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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  January 22, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is "bbc world news." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading down to a cool space for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
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i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." news: this is bbc world america. i katty kay. it is snowing very hard here in washington. what is forecast to be a crippling blizzard has hit the region and officials warn it could be dangerous. europe's migrant crisis claims were desperate victims. 44 have drowned off the coast of turkey including 20 children. during the second world war, p.o.w.'s are- welcome in maine helping to harvest the land.
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welcome to our viewers on public television here in america and around the globe. the snow is falling here in washington and weather forecasters predict that by sunday morning this region will be buried in two feet of white stuff. and for us -- add in ferocious winds and a historic storm is brewing. areas have been brought to a standstill with gridlock on the roads and thousands of flights hustled. crossover. what is it like out there? laura: this should be gridlock down town. takenly taxi trying to people home. this is a city on shutdown. people were told to be home by 3:00 p.m. and most have heated this warning. forecasters have said for days that this storm could be potentially crippling and they
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say all the elements have come together that could make this one of the worst storms in a century. reporter: the northeastern seaboard of the u.s. is bracing itself for a once in a 100 year of it -- event. this is west virginia where the storm arrived this morning. it is making its way north. with washington forecast to be hit hardest by common nation of epic snowfall driven by hurricane force winds. >> folks need to understand that this is a life-threatening type of storm. if you do not need to be out we are asking folks to buy 3 p.m. today, you need to be where you are going to be throughout the storm. >> and what to be very clear with anybody. we see this as a major storm.
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it has life and death implications and all the residents of the district of columbia should treat it that way. we need the city's full cooperation. people are taking heed of the lines in shops are anything to go by. this supermarket had been stripped bare. empty shelves, nothing left to buy. and hardware shops have been doing a roaring trade. >> we are getting our snow shovel and we are getting our provisions. all kinds. we're going to hunker down. >> there was no bread and no organic milk and i thought this is like snowmageddon like we had a few years ago. onorter: a little snow fell wednesday.
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it caused total chaos. this driver found himself the subject of unwanted attention. twice.e but no one was exempt, and even the passenger from this flight. the president returned from detroit to find it slippery underfoot and treacherous on the roads. his armored limo, the beast, and the rest of his motorcade caught in the gridlock. that was after one inch of snow. two feet is forecast to fall over the next 36 hours. you are no stranger to storms, you have reported on them from scotland. how does this one compare? laura: i am holding off making a judgment until all of this is over. the snow is getting a lot heavier. when it comes the potential
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impact of the storm, that is what makes it so different. forecasters say 50 million people could be affected. and then when it comes to the predictedsnow that is inches of snow. the record in 1922 was 28 inches. it is very near that. that is what makes the storm so different. we will see how the next 36 hours pan out. the preparations have been laid down in virginia. they have called out the national guard. 300 members. 600 members of the national guard are on standby. heeding the warnings and saying we are going to head home and hunker down. people are taking it very seriously. i went to the supermarket and it was not very much left to buy.
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eat nonstopoing to for the next 48 hours? you would think the storm was going to last several weeks, not a couple of days but warnings have been there for the last 48 hours. forecasters have said that this could be a potentially life-threatening storm so they are taking it very seriously. people are intending to have a little bit of a party. you notice some of the wind shells are empty. they are taking it seriously but some people are planning to have fun with it. there is going to be a giant snowball fight in dupont circle on sunday. capitol hill is open for sledding. katty: my kids are excited. i hope you're not watching -- working during the whole storm. much more serious and tragic news from europe area 44
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migrants including 20 children have become the latest people to die in the freezing waters off the turkish coast. they were drowned in three separate shipwrecks. this came as the french prime minister said the number of migrants arriving in europe is future of the eu in danger. germany held an unusual joint cabinet meeting with the turkish government to address this crisis. jenny: desperate scenes on europe's shores. these people were trying to reach greece and more than 40 have died trying to cross the mediterranean. the baby was rushed to intensive care but did not survive. europe's leaders rarely agree on how to help. the german chancellor met the turkish prime minister in berlin. convinced thatm
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the problem can only be solved if we work together in fighting the root causes of the refugee crisis. national solutions will not work. we need a european approach. is taking time. europe's leaders have yet to fully increment a controversial quota system to requote 100 -- to relocate 120,000 migrants. they are setting up reception centers from which migrants can send to other countries or turned away. they have offered turkey more than 2 billion pounds in return for tighter border control. >> i want to tell people in germany and the eu, this is not a german crisis or a european crisis. it is not a turkish crisis either. we can just pass this on to each other. we have to solve it together in syria and iraq. >> many are overwhelmed.
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these people told us they have waited here for days. they need money, housing, help. so sorry for germany, what has happened. germany says come to germany and they could not manage. jenny: attitudes are hardening. germany after the cologne sex attacks is divided. >> to really has it half right and half wrong. we have to help the refugees but not by opening the gates and allowing millions to come. cannot plan when war is in a country. i think we are doing the right thing. --this was less posts lesbos. europe stores are closing. katty: putting so many of those desperate lives at risk create 44 people were killed as of this
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migrant crisis. pregnant women are being urged to seek advice before traveling to many countries in central and south america due to a major virus.k of zika it is feared to be responsible for severe birth defects in newborn children. the sale is the worst affected with around 4000 babies having suffered brain damage. our correspondent sent us there's -- this report from the northern city of salvador. >> trained to be strong for the sake of their babies. they were told several months into their pregnancies that their sons and daughters will be born with abnormally small heads having suffered restrictive brain growth in the womb. is increasingly common, affecting thousands in brazil. it is feared but not yet confirmed the cause may be us, passedthe zika vir
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on by the same mosquito responsible for dengue fever. the challenge is on a scale similar to other recent global health crises. , 1000have newborns newborns with microcephaly. we do not know what is to come. this is an emergency situation. reporter: without a vaccine in the worst affected parts of brazil, fumigation and clean water management is still the only answer. it is that the virus may have arrived during the world cup in 2014 and since then it has exploded in the country. it is transferred by these small .osquitoes and the larvae out of control in brazil, and now present in 20 countries, the virus is a regional threat.
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the u.s. has warned pregnant women not to travel to infected regions and some governments had advised women to delay getting pregnant. the timing could have a be worse -- hardly be worse with visitors arriving for carnival and the olympics. the public health advice is too late. seven monthsh after contracting the virus. off he was born no one could tell us how bad things would be. remains positive about her microphone -- her sons microcephaly. other news from around the world. the internet giant google has announced it is going to be paying more tax in the u.k.
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it will pay $190 million in back taxes. he came to an agreement about how much it will pay in the future. two people are reportedly dead and a suspect in custody after a school shooting in the weston province of saskatchewan. now.chool is on lockdown so far there are no details about the victims are you haiti's electoral authorities have confirmed a presidential runoff election for the third time. hostageesident is usually barred from seeking reelection. his term and in less than three weeks and it is feared that if there is an election it could push haiti into even further political instability. the academy of motion picture arts and sciences has approved plans to increase the diversity of its membership in response to lack of minority representation. the academy faced a backlash
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from campaigners after only white actors were nominated for hollywood's most prestigious awards and that is for the second year in a row. been a happy new year for global financial markets. they have tanked because of fears of china's economic slowdown and the plummeting oil prices. where does the man in charge of steering the world's biggest economy think things are heading? jack lew spoke with our business editor at the world economic davos.n dollars -- >> the imf predictions have come down of it. it is on the margin. the shape has not changed or medically. some of the mood has changed more dramatically than the projections. there has been a lot of focus on a few parts of the world. there is a lot of focus on china.
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>> how worried should we be? it does not look esther medically different from what we were expecting as the reaction is in a longs. it and challenging transition from an -- from an export economy to a more consumer-oriented economy. that is a hard transition. it not should be -- should not be surprising that the rate of growth is going down. are they pursuing the policies that will give them the ability to maintain stable growth at a lower level for the next five in 10 years? they know the policies they need. they have adopted them in their plan. as they get bumped around by market turmoil, do they stick to those policies? it is important they do. >> you sound like a bit of an optimist. do think the global economy is on the right path or could there be another crisis ahead which
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some are predicting, a real collapse, a real 2008 moment again. >> i am cautiously optimistic watching many areas where the there are downside risks. lets important not to downside risks become self of filling prophecies. the state of our financials system is not the same as it was before the financial crisis. the u.s. and your government in the u.k., around the world, there is a different degree of differenthere are levels of tools in terms of transparency and the ability to not have contagion to spread. i do not think we are in the same place and i do not think we are seeing the signs of weakness but everyday look to see if that is changing. takes forne who granted that what was true yesterday is true tomorrow but i am one who takes our to our developments and assumes that is necessarily a direct indicator
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of what is to come. u.s. treasury secretary jack lew speaking there. still to come. giving the syrian army a boost. we are with russian forces as they show off a town they help to take back from rebels. one of the russian man accused of murdering the former cape -- kgb spy alexander live in and go by leasing his tea with lonnie him said the allegations against him are nonsense. he claims the judge to lead the inquiry had clearly gone mad. the former russian intelligence officer who was yesterday officially named as one of the killers of alexander litton and of. sir robert owen said he was sure
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poisoned litvin venenko. nonsense seen the conclusions of your judge who has gone mad. i am said that nothing has presented. only rumors and supposition. >> he had been a prime suspect for nine years and he has always refused to come to britain to stand trial and he scornfully dismissed the suggestion that the crown prosecution service should look once more at extraditing him. is more likely the moon will become part of the earth then i will be extradited from russia. it is impossible. you should understand correctly. if london 10 years ago accused that carries a
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life sentence, what normal person should go? i trust the russian justice system. for president vladimir putin, his ambassador called sir robert's report of provocation. his spokesman said it will for their poison his words and relations between russia and britain. katty: syrian government troops have made gains against insurgents. russian airstrikes are playing a critical role in their campaign. russian forces took reporters to see a town which had been out of government control for more than three years. our correspondent sent us this report. mountains,n the there has been heavy fighting. the syrian army has been on the
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offensive area it is russia's military which is driving us here. one of -- in one of its armored vehicles. they are taking us to this town. the russians told us that the syrian army retook this town a few days ago but we can only spend a short time because there were buildings that were booby-trapped and security is a major concern. in the town you can see thh scars of war and to can feel the tension. there were battles raging here only days ago. it was russian airpower that help the syrian army take back this town. russia has helped us so much, the local governor tells me by destroying terrorists, their weapons, and the command posts from the air. four months of russian airstrikes have helped regain territory. more than 200,000 villages.
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that does not mean that president assad is winning but for now russia has stopped him from losing it. it is not only russian airpower that is bolstering syria's president. it is russian warships in the mediterranean. aboard allowed above -- a russian destroyer off the syrian coast. torpedoesd us their the 100 millimeter naval cannon, and behind these hatches, missiles for destroying submarines. not that so-called islamic state has any of those areas -- any of those. >> we face potential threats above the water. like terrorists and speedboats. we need to protect all the russian warships that are out here.
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russian force from the air and from the sea. it is a statement that russia sees itself once again as a global power. to the west, the message is clear. you may not like us, but you cannot ignore us if you want to solve crises like the conflict in syria. from current conflicts to a tale from the past. farmers in the 1940's in the state of maine struggle to cope with the annual cato harvest. the young man had left home to fight in europe. k bell with her husband had a difficult choice. should they allow their harvest to brought or get german prisoners of war to do the work? kay looks back on the unlikely relationship that was forged. >> this is northern maine. i grew up here. i was one of seven children.
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it was a good life. anybody that ever lived here at the time of the warstory of the germans that were here. at that time all the boys were just quitting school and going in the service area and my older brother paul did that and lewis was next. we heard from them for three months or something like that and then they were shot down. my mother never recovered. the boys picked -- and that picked our potatoes were gone. we had to replace them. p.o.w.'s and we had to do something with them. they came and they did not have gloves and they had one little sandwich. they were not prepared. the first thing my husband did was go in town and i -- by some gloves because you do not pick with your bare hands. for not knowing how to pick
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potatoes, they learned as they went along. they got one dollar a day for picking potatoes and one dollar day was what they were getting as wages in their own countries. we did not want to be in the war but we were in it and all of our friends and brothers and everybody were part of it so we had to be part of it. we had boys who were in the opposite side of the controversy. if my brother was in germany or someplace like that, we wanted him to be treated good. here, theyat were were like our own boys. there was never any feeling against them. bell at 96 still amazingly strong. you can find more on our
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website. here, thanks for watching and have a great weekend. we leave you with these extra very shots from the white house. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> ♪ >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading down for an evening stroll.
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it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments unforgettable. i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening. i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on the newshour tonight, winter wallops the east coast: high winds, and heavy snow have cities from north carolina to new york shutting down. then, a clash over how to handle a rise in feral cats in communities across america. >> take antioch, california, about 40 miles east of san francisco. the town is home to about 17,000 strays; one cat for every six citizens. >> sreenivasan: and it's friday. david brooks and ruth marcus are in, to analyze the week's news. all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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