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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  October 27, 2015 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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♪ >> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics -- now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. [applause] >> what's our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol? >> he never even showed up. >> those parts of this file they have tossed in the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents?
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>> tonight, we have new information. >> these blogs are saying the memos can be recreated. >> they're going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> they do not get to smack us just for asking the question! >> "truth." now playing in selected cities. >> and now, bbc "world news america." achala: this is "bbc world news america." troubled waters in the south china sea. to beijing and the u.s. coming within a year nautical miles. the u.s. is preparing to step up its attacks against islamic state militants in iraq and syria. the defense secretary said it could include american action on the ground. teaching young nigerians to get with the beat. music, a veteran
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of the industry is shaping the stars of the future. ♪ our viewersome to on public television in america and around the globe. an area in the south china sea is a flashpoint between two of the world's most powerful nations. tensions between china and the u.s. have risen after a u.s. warship entered a 12 mile zone around reefs that beijing is turning into island's. it is claimed by five other nations. china says that america's actions are illegal, and a threat to china's sovereignty. rupert wingfield-hayes begins our coverage. rupert: construction cranes sprout from the tiny desert
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island. this is my first view of china's new manufactured islands as they began growing in the summer of 2014. this place is called johnson south. a few months ago it was a chinese controlled submerged reef. it has been transformed into a giant construction site. this is where the philippine government thinks china may be building the south china sea air base. the philippine government was wrong. china was building its new airbase on a reef cold fire recross. the april -- on a brief cold fiery cross. area claims these islands its sovereign territory. the u.s. strongly disagrees. today, the u.s. navy sailed this guided missile destroyer into those contested waters.
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it was a deliberate act, one that provoke this serious, if unofficial, response from beijing. american military vessels in china's territorial waters, and china's front door. the whole of china is enraged and the entire country is calling for a strike back. >> i don't see how this could be interpreted as provocative. in international waters. from our standpoint, we would see these as part of our normal business as a global navy. for now, china knows it would be unwise to pick a fight with the immense firepower of , but china's own navy is growing fast. in the long run, it's intention is to push the u.s. pacific fleet far from china's front door. rupert wingfield-hayes, bbc news
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. achala: i'm joined by michael green, the senior vice president at the center for international studies. what is your assessment of what is evolving in the area. 12 knock aithin miles. the reef was under water a year ago. we have been doing this for 200 years. when countries claim waters beyond the international norms. is full of geostrategic significance. it is a rising china that build therfields in this area of islands, incredibly intimidating for the philippines, vietnam, and front-line states. the u.s. will power being questioned. will the u.s. who wouldn't
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normally does and demonstrate these are international waters? we dated, and china is making noise about it. .hey had to do it the allies and partners in the region the u.s. has, from japan, the philippines, australia, and countries in between, they were calling out washing the desk calling out washington to demonstrate china would not militarize the islands around them without some stance from the u.s. now they want to get back to a more stable and normal situations, but this will happen again. this is the new normal in the south china sea. achala: what is that mean between the two sides? what are the options to resolving what appears to be some kind of standoff in terms of language. both sides are saying we are just here, freedom of navigation. china is saying this is illegal. where do we go? words are fine.
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chinese destroyers stayed at a safe distance and communicated. they knew we were going to do it . the chinese did a similar operation off the coast of alaska two months ago. this is the new normal. there will be a level of tension between the u.s. and china, but also between china, japan, the philippines, and vietnam. what the u.s. and other countries will have to do is manage it and focus on areas of corporation. i do not think a solution is possible if the u.s. pulls back and says we won't help maintain freedom of navigation. we have to hold the line, but we have to hold it in a way where we are emphasizing cooperation with china without seating an area in the south china sea that has been critically important to us and our license the second world war, or longer. achala: we will be speaking
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about this later if your predictions come true, michael green, thank you. of beings, the stress hacked seems like a daily occurrence that goes beyond loan actors. in a recent interview, richard leggett, the deputy director of the u.s. security agencies said if you are connected to the toernet, you are vulnerable determined nationstate attackers. he was speaking to gordon corera, who joined us from london. how much concern did richard leggett express to you about cyberattacks by nationstates? rupert: there is concern --gordon: there is concern about a more dangerous environment of cyber attacks. to be more willingness to engage in destructive attacks, where you destroy computers or carry out reconnaissance for physical damage against something like
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the infrastructure, power plants, or the like. we haven't seen that many of those kind yet, but the concern is there is work to be in that space. there is an escalation of what countries are willing to look at doing inside the space and a proliferation with more countries having this capability. there is certainly greater , thern across the u.s. u.s. itself is engaged in cyberattacks. it is certainly not innocent of being involved in this world, but there is concern if you speak to many people, including the nsa, about this. achala: are there particular countries that richard leggett named that the u.s. is particularly concerned about? gordon: china has been in the news. we had the summit in the u.s. between the u.s. and china, there was a disagreement to end espionage, the
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hacking for commercial gains. there have been claims and reports that perhaps it has already been violated by china. richard leggett said the jury that isl out, and clearly something the u.s. will be watching closely to see whether china sticks to that deal. achala: you can't have a conversation with an american without mentioning edward snowden. what kind of impact has he had work? gordon: unsurprisingly, richard leggett was talking about the damage he claimed edward snowden had done. he talked about the high hundreds in the numbers of targets the nsa is watching that had been discussing the edward snowden disclosures and changing behaviors. of course, many supporters of edward snowden would say he did a valuable public service in starting a debate, and i put that to richard leggett.
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he said it might be valuable having a debate, but this was not the way to start it. deal for edward snowden to return to the u.s. the implication was if he wanted to come back he would have to face the consequences in terms of criminal prosecution. that was the suggestion, maybe not that explicit, from the deputy head of the nsa. achala: thank you. today, the u.s. defense secretary testified the obama administration is preparing to step up its military campaign against islamic state militants, which could include direct american action on the ground. secretary carter was appearing before a senate committee and said the strategy would entail attacks against the islamic state's high-value targets, and government araqi simple security forces to combat the islamic state.
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for the first time, iran will be invited to participate in international talks over the future of syria in vienna this friday. i am joined by retired nowral james dubik, who is at american university. is this a good move? they canceled the training a quick program that was only producing a handful of fighters. for the first time, secretary carter has cracked open the door to direct military action on the ground. we have been careful to rule that out in the past. that door is open, that is a big change. will's recognition we have to do something different to push back isis, and defeat them. achala: he did not go as far as
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to say they would definitely be troops on the ground. he said, options on the table. general dubik: the rescue mission from last week in northern iraq may be the first indication of the u.s. taking a more aggressive stance. it was a rescue of visitors about to be executed. an american soldier was killed, tragically the first since 2011. of american troops more assertively on the ground. there is talk we will him dead trainers and advisors near the front line with iraqi forces to direct airstrikes. achala: this is a huge shift in policy, and with the other announcement. that iran will come to the table. officials are saying they will be involved in talks for a peaceful resolution to the syria crisis. what did you make of that? general dubik: the game is changing. the failure to make advances
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against isis, they have consolidated gains in iraq and syria. we have not pushed out president assad. now have russia actively involved in syria, a greater role for iran, it is a more pragmatic game that recognizes there are other actors involved. some people like that, but it is realistic to bring in the iranians. being: do you think them involved in the offense against the islamic state has forced the obama administration's hand in changing policy? theyal dubik: they say have been involved in attacking the islamic state, but air forces state that they are going after targets for president assa d. russia is in syria for rush's sake. then changed the game. it has reasserted russian military to deploy rapidly, they
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can strike with cruise missiles from a distance, which surprised people. the united states is having to respond. thank you for your time. the death toll has climbed to 360 and pakistan and afghanistan after the powerful earthquake. the impact is unclear, and rescue efforts are set up to try to reach those affected. the earthquake was magnitude 7.6 with the epicenter near faizabad. the center of the earthquake may have been in afghanistan, but the devastation has spread through the region, especially in neighboring pakistan. , hospitalthern cities staff has been receiving more casualties. the patients are out of danger,
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but many are still trying to deal with the shock of losing their homes and loved ones. >> i didn't see how it happened. there were children lying injured, a wall came down and hit his mother in the head. she died on the spot. >> the pakistani authorities helping the army seem to be coping for now. in the province. so many people have been hit at the same time. they have been brought to the hospital at the same time. of thisis what remains pakistani city. this local community in this northern afghan city is in mourning. 12 female students died in a stampede trying to escape their school when the earthquake hit. the situation is more stable and kabul. the city is bustling with
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minimum damage and no reports of mass casualties. people are still worried about aftershocks. the real challenge for the government in kabul is getting aid to people in the remote northern and eastern areas. it is not only the rough terrain, there are also security concerns with taliban ministers said to be stationed in some. to the north, this is one area in one district. people aref scrambling for shelter. against time, and help could not come fast enough for people here. bbc news kabul. achala: you are watching "bbc world news america." tonight'some on program, the video which has produced shocks. why would a security officer pull a student out of their chair in such a violent passion?
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the question under investigation. like rightok just stars in the dawn sky, but what you are looking at is a rare coming together of jupiter, venus, and mars. they will be clearly visible until the end of the week. over the next 24 hours, the planets will come closest together. you do not need a telescope to see the event. you will need clear skies. here is our science correspondent with more on the planetary conjunction. brightest stars in the night sky are in fact planets in our solar system. shines brightly. at other times, it is morris with its reddish -- it is mars with its reddish tench. other times jupiter can be seen above the trees in the center.
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this week, the three came together in the skies. they become visible at dawn for an hour or so before the sun's rays washes them away. this time watch from her picture shows them across the sky. like a celestial triangle. aroundhave to get up four: 30 or 5:00 in the morning, look due east, and you will see three planets close together. if you have a pair of binoculars, it is better. you can see things like the moon's going around jupiter. it is fantastic. >> how does this happen? every few years the orbits of some planets collide. it doesn't last long. these images show mars, jupiter, and venus coming together. next week, they will go their separate ways. the next time something like
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this will happen will be in january 2021. bbc news. ♪ achala: it is the video which has produced outrage from most to have seen it. the u.s. justice department is opening an investigation into whether the deputy that arrested a student for refusing to leave her math class violated her civil rights by flipping her backward and tossing her across the floor. >> the video that has outraged a community and made international headlines. a police officer and a south carolina high school violently removes and all cooperative student, classroom. as the video spread across the internet, the policeman, ben fields was accused of using
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excessive force. student said this was not the first example of abusive behavior by fields, while others noticed the officer was false imprisonment and battery, that was later dropped. schooltentious spoke board had a black and white group, each endorsing their own candidates. now the black parents group is pointing to the episode as a example of discriminatory practices on the part of the school district. the officer has been suspended theout a pending investigation, and banned from school grounds. the sheriff's department has requested the fbi investigate. >> there's no place in this district, or any other district, for what happened here yesterday
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. our tolerance for it is zero. kingack rights activist on has weighed in, calling it an outrage and another example of law enforcement brutality directed toward black americans. others have defended the officer's actions noting that trusted member of the community where he serves as afootball coach and won culture award last year. school officials say they are taking this incident seriously, and the racial diversity in the district is what makes it great. >> they're not of the same race. i believe that is what makes it an incident a different races, not that it was a racially motivated incident. now, to nigeria, with
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the music scene has produced popular acts in recent years who have found success at home and abroad. one leading artists took action when he thought not enough budding stars could play instruments or read music. peter king has played in bands since the 1950's and started a music college. will ross went to meet him. will: it takes hours and hours of practice. these musicians have limitless determination. although the competition is tough, many have set their sights high. where will this trumpet player be in five years? >> hopefully by then, i shall be known around the world. around the world. look they don't have to far for inspiration. the college of music is run by a nigerian great, who gives
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a close eye on the students, though he is in his 70's and recovering from a stroke. ♪ peter king's musical career took off in the 1950's when high life world. ruled.life the start of the trinity college -- he started at the trinity college of music in london, and when he returned to nigeria, he was frustrated by the standard of his fellow musicians. why didn't you start a new band? -- knowing they don't own much. it was too much. so i taught just at the school. will: the peter king college of
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music has been going for 33 years. really hard for young nigerians to find job opportunities, so for many of the students, a musical career is a realistic option. convincing your mother it is the right choice can be tough. >> she doesn't want me to be a drummer, she wants me to be a banker. will: that is a big difference. >> yes, sir. will: which will win? >> the drumming, sir. will: the abundance of talent and passion is fueled by peter king's focus on excellence. it is a tasty recipe for more musical success. will ross, bbc news, nigeria. brilliant peter king. i will love to be in one of his classes. doing his thing and inspiring musicians in nigeria. you can find more on our website.
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for myself, and the rest of the team, join us on twitter. from all of us at world news america, thank you for watching, please, tune in tomorrow. see you soon. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics -- now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen dan , rather. [applause] >> what's our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol? >> he never even showed up. >> parts of his file, they've
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tossed in the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information. >> these blogs are saying the memos can be recreated. >> they're going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they do not get to smack us just for asking the question! >> "truth." rated r. now playing in select cities. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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- coming up next on odd squad... - (olive): code ruby! there's a blob loose! -we'll handle it. - we're gonna find it first. - now! - (olive): it's getting away! - let the games begin! - odd squad is made possible in part by... - ...a cooperative agreement with the u.s. department of education, the corporation for public broadcasting's ready to learn grant, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. - my name is agent olive. this is my partner, agent otto. this is my least favourite hat... but back to otto and me. we work for an organization run by kids that investigates anything strange, weird, and, especially, odd. our job is to put things right again. (theme music)

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