tv BBC World News America PBS February 19, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics. now presenting "the lady in the van." >> and educated woman and living like that. >> shut the door.
i am a busy woman. >> i am a sick woman, dying possibly. rated pg-13. now playing in a theater near you. >> and now, "bbc world news america." bbc world news putting from washington. european leaders and britain agree on a settlement. aimed at keeping the u.k. in the european union. republicans-- having donald trump at the top of the ticket does not set so well. >> if i had to choose between a democratic candidate and trump, i would go for their democrat. to hear me say that, that blows my brain. katty: harper lee has died at
the age of 89. we look at her life and at her extraordinary work. welcome to our viewers on public television and around the world. a deal has been struck between the eu and britain aimed at keeping britain in the european union. the british prime minister has just held a press conference talking about the provisions and here's part of what he said. is deliveredthis on the promises a mate. britain will be out of ever closer union, never part of a european superstate. they will be tough new restrictions on access to our welfare system for eu migrants. no more something for nothing. written will never join the euro and we have secured vital protections for our economy.
and a full say over the rules of the free trade single market while remaining outside the euro. i believe that it is enough for me to recommend that the u.k. remain in the european union having the best of both worlds. we will be in that parts of europe that work for us, influencing the decisions that affect us, and the driving seat of the world's biggest markets and with the ability to take action to keep our people safe and we will be out of the parts of europe that do not work for us. out of the open borders, out of the bailouts, at a the euro. out of those games in which britain wants no part. katty: david cameron speaking in brussels after that deal was announced. has followeditor the negotiations during the course of the day. here is her report.
reporter: breaking bread together is a time-honored way to forge and relations with your neighbors. it has taken david cameron hours of horsetrading to get to this point. the demand for reform unleashed a storm of protest. but now they are dining over a new deal. there are rumors there is resolution for dessert. the day got off to a far less harmonious start. david cameron was not the only larry i'd later on the block. meetings had dragged on till% dawn. >> i was here till 5 a.m. this morning working through this and we made some progress but there is still no deal and as i have said i will only do a deal if we get what britain needs so we will get back in there and do some work and i will do everything i can. reporter: instead of handling a u.k. deal this morning the prime minister found himself in a grinding new world of talks. he told the wife and kids he
said there could be some delay. a case of laughing on the outside, not so happy on the inside. the prime minister had promised a battle for britain. after so many weeks and months of shuttle diplomacy, traveling meetings, selling his reform deal to leaders across europe, he did not expect such strong pushback on such a number of issues from so many countries around the table here. >> the proposal on the table does not satisfy all parties. we have not finished yet. preventing the leaders from reforms. what specific the belgians and others objected to changing eu treaties to write
britain out of the eu ideal of ever closer union. central and eastern european countries fought back against the government to cut you -- eu migrant benefits. david cameron wanted the break in place. we are hearing they settled on seven. poland and others also dug in their heels over changing child benefits. demanding guarantees that if britain reduces the benefits other countries would be barred from doing the same. on top of that the greek prime minister decided to hijack this public opportunity to do some hard bargaining. help me with migrant arrivals and i will not stand in the way of the british deal, he said. as the hours ticked by, news began to leak that slow eu-u.k. progress is being made. this deal done so they can turn to other pressing concerns. >> we keep hearing about big gaps appearing between the countries on a big issues.
-- very big issues. they have been going on for months. how can they suddenly be resolved? >> i do believe that each and every country pursues their national interests. this is very logical. we all have to understand that if great britain leaves the eu we all get nothing. reporter: there has been an element of smoke and mirrors. all parties felt the need to be seen to stand their ground. that is why proceedings have taken so long. it is clear the british prime minister was not the only one who came to do battle in brussels. day unfolded. david cameron has got the deal to try and keep britain in the eu. he has to go back to the u.k., sell it to members of his a and two euro skeptics in the british public as well. we will see how he manages. the u.s. today -- military
launched an airstrike on a suspected islamic state training camp in libya. local officials sayymorgan -- more than 40 people were killed. the prime target was a militant link. gardner reports. reporter: flattened by a u.s. airstrike. this is all that remains of a secret training camp. in libya belonging to the so-called islamic state. at least 38 people were killed, most reportedly i.s. fighters. local residents said there were multiple explosions. >> we woke up at night to the sound of explosions and we could not see anything. it was around 3:30 a.m. and we heard five explosions. >> warplanes carried out the suffolk.rom heathrow sapphi
he has been linked to to terror attacks in tunisia last year including the one that killed 38 tourists, 30 of them british. >> we took this action after determining that both he and the fighters were planning external attacks on u.s. and other western interests in the region. reporter: the attack took lace here at a camp in the far west of the country close to the tunisian border. most of those killed were north african recruits to islamic state. one of them is thought to have played a major role in last year's terror attacks. in tunis. 's main strength is concentrated in the center of the coast and that is not likely to be affected. recruits are continuing to flow in each week from africa and the
middle east. i.s. in libya remains a great -- a growing force. >> it will take more than bombing a specific camp. it will take rebuilding the state, and strengthening the libyan authorities and making sure that there are training camps that cannot exist. reporter: this is the reality now in much of libya. a country awash with arms, competing militias, no rule of law and no functioning central government. this is emerging as the second base after syria. it now boasts over 5000 fighters there. katty: for more on the strike and the threat that islamic state poses here i am joined by peter bergen. u.s. military and that seems to be a stepped up commitment to stem the spread of
islamic state in libya. does a strike like this one make a difference? peter: it is a fairly big step for the obama administration which has not been chomping at the bit. there are thousands of islamic state fighters. one strike will not make a huge difference. the leader of the attacks in tunisia was killed. it has some effect. katty: how serious the problem is libya becoming? peter: it is a big problem. there are refugees and they -- there is control of semi-major cities where qaddafi was from. they are command and -- commanded and controlled to some degree by syria. not controlled by syria. the group in libya is part of
the larger mother organization. katty: let's talk about your book "the united states of jihad." hig more created a database of than 300 cases since 9/11, people who are convicted or accused of some jihadist crime. some art to real and some are quite serious but the fact that there are 300 cases and that in 2015 the fbi says there have been more cases that they have pursued that it -- then it any time since 9/11, it is like what we saw in paris. we are seeing some americans go to syria. they go over there. it is a one-way ticket. i do not think they are particularly organized. it is an interesting question. thee was a failed attack on prophet mohammed cartoon contest. they were in direct message context over twitter with
members of isis in syria. that is a little bit different from what we normally think of as people who are inspired. they are taking direction even though they have never been to syria, we are seeing a blended version, what we mostly see in the states is someone gets inpired by isis and gets contact and isis tells him what to do. we hear a lot about the fear americans have of an attack on u.s. soil. how justified is that fear? peter: it is an irrational fear but fears are generally speaking not completely rational. 80% of americans are concerned or somewhat concerned about terrorism. 24% of republicans think it is the most important issue. killedterrorists have three people in the united states so it is not a large
number. atty: this weekend there is big test for republican presidential candidates in the state of south carolina. donald trump is well ahead in the polls but as i found out, cannotpublican voters accept the idea of trumping the party's nominee in november. charleston, south carolina was founded back when charles the second was king of england. admittedly, it has changed a lot since then but it has not lost its old world charm. this delightful southern town has a reputation for gentility. it does not generally sound like this. >> they are bringing drugs, they are bringing crime, they are rapists. waterboarding is good but not tough enough, we should go further. just knock the crap out of them. ?k i promise you i will pay for the legal fees. katty: it is that bombastic style that turns many republicans off mr. trump.
>> my first deployment was in saudi arabia. katty: he now works for veterans. what does he think of trump? >> kind of egotistical. has a lot of narcissism going on. i am scared that the rest of the countries around the world will not take a serious. he has a bully tendency and it is alarming to think that he could be over the nuclear codes. katty: jeremy has voted republican for the last 20 years. >> if i had to choose between the democratic candidate and trump i would go with the democrat. to him he say that, it blows my brain. i do not care for his shenanigans. katty: he is not a one off. pollsters measure positive and negative ratings. and their negative ratings. trump's negatives are huge. in a recent poll, 60% of all american voters had an
unfavorable opinion of donald trump. by comparison, the next least popular is jeb bush. he is not liked by 45% of voters while ted cruz is viewed unfavorably by 37%. of course in primary elections you do get members of one party pitted against each other so you're bound to have democrats disagreeing with democrats and republicans disagreeing with republicans. what is new this time is the level of antipathy that some have for their front runner. i hear it everywhere. they simply hate him. >> i am sick of tired of politicians that blame others and push people down to make themselves look good. katty: at a rally for jeb bush voters could not put their this like of trump into polite language. >> you cannot say on tv what i think of him. >> i'm not sure how to put that into words. especially not for television. >> he is a disaster. he does not have the personality
to be able to handle the job. katty: at the charleston coffee exchange i met lynn bennett. she is running for local office as a republican. it is not his policy she does not like. it is him. >> he is crass, base, cunning, he is fell mouth, he is sexist, he is bigoted, he is a racist. do you want me to go through the whole list? he is self-centered, narcissistic. there is nothing redeeming about this man. katty: if trump is the nominee lynn will stay home and not vote. what do you think he will do to the republican party of which you have been a lifelong member if he is your candidate? >> he will destroy us. it will be the end of the republican party. katty: that is the big fear among some republicans that donald trump will tell the party -- tear the party apart.
it may make it hard for candidate trump to become president trump. more to come. here is the electronic sound that has had a lasting influence. we hear from a composer. south carolina is not the only state voting this weekend. democrats in nevada will decide between hillary clinton and bernie sanders. the hispanic vote is key and one group is making sure they show up to be counted. community plays a crucial role. ,ust because whatever candidate they need to win the latino vote. this is a perfect opportunity for us to stand up and say we are here. >> a lot of my family, a lot of them are either residents or here illegally. registerat i need to
people in order for them to go out and vote and be the voice for those who cannot. >> i am a legal permanent resident. that is where i would mobilize my community. wouldot vote but i register others. am voting for bernie. he believes in the lower class -- the middle class. >> that election will be november 8. the next president will have a lot of influence, the likeective of someone donald trump who wants to get rid of us. i am not here legally. seeing some laws passed like that would be very tragic. out this saturday.
>> this is the first time i am going to vote. i do not know who i want to vote for yet. if somebody became president i do not think they should be worrying about immigration. there are other things that are more important. >> will vote together. we get latinos to participate, that would be the day that we could make a difference that we have been longing for. katty: children all around the world study the book "to kill a mockingbird." the iconic novel about racism and injustice in the american south was written by harper really. thursday, she died at the age of 89. >> it was not just a bestseller. it is a book that changes people. on any list of best loved
authors you almost always see the name harper lee. >> she did something that in our society is unspeakable. she kissed a black man. reporter: the character of atticus finch was iconic. and the moral heart of the story . and for many similarities with her own father. >> remember it was a sin to kill a mockingbird. reporter: his daughter scout the , young harper lee was also something of a tomboy. she studied law but decided to write. the inspiration her life in monroeville and alabama and the turbulent days of the fight for civil rights, especially the case of emmett till, a man -- black man murdered after accused his killers went free.te woman. in "tooes of it radiate kill a mockingbird." described as america's national novel. 50 years on she was still being garlanded with awards. >> i have my work cut out for me
for the next 15 years. one, race novel. reporter: but the writing, she had planned a series of novels but her friend said it was hard to do with the reaction to "mockingbird." >> when it began to snowball and then it really snowballed to the top of the mountain i wonder if it sneaked up on her after a while whether it -- overwhelmed her. reporter: the arrival of the second book more than 50 years later was more than unexpected. it was a bestseller. but it was not "to kill a mockingbird." >> it made me want to become a better persoo. i read it again last year and it made me want to be a better
person. reporter: generation after generation has been moved by the story of justice, decency, and standing up for what is right. she did not need to write another word. katty: remembering harper really. these days electronic music is heard everywhere but back in the 1960's a composer broke new -pground when he had the first such album commissioned by a record company. he remains a pioneer. we caught up with him at a show in washington. >> i was between two worlds from the beginning. i was playing the clarinet and touring playing brahms and beethoven and doing this thing that people did not think was music at the same time.
when the commission came to do " this would be a record. he had no other life. because itpartially is new and the concept was new. it made sense between fine art and walk. i do music -- everything that came after that, what i am doing now. i have always thought of it more as sculpting with sound. i have been doing this kind of performance now for a number of years. it is taking my studio onto the stage and if that was not possible the last 10 years or so
because you you needed so much equipment, computers added to this analog stuff and then you can do that. i had conceptualized in 1961 liked what i was not pickingad about the studio music. i was thinking about large public performances that would come in eight in a kind of opera. but may just going on the stage did not make too much sense. that is when i teamed up with a visual artist to do real-time painting. we just hit it off great. i tried so hard to stay true to the vision that i had. i do not do it just to be doing it so i am doing it to articulate for myself and anyone else what the studio art is and so when i go on the stage i do
not suddenly do something else. it is what i do in the studii except i'm doing it in real time and i cannot stop from doing well. thanks for watching. have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and sony pictures classics, now presenting "the lady in the van." >> just until you sort your self out. >> and educated woman and living like that. >> shut the door.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, a scramble for republicans and a close race for democrats; candidates have one last day to campaign until voting tomorrow in south carolina and nevada. making a perfect friday preview for mark shields and david brooks; they are here, to analyze the week's news. then, a report from the greek island of lesbos, where winter weather has done little to stem the flow of refugees. >> a normal day. the boat had a problem with the engine. it cannot move. the people inside have too many children. two sick guys and this case we have to put on board and take them ashore for a medical test. >> woodruff: and we remember harper lee, author of the