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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 19, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spot? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it is the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
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i've lived in this city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the violence inflicted on civilians in iraq is staggering nd obscene says the u.n. we report from the frontline. china reports its lowest growth figures and a quarter of a century. the slow down looks serious. donald trump gets the endorsement of sarah palin and his run for the republican presidential nomination. how much will she actually impact his race? ♪
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. civilians in iraq are suffering a staggering level of violence at the hands of the islamic, according to an assessment or they are holding nearly 3000 people, mainly women and children, as slaves. our correspondent has been to the frontline towns of ramadi and falluja. he sent this report. correspondent: a week ago this was an empty field. it is now home to hundreds fleeing the battle of ramadi, joining thousands uprooted by the violence across iraq.
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she arrived at her family, or what was left of it. as they were fleeing, a bomb it off and her 2 teenage sisters were killed. she and her brother were hit by the shrapnel. the family had already lost a member to the so-called islamic state. >> they took my son, held him for a year, and accused him of being a spy. they said, we killed him. if you ask about him, you will be in trouble. we were living in fear. the dogs were living better than us. the city oft: falluja is a stronghold of the sunnis. under saddam hussein they ruled iraq. now is is cashing in on sunni resentment against the shia dominated government. comingtle for falluja is up soon. as the government forces push thing iss, one
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becoming clear. it is not a war that can be one be won with military alone. they have to win back. . fighters ares> believed to be iraqis, not outsiders. here they have tried to take up arms against is. has been houses and mosques destroyed. have arrives saying "we come to help you, to defend you." they are now showing their true colors. people are cursing is, because they have seen their reality. correspondent: this is what is left behind in ramadi. there is a long way to go before is is driven out of the anbar province. if the government loses the
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battle, the battle of sunni hearts and minds, they can lose this all over again. bbc news. katty: a difficult site in iraq. it is the civilians who seem to be suffering the most at the hands of the so-called islamic state. as a result, thousands of being forced to flee is, which is fueling the migrant crisis in europe. more than 23 thousand people have been smuggled from turkey into europe this year. the eu has pledged billions in aid to help combat people smuggling. as for ago keane -- as for ago ane reports, that has not stopped the criminal gains. willspondent: refugees have to deal with the criminal gangs, or be stuck in turkey. have tripledmbers compared to last year.
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are up to $700. [indiscernible] the smuggling my is often at the center of town where we secretly filmed this man, who boasts of his connections. he promises safety at sea.
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we discovered even children have been recruited into the trade. the syrian refugee boys were selling lifejackets. the oldest, no more than 13. the youngest, about 8. the older one offered to walk crossings for our undercover reporter. the boy assured us they would be no danger of the boat breaking down. but boats do sink. the drowning of a three-year-old last september's perch. the trade continues. sinking on boat rough seas as refugees try to
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steer themselves. resisting can be perilous. he was afraid to travel on an overcrowded dinghy and told us what happened next. we would discover just how dangerous and brazen they are. under the light of a thunderstorm, we waited at a beach. more than 30 people drowned here a week earlier. suddenly, the lights of a smuggler's coach, carrying refugees. as the sun rose, we found the people on the beach. they were readying themselves. soon the smugglers would return with boats. the majority are women and children from iraq.
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we are iraqis. we left our country, but we still love our country, the old man says. when i left my country, i cried and cried. my family had left, and i was alone there. they're waiting for the smugglers' votes to arrive. it is a journey of 2.5 hours to greece. when they are there, the journey to europe against. they are clamping down on smuggling, but not this time. the police went away. 4 vans appeared. the turkish smugglers with their inflatable boats. seeing us, he became angry. and pointed to his gun. our turkish colleague translated. a gun on my i will take it out and shoot you.
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we hid behind rocks and witnessed the loading of the refugees. as they are launched, a smuggler jumped off and the people are on their own. one boat breaks down and a man tries to restart the engine. boat moves toward greece. after nervous minutes, the second boat is on its way. and the failure of governments have left the vulnerable at the hands of criminals. , western turkey. they: the desperation of refugees trying to get out of the middle east, and the deprivation of the people smugglers. the colombian government and the country's largest rebel group are at the united nations to cease-fire.e
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they have agreed to end more than 50 years of conflict during peace talks in havana. the two sides said they would ask the un security council to send unarmed observers to monitor and eventual agreement. searching for three people of the disbanded red army faction militant group, who they believe carried out i failed robbery last year. the two men and one woman have been in hiding since the late 1990's, and were identified through a dna test on an abandoned car. they tried to still one million euros. at actors being investigated for possible illegal business dealings with the drug lord el chapo guzman. there were invitations that she financed her recently launched tequila business. she denies any a list of links with guzman.
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economy has taken global markets on a wild ride. they announced growth just under 7% in 2015. that is the envy of many in the west, but the slowest annual ofwth in china for a quarter a century. observers worry chinese growth is much weaker than the official data. from shanghai, stephen evans reports. modeled on the pentagon in washington, this massive retail park in shanghai was meant to be a money magnet, until the great economic slowdown. inside are rows of empty shops, and a solitary uncrowded supermarket. just outside of shanghai, a taylor makes a winter coat. it is cold here, but she fears the economic chill. her husband just lost his job.
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>> it is very difficult for him to find a new job at the age of 50. employers do not want him. he is no longer a young enough for hard, physical work. our financial situation will definitely get worse. stephen: this economy has plowed nearlyt 10% a year for three decades. no economy can sustain that growth. some question if chinese official figures are accurate, but they do not doubt to slow down. china produced less electricity in 2015 than the year before -- a sure sign of a slower economy. this economy has grown from the starvation and wreckage of .aoism at hyperspeed it is now moving forward at a normal pace. the question is, can it make
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that transition smoothly? nobody is going to dismantle this amazing structure. are the financial foundations secure? can it make the change without a crash? there are problems. wages have risen, cutting china's competitive advantage. much construction was on borrowed money. >> the results of lowering the then thispital -- could explode. they used to be said when america sneeze the world caught a cold. that is now true of china. the outlook for china is darker, making it tougher for british companies. china has not caught economic pneumonia yet, nor is it the shining hope it once was. stephen evans, bbc news,
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shanghai. for a's china heading soft or hard landing? we will wait and see what the government does. the ritz hotel in paris had been engulfed by fire months before it was set to reopen after a major renovation. it has been closed for three years. guests include charlie chaplin, cocoa chanel -- coco chanel, and it was where diana spent the last evening of her life. we speak to 2 leading voices -- whyhy outsid outside her presidential candidates are having such appeal. ay, whoy -- glenn fr helped found the eagles, has died. ♪ --correspondent: glenn
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fray to country and rock 'n roll, and to smooth the rough edges. album cells were measured in the tens of millions. the famous troubadour club in the 1960's, the detroit born got his start in a group that would become the eagles. or sound was radio friendly. with the millions came the lifestyle. the drugs. 's lyrics were "hotel california" were about the deprivation of too much. ♪ correspondent: they knew they could never top it. likeen you have a record
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"hotel california" you join a fraternity of only a few people who understand what it's like to have a mega-record. then you have to get your head around, how do you make a record after that? glenn was focused on what he wanted. i think don henley described him as being stubborn. he very famously had terrible arguments. he knew what he wanted. they formed, the split, they reformed. the fans wanted the classics and access of glenn frey california. ♪ katty: on the campaign trail and america, donald trump has won
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the backing of a blast from the political fast erie it former alaskan governor and a vice presidential candidate sarah palin has decided to endorse donald trump. and has more on what this might mean for the campaign. politics with donald and sarah. a meeting between them for years ago when she was a former alaskan government with an eye on the presidency. now the roles are reversed. she is giving the billionaire her endorsement. in the conservative constellation, no star shone more brightly than sarah palin when she was on the national scene as a vice presidential candidate in 2008. in: i love hockey moms. you know the difference between good bowls and hockey moms? lipstick? her 2008 gaffes from
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campaign have made her into a character. sara: you can actually see russia from land in alaska. nick: donald trump was campaigning at the john wayne museum when he received the endorsement. because of her enduring appeal with right-wing republicans. it is an indication of how far the conservative movement has moved to the right that sarah palin's endorsement is regarded as a bonus. it highlights the republican dilemma. will it help him win the republican nomination could damage his chance of winning the presidency itself. katty: whether it is donald trump or others on the campaign
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trail, one common mantra is that washington is broken. threats of government shutdown and infighting have caused congressional approval ratings to come down to 11%. what can be done to fix the system? republican trent lott and democrat tom daschle send out to talk about in their book " crisis point." start with you senator daschle. everyone talks about the crisis in american government. at what point do you think the political disagreements between republicans and democrats became a dysfunction of the system? what hasaschle: happened over time is that we have you vault. money, social media, that has caused that to happen. the way we have drawn districts. andpressures the far left far right have been able to bring upon members of congress has changed the landscape.
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that, in addition to the anxiety, frustration, and believe in washington that nothing can be done. there is a sense that people are really concerned about where this country is heading. they're reflecting that on the way that they vote in the popularity of some candidates. concern is of that echoed around the world. the fundraising. we are heading into a $4 billion potential u.s. election. other countries look at america and think how can the politics cost this much? i'm not sure they would understand why it is causing what you talk about, the breakdown in the system. how does that happen? senator lott: times are different. , media, social 24/7 media are different. everything is changing. i'm not sure we have caught up with it politically. we are looking for the solution.
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how do we get a solution moving in the right direction? working together. i have to wonder, and senator daschle, if you are not a dying breed. if you are not a memory of a rosier time when american politics worked and you could get things done in this country. senator daschle: we probably are a memory. what we are talking about is the blueprint, the future. it won't bs, personally, but it be us, it won't personally, but it will be these ideas. a leadership that will recognize that without quality governance survive as acannot strong democratic republic. we have to bring things back. there are lessons from history that are as applicable today as they were anytime in 200 years. toty: what the voters seem
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be saying, trent lott, is we don't want people like you anymore. people not spent decades in government. we don't trust you to get things done. we will go outside. senator lott: there has not been a vote cast yet. it is all about polling. let's wait to see how it turns out. i still think we could wind up with 2 incredible nominees. the process is so long, the negativity is out of control, the amount of money that causes the length of our campaigns. britain is in great a limited timeframe. presidential campaigns go on endlessly. at least for a year and a half. people are tired of it. it contributes to the link, the cost, negative spots that turn off so participation is down. we are right about
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the history. this is america. we have had conflicts before. we've almost lost it a few times. even george washington almost had to resign over a treaty. we are a warrior spirit and love a great debate. we have come to terms with that. there are answers. look at the history, what we went through. it wasn't peaches and cream when we were in leadership. we got a result. what we are saying in the book is the goal, these are ideas that if we consider those we could change the dysfunction. katty: senator daschle, you are a democrat when president obama came into office promising to fix the system. it is worse now than in 2008. how much does he barely responsibility for that? would agreehle: he we all have a responsibility. we all have a burden to bear.
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he mentioned that in the state of the union -- that he regrets he was not more successful. we need to figure out what caused us to be so polarized. part of it is a lack of inclusion, the lack of the normal ability to communicate. we do not communicate in washington the way we used to. there is not the level of dialogue, trust, chemistry, and relationship building that is critical in good governance. that is almost nonexistent. we need to get back to that kind of relationship welding process. enough tott: is not say as republicans the president does not talk to us. that also goes the other way. we need to find ways to work with the president more. that has contributed to the drug block -- that has contributed to the gridlock that we see in washington. katty: 2 men that want to mend a system in desperate -- in
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desperate need of some fixing. you can find out more news on our website. i am katty kay. thank you for watching. we will see you back here tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spot? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it is the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
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moments utterly unforgettable. i've lived in this city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is away. on the newshour tonight, the u.s. supreme court will take up a challenge to president obama's executive orders on immigration, which shields up to five million immigrants from deportation. then, we will get a behind the scenes look at the iran prisoner swap from brett mcgurk, the lead american negotiator. and, the first in our series on understanding autism-- a history of how it was discovered, and why we may have higher rates today. >> i spoke to older parents who had been told by their psychiatrists to quietly remove the pictures of their children from the family album and never speak of them again. >> woodruff: all that and me


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