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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 19, 2015 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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♪ ♪ ♪ >> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments unforgettable.
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i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. click and now, "bbc world news america." ♪ newsr: this is "bbc world america." the ringleader of the paris attacks is dead. officials say abdelhamid abaaoud was linked to numerous terror plots, and was about to lead another assault. the debate over accepting syrian refugees heats up in the u.s., with lawmakers taking science. and, he was partially paralyzed after an encounter with police in alabama. tonight, we's it exclusively to the indian grandfather whose case has grabbed international attention.
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♪ ♪ welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. french authorities confirmed the suspected ringleader of friday's attacks in paris is dead. was killed inaoud a massive police offensive north of the city on wednesday. he was identified by his fingerprints. police continue to try to track down any a compasses or leads. correspondent begins our coverage. repohamid abaaoud it is -- ofr: france waited to hear the state of this man, abdelhamid abaaoud who was killed by police in a siege of his apartment.
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hadlgian national who fought in syria. today, the prime minister declared him dead. >> we know today that abaaoud, the brains behind the attack, or one of the brains because we have the extreme the conscious entity threats, was among those killed -- i made the threats -- amid the threats, was among those killed. reporter: this woman is not to be her cousin, and western europe's first female suicide bomber. 26 years old, she was born in france to moroccan parents. she was trapped with her cousin during the siege. this footage captures some of the ferocity of the assault. [gunfire] be some ofhought to her very last words. a policeman calls out, where is
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your boyfriend? he's not my boyfriend, comes the reply. soon after, she is dead. searched the home where she grew up in a northern paris estate. a school friend remembered a troubled child. i don't know why she did this, they brainwash her, she said. i knew her since she was little. her family was broken before she left. then, a sudden flaring of tension. the crowd hurled abuse as the police left, flashing a victory sign. every day, new imagery of the terrorism emerges. this is security footage from a cafe under attack. a killer approaches. he tries to shoot a woman lying at his feet, but the gun jams. he simply walks away. she escapes.
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what does it do to human beings, to endure this? the rhetoric, indeed the action, is at a stage -- of a state that now sees itself at war. but behind all this is an equally profound struggle about belonging, about identity in this society. went to the neighborhood where one of the killers grew up. the large muslim community knows that the anti-immigrant far right is gaining ground after the attacks. >> i feel worried. for the middle term and long-term. why? because some people think that we maybe share the opinion of these guys, because a lot of people don't really know what islam is. ingorter: there is a fray here. consider the case of julie.
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as a child, her babysitter was one of the killer' as mothers. the experience changed her. we are never secure, she says. you think you know people, but in fact you do not. julie told us she wanted the national front to govern france. ♪ tonight at the arc de triomphe, the veterans of france's foreign wars are gathering, remembering the dead. [chorus singing] but the war is here now. not just a battle against terrorism, but about the very idea of france itself. bbc news, paris. anchor: today, the french parliament voted to extend the state of emergency in france for another three months. the move gives investigators greater powers to search for suspects linked to last friday's
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terror attack. the discover of the ringleader in paris raises serious questions about how a man wanted in connection to other attacks in europe managed to stay undetected. our security correspondent has the details. gordon: abdelhamid abaaoud, a belgian of moroccan descent, was the planner and organizer of the paris attacks. today, the french government said it was not the first plot he was behind. among the six attacks foiled or avoided by french intelligence services since last spring, he was involved in four of them, with elements of the same plan. gordon: abaaoud claims he narrowly evaded police after this attempt -- police raid in verviers, which disrupted a major attack and kill to a cop with his. this may have marked a major missed opportunity to stop abaaoud planning and organizing
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more attacks. abaaoud claimed he escaped from belgium that january and managed to get back to syria, but he then appears to have gotten back into europe again, perhaps through greece. the french government said they knew nothing of his travel until this monday, until they were told by another country's spies. his ability to travel in and out of europe undetected raises serious questions for france and all of europe, and the failure to track it was a costly one. three teams attacked in paris, and investigation discovered three cars they used, all rented in belgium, the face for the plot -- base for the plot. at the bataclan, a vw polo is found. eyewitnesses said they found a suspicious group of people texting just before the attack. this car was used by the suicide bomber's who attacked the stade france.
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the last car was found abandoned. inside, three rifles. two attackers are still on the run. it is thought they have gone to belgium. phone records every the police to this apartment block, one location used as a safe house in the run-up to the attack. inside, they found pizza boxes and syringes. police have been using cctv, intercepted phone calls, and informers to chase down leads. is camee in saint den after witnesses placed abaaoud there, not in syria. police traced calls and used bank records to locate the apartment where he was then killed. they may have been planning a second wave of attacks. today the head of germany's security service told the bbc that all of europe should be worried. >> the threat situation is very serious. we have to assume something like this can happen at any time, in paris, brussels, berlin, or
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london. for i.s, we are the enemy. gordon: signs of concern in italy today, where there was an alert in the metro after the fbi passed on warnings, another warning that europe, not just france, remains on edge. anchor: for more on the death of abdelhamid abaaoud, i spoke with matthew levitt, the director of the counterterrorism program at the washington institute for near east policy. what is your assessment of the news, now that we know that abdelhamid abaaoud was killed yesterday in the rate in paris -- raid in paris? matthew: people will treat a sigh of relief that the person described as ringleader was killed, but there's at least one other fugitive they are looking for, and ongoing plots at u.s. embassies. rome issued a series of warnings about possible plots. we had the scare in hanover. we had the arrest of a british citizen in turkey.
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, so i would say that today we are in the same position we were in a little while ago. the director of the cia, on monday morning, described the strategic warning that we knew that something like this was coming, but we just did not know where. now we know that in may, the department of homeland security issued a report warning that future is on the state attacks code look like the one that was thwarted in belgium in january, which was very similar to the one that actually happened in paris on friday. anchor: getting a sense of detail about abaaoud his a competent is, in belgium. knowing he passed through on his return from syria. we do not know whether he concealed himself as part of the influx of refugees coming to europe, but he came through undetected to paris. what does that tell to you about the intelligence information on attacks like this? matthew: intelligence and law enforcement is externally worried about this phenomenon. at a political level, it is a
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threat to the political union and its open borders. second of all, it demonstrates, the sheer number of individuals with european passports who have gone to fight, some of them may come home with their own passports, and some might find other ways to get back into europe for the purpose of hiding themselves. abaaoud very proudly told the "slamic state magazine "dabiq that got protected him. he claims an official compared his photograph to his face, but could not see the resemblance. this is a real vulnerability for us, especially in europe. anchor: knowing the terrorist cells and how they operate, al qaeda, al-shabaab, where it is isis fit now for you in terms of how well coordinated they are, how established they are? matthew: the real issue is not how established or coordinated, but how many potential operatives they have. the islamic state is calling on people to take this kind of action. until now, we have been mostly inspired on the -- focused on
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the inspired, homegrown offender, who does not have as much capability, but is harder to track because they have not been in touch with people or send or receive money. now the foreign plot we had in paris, it costs more money, and as we saw, it can be more deadly. there are thousands of europeans who have gone to syria and iraq. some have come back. some, we don't know where they are. this is a tremendous vulnerability. because we don't have as many from the united states, about 250 and the fbi feels they have a good grip on that, here they are less worried. they are not taking any chances, but they recently said today they don't know of any active plots right now. anchor: we appreciate your time, matthew. thank you so much. u.s., the issue of allowing syrian refugees into the country sparked a heated debate. lawmakers voted on a measure that would toughen the screening pressure -- process on refugees,
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despite white house pressure against that measure. for more, here is jane o'brien. >> the yeas are 289. the bill is passed. jane: the majority of house lawmakers think syrian refugees are too much of a risk to be allowed into the u.s. in the wake of the paris attacks, nobody wants to be accused of jeopardizing security of americans, even for in urgent humanitarian costs. -- cause. >> it is not the issue of refugees. it is the issue of letting isis terrorists getting into the country to kill us. jane: with millions of syrians fleeing their homes, lawmakers want to suspend the current refugee program and get the fbi to guarantee that any who are allowed into the u.s. are not terrorists. administration officials point to the fact that syrians already -- undergo enhanced security checks that can take up to two years.
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president obama: it is the most thorough vetting process conducted with respect to anyone who crosses our borders. jane: but this has become a political issue spilling into the presidential campaign. president obama took aim at republicans critical of asylum. apparently wea: are worried about widows and orphans coming into the united states of america as part of our tradition of compassion. jane: presidential candidate ted cruz had this reaction. mr. cruz: mr. president, if you want to insult me, you can do it overseas, in turkey, but i would encourage you, come back and insult me to my face. jane: more than half of the country's governors nasser they do not want syrian refugees coming to the states -- now say the do not want syrian refugees coming to the states. only a few weeks ago, the debate was over how much more to do to welcome syrian refugees. 10,000 was considered that their minimum.
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but the paris attacks have changed everything, and the discussion is becoming increasingly ugly. jane o'brien, bbc news, washington. anchor: you are watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonight's program, medical experts warn of a doomsday scenario, antibiotics stop working. we will tell you why they think it could become a reality. there have been anti-globalization protests in manila on the last day of the apec leaders summit. the details from manila -- reporter: these filipinos do not want more free trade, and they want the leaders of the world's most powerful economies to know that. in this country, a quarter of the population still lives below the poverty line. many poor filipinos believe free trade will only bring more explication from powerful countries like america. theur poverty, our hunger,
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wage suppression of workers, the plunder of our national -- the filipino people are struggling to defend our country from powerful countries, rich countries like the united states getting profits from filipino workers. reporter: the leaders were far away, safe behind the massive security cordon that has shut down much of manila. in what has become an annual tradition, they gathered for what some are calling the silly shirt photo. but behind the smiles, there are detentions. deepest of all, between u.s. president barack obama and chinese president xi jinping. meeting with his filipino house, president obama -- host, president obama was emphatic. china must stop its island
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building in the south china sea. president obama: we discussed the impact of china's land reclamation and construction activities on regional stability. we agree on the need for steps to lower tensions, including pledging to stop further reclamation, new construction, and militarization of disputed areas in the south china sea. reporter: there is no sign from china that it is willing to do that. ♪ anchor: imagine if a simple scratch could kill you. medical experts warn that could become a reality. they say new evidence shows bacteria becoming resistant to the last group of antibiotics that can still fight superbikes -- superbugs. reporter: in the war against superbugs, it is the bacteria that are winning. this hospital in india, where i filmed for panorama, is running
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out of drugs that work to treat babies like mohammed. there's a long list of ugtibiotics that his b appears resistant to. how concerning is that? >> with we are concerned and scared. the bug was showing resistance to all of the antibiotics. >> how unusual is that? >> very unusual. reporter: first time in this hospital? >> first time. reporter: mohammed's infection was resistant to a last-ditch antibiotic. in china, doctors say they have found more bugs that are resistant, and that resistance is spreading to other bacteria. >> the e. coli bacteria will not be treated by the antibiotics we have been on before. reporter: this is not just a problem for the developing world. key has been on a succession of
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antibiotics in recent years as one after another fails. his doctor at the royal free hospital in london is convinced a new drug-resistant strain will end up here and make matters worse. >> it takes about three years for it to transfer around the world, and about five years before we see it routinely in our patients, and we know that because that happened previously with drug resistance, this type of transmissible drug-resistant infection. terrifying,ularly because that will mean we have no drugs left to treat our patients. reporter: that apocalyptic scenario is a way off yet, but experts say it is time to heed the warnings. modern medicine is utterly dependent on effective antibiotics. without them, major treatments and -- major surgery and much cancer treatment would become impossible, so this is an issue that matters to us all. two thirds of all antibiotics are used in animals. the new resistant bugs were first found in pigs in china, so
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curbs on antibiotic use in farming are essential if the drugs are to keep working. u.s. prosecutors say they plan to try and alabama police officer for a third time using excessiveing force against indian grandfather who was pushed to the ground during a morning walk. the incident left sureshbhai patel partially paralyzed. in an exclusive interview with the bbc, mr. patel's family say they hope the officer involved, eric parker, goes to prison for what happened. mr. parker said he did not mean to hurt mr. patel, but acted in the interest of officer safety. this exclusive report -- reporter: progress comes in small steps for sureshbhai patel . in his weekly rehab sessions, he is starting to walk again after he was pushed to the ground by police earlier this year.
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incident left the 58-year-old grandfather partially paralyzed. sureshbhai patel moved to america from gujarat in india to help take care of his young grandson. and it was in february of this year that he went for a morning walk, here on this street in a suburb of huntsville, alabama. the stroll close to his son's house was part of a daily ritual for mr. patel. he had only been in the country a week. that morning, a neighbor spotted him and called the police. >> we have had a guy, he was doing it yesterday, and today he is just wandering around in driveways. >> what does he look like? >> a skinny black guy. i don't know -- i have lived here for four years, and i have never seen him. >> let me talk to your real quick. reporter: officers arrived
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shortly afterward and again asking questions. but unable to speak or understand english, he struggled to respond. >> what is your name? >> he is saying no english. >> india? ok. >> stop trying to walk away from me. reporter: as his son, what went
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through your mind when you watched the video for the first time? >> it was a very devastating video that i saw. how can you just walk in and break some is neck? reporter: 27-year-old police officer eric parker was fired and charged with third-degree assault and he is being charged in federal court with excessive use of force. the case has been tried twice, and both times juries failed to reach a decision. mr. parker said he did not mean to hurt mr. patel, and that he acted in the interest of officer safety after mr. patel refused to comply with his requests. during the argument, the defense said, when you come to the u.s. we expected to follow our laws and speak our language, and that mr. patel bears as much responsibly for this as anyone. >> do i feel angry? of course. my dadel angry, because
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already said five times that he does not speak english, and now you are using that as an excuse for the force that has been used, yes, i am disappointed. reporter: mr. patel enjoys being with his grandson. his wife recently joined him from india, too. he plans to stay in the u.s., despite all that has happened. how is your dad doing, they by day? >> it is hard for him. he was an independent man before , and suddenly you change one person's life. but slowly, he is making progress, getting independence slowly. he is still not 100%, and we do not know if he is going to get to 100%. reporter: as he makes a steady recovery, sureshbhai patel told me he thinks what eric parker did was wrong, but he says he does not feel angry. bbc news, madison, alabama. anchor: police officer eric
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parker is still awaiting trial for the charge of third-degree assault. his family has also filed a lawsuit for damages. you have been watching "world news america," thanks for joining us. see you again tomorrow. ♪ ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning
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backdrop for making romantic moments unforgettable. i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. ♪ >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles. ♪
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