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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 3, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics -- now presenting "truth." >> ladies and gentlemen, dan rather. [applause] >> what's our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol? >> he never even showed up. >> parts of his file, they've tossed in the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new information. >> these blogs are saying the memos can be recreated.
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>> they're going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they do not get to smack us just for asking the question! >> "truth." rated r. now playing at a city near you. >> and now, bbc "world news america." anchor: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington. search for answers as to why a russian airliner crashed in egypt, killing all on board. there are reports of a heat flash in the area. the german football association is rated by police amid allegations of world cup bribery. room for oswald the lucky rabbit after almost 90 years. the film of walt disney's first creation is rediscovered. ♪
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anchor: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the black boxes of the russian flight, which crashed on saturday over the sinai peninsula, killing all 224 people on board, investigators have inclusions on what may have brought down the plane. heat was detected around the passenger jet before it went down. our correspondent, christian fraser, has been following the developments. christian colon a final investigation of the crash site will be today. still, confusion and speculation as to what wrote this aircraft down. investigators are looking at the black box voice recorders.
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a russian news agency claims to have seen an early transcript of voice recorder. they say there is an uncharacteristic sound. something. a situation onboard develops sayenly and unexpectedly, their report. as a result, the pilots to not manage to send a distress signal. we learned four minutes before the plane went down there was communication with air traffic the pilots reported nothing unusual. it may be nothing conclusive comes from the black box recorders, but you would hope within 48 hours and all of the debris recovered, if the was a bomb on board they retrace explosive material within the wreckage. perhaps the most interesting thing of the last 24-hours is a report from the u.s. the flight was taking off northeasterly, then turning north into the peninsula.
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it goes down 23 minutes into the flight. that moment,time, a u.s. military infrared heatlite spotted a mid air flash. if the reports are true, and it comes from an unnamed but , before thatce there was no heat trail from the ground, perhaps ruling out the theory that a rocket was fired from the desert. the gramm task of identifying the bodies continues. 140 have been return to russia. this comes from an online newspaper in moscow. this is unconfirmed. there are interesting things. lots of interesting details. they say the passenger seated in the rear had explosion injuries and heavy burns, more than 90%. they say an expert attributed
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this to a fuel tank explosion or explosive device detonation. they don't draw conclusions, but they say those in the rear suffered explosion injuries, those in the front, injury is more typical of a sudden depressurization. this is all spec, there's nothing concrete and perhaps there will not be for the next 48-hours. anchor: for more i spoke with a former chief of staff for the federal aviation administration. .hank you the focus on the data recorders, the black boxes. what could they tell us? >> the flight data recorder could theoretically tell us everything about the flight. was happening i navy c -- what was happening in the cockpit. there are reports of an unusual sound. flight data recorders will tell us everything about the airplane. 370 we do not have the
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airplane or black boxes. here we have the block boxes and, unfortunately, the bodies as well. we have a clash of cultures. in.ce, germany are maybe the united states. most of what happens, the early reports are completely unreliable. it is a unique set of things to come together. it is dangerous to chase leads. we did that in 28800. it was from impact. we have to be careful not to have conclusions. we have to have conclusions that support fax. anchor: the russian aviation team. who do you think is leading? >> the ejections technically have the lead. from awe have the airbus technical standpoint. the manufacturers are in france
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and germany. the russians are there. we have a cultural issue about whether or not there is an incentive to be forthcoming on what has happened. after all, that tourist region is critically important to the russian and egypt economies. will we get an honest rendering of air force security and what happened and when? the question is, how long will it take? for the victims' families waiting to hear news -- one of the pieces of information that has come out earlier was the u.s. and for red satellite detected a heat flash over the sinai. the area at the time the russian airplane went down. talk us through the. of aviously, people think missile. that has been ruled out, but not completely. it is unlikely isis had that capability and training. a bomb. the airport had good bomb detection equipment. a heat flash can be everything
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from a catastrophic breakup of the fuel tanks, engines. premature --be that is only part of the puzzle. we need to treat it as such. anchor: the ever sense of what he could be given that we have heard from the airliner yesterday saying that they've completely ruled out it being a pilot or technical a letter, saying it is definitely an external factor. ataviation experts laugh that. that is ridiculous. there is no evidence to rule out anything. if i were to give you a potential answer, i'm sure it will be wrong. there is reason to look at the structural integrity of the tail. it was hit in 2001. it may have been propagated through many flights. the maintenance and overall records. i say that because metro jet, like air asia and other crashes, the low-cost carriers -- not that they are not safe -- but the pressure is on training and
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maintenance. in aviation, that is a dangerous mix. anchor: thank you. thank you, very much. in frankfurt have raided the headquarters of the german football association as part of an investigation into whether the organization paid bribes to host the 2006 world cup. there are reports a secret fund was set up to secure votes for germany amid an ongoing scandal at the sport's governing bottle, fifa. gripping world football shows no sign of abating. today, germany, football's reigning world champions, saw their headquarters raided by police. they searched the homes of three top officials. it was related to the country's bid to host the 2006 world cup. theas been alleged that german fa made a payment to fifa
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to buy the necessary votes. officials have denied wrongdoing. most beckenbauer, the revered player, and the head of the bidding team, have also been implicated. he insists the money was given to unlock substantial financial subsidies. the president of the german faa says the money was intended as a bribery/fund. >> i want the truth to finally come out. i know i am telling the truth and have nothing to fear. >> speaking in new york, the man tasked with reforming fifa says there must be a wholesale change in culture. >> you want the top to have strong leadership. we think influence you change the culture from the top, there must be new ways of conveying the messages. >> germany is not the only country facing up to world cup bidding issues. a fifa whistleblower claims in connectionaid
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with morocco's failed bid for the 2008 world cup. it does not stop there. millions were paid by south africa for their staging of the 2010 world cup. a swiss investigation into how the next 2 tournaments were awarded are ongoing. germany knows how to win. they have called loudly for fifa to fix its errant ways. it must come to terms with its own allergic role in the murky politics. anchor: staying with football scandal,ifa corruption marion has been educated to the united states. the former president of the brazilian football federation, one of several fifa officials arrested in zurich in may has been flown to new york. he has pleaded not guilty to charges of taking bribes.
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the volkswagen sales are far behind that of other manufacturers. as bw has denied claims by u.s. regulators that some of its luxury brands were also fitted with devices to cheat pollution tests. the environmental protection agency says at least 10,000 vehicles, including porsche and audi, have been affected. president egyptian abdul fattah al-sisi will visit the u.k.. his trip is causing controversy. david cameron is under pressure to call off the visit. more than 50 politicians, act the mix, and activist save the egyptian leader is a military dictator responsible for a reign of terror. officials in the uk's a stronger with age of the better, there can be frank discussion on areas of disagreement. this is for shoppers.
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plenty of familiar names for the fashion conscious. cairo, not al in british high street. this is a mecca for shoppers, it is one example of the close business ties between the u.k. and egypt. haveame british brands continued to set up shop here. in spite of the turmoil since the revolution. --. is involved in a ride and a wide range of areas from pharmaceuticals to the energy sector. britain has a great deal at stake. it is the biggest foreign investor in egypt. there will be plenty to talk about when president abdul fattah al-sisi steps onto british soil. issues willfficult not be brushed under the red carpet like the crackdown on dissent since 2013. havethan 1000 protesters
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been killed, mostly islamists and demonstration is virtually banned, leaving liberal activists rounded up and prosecuted, including icons of the egyptian revolution like fattah.el egypt, ihe u.k. and think it sends the wrong message. the regime needs acceptance. acceptance, when it is disappearing people from the streets, and giving people ridiculous jail sentences, allowing people to die in prison from a lack of medical attention, it sends the wrong message. >> one of those in jail is the former president, mohamed morsi of the islamic brotherhood. he was invited to london before a was deposed by sisi in
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diplomatic two. he is now a condemned man. one of hundreds sentenced to death in mass trials. protection officials deny allegations of widespread human rights abuses, and claim campaign groups have been influenced by the brotherhood. >> we know that they are politically tainted. aey are in a way reflecting political view of a certain group, namely the brotherhood in egypt. plague.een a they are not respecting the law. >> in a volatile region, seen in this it is canal, presents himself as a pillar of stability. and a partner in the fight against the islamic state. critics say the prime minister should press hard on human
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rights, even if it rocks the boat. bbc news, timeout. bbc world newso on wednesday to see an exclusive interview with president sisi. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, republican ben carson in thes in the -- surges polls. the latest on the campaign trail. a new study suggest that online games that challenge reasoning and memory skills can help older people with daily activities such as shopping, cooking, and handling finances. the researchers from king's college, london say that a brain training could have significant benefits for older people. our health correspondent has the details. >> i try to work out which
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object is heaviest. >> j signed up to study to see if online brain training can help prevent dementia. withaw her mother suffered the disease, and wants to do all that she can to help prevent it. >> it is a frightening disease. i would like to think that we can do all we can in this research project to either find a prevention or cure, so by the time i get into my 70's or 80's i will not be a burden on my children. of 7000-month study people has provided the best evidence yet that games like these can protect memory and mental skills. over 60 reported that her scores for carrying out everyday tasks like shopping and cooking, which support independent living. >> living longer, has the cost of dementia growing. an enormouse
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difference. towe are looking for ways help people maintain their brain health as they get older. this is low-cost and easily accessible, it could be scaled up and rolled out. we need to do more research, but it is fantastic we are seeing positive results. >> online brain training could be a cheap and effective way to protect mental skills, but we do not know if it can prevent dementia. that would require longer-term research, which is underway. bbc news. ♪ anchor: it is election day in the u.s. this time next year the country will pick a new president. right now the candidates are in the middle of a fierce fight for the nomination. in a new national poll ben carson has overtaken donald
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trump for the top conservative contender. this as candidates have fallen out over how campaigns are moderated. some are even putting demands together for future encounters. president obama poked fun at the republicans complained during a fundraiser. president obama: every one of the candidates say, obama is weak. is kicking sand in his face. when i talked to putin, he is goinn to straighten out. just looking at him -- he is going to be [laughter] then, it turns out, they cannot cnbce a bunch of moderators. [laughter] [applause] they are having a load of fun. for more on the republican primary race i spoke with these chief strategist for the bush-cheney campaign in 2004 and is now with abc news.
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he joined us from austin. another national poll putin ben carson on top. is this a flip, or is he to stay -- here to stay? >> he has been coming on in each poll. if you look at how ratings are done on each candidate, he is the most popular republican among republican primary voters. he is here to stay. whether he can last under the pressure and bright lights over the next 90 days, when the iowa caucuses are, we don't know, yet . right now, he is going to be number one or number two for a while. anchor: that is why trump is on the defensive. he has a new book out. he had 75 minutes talking about anything and everyone. president obama, bush, carson. he did say "you need a strong person with tremendous energy. thank you, i will take the job."
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does he need to pull something out of his back at this stage? >> i'm amazed at donald trump. he never passes an opportunity to put his name on something. a book, a building, a plane. are 2erstands that there lanes in the republican party that are about to face each other. there is an outsider lane, donald trump, then carson, and ted cruz carried then the establishment lane, marco rubio, jeb bush, and john kasich. those candidates, fundamentally. one person will emerge from each lane. donald trump knows his competition is ben carson. he is not used to, and life for the presidential campaign, being in second. he will have to know how to overtake someone like ben carson, who is soft-spoken, humble, and does not engage in fights like donald trump. anchor: do you think anyone will
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fall away? lots of pressure on jim bush. -- on jeb bush. is a business debate, the next round that comes after this. i think that you will see a inber of candidates drop out the aftermath. it goes into thanksgiving, then the christmas holidays. the next debate is not a month -- until a month after that. a lot of campaigns are running out of cash. those at 1% or 2% will drop out. there is a question on whether jeb bush can maintain a campaign over the long haul. he is at 6% or 7% and has not moved in months. no matter what he does, it does not seem to change the dynamic. i think even jeb bush will need to ask himself that question. the field will thin out after the next debate. anchor: it would you put your money on? leader ofson as the
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the outsider lane and marco rubio as the leader in the establishment. all bets are off when they face each other. anchor: we will see if your crystal ball is correct. thank you, so much. mention walt disney and theme parks, movies, and mickey mouse come to mind. what about oswald the lucky rabbit? he was the first creation drawn by the man himself. one of the films, lost in 1928, has been rediscovered in britain and will be screened. will gompertz reports. meet oswald the lucky rabbit, the original big eared cartoon creation by walt disney. the silent animated film was thought long-lost until an eagle online investigator
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identified it. here is the small can with the recently rediscovered film. it has been at the british film institute. on knowledge -- unacknowledged and unaccounted for. let's take a look. this is the only known print of the film in the world. it is holding up pretty well for 87 years. even when shown on the big screen by or to being digitally remastered. don't underestimate the importance both for disney animation and the history of animation. the first cartoon character to have personality. very physical comedy. more inventive in the way they use the character. this is the start of the golden age of animation. rights to oswald by the film's distributor, not walt disney, who is asked to make more for less and refused. on the way home, he turned the rabbit into a mouse.
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mouse owed much to oswald, in terms of drawn style and his larger-than-life personality. >> you think of them simply as having human, or personalities. i would say human personalities. human personalities in the body of a cartoon animal. >> it was a winning formula. oswald was a big hit. he is making a comeback in this film at the bfi in london in december, after 80 years lost without a trace. he always was a lucky rapid. .- lucky rabbit 2015, getting8 to its screening in london. that brings today's program to a close. you can find more on our website, including plenty of analysis on our top stories, the
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investigation into what happened to the russian plane crash on the weekend. you can find us at twitter. we would love to hear from you. thank you for watching, to end tomorrow. goodbye. tune in tomorrow. goodbye. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics -- now presenting "truth." >> dan rather. [applause] >> what's our next move? >> i might have something for the election. >> the president may have gone awol? >> he never even showed up. >> parts of this file, they've tossed in the wastebasket. >> do you have these documents? >> tonight, we have new
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information. >> these blogs are saying the memos can be recreated. >> they're going to start an investigation. >> this is bad. >> you've got to make your case. you have to fight. >> this isn't a trial. this is a hunt. >> they do not get to smack us just for asking the question! >> "truth." rated r. now playing in a theater near you. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: and i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: on the newshour tonight: it's election day in much of the country. voters pick new leaders and decide on issues, from pot legalization to l.g.b.t rights. >> ifill: also ahead this tuesday: pipeline politics. the company behind the keystone xl pipeline asks to hold off on a decision. >> woodruff: and, we talk with the woman in charge of the upcoming u.n. climate change summit. >> the major, major shift that we had where we were in copenhagen to now is that countries have increasingly


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