tv BBC World News America PBS October 20, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics -- now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. [applause] >> what's our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol? >> he never even showed up. >> those parts of this file they don't like, they've tossed in the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information. >> these blogs are saying the memos can be recreated.
>> they're going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they do not get to do this! they do not get to smack us just for asking the question! >> "truth." rated r. opens in new york and l.a., -- now playing select cities. >> and now, bbc "world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. votes for change. liberal party's scores a major victory, putting justin trudeau on the path to prime minister. the of thousands fleeing city of aleppo during the migrant crisis that shows no signs of slowing. she slam from cuba to the florida keys. is in sight, it makes me tired just thinking about it.
welcome to our viewers on public television and america and around the globe. victoryn overwhelming in canada. it is change the political landscape there. after a decade in power, the conservatives were outed by justin trudeau. he is due to become the next prime minister, following in the footsteps of his father, pierre. fromceived a call president obama congratulating him on his victory. from toronto, nick bryant reports. nick: young, debonair, with the looks and magnitude of his father. he has the most famous name in
canadian politics. sent a clearhave message. it is time for a change in this country, my friends. a real change. he watched with his young family as his liberal party pulled off a comeback, ending a decade of conservative rule, and ushering in something we normally associate with america, a dynasty. he hails from a stellar political bloodline. his father was a prime minister famed for glamour and charisma that once inspired trudeau-mania. his first national moment was to at hise mourning father's family. >> justin trudeau was born with a famous name, but does he have the judgment to be prime minister? nick: conservatives try to trend the star power against him. >> justin trudeau is in over his head. nick: it was stephen harper who
went out of fashion with voters. his tough line on asylum-seekers was at odds with canada's welcoming tradition. his budget cuts produced austerity. >> we gained everything we have to give, and we have no regrets whatsoever. we remain citizens of the best country on earth. [applause] is takingin trudeau the country left to her the red corner. he wants to and austerity, and legalize marijuana. newe was talk today of a canada. this victory comes with a dose of nostalgia. ministerial residence was also justin trudeau's childhood home. nick bryant, bbc news, toronto. eugenia has been in
toronto p or two joined me for her assessment. what is behind the sweeping victory? decisive victory, one that a few days ago no one would have predicted. they were all saying it was going to be a minority government, and they were not sure which party. in the end, justin trudeau secured 40% of the vote, 184 seats. the hind it? it came down to change. people wanted something different after nearly a decade of conservative rule, under prime minister stephen harper. it was about the ground battle, as well. i was on the campaign with both of the leading candidates. i went to a justin trudeau rally. it felt he had been crisscrossing a lot of places.
he wanted to try to win off of the other parties. at the end of the race, the conservative party was trying to hang on to what they had. justin trudeau was working the country, trying to take seats. the conservatives, it seems that that strategy worked. he was not taking anything for granted. when asked him how confident he felt in the final stretch, he said he had a lot of work to do. that work paid off. the first liberal government in canada for a decade. laura: what seems to be the explanation for the fairly high turnout of voters? the turnout went up from 61% to 68%. they have not been able to number crunch why that is. i think, from what we've seen through the campaign, and a lot of it might be done to different demographics turning out to vote . particularly the youth. justin trudeau is a youthful candidate himself.
he was promising a sweeping distinctive policy agenda that appeal to young people. a different ethnic group as well. there are large immigrant populations here that are crucial when it comes to general elections in canada. i was just talking to a man who voted conservative. the population did not vote for the liberal party. young people in the country chose the liberal party. that they could identify with justin trudeau more than someone like he could. that could be part of the explanation. laura: thank you. nations has a new warning about the span of the migrant crisis. half a million people have arrived in greece this year. any are coming to europe from
syria. an estimated 35,000 have been displaced by the upsurge in fighting around the city of aleppo. our correspondent reports from the border between turkey and syria. >> the russian arsenal and mighty firepower has brought about a furious return of president assad's forces in syria. new fronts in the fighting, bring fresh hell on the ground. an offensive in southern aleppo, taken half ae has billion pounds in the last five days. exodus.aused an --ay, hundreds of headin hundreds are heading for the turkish border. he left syria us, because he could not live there
anymore here it used to just be posher al-asad, that now you have russia, and they do not know -- we used to just be bashar al-assad, but now you have russia, and they do not know who is coming next. it is now a world war. his father was pulled barely conscious from the rubble. here, his mother. died shortly afterwards. russian jets were to blame, he says. it is hard to describe the feeling when you flee your country, lose your home, your family, and watch her mother died before you. it is indescribable, he told us. russia continues to deny causing civilian casualties. intervention in syria -- russia's intervention is
syria is making a difference in president assad' favor. this is the first wave of a combination of attacks between russian, iranian, and syrian forces. if the rebels don't soon receive reinforcements they could the ad risk of losing significant amounts of territory. these men are more united than other -- than ever. the division has cost them dearly. on the turkey syria border. laura: the chinese president xi jinping has made a historic event at the palace of westminster. the president praises the relations between london and beijing, tsonga's gave him reason to believe that his visit friendly ties to new heights. he was at buckingham palace in the evening.
news that will affect women's in -- women in the united states. the american cancer society has changed guidelines for mammograms, tang motioned start screenings at 45 instead of 40. women over 55 are urged to have the check done every other year instead of annually. i spoke with the director of the breast imaging and intervention center at george washington university's medical school. thank you for being with us. most basiclain the questions, why has the american cancer society changed guidelines, recommending women have their first mammogram at 45 and not 40? >> they're not strongly recommending that. they have made recommendations that are strong and those that are qualified. the strong recommendations are that the majority of women would follow them. the qualified ones are that most women would follow them.
he strong recommendation is women start screening at 45. the qualified recommendation is that they start at 40 and continue every year thereafter until they have a 10 year or less life expectancy. the change is the strong recommendation to start at 45. laura: why the change? thehey've looked at benefits, which is life saved, and harm. additional mammograms and possible biopsies. way the harmover of another mammogram, and if you have spoken to any woman that has had breast cancer, they would agree that is the case. they're trying to compromise between the benefits of life saved and the harm suggested, additional mammography's or biopsies. to this,men listening who are 40, with think i do not
need a mammogram until i'm 45. in that time they get breast cancer and do not know. >> it is confusing. somerecommend 40, some 45, 50. women need to understand even the american cancer society says if you don't screen at 40 more lives will be lost. if you don't screen every year, more lives will be lost. that is a compromise they will accept, not one that i think is reasonable. over 55 youomen just have a mammogram every other year. how big of a change is that? >> that is against what they had before. and against what is currently recommended. they save more women will be saved if the screening is done every year, it is just a compromise. it is concerning that women are not given the choice. insurance companies follow the recommendation, and women will not have the opportunity for life-saving --
laura: life insurance companies will not say they will pay for a mammogram until you are 45. >> it is terrible consequence. it is confusing to women, may impact the ability -- the availability of mammography for women. screening mammography from 40 until 10 years of life expectancy is the way to save lives from breast cancer. laura: thank you for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, -- ♪ the trailer everyone has been waiting for. a sneak peek at the latest "star wars" film is out. audiences are buzzing. chancellor has visited a school that lost 16 children and 2 children in the germanwings plane crash. it has been seven months since
the copilot brought down the airplane in what investigators say was a deliberate act. ginny hill reports. : a town that has come to symbolize loss. today, flowers for the 16 children and 2 teachers that never came home. there were no flights -- there were no survivors from the flight crashed into the french alps, brought down deliberately by the man trusted to pilot it. lubitz lock to senior colleague ckpit set the autopilot to dissent, and accelerated. how to explain that to the children. some are still receiving counseling.
>> some may cross the schoolyard, and it feels take everything is fine. when you talk to them, it is clear the tragedy is always with us. before theas months town could bury its stead. families are negotiating compensation with the german wings parent company lufthansa. accepted.nt to be they want their pain and suffering to be accepted. this is huge when you consider the pain and suffering the passengers had to go through in the last six to seven minutes of their lives. they were banging on the door. it is a horror that you cannot imagine in your deepest nightmares. ♪ she slammed over 100 10 miles of open water from cuba --
see swam over 110 miles over open water from cuba to florida. she is not slowing down. aboutnyad released a book her training. i spoke to her about her historic swim and her next longer request. , your diana nyad fascination with the sparkling blue stretch of water between florida and cuba started when you were nine years old. what happened? diana: the cuban revolution had just broken out and thousands of cubans had flooded into fort lauderdale. we were immediately dancing the salsa, flying the cuban flag. millions of us since then have been fascinated with the mystique of cuba. i was standing on the beach one day with my mother, and i said, where is cuba, i can't see it. she said i will show you.
put up your arm -- this way. it is right there. it is so close that you could almost swim there. you were an adult you knew how hard it was going to be to do that swim. what made you want to try? diana: i was at this stage in my career or life that i was looking to live large. i was looking to tap every ounce of courage within me to try something that was probably impossible. that swim, unlike the other swims i had done as an athlete, was an emblem of reaching for a start. tryas not really a, let's to get into the hall of fame or set a new fantastic endurance record, it was bigger. it was life itself, living a large life itself. that is what it always was for me, cuba. >> we shall never give up. tora: it took five attempts
successfully achieve the swim. of all of the hurdles, and there were many, which was the greatest? diana: you could say that facing defeat time after time. i could easily bring out the box jellyfish with the most potent venom on earth and in or out of the ocean. most people die with one staying to the skin. the venom interest the central nervous system, and the anaphylactic shock takes over. it is almost always fatal. i won't shape that is not a picnic. it is not hyperbole to say it was life or death when i was stung. if you look at the perspective of the entire endeavor, the 35 years of this dream, it was getting knocks it down after such an effort. the long training. the organization of the expedition.
4 times to publicly fail, it was crushing. laura: you did it. what is your next goal? diana: my best friend, bonnie, who was on the boat leading me through the difficult moments, we are going to walk across america. many people have walked across america faster than we will, we will take five months. we will go from los angeles to washington, d.c. and get one million people to join us. this has become a sedentary society. the new phrase is that sitting is the new smoking. we will get people away from their screens, and make this a nation of walkers. laura: diana nyad, thank you for joining me. diana: thank you for having me. -- on othman mohammed that mohammed got worldwide
attention when he made a clock and a led to his arrest. thus night, he met president obama during white house astronomy night. .arbara plett usher has more barbara: who would've thought 's strange journey would have brought him here meeting the most famous astronauts on the white house lawn. he shot to stardom after the heavy-handed response to his clock experiment. open the doored to the american dream. you would not have thought it a mmnth ago, that now he is stargazing with the president at the white house. >> welcome to the white house. i love astronomy night. president obama personally invited all men. -- invited ahmed. his story helen to his project promoting science innovation.
>> we have to watch for, cultivate, and encourage glimmers of possibility. wow. barbara: it is good to have the president on your side, especially with a name like in a post-9/11 world. wearing a of ahmed nasa t-shirt went viral. google, facebook, and m.i.t. responded. he is met with ceos and other leaders. this one in sudan raised eyebrows. the president is wanted for allegedly war crimes. so many lessons to learn about moving into celebrity like this press conference. >> i'm glad this happened to me because i can spread my word to the people and tell them it is not by the color of your skin or
religion, but by your heart. you judge a person by their heart, not what they look like. barbara: apart from that scripted statement he said little under the watchful eye of pr advisers. the fbi is demanding an investigation into the arrest. barbara plett usher, bbc news. laura: movie trailers do not usually generate frenzied excitement, but the movie is the new "star wars" film. the force awakens doesn't open until december, but anticipation fever pitch. our entertainment correspondent has more on the preview. >> nothing will stand in our way. started.at you >> the final star wars trailer before the film comes out. produced in the early hours of
the morning, it has been viewed millions of times on social media, a reflection of the excitement surrounding he film. newcomer daisy ridley is almost certain to become a famous face the external lead role. she showed her reaction on social media. >> that was amazing. lizo: it is a reaction shared by fans across the globe. >> there's something special about "star wars." it captures mines from children through adulthood. the excitement is growing. people are looking for new costumes to wear to the premier. there are lots of new toys for christmas. lizo: disney is likely to be delighted to the reaction to the trailer. they paid $4 billion for lucas to make more "star wars" movies. they need fans to be excited for this film, the sequels, and all
of the merchandise they are bringing out this year. cast, new and old, have so far been giving few interviews about what is possibly the year's most expensive movie. who wasto mark hamill keen to reassure fans. mark: the characters are relatable. that is the most important thing. no matter the special effects, the audience must identify with the characters. they have done a great job. lizo: two months before the release, disney is hoping with the help of a publicity campaign it is on course to reinvigorate cinema's most famous saga. thea: i remember seeing first one in 1977 in central london. i will see this one, even now i don't really like action movies. i will make an exception. that brings this broadcast to a
close. you can find all of the news on our website. to reach me and the team go to twitter, i am @lauratrevelyan, and i would love to hear from you. thank you for watching, please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics -- now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen dan , rather. [applause] >> what's our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol? >> he never even showed up.
>> parts of this file, they've tossed in the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information. >> these blogs are saying the memos can be recreated. >> they're going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they do not get to smack us just for asking the question! >> "truth." rated r. now playing in select cities. >> "bbc world news" wa
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: on the newshour tonight, the election upset in canada, as the liberal party claims a stunning victory, promising higher taxes on the wealthy to boost a sluggish economy. >> woodruff: also ahead this tuesday, what prompted one teacher to tell students they should not take their tests. >> ifill: and rock legend patti smith reveals what inspires her, from poetry to c.s.i. >> i'm interested in the mind of the detective and his process, which to me is a lot like the artist. >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.