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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 22, 2015 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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♪ announcer: this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics, now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. >> what is our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol. >> he never even showed up. >> parts of the file were being tossed into the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information. >> the memos can be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation.
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>> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they did not get this mad for asking a question. >> "truth" -- rated r. now playing select cities. >> and now, "bbc world news." laura: this is "bbc world news america," reporting from washington. i am laura trevelyan. hillary clinton is in the hot seat, explaining what happens the night before benghazi. >> i have lost more sleep than all of you put together. i have been racking my brain about what more could have been done or should have been done. laura: details of a joint operation in northern iraq which left an american servicemen dead. and female voices are taking cental stage -- center stage in
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washington. celebrating women writing the lines. ♪ welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. in a highly anticipated hearing, today hillary clinton went before lawmakers to testify about her handling of the 2012 attack in benghazi. it left for americans, including the u.s. ambassador, dead. the current secretary of state -- the former secretary was questioned for hours. >> a high-stakes hearing for hillary clinton. the front runner in the democratic presidential race, time for tough questions about whether, as secretary of state, she did enough to protect americans killed in libya.
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committeeican-led campaign.amage her >> not a single member of this committee signed up to investigate you or your e-mail. we signed up to investigate and therefore honor the lives of four people that we sent into a dangerous country. >> despite all the previous investigations and the talk about partisan agendas, i am here to honor those we lost and to do what i can to aid those who serve us still. about therings killing of ambassador christopher stephens as a u.s. diplomatic compound in benghazi, libya, on september 11, 2012. three other americans were murdered that day. libya descended into chaos. republicans wanted to know, why didn't hillary clinton's e-mail stack reflect the deteriorating security situation in libya?
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>> there is not one e-mail to you or from you in 2012, when an explosive device went off at our compound in april. >> i did not conduct most of the business that i did on behalf of our country on e-mail. >> democrats were keen to say the entire hearing was a lyrically-and fired waste of -- a politically-inspired waste of time. >> republicans are squandering millions of taxpayer dollars on this abusive effort to derail secretary clinton's presidential campaign. >> she tried to remain calm throughout the she did show this moment of the motion. >> i would imagine i have thought more about what happened than all of you put together. i have lost more sleep than all of you put together. i have been racking my brain about what more could have been done or should have been done.
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>> at times, it seemed as though she was an amused bystander as committee members indulged in bickering. >> i would be happy to, but you need to make sure the entire record is correct. >> that is exactly what i am going to do. >> go ahead. >> there was a somber moment when the bodies of ambassador stevens and others killed in libya were returned to america. the question is whether this hearing was shedding light on the events leading up to their deaths. for more on today's hearing, i spoke with the bbc state department correspondent on capitol hill. these hours and hours of testimony, have we learned anything new about the events leading up to the death of ambassador stevens and his colleagues? >> nothing significantly new that i heard. there were perhaps some new details and these would have been gleaned at least partly from the e-mails of ambassador stevens and of course, ms.
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clinton. the committee pressed for those e-mails to be released. for example, the e-mails showed how regularly mr. stevens had asked for security upgrades at the benghazi compound. it gave a chance for republican committee members to say, why didn't the state department respond to that? it gave ms. clinton a chance to say, those requests do not normally come to the secretary of state, but there were mistakes made. they haven't fixed. the e-mails opened the door to a testy exccange, as you mentioned, between republicans and democrats. both the role and influence of ms. clinton, who sent e-mails about intelligence libya. that went on for some time. in terms of new revelations about the deaths themselves and ms. clinton's role, we may have to wait for the report from the committee. the chairman has said they have 50,000 new pages of documents.
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they spoke to at least 41 new witnesses. they have all of these e-mails. something major to say, perhaps that will come out. a big political test for ms. clinton. she is running for president. did she have to test? barbara: well, she gave a fairly measured testimony. there was one particularly contentious moment over an accusation that she deliberately misled the american people about what happened by linking the violent to this internet video that insulted the prophet muhammad. that got a little testy. mostly, she was quite measured. she did not raise her voice, which she did in a previous senate committee hearing. firmly defended her record. laura: thank you for joining us. a u.s. soldier has been killed during an operation to rescue hostages held by islamic state in northern iraq. it marks the first american killed in grand combat with the militant group. the early morning operation took place in northern iraq. the pentagon says the u.s. was
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supporting iraqi peshmerga forces at the time. john joined me a short time ago from the white house. what more can you tell us about this dramatic operation? john: well, it was dramatic and the reason was that the intelligence that the americans and the kurdish regional government had received was that the prisoners who were being held in this place were facing the imminent threat of mass execution. that was the trigger for the americans to go into back the peshmerga forces. in the course of what then unfolded, about 70 prisoners were released. 20 of them were parts of the iraqi defense force. 50 others were still being processed. militants were killed and five captured. the americans say that, in the course of which, they gathered useful intelligence that also,
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as you said, in the firefight that ensued, one american serviceman was hit and later died of his injuries. laura: is this what the u.s. mission to degrade and destroy islamic state is meant to be doing? john: the question was asked at -- pentagon, is this mission they said it was a unique mission and they were there in a support capacity. if you remember what barack obama said when he launched this fight against islamic state, it was that there would be no american boots on the ground, taking part in combat missions. what we have had overnight in the early hours of this morning is an american soldier killed in a combat mission. one can imagine that, in the future, there will be other events where the kurds or iraqis will say, we desperately need american support or helicopter capacity to do this operation or that operation. the question is, will the
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americans do it if it looks like they are getting sucked further and further into this conflict? laura: now to the migrant crisis in which the numbers are growing more staggering by the day. 600,000 people have made the journey to europe this year in search of a better life. more than 130 thousands of them -- more than 130,000 of them have taken the most dangerous route through the central mediterranean. >> on top of all of libya's other problems, it is a root for illegal immigrants trying to get to europe. 170 of these men were picked up yesterday. the detention center here is well-run, what it is tough. that is the idea. some are from pakistan. >> we just want to go back home. us.se help
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>> it goes without saying that none of these people actually want to be here. most of them, perhaps all, would prefer to go to europe. but if not, they would be only to go back to the countries they came from. they are filled with anger against the people smugglers. some of the smugglers are being held in this center, so we could not show their faces. ,his is one of the sudanese mohammed. last april, 700 of the people he helped to smuggle were drowned off sicily. >> you are a criminal. you are responsible for the deaths of hundreds of people. >> if you could see inside the cars, he would see the pain and sadness. you could not even described the sadness.
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>> so you were just obeying orders, right? >> yes. i was not a high level person. there were others higher than me. >> maybe, but he admitted earning 20,000 pounds in five months. collapsing,omy is yet looking after all these migrants costs serious money. 10,000, sometimes 20,000 pounds per day. >> since march, none of the 210 officers here are being paid. there is no cash. some migrants are being to another camp. the government in tripoli says it is making big sacrifices to stop the flow of migrants to europe. but europe, like the rest of the outside world, does not recognize its right to governance. smugglers prey on
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desperate migrants. john kerry and benjamin netanyahu that in berlin today to discuss the escalation of violence which has left nine israelis and 40 palestinians dead this month. after a long talk, secretary kerry pointed to cautious optimism. there could be steps to diffuse the situation. i spoke a brief time ago with martin. he was the u.s. special envoy for israeli-palestinian negotiations and is now president of the brookings institution. martin, can you tell us what the steps could be that could defuse the tension? martin: i think the most important one that secretary kerry is working on, both in the meeting with prime minister netanyahu today and meetings over the weekend in jordan with , is to try tons get a clear statement and then
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some steps taken to ensure that the original concern about aroundg the status quo the holy site in jerusalem that is shared by both jews and muslims, to try to calm the concern that there is out there, particularly in the arab and muslim world, that the israelis are planning to change the status quo. that is not true. if we can diffuse that, that would help to calm the situation. i doubt that is going to be enough at this point. i think the secretary of state is working with both netanyahu and the palestinian leaders to get them to calm things down, to cool the rhetoric, to back off the incitement, and to call on their people to stop the violence. as a veteran middle east
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negotiator, has a two-state solution ever seemed so distant to you? martin: no, it has not. since there has been any israeli-palestinian agreement. a lot of water under the bridge, a lot of conflict, a lot of bloodshed, and a lot of terrorism. it has created such distrust amongst the people in such distrust between the leaders that it is extremely difficult to overcome that and get back to the table. this terrorism and the israeli response to it is making it all the more difficult. rather than everybody kind of banging therefore heads and saying, what we really need to do is resolve this politically, i am afraid it is driving both sides further apart and that makes it all the more difficult. laura: under what circumstances
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and you see both sides coming back to the negotiating table given all of the distrust and violence? martin: you know, people say it has to get a lot worse. the pain threshold is very high. both sides will recognize that there is no alternative but a political solution and they will come back to the table. we have seen a very high cost tolerance. that, left to their own devices, they are going to be able to find a way back to the table. on the other hand, outside powers like the united states, the quartet of foreign ministers that will be meeting tomorrow, i don't believe that they can force the parties to the table. there are something that can be done. first of all, calm down the situation. we talked about secretary kerry
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trying to show leadership in that regard on both sides. then do some things in the west bank that will give some hope to a two-state solution. there are a whole range of steps on the ground, small steps. thirdly, the international community can look at whether there is a way to put out a new resolution that would at least preserve the principles of the two state solution so that, in the future, when the parties are ready to come back to the table, there will be a basis for doing so. laura: thank you very much for joining us. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program -- 3.2 seconds. laura: 007 is back. we speak to daniel craig about his latest turn as james bond.
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barcelona's basilica has entered its final stage of construction more than a century since work again. a report from the iconic cathedral by the architect, anthony gaudi. >> towering over barcelona, a wonder of the modern world. the brainchild of the eccentric late architect and tony gaudi -- antoni gaudi. it attracts millions of visitors each year. overwhelmedtionally when i walked in. , it touches your heart. forever a masterwork in progress, it is now in its last phase of can auction. once complete, it should look something like this. ♪ >> raising six immense towers,
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it is said to become europe's tallest religious buildings. it was started in 1882. gaudi only saw a quarter of the work done. it's construction will end in 2026. the 100th anniversary of gaudi's death. the finishing touches will take architects beyond that. >> cathedrals are never finished . we will still have to work on the artistic elements. it is very difficult to predict, but it could be finished by 2030, 2032, or even 2035. >> perhaps this long road to completion is keeping in the spirit of the visionary himself. he wants famously joked that his client, god, was in no hurry to see it finished.
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laura: struggling artists are nothing new. if you have written a play and you are a woman, the odds of getting it performed in the u.s. are stacked against you. only 23% of all plays produced in america were written by woman. a festival in washington is trying to address the gender gap. there will be 56 world premieres by female writers. >> she asked me not to talk like that. an old slave talks about the value of life. the play was inspired by -- >> it was a story she had to tell even though american theaters produced relatively few plays written by women.
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>> i was not too surprised that i was doing this. that is what a lot of female playwrights say. they do not take women as seriously as they might. jane: it is one of 56 new works making their debut during the women's film festival, the first major event to raise the issue of gender disparity in american theaters. barely one in five plays to hit the stage in the last few years was written by a woman. >> ♪ will you cross your heart and hope to die? ♪ jane: but why does that matter
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we do need a diversity of voice. we keep saying -- seeing the same way from the same person with the same background, the same prejudices. we are going to die. jane: established playwright and tv screenwriter. her play, "women laughing along with salad," looks at the way advertisers use body image to manipulate women. but the women's voices festival is not trying to promote female subjects so much as showcased the diversity of women writers. at historic ford theater, the stage is being prepared for a different play. by jessica dickey, which examines our relationship with art overtime. why aren't more plays by women being produced? >> artistic directors across the country, most of them are men. men tend to produce male playwrights. you produce what you know and who you know.
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they are simply -- they do not think about praising women as often. we have to be more conscious of saying, who are the playwrights that we are producing within a season? 46 theaters in the washington district has been taking part. others might follow suit. others say a gender gap will not be narrowed until women are viewed differently both on and off the stage. now to the male-dominated screen, where bond is back, the words 007 fans have been waiting for. it is heaters on friday. critics have had a sneak preview. after his fourth movie, could it be daniel craig's last turn in the leading role is to mark he has been talking to our entertainment correspondent. >> the last movie took $1 billion from the box office and the praise of oscars. for three years, fans have waited for the follow-up.
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>> i was taking some overdue holiday. >> how much pressure did you feel because of the unprecedented success? >> it is a very high-class problem to have. bond, what celebrate it is -- what a bond movie is. andid not want to look back copy what was being done before. we wanted discovery. >> the answer was pushing it further than in the past. bigger set pieces. it is the longest bond movie to date. and director sam mendes casting monica bellucci, at 51, the oldest bond love interest ever. >> the first time that we had seen bond, a woman is mature. it is revolutionary in some ways. sam is presenting this woman in
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her 50's, like 50 euros old -- 50 years old. he wants to show her loneliness. >> the bond team also knows it is fundamental to the film's success to keep its twists and turns under wraps in a world where maintaining secrecy has become more challenging movie by movie. >> shall we get started? >> i am astonished moore did not get out. the sony hacked at the start of preproduction, i thought they would find out everything because the script is going to be widely available. you go into it with almost no hope that you will achieve this level of secrecy. >> the final secret -- is this really daniel craig's farewell to bond? still plenty of time to decide, although not quite all the time in the world. laura: and to think, the bond
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girl is 51. you can find much more on our website. thanks for watching and please tune in tomorrow. ♪ announcer: make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics, now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. >> what is our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol. >> he never even showed up. >> parts of this file were being tossed into the waste basket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information.
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>> the memos can be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they did not get this mad for asking a question. >> "truth" -- rated r. now playing select cities. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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