from the legalization of marijuana to the rights of muslim women to wear the face vails. so the center of the campaign has really been the economy, which candidate can do the most to bring the economy back after they faced a downturn earlier this year. as we approach the final stretch, it's about which of the candidates really have the personality as well to actually pull it off.
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laura: and, rajini, you have been on the campaign trail with one of those personalities, a member of a political dynasty, isn't he? tell us more. rajini: yes. justin is the leader of the liberal party, and he started out this race in third place, but he's now surged at the top of the polls and has emerged as the frontrunner. and i was out on the campaign trail with him earlier today. and he said he's not taking anything for granted. now, he's presenting himself as the fresh face of canadians politics and has been criticized for having a lack of experience. and as you say, he does come from a political dynasty. e's the son of former canadian prime minister, pierre. and steven from the conservatives is fighting on to power, he wants to win a fourth term. he's held more than nine years in office so far. but he's splitting in the opinion polls. and tomorrow he'll be hosting a rally with none other than rob
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ford. he, of course, admitted to smoking crack cocaine. some are questioning why he got him on the campaign trail. he's toting he can snap into his support base because he needs every vote he can get. laura: how about candidates' relationship with the united states? has has been brought up in the campaign? rajini: of course the two countries are neighbors and allies when you look at things the coalition against i.s. in syria and iraq. it's plain and simple that president obama and prime minister harper are not the best of friends. and one political commentator likened it to a couple having a fight. one of those is over the keystone x.l. pipeline which would send canadian oil to the u.s. now, today justin said he wants to improve the relationship between the two countries and bring up talks again about keystone which was something that of course president obama vetoed.
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laura: rajini, thanks for joining us. it's 43 years since man last walked on the moon. since then living there has been the stuff of fantasy. but it may be a step closer to a reality. they plan to land on an unexplored area of the moon laying the groundwork to what could be a permanent settlement there. we've been given exclusive details about lunar 27 which is set for takeoff in five years' time. >> three, two, one. zero. all engines running. commit. liftoff. reporter: the apollo mission fired our imaginations, they pushed the boundaries of science and increased our love affair with the moon. >> i'd like to dedicate the rst step of apollo 17 -- reporter: but this was supposed to be only the beginning. in the 1960's and 1970's the plan was to set up bases on the lunar surface and to use them as
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launch sites to send rockets to other worlds. >> we'd like you to leave immediately. reporter: the reality seemed to have faded but the dream is still alive here at the european space agency's research center in holland. scientists are developing a spacecraft to go back to the moon. it's to be a joint mission with the russian space agency. the spacecraft will land in an area that's never been exemployed before. and it will be part of a series of missions that could pave the way for the return of astronauts and possibly even the construction of a permanent human base. the unmanned luna 27 lander was set down north the south pole. this area is thought to have large amounts of frozen water and may be rich in chemicals with which to make fuel. >> the south pole of the moon is somewhere that is unlike anywhere we have been before. the environment is completely
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different, and due to the extreme cold that we find at the surface, we think there's a likelihood you could find large amounts of water, ice and other chemistry which is in the surface which we could access and use as rocket fuel or to support life support systems, to support future human missions. reporter: and this is the european space agency's vision. outpost built with russia and the u.s. an ideal of future international collaboration despite current political tensions. >> ♪ i was strolling on the moon one day ♪ >> it's more than 40 years that humans last walk or indeed sang on the -- walked or indeed sang on the moon. now we're seeing the start of a series of missions that could see the return to the lunar surface. >> we're on our way, houston. reporter: and a new phase of the human exploration of other orlds in our solar system.
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laura: who's volunteering for that? not me. you can find more news at our website. thanks for watching. have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics, now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. >> what is our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol. >> he never even showed up. >> parts of his file being
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tossed into the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information. >> the memos can be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they did not get this for asking the questions. >> "truth" -- rated r. now playing select cities. >> "bbc world news" was presente
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening, i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on tonight's pbs newshour, a wave of suicide bombs shake nigeria, just days after nigeria's president pledges to defeat the terrorist group boko haram by the end of this year. also ahead this friday, an exclusive interview with the al jazeera journalist who's returned home after spending 400 days in an egyptian jail. freedom isn't easy. three inmates seek to rebuild their lives, and their families, after prison. >> having a child is a wonderful thing. you know, she's not like, "mommy, you have all these flaws, or you look ugly to me." she thinks i'm beautiful, strong and i want to nurture that. >> sreenivasan: and it's friday: mark shields and david bros

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