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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  November 30, 2015 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments unforgettable.
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i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. world leaders meet in paris to try to succeed where previous climate conferences have failed. there are signs of optimism and urgency. president obama: for all the challenges we face, the growing threat of climate change could define the contours of this century more dramatically than any other. katty: the man accused of shooting at a family planning clinic in colorado is in court. three people died in that attack. we will have the latest. and the phenomenal power of yoga
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. a famed photographer turns his lens to the moves which helped him heal. katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. it is now or never -- that is how pope francis describes the need to act against climate change. world leaders are meeting in paris this week to reach a deal to do just that. even before they met, the head of the united nations said that countries should go much further, much faster. our science editor starts our coverage now from paris. reporter: the delicate line of the atmosphere changed by our pollution, which is raising temperatures could that has been a concern for decades, but nothing has been done about it until now. today came the largest ever
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gathering of world leaders, 150 of them. it came with vivid warnings about the dangers climate change could bring. president obama submerged countries, abandoned cities, feels that no longer grow. reporter: he warned that mass migration could follow. moredent obama: even floods of desperate peoples seeking the sanctuary of nations not their own. p.m. cameron: instead of making excuses tomorrow to our children and grandchildren, we should be taking action today. reporter: with more world leaders than ever before, it is easy to forget what this is all about. it is the best chess the world has ever had to get a global agreement on doing something about climate change. tothe heart of the our plans cut the carbon dioxide and other gases pumped into the atmosphere, where they trap heat
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and warm the planet. as temperatures rise, more heat waves are likely. more than 1000 people died in pakistan during 50-degree heat earlier this year. more warming means more melting of polar ice. that raises the level of the sea , threaten millions who live in low-lying countries. >> one-meter wave coming on the island, it goes right over our little island. reporter: so there is pressure to cut back or even phase out fossil fuels like coal pit but because coal is so cheap, it is in big demand, and emerging economies such as india present being told not to use it. -- resent being told not to use it. >> democratic india must grow rapidly to meet the aspirations of 1.20 5 billion people. reporter: one hope is that radical new technologies can meet those demands, like wind turbines that flow high enough
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to catch the jet stream. it is part of a nutrition initiative backed by $20 billion a year -- a new initiative backed by $20 billion he agreed the plan was unveiled by bill gates, who told me why more research matters. burning coal in most places is still cheaper than renewables. so we need breakthroughs that the cost goes down. reporter: tonight, dense pollution fills the air in china, the result of burning coal. seems like this have changed chinese attitude strapping on climate change. it is here at the conference center that we will see if a bolder new international agreement is possible. the last time the world meant to address the problem of climate change, the largest polluter, china, was unwilling to commit to hard targets on reducing climate conditions. in the six years which followed,
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the environmental costs of the cold-driven growth has become impossible to ignore. how china editor, carrie gracie, as been to the plateau were climate change is wiping out old industries and creating new ones. carrie: this was once rolling grassland. his parents and grandparents had herds of cattle and 500 sheep. now it is a desert. the cattle are long gone. his flock is down to 80. he is the last in a proud line of tibetan herdsmen. the plateau lies at the heart of asia. this is where the content's weather is -- confidence weather is made can the great rivers are born. now it is the scene of a climate change catastrophe. shrinking, the permafrost that protects the grassland winter disappearing.
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the win to take the soil and this is what is left. he says there is no point being angry, but the death of his landscape and his way of life makes him sad. >> now the desert of vacation is terror -- desertification is terrible. the stance from state worse eepr-by-year, and the sh don't get enough to eat. i can't go on like this much lighter. carrie: here are the culprits -- china's coal powered economy is the world's biggest polluter, with some of the most toxic air, water, and soil on the planet. thanks to global warming, floods at one extreme and desert at the other. now a change of heart on an epic scale. china has become by far the world's biggest investor in renewable energy. it is building the world's
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largest solar farm on the grassland-turned desert of the plateau. china used to put economic growth ahead of its environment. but now it is a climate change convert. it sees rescuing the environment as the only sustainable way of growing its economy. suddenly the world is here, to power a greener china for the century ahead. china is betting that an energy revolution will put solar power on top. it wants to sell the world of the future. -- the renewable technologies of the future. >> as the solar batteries improve on the costs come down, there is bound to, date when solar power comes -- there was down to, a day when solar power becomes cheaper than traditional energy. roof, the paris climate change conference seems very far away. even if politicians reach a global agreement, and even if
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wind turns to the sun and to power its future, it is already too late for this tibetan herdsman and his way of life. carrie gracie, bbc news, northwest china. katty: ancient traditions and very new technologies there on the plateau. for more on the talks going on in paris, i spoke a short time hleen kelly, senior fellow at the center for an in progress, and she focuses on climate policy. -- center for american progress, and she focuses on climate policy. let's talk about the skeptics of theconference, saying that world is doing too little, too late. cathleen: well, thanks for having me, first of all. there is a reason why world leaders and representatives from 190 countries are gathered in paris today the next two weeks. they recognize the moral imperative, the economic imperative, the financial imperative, and the national security imperative to get something done in paris.
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the costs and consequences of climate change are simply too high. now, paris is not going to be the silver bullet picked it is not going to be the final solution to the climate change crisis. but it will represent progress in the global fight against climate change. we have already seen dramatic progress just in the lead up to the talks could 180 nations representing 94% of global emissions have come forward with firm national commitments. katty: some of those nations have also come forward and said why should we care the brunt of this?-- bear the brunt of this? who is going to pay for it? cathleen: absolutely. there are many facets to the negotiations. what is the emission reduction and how ambitious they will be overtime. second, how are developing countries, especially the most developing countries, the least developing countries, the small island states that are so vulnerable to sea level rise, how will they adapt to climate change, and how will they make a
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pid shift themselves to cleaner energy? climate financing will be a centerpiece of the talks in paris. the good news is that we have seen progress on climate change financing. you may recall in 2009 at the copenhagen talks, developed countries made a big commitment to deliver financing to developing countries. katty: as we saw in the report from paris and china, part of the reason for the newfound optimism around these talks is china itself. how critical has the shift from xi jinping on this issue been in the last year? cathleen: this has been really game changing -- katty: and it is sincere, they will deliver? cathleen: absolutely. last year we saw the united states come forward with china to make a joint pledge to make ambitious reductions in their admissions. china committed to not only double the use of nonfossil energy, but to keep emissions by
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2030. it is possible to achieve those tournaments as soon as possible, even before 2030 -- those commitments as soon as possible, even before 2030. this was the result of tremendous pressure on the chinese government and president xi jinping himself to respond to the air pollution crisis in many cities across china, including beijing. he has to transition the economy in turn away from coal consumption towards cleaner energy sources. we are actually seeing that. katty: kathleen kelly, thank you for joining me. cathleen: thank you so much. katty: we will bring you the news from that conference in paris. a look at other news from around the world. british prime minister david cameron says parliament will vote on wednesday on whether to approve airstrikes against the islamic state group in syria. is aameron said i.s. threat to the u.k., and a growing number of mp's support extending the campaign into syria. a court injures and has found 2
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young israelis guilty of the murder of a palestinian teenager in a revenge attack last year. their names cannot be published because of their age. it was part of an ask a of violence that culminated in a militantsn israel and in gaza. the international monetary fund has approved the addition of the chinese you want to its basket n to its basket of reserve currencies. currently the u.s. dollar, the euro, the yen, and the town are in that group. here in the united states, the suspected gunman and in an attack on a planned parenthood clinic in colorado has made his first appearance in court. robert lewis dear is accused of killing three people in last week's shooting and injuring a number of others. james cook joined as a short time ago with all the latest. what happened in court today? appeared art dear
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short time ago in this courtroom in colorado springs. it was a brief hearing, a hearing, during which he was given a very simple outline of the charge against him, he is being held on an initial charge of first-degree murder. back to change as these proceedings move forward. he will be due to appear again before this court in december to hear more details of those charges. he appeared briefly by video link standing alongside his lawyer in a case which has been tragic and controversial. , 57 years old,ar described as an oddball and a loner, now accused of murder that he lived in this isolated trailer in a rural colorado. after he surrendered to police, he reportedly said "no more baby parts," an apparent reference to planned parenthood's controversial role in providing fetal tissue for research could this is not the first attack on
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a planned parenthood clinic. the group said poisonous political rhetoric is inciting domestic terrorism, charge rejected by its fiercest critics. typicalina: this is so of the left, to immediately begin demonizing the messenger because they don't agree with the message could the vast majority of americans agree that what planned parenthood is doing is wrong. james: supporters of planned parenthood on the street of new york this weekend insist they are the majority. >> we refuse to accept the escalating violence and terror! james: they insist planned parenthood provides vital health care to millions of women. a place for lots of women get health care they need, breast exams, contraception, and yes, safe and legal abortions. we should be supporting planned parenthood, not attacking it. at its church in
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colorado springs this weekend, friends supported the life of the police officer who was killed. oppose abortion but died trying to save lives at the planned parenthood clinic. >> he would have gone into the clinic to serve those people, because their lives matter. those who work at the clinic, whether you agree with your position or not on life or death. james: mother of 2, jennifer markovsky also died could "i miss you, my daughter," her father wrote. ke'arre stewart was a father of 2. he survived iraq but was shot dead outside the clinic back home in colorado springs. unreal.s almost half a million people here, and to have it be my brother out of all these people. here inhooting happened
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the united states every day. whatever the story behind this attack, the result is the same. six children have lost eight parent. james cook on the bbc news, colorado springs. katty: remembering those killed in colorado last week. you are watching "bbc world news america."still to come , on the service, or to rico is beautiful, but open the island's books and you find an ugly story of economic ruin. pope francis has ended his three-nation trip to africa with a message to the warring parties in the central african republic -- say no to hatred, revenge, and violence. speaking at a mosque, pope francis described residents and muslims as brothers and sisters got -- describe christians and muslims as brothers and sisters. he celebrated a mass before flying back to rome. our religious affairs correspondent was with him and sent this report. reporter: it has been a
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remarkable day for pope francis and the people, who have flocked to see him on this visit. the day began in austin in an area of the city that has become a symbol of the fault lines between christians and muslims here. it is an area where some 15,000 muslims have sought shelter around the mosque because of fears of christian militias who would attack them if they left. was determined to go to the mosque to send a symbol of solidarity with muslims here. imam and theye showed solidarity that christians and muslims can stand side-by-side. the folk maker that he believes that no one with real religious motives would have committed a violent that with senior -- the violence that was seen here. there is any credible atmosphere here in the stadium, where the pope is saying mass. his visit has meant a lot to
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those who have come out in the weather in displaced people stands, or elsewhere in bangui, because it is seen as a sign that the world is not forgotten has been seen as a symbol to many. it may not bring peace immediately, but it has sent a strong signal that christians can andims should live in peace, after so much despair and violence and suffering here. katty: puerto rico is dangerously close to going bust. the caribbean island is an american territory with its own government, but nine years of economic recession and a class in outside investment have in thea $70 billion hole public finances. this week a major debt repayment is due, and if it is not settled, the government could be forced to shut down vital
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services. so far the white house says it will not come up with a bailout. stephen sackur reports. .tephen: puerto rico it looks like the classic caribbean cocktail of sun, sea, and sand. but for puerto ricans, it has turned sour. their island is hurtling down the road to economic ruin. puerto ricans are fighting to save their way of life. the government is $70 billion in debt. a six state services, from emergency health care to pensions to power and garbage collection, are under threat. teachers are some of the loudest protesters. schools are closing, jobs being cut, and according to teachers, education is being privatized in a bid to save the government cash. >> school should be for everybody and it should be public. that is why we are here, because
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we are defending our students come out community. stephen: for a century, puerto rico has been u.s. territory. many of the key creditors are american investment and hedge funds. but washington shows no sign of launching a bailout. >> the government is close to running out of money. we have been taking measures that are actually hurting our economy to make sure we keep the government running. so you are, if i may say so, teetering on the brink of serious default? majorht now we have two bonds due in december and january, a very large amount. we have a huge cash wall raising us in june. if it is not in december, it is in june. has been inrto rico recession frosted decade. inward investment has dried up, and people are leaving. this used to be a thriving commercial center. now it is on its knees. shops have closed, so has the
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high school. 5000 residents have left in the last five years. .uerto ricans are u.s. citizens increasingly, the brightest and best, like this doctor, ask themselves, why stay, when lucrative jobs in the u.s. are just a short flight away? when you go to to florida, take the wife, the kids, do you think you will ever come home? >> oh, i don't think i am going to come back ever. i can come back for vacations or short stay, but not to live again, i don't think so. the situation on the island, i don't think it is going to change. so basically, we are leaving forever. stephen: puerto rico is caught between 2 worlds, american-owned and yet steeped in latin values. for the u.s. government, the debt crisis is embarrassing.
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for puerto ricans, the hangover last for years. stephen sackur, bbc news, san juan. katty: an island of contradictions and definitely worth a visit. photographer michael o'neill made his name with iconic portraits of american presidents, star athletes, and celebrities. but when spinal surgery left him partially paralyzed and unable to work, he turned to yoga and meditation to help with his recovery. in a new book, he brings together over a decade of photography dedicated to yoga. working withrt of the yogi is there is an unselfish consciousness. they are thinking or worrying about how they feel and what their persona -- they're not thinking or warning about what they feel and what their persona is. in 2000, i had spinal surgery, and it resulted in my being paralyzed, losing the use of my right arm. the doctors told me i would never be able to use it again.
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yoga really helped me rebuild my body and have faith in my ability to use my hand again. portfolios of golfers, of great olympians, i just said simply, why hasn't somebody done a portfolio about these geniuses who are giving this gift to mankind? i photographed in nepal come in india. one of the most wonderful pictures done at the beginning. we call it "moses on the sitting onof a yogi a stone in sunset. when you look at the picture, you are affected by the presence of spirit. one of the most amazing parts of --s whole project was going
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70 two 100 million people come and go from the river to enter the water and take the holy bath . yoga and meditation allowed me to find my own spirituality and let it blossomed. in so doing, it helped to change my personality. it helped to change the direction of your life. it helps to change the quality of what you become aware of on what you see and what you sense. the remarkable thing is it basically is free. photos.mazing i've practiced yoga for years and i have no shame in saying there is not a single pose in that collection i can do myself. michael o'neill with his book on yoga and how it brought him healing. that brings the program to a close. you can find more of the day's
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news on our website, all the latest from the paris conference. if you would like to reach us and the bbc team, you can reach us on twitter. thanks so much for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll.
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it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments unforgettable. i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight: >> if we act here, if we act now. >> ifill: president obama joins hundreds of world leaders in paris, calling for an ambitious agreement to combat climate change. also ahead: the first in our weeklong series from nigeria, where the country is battling the brutal group, boko haram. >> we have children who have arrived and they lost their voice because of what they saw. it seems the war still rages in their mind. >> ifill: and, this politics monday: truth on the trail. parsing facts in the race for the white house. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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