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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 7, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PST

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. >> i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
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>> i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." anchor: this is "bbc world news america." at least 50 people killed in a training center in libya, the worst bomb attack there since the fall of muammar gaddafi. fears over china's economy send markets tumbling around the globe. the dow jones sank nearly 400 points. and we meet the south african artist who uses it illumination to bring communities out of the shadow -- who uses it illumination --who uses
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illumination to bring communities out of the shadow. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. a massive truck bomb exploded near a police base in libya today, killing at least 50 people and injuring hundreds more, marking the worst bomb attack in the country since the fall of muammar gaddafi five years ago. there have been no immediate claims of response ability, but it comes amid rising concern that islamic state militants are gaining ground. richard reports. richard: it was in this former military compound that the huge bomb was detonated. at least 300 police recruits who had gathered here in the morning were cut down in the explosion, which was heard miles away. it was the work of a suicide bomber. this recruit who survived the attack said the bomber had driven the truck at high speed through the gate and then came the explosion.
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there were so many casualties that hospitals across the region , including here in misrata, were needed to deal with what is believed to be the worst bomb attack in libya since the fall of the gaddafi regime five years ago. >> this morning, thursday, we received a number of wounded from the police academy with injuries ranging from moderate to serious too critical. could havee attack been carried out by one of the many libyan militias or a criminal gang or jihadists. fighters from the group calling itself islamic state have in steadily expanding their influence in libya. these pictures apparently show an attack this week on a vital oil depot on the coast. and this, the aftermath --
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several storage tanks containing more than 2 million barrels of oil still ablaze, despite the efforts of local firefighting teams. >> i appeal to the national oil company and also the united nations -- if there is any kind of response, even if it was just a little help, because we are facing a disaster, environmental and economic. richard: while it is no the so-called islamic state was behind the attack here, so far, no group has admitted carrying out thursday's bombing, which killed and injured so many police recruits. what is beyond doubt is that libya's descent into chaos continues unabated. for more on the situation in libya, i spoke a short time ago with the senior associate in the middle east program at the carnegie endowment for national
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peace. you recently returned from libya. what can you tell us about the tensions in the area where this attack took face? frederick: this is an area where the islamic state has tried to mount attacks. they have their base in an area to the east, and what they are clearly trying to do is disrupt the formation of an effective government and effective police force so they can expand their rule. are we seeing increasingly that libya is becoming some kind of a backstop for islamic state as they come under pressure in syria? frederick: that's the real fear. this is in many ways right territory. there's no government. it's lawless. it has plenty of arms. they already have a foothold in this one city. there is already a base of jihadist sentiment in some areas, so this is a real concern. laura: there are others, too,
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who are causing chaos, aren't there? frederick: it is a very crowded field. the region is awash with militias, so there is a lot of competition. we found islamic state was actually pushed out by a rival jihadist group that was aligned with al qaeda. laura: you technically have these rival governments that you talked about. do they talk to each other? frederick: the real focus of the united nations and the west is to get them to form a unity government because right now, they are so busy fighting each other that it is a distraction, and the islamic state is able to insert itself and expand into that vacuum. laura: are the united nations efforts going anywhere? people keep talking about this. frederick: the factions signed an agreement for a unity government, so it is there at least on paper, but the trick is how you implement that, create a
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government on the ground that is capable of extending its authority over this country. that has not happened yet. laura: that's a jumping off point for all the migrants who are headed for europe. how does that complicate the situation? it's just another destabilizing factor. there is concern the islamic state could use that migrant trade, although we have not seen that yet. i think it's primarily a concern of human rights abuses and the tremendous abuses that occurred when the smuggling goes on. is almost five years since the fall of colonel qaddafi. is the chaos now even worse than at the moment when he l? frederick: absolutely. the libyans i speak with our tremendously disenchanted. many have left. there is unfortunately nostalgia for gaddafi's rule. for all his excesses, there was at least stability. the country is in really dire shape. laura: the people you speak to,
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what do they see as a way out of the chaos? frederick: they see this is a small country that has a lot of oil wealth. we have to remember the divisions are not the stark, ethnic, sectarian divisions we see in iraq or syria. they want outside help. they want their leaders to be wise and come together. joining us. you for it was another volatile day on global markets as the chinese stock exchange fell 7%, sparking an automatic halt. the currency traded at its lowest rate since march 2011. the world's second-biggest economy struggled all week to stop its markets from skidding further, and the effects are being felt all over the world. the dow closed almost 400 points down. i'm joined by the chief economics commentator for "the wall street journal" and author of the book "foolproof." what is happening in china? greg: china is trying to
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reorient its economy from one that is heavily dependent on construction 21 based more on services. we have seen a big slowing in parts of the economy, and with that, they are coming off of an epic stock market bubble and a big debt buildup. trying to build just -- trying to bring that economy in for a soft landing is difficult. as those things unwind, some of the excesses that have been built up, it's natural to see a lot of white knuckle moments. laura: are the chinese leadership dealing with this the right way, trying to stop the stock market from trading when it plunges to a level they do not like? greg: the chinese have a conflict of view of markets. on one level, they know that economy can only thrive if market forces take over, but on some level, they also know that if those forces get ahead of themselves, it can lead to financial crises, as me in the united states and great britain know very well. -- as we in the united states and great britain know very
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well. what they've done is not necessarily interfering, because we have in the united states similar circuit breakers. for thehave done it first time, it has an amateurish feel to it. laura: and that is sending ripples around the world. greg: it does. we need to keep this in proportion -- we have able market that is the third or fourth longest in history. it is asking too much to have the of years year after year. we also have earnings under pressure. i do not think investors are freaking out over china. they are seeing this as one more negative in a market that looks kind of stretch. laura: how long is this volatility going to go on? greg: no one can predict that. the big question is if the underlying economy is ok. data out today suggests we are continuing to add jobs in the united states. the manufacturing sector and oil and gas sectors have their own
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problems, but you do not see the broad-based weakness that suggests we are in trouble. china if the trouble in goes on, could that tipped the u.s. back? greg: i don't think so. u.s. exports to china are less than 1% of u.s. gdp. moreover, as chinese commodities decline, that makes gasoline cheaper for american consumers, and that ought to be a positive. we ought to worry in the sense that there are fragility's in the u.s. economy, and we have to worry about the fact that american companies have if theed up a lot, but u.s. goes into recession, i do not think china will be the trigger. laura: all eyes are on china and its economy. have do you expect chinese leaders to deal with it when trading reopens? know, and i don't think anybody knows, and i don't think they know right now. this selloff we saw in china is still smaller than we saw last
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august. anyone who looked at the shanghai market up until the beginning of this selloff last number and or it was a bubble, and all bubbles deflate -- anyone who looked at the shanghai market up until the beginning of this selloff last summer. i'm sure a month or two from now, we will be looking back at turmoil and have a much better view of turmoil -- in much prospects that the much better than they are now. laura: the united nations says the syrian government has agreed to allow humanitarian aid to a deceased town where people are reported to be starving. the town has been under siege by government forces from the government and their allies and has the left from months. people have begun eating earth. the grass and leaves have died because of the freezing conditions. the government has been given the power to appoint broadcasters as civil servants for the first time since the fall of communism.
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investigating the alleged new year's eve sex attacks on women in cologne say they haven't in a fight teen suspects -- identified 16 suspects. officers identified the men as being young and of north african descent and said the number of crimes reported that night has risen to 121. a man carrying a knife has been shot dead outside a police station in paris. authorities to he was wearing a fake suicide belt and carrying an implement of the islamic state group. it happened exactly a year after the attack on satirical magazine hebdo" in which 12 people were killed by islamist gunmen. reporter: almost to the moment of last year's attacks, police vans once again racing through paris' streets. armed police responding to a man approaching a police station with a butcher's knife shouting.
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police cleared the streets, in a suicide vest after wires were seen on the man. >> i look out the window and heard shouts coming from the police station. i heard to the policeman shouting at a man who was advancing toward them quite fast. when the man did not stop, they started shooting, and the man fell. roboter: a bomb disposal was brought in. a man was wearing what turned out to be a fake suicide vest. police found a piece of paper on him with a symbol of the so-called islamic state. the man was later named as a moroccan with no known links to violent extremism. it was exactly a year ago that gunmen attacked the satirical andzine "charlie hebdo"
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later a jewish supermarket. over three days, 17 people were killed. just moments before today's attack, the french president attended a memorial service at police headquarters. there were three officers killed last year. we are nowollande: facing hardened fighters who have decided to kill even at the cost of their own lives. their attacks are coordinated from abroad, ordered by the organization called islamic state. that is why i say we are at war. reporter: iran, france is resilient but edgy. , france isn resilient but edgy. it is a country in recovery but not recovered. "we are still deeply troubled," said this woman. "it has really affected us. it's a nervous atmosphere." the french president warned france is not through what -- through with terrorism, but they
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are dealing with a series of issues. is the state of emergency working? is it right for dual nationals convicted of terrorist offenses to be stripped of their french citizenship? tonight, parisians were once again remembering. the president says fresh attacks are likely. the sense of threat has not lifted. paris on edge once again. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, a rare look inside yemen. fighting has to the country apart and many who cannot leave are struggling for the most basic of needs. california has declared a state of emergency over a methane gas leak. james cook has the latest. james: in these clear california skies, there is a hidden menace. every day, thousands of tons of .ethane are pouring out
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the leak has been going on since october, and people here are literally sick of it. >> i had to go to the emergency room because i was violently throwing up and had a severe migraine. james: using an infrared camera, the scale of the leak becomes clear with gas pouring over the hills toward the homes below. activists and this could be as bad as bp's oil spill over the gulf of mexico six years ago. >> it is a bad thing, and i know everyone thought this happened on october 23rd and we had this situation and it's going to go away. we're learning it not going away. is under constant assault. -- we're learning it is not going away. james: experts say so far, it has spewed out a quarter of california's entire storage of methane. officials insist the leak in the hills do not pose an imminent
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threat to public safety, but people are still worried about their health and about the environment. is this an environmental catastrophe? >> i would not term it that, and i cannot verify the amount of gas that is coming from the leak . we feel terrible about this. these are our neighbors, and we are -- our apology is sincere and heartfelt. james: the company says it could be another two months before the leak is plugged and hanging in the sulfurous air is the question -- what is all this doing to the planet? laura: it has been described as the forgotten war. more than 6000 people, almost half of them civilians, have been killed in yemen since march
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when a saudi-led coalition launched a campaign against rebels. already the poorest country in the world, yemen now faces catastrophe. its infrastructure and economy are shattered. the bbc traveled into a besieged city for this exclusive report. this dusty mountain trail is now the only safe entrance. these steep ridges cut through front lines that surround the city. a journey into the city that used to take minutes now takes hours. vital supplies -- fuel, food, and livestock -- are all transported of these paths into an increasingly desperate city. after a long trek, we finally make it in.
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besieged for months, much of the city is now in ruins. these fighters come under regular attacks from rebels who seek militia that surround them -- who see militia that surround them. and tired -- entire districts face the threat from snipers. this family comes under fire as they try to escape. [gunshot] we are given access to the city 's only emergency hospital. doctors here face tough choices. without a sick medical supplies -- without basic medical supplies, they have to ration operations. he is lucky enough to be treated, but unfortunately, without any general anesthetic. in another room, we find a
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six-year-old girl alone in her bed. she was hit during a morning attack by rebels. as the children of her village gathered to collect water, a round killed five of them and injured another 19. the doctor tells me she is all alone. she has no family at the hospital. she died a few weeks later. entire homes here has been destroyed, yet many refuse to leave. abdul and his family live on what used to be a front line. he says he has no other option but to stay. >> we are afraid, but we have nowhere else to go. no water, no electricity, nothing. wherever we go, we will suffer. at least here, we will have dignity. reporter: he invites me in to see the damage to his home.
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he tells me the children have become used to the sound of war. outside the city, saudi-led coalition forces continue to pound rebel positions. a cease-fire in yemen has come and gone, and this complex war has become increasingly clear that neither side can win -- in this complex war, it has become increasingly clear that neither side can win. laura: a rare look inside yemen's war and the cost. if you are fed up with the long nights and dark days of winter, the work of one south african artist might cheer you up. he works in light, creating installations in places where darkness is equated with the legacy of apartheid and poverty.
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jane o'brien caught up with him. >> him like a scientist discovering a new planet on the surface of a new terrain -- i am like a scientist. jane: most people visit museums for the objects on display, but marcus prefers playing with shadows behind the scenes. marcus: i am entering a space that has a lot of mystery and unknown. my work is about entering the imaginary world and forcing it to reveal itself. i feel if we can interact with and move light around, we can take control of what light does. we can throw it in the air, throw it on the floor, and the act of doing that gets you involved in making the artwork. jane: a winner of the 2015 world technology for art, marcus is trying to overcome negative perceptions of darkness and the very real danger it poses for people living in the dark.
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notion of darkness is associated with not having light or power, power being literal, and it's actually a form of a lack of development or a fear factor that comes with it. darkness and silence in places of uncertainty are usually associated with any sense of darkness, so dropping a bit of light into it changes the direction people have put their context. jane: the idea is to help south africans tell their own stories. marcus: there are dinosaur footprints embedded in the ground, and a museum speaks of these. a kind of skips a whole timeline and there ists, this gap that does not talk about the community, so it is being ignored in this context. we drew the dinosaur footprint, and the youth group was performing a dance linked
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culturally and traditionally to the place. i see these kids wearing light while they dance in the footprints. jane: darkness is not always bad. for some, it is even a commodity. marcus: to be in a place of darkness is a privilege. we know this. we are looking at light all the time. advertising is flashed at us. going to times square and be provided by light, to be able to remove yourself is sometimes very hard. how do you teach yourself -- how do you teach people that have been oppressed for so long and left in darkness that being in that place is a good thing? you shed light on it in order to show them that darkness is a good thing. laura: jane o'brien and the power of light bringing today's broadcast to a close, but you can find much more on all the days news on our website. the bombing in libya killed at least people at a police training center. to reach me and most of the bbc team, just go to twitter.
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from all of us here, thank you for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. >> i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning
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backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable. >> i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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