tv PBS News Hour Weekend PBS November 15, 2015 5:30pm-6:01pm PST
captioning captioning sponsored by wnet >> brangham: on this edition for sunday, november 15th: a manhunt is underway for a suspect in the paris attacks as a city tries to come to terms with tragedy. and, fact-checking last night's democratic debate next on pbs newshour weekend. >> pbs newshour weekend is made possible by: lewis b. and louise hirschfeld cullman. bernard and irene schwartz. judy and josh weston. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the citi foundation. supporting innovation and enabling urban progress. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products.
that's why we are your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you. from the tisch wnet studios at lincoln center in new york, >> brangham: good evening and thanks for joining us. hari sreenivasan is on assignment in paris and will join us in a moment. a manhunt is underway in france for at least one man suspected of direct involvement in friday's terrorist attacks in paris. this is contrary to yesterday's initial statements by french officials that all eight men who carried out the attacks had been killed. so far, french officials have described six attackers killing themselves by detonating suicide vests during the attacks, while saying french police shot one attacker. 129 people have died from the attacks, and 42 people remain hospitalized in critical condition french investigators have located two cars they think the gunmen used in their drive-by shootings of restaurants and
cafes and to get to the music hall where they killed at least 89 people. inside one car, officials say they found three ak-47 machine guns like the weapons used in the attacks. french officials also said today that three of the eight attackers were french citizens, two living in belgium, and a third a known islamic extremist who lived an hour outside of paris. the newshour's hari sreenivasan is in paris and joins me now. hari, what do we know about this suspect? this 26 year old born in brussels. french authorities have distributed the photo of salah abdeslam with a message if you see him, do not intervene yourself. because abdeslam is considered dangerous. the authorities believe he rented a car the gunman used in their friday night rampage. it was seen outside the bataclan concert hall where the series of attacks ended.
cell phone video released today shows how the two-and-half hour hostage standoff came to an end when french police moved in on the hall, shooting one of the gunman while two other gunman wearing suicide vests blew themselves up. french authorities say abdeslam is one of three brothers believed to be involved in the terrorism conspiracy. one died in the attack; another has been arrested in belgium. one has been identified as a 29 year old who grew up 60 miles southwest of paris. is is male most fie had been flagged for connections with islamic ready kallism. yesterday they detained his brother, father an other relatives for questioning. today we learned a little more about the syrian passport found with one of the three suicide bombers who whreu them of-- them eves up at the french nalt stadium where the attacks began. serbia says the passport was registered at its border on october 7th. macedonia is next door to greece
which has said the passport was stamped upon arrival on a greek island on october 3rd. the route from syria to greece is one several 100,000 syrian refugees have taken to europe this year. -- i was told this is a mailure failure of services. >> we can't check every inch. but we have to be much more careful in checking the identity of every person who comes through. and for that, once more, we need to work with other countries. we need to have registries. we need to check this information with the various countries, and to-- . >> today security remains tight around paris with army soldiers still on patrol. crowds gathered near the attack sites laying flowers and
candles. today historic noter dame cathedral and other churches around the city held special ceremonies for the victims. >> hari, i understand there have been reports of false a lrms near where you have been. can you tell us what has been going on with those? >> sreenivasan: william, this is a city that is so tense right now, it's not uncommon to see police vehicles running at top speed through city streets. and an incredible sense of urgency. earlier this afternoon or late this evening there were scares at the main plaza where so many people had come to lay flowers and pay their respects and show their solidarity. that plaza was evacuated. there was a suspicious activity, at least called in. there was also people that were getting scared near some of the restaurants where these vigils were. both of those turned out to be false alarms but not before hundreds if not a couple of thousand people from the central plaza all took off because they didn't know whether there was another attack happening. >> brangham: and beyond that, what is your sense what is the
mood like what are people say toking to you about what they would like to see happen next? >> sreenivasan: this is a city that is really in the mix of both sadness and anger. you see some of the signs that are actually left up here on the one hand, there's pray for paris and we're sorry for your loss. and then there is also a very, very strong and hateful tone, not just against the terrorists but sometimes very unpleasant opinions against muslims from around the country or around the world. so there is a national conversation that has to happen here, similar to the ones that are actually happening around the memorials. >> brangham: what about this issue of the connection between the refugees and the my grants that have been coming into europe, and the potential threat that this might be a vehicle for terrorists getting into france. are you hearing talk about that as well? >> sreenivasan: that is a conversation that we had at length with the senator but it's also something that a lot more
average citizens are thinking about. on the one hand they do want to do right by the refugees. they want to help these people in need. on the other hand, they say listen, the absolute open border policy of germany from a few months ago might not be the solution. what is the in between step where the french citizens can insure some sem ambulance of their own security at the same time help the people that are on their door steps. >> brangham: all right, hari, thank you very much. >> brangham: newshour special correspondent malcolm brabant is also in paris and files this report about a city trying to come to terms with tragedy. >> 48 hours, she is trying but not succeeding to suppress the recurring images of carnage, grabbing bandages from home, she managed to save four lives thanks to the emergency battlefield medical techniques she learned as a trfertion producer. >> as soon as i realized that the gun shots stopped-- and many
times, then it stopped, and i said i have to help those people. there was an absolute silence all around the cafe. the windows were mashed. -- smashed, people were lying down dead, blood everywhere, and i don't know, i got out of my body, my mind. i don't know what i was thinking but i just rushed there, took my stuff and just tried to save the ones that were still moving and i think when people started to-- to be hurt and realize the pain, they started screaming. and this was the terrible part because they were screaming at me and trying to get my attention to get help. ♪ ♪. >> reporter: international sim pathee for france's agony was expressed exquisitely during services at paris' american cathedral. the two nations are inextricably linked by this attack because of
the concert by an american band were most of the victims were murdered. >> he says not to blame all the followers of islam for friday the 13th. >> it's bad that people twist this to their own-- but it is good it opens up-- we can not dot same way as those terrorists but we can deny them their victory by refusing to submit to a world created in their image. >> reporter: does this feel like the start of a war? >> we're all afraid it might be the start of a war and we seriously hope not. but it might be. it keeps going. and i don't see an early end to it. >> reporter: what do you think christians have to do in relation to this? because there are some people who would like to foment trouble between mus limbs and people
that are not muslims. >> yes, correctly kreksz. crist yns have to stand for peace, working together with our muslim brothers and sisters, differentiate between good religion and bad religion. bad religion tbises what is good. good religian, christian, muslim, jew, any religion that works for peace, justice and the humanity of all people, that's what christians need to be. >> reporter: from the other side of the religious divide, samia a french tun esian campaigner for multifaith understanding issued a similar plea for peaceful coexistence. >> the terrorists sent us a letter. they sent us a trap. and i'm afraid. i'm really concerned that we might fall in the trap. this trap of division, this trap of division and hatred and the fight that we could have between the french people. and if we fall into the civil war, i'm afraid for myself, i'm
afraid of the life of my nephew and neices. i'm afraid of each personance and not only about the muslim community. ment >> brangham: the islamic state in iraq and syria-- known as isis-- has claimed credit for friday's terrorist attacks in paris, and the french government also blames the islamic militant group. peter neumann studies and teaches terrorism and radicalization at king's college in london. he joins me now from there to discuss the group and its intentions. peter, these latest attacks put to rest the idea that isis was mostly concerned about actions in the middle east. what do you think that they are trying to accomplish with these most recent attack sms. >> i think there are three aims here. the first is classical asymmetric warfare, you're hitting us, we're going to take revenge by hitting you where it hurts most, namely, at home. the second intention is really
to polarize and divide european societies, to create that sense of islam against the west and to create a lot of mess in the countries that they oppose. the third intention that often gets forgotten is often internally. i think the islamic state has been on the defensive in its core territory in iraq and syria and this kind of attack, i think, motivates supporters and gives them, again, the feeling that they are part of a winning team and that's really important. >> brangham: so this is part of their strategy of not just maybe scaring the west off in attacks against them but trying to recruit more people to the cause? >> absolutely. and i think it's really important to understand the case of isis, that it is important to understand the ideology but it's also important for a lot of western recruits, the sense that they are part of a winning team. that this is a successful, ever-expanding project. that is how it seemed lasd year. and it hasn't seemed like that for a number of months. and this kind of attack is
almost diverting attention from some of the problems that isis is having inra and syria, and for that reason, it is very important for isis to have it. >> brangham: u.s. officials in the past have been saying that the fight against isis might take some patience and might take some time. in your opinion, is this a fight that can be hastened. >> i think it's very dangerous to try to hasten it too much. i think contrary to what everyone says, the containment has been going on in iraq and syria has not been all together unsuccessful. it has contained the islamic state. it has taken away the notion of it as a successful organization in its core territory. and if you want to hasten it, of course america can basically bomb the whole place but the question then becomes what happens the day after that? so you have to bring isis down in a way that it actually implodes. that's the only way in which he can have a sustainable end to isis. >> brangham: there's obviously been a connection made in the
last few days between the refugees coming into europe and these attacks. and obviously we're torn between the-disaster-- humanitarian going on sending all these people into europe and very real fears of more attacks happening. how do you see that tension playing out? >> it is incredibly dangerous. the important thing to remember about terrorism is it is always about not only about killing people, it's also about creating a political effect. if the political effect of these attacks is that in the medium term, european societies are becoming more polarized, that the far right, which is already strong in a lot of countries, is trying to capitalize on that, is trying to merge the refugee issue with a terrorism issue. the effects on european societies could be terrible. they could even question the idea that people of different faiths, ethnicities can live peacefully together in europe. so i do think we are at a fragile moment here in europe. and we have to be really careful.
>> brangham: all right, peter neumann of kings college in london, thank you so much for being here. >> thank you. the terror attacks were front and center in the when the democratic candidates held their second >> brangham: the debate began with a moment of silence for the victims of friday night's terrorist attacks in paris. when the candidates started talking, the group that carried out the attacks was topic number one. >> isis, make no mistake about it, is an evil in this world. >> it cannot be contained. it must be defeated. >> brangham: vermont senator bernie sanders blamed supporters of the 2003 u.s. invasion of iraq, including then-new york senator hillary clinton, for the instability that followed inside iraq. >> i would argue the disastrous invasion of iraq, something that i strongly opposed, has unraveled the region completely and led to the rise of al qaeda and to isis."
>> brangham: former maryland governor martin o'malley criticized clinton's handling of the middle east when she was president obama's secretary of state. >> libya is a mess. syria is a mess. iraq is a mess. afghanistan is a mess. we need to be much more far- thinking in this new 21st- century era of nation-state failures and conflict. it's not just about getting rid of a single dictator. >> brangham: clinton defended the administration's decision to participate in the european-led coalition that deposed former libyan president muammar khaddafi four years ago, saying libyans have since elected moderate leaders. >> now, there has been a lot of turmoil and trouble as they have tried to deal with these radical elements which you find in this arc of instability from north africa to afghanistan. >> brangham: on domestic policy, clinton's rivals disagreed with her on how high the federal minimum wage should go.
>> it is not a radical idea to say that if somebody works 40 hours a week that person should not be living in poverty. >> brangham: sanders and o'malley support $ 15an hour; clinton supports $12. so angryie, let's start with the a serks by bernie sanders that today's income tax rates compared to back in the '50s. he was asked how high he would raise the top rate, and here's what sanders said. >> we haven't come up with an exact number yet but it will not be as high as the number under dwight d eisenhower which was 90%. but it will be-- i'm not that much of a socialist to pass eisenhower. >> brangham: he got a lot of laughs for that, but how did that fact check out, 09% tax rate under eisenhower. is that right? >> it is right. we rated it true. there are a few things to be said about this. first off, we're talking about marginal income tax rates.
so this is the tax rate that a person's last dollar of income is taxed at. during the eisenhower days, the tax rates were that high, 92%. and it was on people who made quite a bit of money in that time. when we adjusted for inflation, we're talking about people being taxed at over 1.7 million of income. >> brangham: so if you compare that to people earning equivalent amount today, what kind of numbers are we talking about for today? >> today the top tax bracket is about 39.6 and for individuals, it's people who make just over $413,000. so it's a little bit different than today. they were higher then. >> brangham: okay, so a true for senator sanders there. let's listen next to something former secretary of state hillary clinton said about stagnant american wages. >> i have made very clear that hardworking middle class families need a raise, not a tax increase. in fact, wages adjusted for
inflation haven't risen since the turn of the last century. >> brangham: you and your clegs rated this as only half true. why is that? >> right, well lit reallily when we looked at the government statistics, she wasn't quite right. the median weekly wages now are about 340 dollars a week. back in 1999, they were 3125-- 315 dollars a week, so there has been a slight increase. however we didn't say she was completely wrong because this is a real trend of wages stagnating since the 1970s. she would have been better off if she had widened her time frame a little bit. and the other thing is the increase that we've seen since 1999 is very small. so we gave her a half true on this. >> brangham: so stagnate maybe is not the best adjective to be using for this. >> barely budged or maybe very small increase. it was a small increase and there is a real problem with wage stagnation over many decades. >> brangham: okay, great, so finally, former governor of
maryland martin o'malley takes a shot at donald trump. and then he dared journalists to come out and check one of his statements about mexican immigration. let's listen to what he said. >> the fact of the matter s and at's say it in our debate because you will never hear this from that immigrant-bashing carnival barker donald trump-- (applause) the truth of the matter is net immigration from mexico last year was zero. fact check me. go ahead, check it out. >> brangham: okay, he dared you, netd immigration last year from mexico was zero s that true? >> we rated it mostly true. now there is some uncertainty. when he says net immigration, what we're talking about are the people who came from mexico, mine us all the people who left the united states. it's arrivals mine us departures. now we don't have a direct measure of this. we have some indirect measures that kind of tell us where the situation might be. and mostly that's by estimating
the population of people in the united states who were born in mexico. now that number has been flat for many years. there was a tiny uptick last year. but it's not clear that that means that that overall trend has stopped. a very low numbers of immigration. basically, it is kind of staying flat when you do that arrivals versus departures. so we said he was mostly true. the experts we spoke with said yes, immigration from mexico is staying flat. but again, there's some uncertainty, it's complicated how they measure it. >> brangham: all right, angie holan from politifact, thank you very much. >> thanks for having me. >> brangham: president barack obama says the terrorist attacks in paris were "an attack on the civilized world," and he is pledging to help france track down everyone responsible.
obama spoke today at a summit in turkey with other leaders of the world's 20 biggest economies -- the so-called "g-20." while the u.s. is pressing for a political solution to end the four-and-half-year civil war in syria, where the militant group isis holds territory. obama said the u.s. would intensify the military campaign against isis, known in arabic "" daesh." >> we will redouble our efforts working with other members of the coalition to bring about a peaceful transition in syria and to eliminate daesh as a force that can create so much pain and suffering. >> brangham: the g-20 is expected to pledge financial support to help turkey and europe handle the flow of nearly a million migrants and refugees from the middle east and africa who are seeking asylum in europe this year. the site of one of the earliest isis atrocities inside iraq is coming into clearer view. kurdish forces have uncovered two mass graves in the town of shinjar-- an ethnic yazidi village isis overtook last year.
the first grave contained the bodies of 78 elderly women. the second had the bodies of more than 50 men, women, and children. isis held sinjar for more than 15-months until kurdish and yazidi forces recaptured the town friday. in myanmar, with most of the votes now counted, the party led by nobel peace prize winner aung san suu kyi has won a landslide. her "national league for democracy" has captured 78% of the parliamentary seats up for grabs in last sunday's voting. this paves the way for her party to form a government and choose the country's next president. myanmar's president and former military commander is promising a "smooth transition" as his party hands over power. this was myanmar's first free nationwide election in 25 years. and here in the u.s., baltimore has recorded its 300th homicide of the year. there was a fatal shooting and a fatal stabbing yesterday, bringing the total to 301. there were 211 homicides in baltimore last year. the city has not recorded more
than 300 murders in one year since 1999. it has second worst murder rate per capita after east saint louis. see images from france's second day of national mourning. visit us online at pbs dot org slash newshour. >> brangham: returning to our top story, france has begun its counterattack on isis. the defense ministry said tonight that ten french warplanes heavily bombed a training camp and a meunicians depot in the northern syrian city of roca. and the associated press is reporting that after the paris attacks french police questioned and ven released one of the suspects they are now looking for. the ap says salah abdeslam was one of three men in a car stopped early saturday morning near france's board we are belgium but there is no word on why police let him go. and in solidarity with france, flags at the u.s. capitol are flying at half-staff at the request of house speaker paul ryan.
possible by: lewis b. and louise hirschfeld cullman. bernard and irene schwartz. judy and josh weston. the cheryl and philip milstein family. the citi foundation. supporting innovation and enabling urban progress. sue and edgar wachenheim, iii. corporate funding is provided by mutual of america-- designing customized individual and group retirement products. that's why we are your retirement company. additional support has been provided by: and by the corporation for public broadcasting, and by contributions to your pbs station from viewers like you. thank you.
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