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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 26, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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announcer: this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics, now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. >> what is our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol. >> he never even showed up. >> parts of the file were being tossed into the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information. >> the memos can be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation. >> this is bad.
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>> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they did not get this mad for asking a question. >> "truth" -- rated r. now playing select cities. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." i'm babita sharma. more than 260 people are dead and hundreds injured after a in earthquake hits afghanistan, felt across the region. could your next barbecue come with caution? the world health organization says processed meats raise the risk of certain cancers. >> a nation at peace with itself and the world. was nelsont mandela's dream for south africa. more than 20 years after the end
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of apartheid, new tensions are taking hold. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. hundreds have died in afghanistan and pakistan after an earthquake struck the region. they include 12 afghan schoolgirls who were crushed as they attempted to flee to safety. efforts continue to reach those in remote areas. the quake had a magnitude of 7.5. tremors were felt in the capitals of india and pakistan. john khalil reports from kabul. >> it was a regular school day until the powerful earthquake hit in the northern afghan city. 12 schoolgirls died as they tried to escape. others were rushed to hospital. in the eastern city of jalalabad, people were trying to
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come to terms with the destruction. hospitals were scrambling to cope with the flow of injured. >> my wife died in the earthquake, and my son was injured. my sister had injuries to her hands and legs. >> in neighboring pakistan, there were similar scenes of devastation in pet shower -- peshawar. it's not just the damage but the reach of this earthquake as it hit people in india, pakistan, and afghanistan. there were no reports of mass casualties in the afghan capital kabul. >> my grandson was injured when a wall collapsed on him. >> the earthquake was so strong,
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this news presenter had to run for cover on air as it hit. >> the situation has stabilized income below, and life seems to be getting back to normal. shops and restaurants have opened. there is a sense of fear and panic among people. some are worried about aftershocks. the devastation is deep and far-reaching, especially in afghanistan's remote areas. to those who need it the most as fast as possible. babita: the view from islamabad and the earthquake's impact in pakistan, i spoke with our correspondent who is there. this is a region of major seismic activity. we know from the nepal earthquake this year to pakistan two years ago, to the
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devastating earthquake 10 years ago. why is it that this region is so volatile and prone to earthquakes of this magnitude? >> the bad news is that this area is very seismically active because of the collision of two subcontinental. the indian subcontinent is moving north and has plowed into the eurasian subcontinent, and the two have caused buckling to occur. that creates the himalayan mountains. in fact, that's the reason why mount everest is the tallest mountain on planet earth, because of the collision of these plates. 10 years ago, we had the kashmiri earthquake, which killed approximately 75,000 people. we had the nepal earthquake, which killed 9000 people. babita: is there a period of time for seismologists to understand when the quake might happen and understand the size of it? >> earthquake prediction is a
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combination of voodoo and magic. we don't really have a vigorous way of predicting earthquakes. however, the good news is the fact that the earthquake was centered 213 kilometers below the surface of the earth. much of its energy dissipated by the time it reached its surface. the kashmiri earthquake, by contrast, was only 26 kilometers below the surface. the nepal earthquake was centered just eight kilometers below the surface. the good news is much of the energy dissipated by the time the waves hit the surface of the earth, but earthquake prediction is beyond our capability. babita: this quake was felt from kabul to new delhi. when you talk about the energy of the quake, is this about the size of the impact of the quake, or is this traveling? >> this is a rather typical
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earthquake, 7.5 magnitude. believe it or not, and mag -- on earthquake of 7.0 magnitude or higher takes place roughly 20 times per year around planet earth. most of the time, it's underwater. most of the time, it's in isolated areas. however, when it shakes up an area that is populated, it makes headlines. fortunately, this area was not under a major city. if the epicenter were under a major city, the death toll would immediately be in the tens of thousands. babita: are we likely to see this occurring again in terms of aftershocks? >> in the coming weeks, we expect to see more aftershocks, and also because of the previous rainstorms in the area, that means more landslides. that means may be country roads have been cut off. the casualty rate could actually rise in the next coming days, as rescue crews are able to reopen certain highways to find out exactly who has been cut off from the rescue effort. the tragedy in some sense is just beginning.
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babita: we appreciate your time. thank you very much. >> my pleasure. babita: five tourists who died on a whale watching trip off the canadian pacific coast were british nationals. 21 people on board survived. one is still missing. it's not clear why the vessel went down off vancouver island. conditions were calm and sunny at the time. after meeting with president obama, president djokovic dodo of indonesia has said his country intends to join the u.s.-led pacific trade agreement . other issues they discussed cooperation and climate change. the president's first visit to
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washington since taking office a year ago, and his visit is being cut short because of continuing problems with haze and forest fires back home in indonesia. china -- china, japan, and south .orea will hold a summit it will be the first such meeting since they were discontinued in 2012. the chinese foreign ministry spokesperson did not provide an exact date, but japanese media said it would be november 1 in seoul. now to a warning from the world health organization. processed meats can cause cancer. hot dogs bacon and cold costs -- cuts bacon, adnd cold are all on the list. the meat industry is pushing back, saying lifestyle and environment of factors need to be taken into account. >> whether it's ham or bacon or
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any processed meat, there is a new slice of advice for consumers. the world health organization has reviewed the evidence and said they can lead to cancer. as for unprocessed red meat, the evidence is less clear that there is a risk. >> it is sensible to reduce the consumption as much as possible. you can substitute meet with plant food. >> what does this mean for consumers here? a committee of scientific experts will study the who's report before coming out with any new recommendations on diet. for now, the official advice remains, there is no need to give up eating meat. the current official advice for the daily consumption of red and processed meats is equal to about three slices of bacon. 20% of people eat more than 90 grams a day. 50 grams of processed meat increases the cancer risk by 18%, but that increase is only equaled went to an extra one in every 100 people getting cancer.
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this butcher's shop says there is a big difference between the quality of meat on offer here and low-priced processed food. today's who advice is not helpful. >> food scares don't help people understanding food. we need to meet as part of a well-balanced diet. it's a fantastic source of protein, vitamins, and minerals. as long as you eat a good amount of it, with vegetables, that is what we need. >> at a time where there is plenty of diet advice floating around, the world health organization is giving people more information to digest. >> is it that bad? >> everything in moderation. there is nothing wrong with this food provided you have it in moderation. >> it's very tasty. >> diets high in processed meat can be linked to about 34,000 cancer deaths worldwide every year, according to the who.
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to put that in perspective, one million cancer deaths aren't her to smoking, and more than 200,000 are caused by air pollution. hugh pym, bbc news. babita: at least five british -- still to come, donald trump is known for speaking his mind, and now he's taking on his rivals from fundraising to faith. it's less than a week until turkey's election. president ertl gann hopes the party he founded will win back the majority it lost in june. mark lowen visited an area of istanbul where president erdogan grew up.
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i've known our president since childhood. he is a modest man and a world leader. he likes people, and people like him. normally, when you see a famous , you get excited. he is so down to earth that i am not starstruck. >> at the>> nearby teahouse, more childhood friends of mr. erred again are hoping for some of his luck. among them, his football coach. the player turned president has polarized the nation. his opponents call him an auto craft. he's transformed of country and given them a voice. >> when he started playing football, his father didn't allow him to do it. we would hide his boots at the club, and he wouldn't wear them home. >> could you see he had potential when you knew him at a young age? 17, he said he
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would become prime minister. >> i'm proud that one of our own has reached that position. he's come to a much higher position. obviously, he's better at politics than football. >> turkey's president is facing the struggle of his political life to ensure the party he founded keeps its hold on power, allowing him to retain his influence and shape the government. that is why the election has become a gout -- about mr. erdogan. >> there might be a year to go until the u.s. presidential election, but there is plenty of drama already.
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a new poll cannot giving republican ben carson his biggest lead yet in iowa over donald trump, and ever since that trend has emerged, trump has taken on his opponent, calling him super low energy and questioning his faith. it should make for an interesting debate this wednesday. a short time ago, i spoke to philip elliott. let's talk firstly about ben carson. according to the latest poll in iowa, taking a double-digit lead over his rival donald trump. what is your reaction? philip: the trump fall is happening in iowa, and the carson surge is happening at the same time. it appears dr. carson is attracting an interest in iowa, especially among evangelical voters who make up an important block of voters. babita: how worried should donald trump be? philip: donald trump should be worried. iowa is a state where religious conservatives have tremendous sway. he was always going to be a tough sell, the thrice-married billionaire talking to farmers. dr. carson has emerged as a leading alternative.
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he has the similar outside qualities that voters appreciated in mr. trump, but dr. carson does it in a much more low key, much more respectful way. babita: low key is in perhaps the word i would use to describe the -- what these two men have been up to. let's talk about mr. trump. he's been on the offensive, attacking his rivals, questioning the faith of ben carson, also questioning the fund-raising tactics of the republican party. is that kind of strategy going to work? philip: it might. mr. trump's appeal has been that he's an outsider. he is somebody who will say the politically incorrect things. this is an election where outsiders are railing against the establishment, and the republican party establishment has never liked donald trump. they've always been looking for a way to take him down, to neutralize him. babita: anybody in the republican party that might have their hopes pinned on ben carson as a rival to donald trump, would they be concerned about
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some of the comments he's been making? he's made controversial remarks, comparing abortion to slavery, saying they both are fundamentally undermining human rights. it might not be doing any harm in the polls, but will that come back to haunt him? philip: the democrats are going to have that teed up for an attack ad if he's the nominee. at the moment, it's not hurting him. in some corners of the republican party, likening abortion to slavery is a winning strategy. they believe abortion has to be dealt with in the harshest possible terms, and overturning abortion rights is a very important part of the platform for conservatives in iowa. babita: all eyes will be on colorado wednesday, another debate. what do you think is going to happen? this is really a two-horse race between trump and carson. can the others break through? philip: any of the others can
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break through. jeb bush has $125 million sitting at his super pack. that does some real damage. you've got people like marco rubio who has not had his full shot yet. carly fiorina is impressive in these debates. we are still 100 days from iowa. babita: we are going to watch it very closely. i appreciate the time, philip elliott. south africa is a country at a crossroads. more than two decades after an and to apartheid, tensions are coming to a boil. today, student protests continued despite a government decision to scrap tuition fees, which sparked demonstrations. across the country, dissatisfaction over inequality and poor service is turning into anger. that anger is being directed against the government but also at the white minorities whoy.
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our correspondent has investigated whether the rainbow coalition is unraveling. ♪ there is a real new confidence and a consciousness in black south africa. it's what nelson mandela wanted. a grateful nation at peace with itself and the world. >> at the front edge of downtown joe berg, it's not working out that way. >> we have a long way to go. there is still a lot of hate harbored from apartheid. we are still getting blamed for things that weren't even our idea in the beginning. >> at the start of this century, apartheid had fallen. a truce and reconciliation process was almost complete.
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nelson mandela transferred the reins of power. there was a sense of hope and confidence in this rainbow nation, but now 21 years since it began, people across south africa are talking about the end of the rainbow. >> [indiscernible] >> she's talking about the new black elite, only a relatively small amount of wealth left in white pants. >> it's a definite shift from the previous generation. i don't think it's a consideration or desire. >> she is from the new middle class, young people who didn't know apartheid but now want more. africanism,of pan that's a lot of us are talking
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about, finding ways to mobilize. the legacy of apartheid is often blamed, and the remnants are not hard to spot. there's an increasing realization that country still have a long way to go. >> we are facing a second transition in our society. we have one in 1994. we are going to have a new one. we've got to see to it that a new one brings more happy people at the end of it, so it's got to be peaceful, and it can't describe the economy. -- destroyed the economy. >> this is how people live in south africa, in townships created by apartheid. you to any township, and get a sense of why it is people don't feel much has changed 21 years since democracy. yes, there is some power. ,hey've got some toilets here
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but they flood. houses have been built, but not enough houses. has turned into anger. every week, there are new protests in south africa. the inequality of white wealth but also the government is also being blamed. >> it's institutionalized. >> radicals are demanding land grabs, wealth distribution, and nationalization. we are the most in equal society in the world. in the world.iety >> nelson mandela's amc, even president jacob zuma have been accused of corruption, not acting in the interest of the poor majority. is the government corrupt? >> there is corruption within
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the government of south africa, that that doesn't mean the institution is a corrupt institution. we are unequal. the gap between the rich and the poor is enormous. white south africans are six times richer than they were in 1994. the race dynamic does enter, even though we are trying hard to build a nation not based on race but based on the equality of every citizen in this country. >> on the outskirts of johannesburg, away from the chaotic come often dangerous urban lifestyle is staying city. ♪ built on what used to be in a legal township, it's paradise behind a high wall.
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the country's most expensive house. the new black consciousness movement is criticizing mandela for not doing more to tackle white privilege and redistribute the wealth. nicolas runs a mine. those who can afford to, he and his wife are retreating. .t's a vast project within the walls, there are hospitals, schools, shopping malls, and a private -- private security. >> security is 24/7. the kids can run around no problem. >> i'm very fortunate that i can provide my family this kind of security. it now makes my life easier to actually stay here and contribute to the economy and a lot of other things. that, we can doing all one day live in a place like this without walls. >> a new generation is finding
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its voice and demand and more. slowlyrible past is being broken down, but at 21, the rainbow nation is not what they hoped it would be. such huge societal change often comes in waves, sometimes stable, sometimes disruptive, but admits the riches in south africa, hopefully, peace. ♪ before we go, one more story to tell you about. it was a royal affair for the newest james bond film. daniel craig and director sam mendes were joined, as you can see, by prince william, his wife kate, as well as prince harry. they were getting a first glimpse of the movie. that brings today's show to a close. you can find much more on all of the day at our website, including the latest on the major earthquake that has
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impacted afghanistan and pakistan. i look forward to hearing from you. from all of us at "world news america," thank you for watching. please tune in tomorrow. see you soon. announcer: make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics, now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. >> what is our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol. >> he never even showed up. >> parts of this file were being tossed into the waste basket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new
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information. >> the memos can be re-created. >> they are going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they did not get this mad for asking a question. >> "truth" -- rated r. now playing select cities. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: a powerful earthquake rocks afghanistan, rattling parts of pakistan and india as well. chaos on the streets, as the number of dead and injured climbs. also ahead, a meat lover's nightmare. the world health organization finds eating bacon, sausage, and other processed meats, can raise the risk of cancer. plus, secretary of education arne duncan on reducing the amount of testing in the nation's schools. >> we'll do things that are redundant or not helpful and waste time and energy. >> ifill: and, going beyond the headlines.

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