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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 21, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. >> i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning
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backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable. >> i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. announcer: and now, "bbc world news america." host: this is bbc world news america. vladimir putin formally approved the murder of a former's my -- former spy. that is the conclusion of an .nquiry concerns rise about the brazilian virus.
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we speak to a top health official about its impact on women. and washington, d.c. gets ready for a massive snowstorm. traffic jams are already underway. welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. the murder of a former russian spy in london was probably carried out under orders by president vladimir putin. that is the conclusion of an official report after the death by poison from a radioactive substance in 2006. russia denies the findings, calling them a provocation. alexander lavinia and geomet a slow, poisoned by -- alexander met a slow, painful death,
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poisoned by uranium. it was likely authorized at the highest level. to kill him was probably approved by mr. fsbshchev, then head of the , and also by mr. putin. clerics mr. litton bingo -- litvenenko was served from this teapot, which was laced with uranium.
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public was at risk, including from the teapot, which it was used again. it took him three weeks to die, but why was he killed? here inre audible gasps court when the judge said responsibility probably lay at the highest level of the kremlin, and to this report inues that he was perceived moscow as a traitor. special forces even used his image as target practice. ofs comes amid allegations corruption. the russians learned he had begun working with britain's mi6 . today, his widow, who fought for , saidfor this inquiry
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that russia must now take action against senior officials. are looking for a personal sanction against the people who involvedhim, who were in the crime against my husband. reporter: today in the commons, the governor said -- government said it would consider the implications of the report. >> the conclusion that the russian state was probably involved in the murder of mr. litvinenko is deeply disturbing. it goes without saying that this was a blatant and unacceptable breach of the most fundamental tenants of international law and of civilized behavior. reporter: but the opposition criticized the government's response. >> i am not sure it goes anywhere near enough in answering a seriesness of the findings in this report. indeed, it could send a dangerous signal to russia that our response is too weak. reporter: today, two of the most powerful men in russia, the
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former director of the security service and the country's leader, renamed as likely -- were named as likely responsible for what has been described as an act of nuclear terrorism on the streets of london, a murder which left alexander litvinenko's body so radioactive it had to be buried in a lead lined coffin. gordon corera, bbc news. host for more on the inquiry's : findings and what it means for moscow's relations with the west with a director from the wilson center. this is an extremely damning finding that president putin probably ordered the assassination of alexander litvinenko. but will there be any repercussions? matthew: on the one hand, yes, it is damning, but it was the exact findings that was on the lips of almost everyone of the british leadership 10 years ago
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when this happened. no one said this was anything but the russian leadership. i think what this mostly does is it resurrects into the media limelight at this particular sensitive moment in russia's relationship with the west a deeply insulting humanitarian issue. perhaps even a public safety issue in terms of the nuclear, radiological danger on the streets. is it going to change the fundamentals of that relationship? no, for the british and u.s. government, the situation in syria and ukraine are what concern them, not this one case. host: it is potentially very awkward for the british government. this comes at a time when the ns are focused on syria and ukraine is fading into the
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background. matthew: i think both governments would prefer this went away. there is not much they can do to make it do that other than to keep their reactions muted. you saw that from the kremlin. they said, we hear your accusations. we are not going to respond to this. it british government, most of the noise and light is coming from people critical of cameron and his attempts to find a way out of ukraine and syria. laura: one has said this is like a spy novel, said today they would not rule up future steps. what would those steps be? matthew: the u.s. government is pretty convinced that the best estimates it had against governments is the targeting individuals. it allows governments to ban people traveling to the united states and it tends to be the european countries follow that u.s. list and imposing sections as well. it is possible in a case like this they would put individuals who proved to be linked to the case. putin is not currently on any sanctions case. not that he would care.
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laura: the two russians accused directly of poisoning litvinenko, one of them is a lawmaker. one is a businessman. will they face any prosecution of any kind? matthew: certainly not in russia. there is no doubt in the west they would seek extradition. certainly in the u.k., they would seek some kind of punishment, some kind of compensation for litvinenko's widow. none of that is on the table because the perception -- the core of this issue is that someone betrayed the security services and the message needs to be sent to the rest of the security services, you do not do that or your life will be forfeit. if instead the people who enforce that rule are given up as sort of lambs to the slaughter here that undermines the whole lesson. laura: thank you very much for joining us. at least three people are reported to have been killed in bomb attacks on the beach in mogadishu. around the same time as two car bombs went off, five gunmen stormed a restaurant. it is a popular hangout for young somalis. the al-shabaab militant group
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said they carried out the attacks. angela merkel is facing growing calls to limit the number of refugees entering the country. today, the interior minister announced that emergency border controls will remain in place indefinitely. there is growing concern in germany over the number of people speaking asylum. more than one million asylum seekers arrived in 2015, and officials say 2000 more are arriving every day. reporter: this is what looking after yourself and your family is beginning to look like in germany. non-lethal gas pistols, mace and pepper spray are flying off the shelves. customers say they want them for self-defense. >> a lot of women are coming to us, and a lot of older people. >> 10-15 swords and pepper spray, i have electric shocker. some other items.
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now you see it's empty. normally it is full. i have nothing now. reporter: the shop manager told us the new year's eve sexual assaults by migrants in the city of cologne has changed everything. >> i'm worried about my wife but everywhere i have been is sold out of pepper spray. i'm not a racist, but i think women need to protect themselves. r german society, this is a dramatic shift because of this country's nazi past, people have tended to be sensitive about that attitude towards minority and the use of weapons, even by their military. the put their trust in their government, particularly angela merkel to provide the security this country hold so dear. now most germans feel the migration situation is spiraling out of control. it's also fracturing society here. most germans are very concerned about migration but they are not
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calling for a stop to it, altogether. when the veery utley -- very and untlye -- vir anti-immigrant movement takes to the streets, there tend to be angry counterdemonstration. there is a huge amount of tension tonight. the migrant question is pushing this to the extreme. a far cry from the augusta country germany likes to be. the local government has been accused of failing as people, opening its doors to one million newcomers without considering the impact of home. craig said believe the challenge is huge -- >> i believe the challenge is huge. usually, if a challenge is huge, it will trigger fears and concerns. we will have to address them and the first step in addressing them is reducing the numbers. we'll not do it alone. we will do it along with other
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european partners. reporter: another huge challenge for germany is how to integrate all its recent arrivals. language classes are a start, but there is a concern amongst the migrant communities recently arrived and well established that the criminal behavior of some will affect them all. he's lived here for 30 years. >> in one night in cologne, germany's welcoming culture was destroyed. there is a new racism affecting all of us from migrant backgrounds. but i'm optimistic. angela merkel can work this out. reporter: we can do this, said mrs. merkel a few months ago. would she repeat that now? the migrant question has thrown the e.u. into crisis. it is struggling to find a way out. laura: stark divisions in germany over migrants. to endr news, an attempt
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a conflict that has lasted half a century. parted -- were pardoned in november. the government and farc have been negotiating since 2012. health officials say a baby born in hawaii is the first in the u.s. with a earth defect linked to the tropical illness spreading through south american countries. the greatest danger is to pregnant women because the virus is linked to babies being born with underdeveloped brains. for that reason, the cdc issued a travel advisory warning women to postpone travel to countries that are seeing high rates of infection.
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i spoke to a director of the national institute of allergies and infectious diseases. he estimates that more than one million people worldwide have been affected by the virus. >> i am concerned and many public health officials are that this is just the this virus's existence in the western hemisphere. until just this past year, we have not seen zika virus in the western hemisphere. this has been something that has existed for a long time. it was first recognized in 1947. it has been seen in africa, and the middle east, in southeast asia, excuse me. and in the pacific islands and some of the islands of polynesia. this is the first time we are seeing it in the western hemisphere. but it has been an explosive type of outbreak in brazil, other countries in south america and in the caribbean.
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that is bad enough, but the issue we are seeing that is quite disturbing is the association of infection of pregnant women with zika and the occurrence of the complication of microcephaly in the fetuses and babies born of these mothers. we have seen an alarming number of these well, well over the baseline rate that is normally seen of that particular congenital abnormality. laura: do you expect we will see more cases like that in the united states? dr. fauci: what we almost certainly will see, people -- we are already seeing that -- are people who are in the united states and traveled to the involved region, got bitten by a mosquito that infected them, and then returned to the united states and developed the symptoms of zika infection. we have seen that in hawaii. we've seen cases now that have been in the united states, for example, in illinois, in texas and in other states.
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i expect we are going to continue to see that. the critical issue that is of obvious concern is that will this infection get established in the united states where it spreads within united states? laura: what is going to be the most effective way to stop the virus from spreading? dr. fauci: the most effective way now, which is what we are concentrating on, is addressing the mosquitoes. there are a couple of ways of doing that. you can have protection against mosquito, mosquito protection, namely making sure as best as possible you stay indoors with air conditioning. you wear longsleeved clothing and you put mosquito repellent. another more direct way of doing it and a more permanent way is mosquito elimination. so, addressing the mosquito now is the most quick and certainly the most effective way of stopping it. ultimately, we would love to get a vaccine. we are very actively working on
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a vaccine right now. in fact, my group at the nih, both the scientists here as well as scientists that we fund throughout the united states and the brazilian government themselves, are making a big push to get a vaccine. but dr. control is the most immediate -- vector control is the most immediate way to take care of this. laura: thank you for joining us. you're watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, a radical approach to .aving rhinos from poachers one breeder talks about his controversial solution. the announce communist leaders are meeting in hanoi to begin the process -- vietnam's communist leaders are meeting in hanoi to begin the process of choosing an new leader. what is different this time is the new leader is not a foregone conclusion.
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the people get a say in choosing their new leader, but that does not mean that this congress is not of profound importance to vietnam. dealew leader will have to with the economy, the old enemy of america, and the giant neighbor, china. normally by this stage, the issue of who sits in the top position will have already been decided in these carefully choreographed congresses, but this time, there has been a real contest. over the past 10 years, the prime minister has strengthened his position in norm asleep by driving economic growth and trade in an export dependent economy -- his position in position in -- his ways by driving
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economic growth and trade in an export dependent economy. he will be one of the most powerful figures in modern the annam, but he is opposed by conservative -- modern vietnam, but he is opposed by conservative figures. matters, ideology still , but this country took a decade back up. many are worried about pushing too fast into a new global economy and abandoning their socialist heritage. laura: asian demand for rhino horns is fueling an high poaching of african rhinos say some.
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1200 were nearly poached. one breeder has come up with a radical and controversial solution. >> stocking the rhino, not to kill, but to save lives. are darted, sedated, and used to the ground. and this is why. they are about to remove part of the valuable horn that poachers are prepared to kill for. it looks brutal. but it is painless. it's like trimming a fingernail. grow back. does now the ban has been lifted in south africa. it's a first step to global trade. this is the man who pushed for it. >> we are supplying the demand
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with dead rhinos. we could very easily supply the demand with live rhinos. >> are you a business man or a conversation is to first? rhinos.e bread 750 does that make me a conservationist? you can answer the question. >> critics say this will not stop those praying on the creatures because the huge demand for rhino horn comes from asia. there is no study that shows how it will be controlled, how we will stop it from going into illegal markets. the situation is serious. ends up inorn vietnam and china and those countries are not trading -- not controlling illegal trade. reporter: once the rhino horn is removed, it is added to a secret stockpile. security is so tight, we cannot
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even see it. aboutino horn is worth 42,000 pounds, so you can understand why it is a sensitive issue. as it is weighed and readied to be taken away, one of the debates in conversation lingers on. laura: in washington, forget about politics. the only talk in town is about the storm set to hit tomorrow. flocking to the grocery store and fighting over shovels. there is gridlock in the nation's capital. reporter: preparing for a winter storm like never before. these shoppers in washington, d.c., stocked up on supplies. these scenes replicated throughout the northeast.
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shoppers are not taking any chances. >> toilet paper, clearly , and we are going to cook and play board games all weekend. it should be fun. >> we are buying provisions for a family of four. we'll hunker down here for a few days. >> i have been here for 40 years. typical. a lot of times when we do this, the storm does not come. in case it does, we are preparing. reporter: in other places, shelves were empty. people share their photos on social media. washington, d.c. forecast to get some of the worst snowfall. schools of enclosed in a state -- have been closed and a state of emergency has been declared. >> it is only the second such a time in recent history where this much snow in a single event has been forecast. given the significant severity of the forecast we will treat this event as a homeland
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security and emergency management event in the desert of columbia. reporter: the first flurries arrived on wednesday evening. providing a snowy welcome for air force one. president obama returned to treacherous weather conditions before continuing his journey by car. even the beast could not protect him from the elements. the president was stuck in a traffic jam along with hundreds of others across america's east coast. the commute was dangerous. with more than 750 accidents, some of them fatal. over the weekend, hundreds of flights had to be canceled. even with a small coating of snow, this area is already taken -- taking a beating. but the big one is to come. forecasters predict in the next 24 hours, this area could receive as much as an additional 40 centimeters of snow. washington, d.c., is preparing itself for the worst. laura: snowmaggedon is coming.
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you can find much more on our website. from all of us here at world news america, thank you for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's the perfect, stunning
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backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable. i have lived in this city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening, i'm hari sreenivasan. gwen ifill and judy woodruff are away. on the newshour tonight: a british report points the finger at russian president vladimir putin for the radioactive poisoning of a former kgb agent. also ahead, what republican presidential candidate rand paul says are the differences between him and frontrunner donald trump. >> trump wants power. he thinks he's so smart he can fix everything in the country, just give him power, and i understand the corrupting influence of power. >> sreenivasan: and, how a place can inspire genius in its people. >> genius is not really about individuals, it's really about a collective, it's about a community of practice. >> sreenivasan: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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