tv BBC World News America PBS February 22, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
wish you were here. ♪♪ is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
moments utterly unforgettable. i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. -- 10g dry in delhi million people in india are without water after protesters disrupted a critical canal. the u.s. and russia announce a truce in syria to start this friday. leaders expressed optimism, but it does not apply to islamic state. and whistler's peacock room is a dazzling site, but it is the back story which inspired one artist to offer a very different take.
katty: welcome to our viewers here on public television in america and around the globe. the numbers are staggering, but right now more than 10 nine people in india are without -- more than 10 million people in india are without water after protesters cut and supply line. jat community seized a canal that provides water to over half the capital. reporter: for 10 million people in delhi, this is how they now get their water. more than half of the population of delhi has no water supplies whatsoever. they depend on bottled water and the supply of water from tankers like these. it is an expert in a situation for any capital city -- extraordinary situation for any
capital city to be in, answer julia city on the scale of delhi . and it has been caused in a battle over privileges. jobesters demanding better and education for the caste members. repairs are needed before the canal can flow again. millions will have to continue to get by as best they can. >> there is no water and we are having no water. reporter: how many people in your family? >> my two sons from my daughter-in-law, my grandson. only five months old. reporter: ahead of delhi's waterboard told the bbc today it will take three or maybe four days before supplies fully restored. like millions in the city, mr.
kumar's caps on likely to be driver days. -- dry four days. katty: for more on the water shortage i spoke a short time ago. there is the jat class. thought that most people in the cap system wanted to go up the ladder, not down. why do they want their caste lowered? >> it is about opportunity. india has had a strong caste system. and people on the lower end faced huge discrimination. when the country became independent and the constitution was written, the discrimination was abolished and the state introduced a quota system in jobs and higher education for those on the bottom of the ladder. this community, jat community,
is try to read to benefits of that quota system and those falling into the quota system has been revised, and many of those figure -- there are communities who have tried similar things. the patel community, considered very influential, they were asking for similar things. katty: fascinating. it goes against all of one's expectations. .ou have lived in delhi how difficult is it even in normal circumstances to get a normal flow of water in your house? >> water is a scarce commodity in delhi. whether you are rich or poor, water is in a landlocked area and much of the supply comes from neighboring states. ,hat is coming from haryana where vegetation is happening
right now. if you live in an upmarket area, you get the government water supply, but you have the money to install powerful water pumps and storage tanks and you get enough water. but if you are in a slum or live in a poor area, unauthorized colonies come there are one or to take and people have buckets in the money so they can get their water. but when there is no supply, everyone is in the same boat. like situations because there is no water and in many areas police have to be prepared to control the situation. katty: water is a great unifier. thanks for coming in. and we don't know when the water will get turned back on in delhi . it may take some time. the united states and russia have announced that a truce will come into effect in syria on friday night. the plan was agreed 10 days ago but there has been a dispute over when it should start.
it does not apply to the so-called islamic state or the nusra front, which means that american and russian strikes against those groups will continue. for more on the significance on the agreement, i'm joined by the court in endeavor middle east transitions in the u.s. state department and is now a vice president of the u.s. institute of peace. we have been to the brink of agreements many times in syria. house in the begin is this one and will it make a difference on how significant is this one and will it make a difference on the ground? >> that is the right question. we have been to the brink. we have had experience with cease-fires, not all good. we have some experience with the russians on telling the truth about whether or not they are invading their neighbors. we have some experience on russians' respect for national law as they intervene into ukraine.
we have some experience on monitoring cease-fires. ce, which is supposed to monitor the cease-fire in ukraine, has not been able to do it because of russian proxies. we should go into this cease-fire with our eyes open. we should expect the russians to make it difficult to verify. but if the russians conform, if they can get -- can perform, if they can get bashar al-assad to get things like leave, it will be worth it. katty: why you think the russians -- we heard vladimir putin sound optimistic and confident about the cease-fire going into effect on friday -- wide you think they agree to it? >> the russians are hurting at this point, economically. they have one thing going, and that is the military. they put a lot of resources into the military and they have done this since the badge showing of the military in 2008 against georgia.
they have been very nimble and quick in ukraine, and they have been capable, but it is costing them a lot of money. oil prices, on which they depend, and sanctions from the europeans and americans, are really hurting their economy. they need to get out of this. katty: so what you are suggesting is that the ball is now in russia's court, a reflection to some extent of the balance of power between russia and america when it comes to the situation in syria. i mean, washington has not much choice other than to trust russia on this one. >> again, we shouldn't trust russia, because they have demonstrated they are not to be trusted. however, we can work with them. we have shown we can work with them on the iran deal. they were a part of the solution. they can be part of the solution in syria, again come if they are ready to address the real problem, which is bashar al-assad bombing syrians and causing refugees to flow and generally causing the problems
in the middle east. katty: thanks very much for coming in. after winning european union backing for the changes to the terms of britain's eu membership last week, prime minister david cameron has taken his fight to the british parliament. more than 100 mps from the conservative party, third of the total, have made clear they want britain to leave the eu. authorities in egypt have admitted that a life sentence for murder handed down to a four-year-old boy was mistake. the child was found guilty of participating in muslim brotherhood riots, but today a spokesman said the court was supposed to have sentenced a 16-year-old with a similar name instead. the conviction caused uproar and sparked criticism of prejudice and -- of the president al -sisi's regime. reporter: four years old, and a convicted killer.
egypt's muchm of criticized military courts, where he was tried in absentia while he was playing at home. this lawyer was one of the first to highlight his case. he says it is a scandal, even by egyptian standards. >> of course. when the incident happened, he was only 2. reporter: as a lawyer, do you have any faith in the justice system here? >> unfortunately, no. reporter: on prime time local television this weekend, his father made an emotional appearance, clutching his son to his chest. came to yearsce ago, he protested. they took him instead and held him for four months.
now he is terrified he could lose his child. "i swear, i don't want to upset anyone. i haven't done anything wrong. they told me they will take my kid. no one will take him. please, god, don't leave me." since then, he has been avoiding the cameras, it seems under orders. we have spoken to a relative who said the authorities have told his parents that if they keep quite, there will be no attempt to arrest the boy. he says they remain very concerned for their son and are worried that in the future, someone else in the family could be convicted in his place. human rights campaigners say his case is the latest in a long line of miscarriages of justice. >> we have had trials, over 100 people being sentenced to death, trials were 250 protesters were sentenced to life. against that backdrop, it is not
surprising that we have reached this stage where a four-year-old can be sentenced to life imprisonment. reporter: the military spokesman told us the conviction was a procedural mistake, and the authorities are looking for another boy with almost the same name. he is 16. unbelievable. a life sentence for a four-year-old. you are watching "bbc world news america." as the u.s. presidential candidates battle it out on the campaign trail, we start a road trip, looking at just how america has become so divided. at least 21 people are known to have died after ferocious cyclone hit the island of fiji over the weekend. cycling winston has been described as the most powerful ever in the southern hemisphere, with wind speeds recorded over 200 miles per hour.
remote villages were completely flattened. cut off.tions were a massive cleanup is underway, but aid agencies are warning of a widespread health crisis in some areas. reporter: two days after fiji's worst cyclone in living memory, only now is the extent of the damage becoming apparent. winston has left a trail of destruction. many remote communities in this nation of more than 300 islands remain cut off. the cyclone made landfall on fiji's main island around 7:00 and just as darkness was falling on saturday evening. and then attract westwards. -- then it attract westwards. >> homes have been destroyed, many low-lying areas flooded. power lines have gone down all over the country. wires, materials pose serious threats to public safety. fijians are doing what
they can to rebuild, but it is going to take time and money. for now they are just lucky to be alive. >> 8 of us, including one old lady. we were inside the house, so it was really strong. we had to run for our life. would like to ask the government for help, for assistance if possible. reporter: fiji's capital was spared a direct hit. aid agencies fear that once rescue teams reach more remote areas, it is likely the death toll will continue to rise. katty: this weekend, donald trump and hillary clinton were big winners coming out of contests in south carolina and nevada. we still don't know who the party nominees will be, but one
thing is certain -- the polls show america is divided as never before. a bbc team is spending this week traveling through the deep south talking to voters in five different states. we start with a look at the trends. president obama: there is not a liberal america and conservative america. there is the united states of america. united-united-united states of america. reporter: barack obama's america is even more divided. the two sides of the presidential election cannot even agree on what is wrong with the country, let alone the best way to fix it. >> my democratic friends care about the country. they are just a little bit confused. >> republicans are senseless warmongers. >> when i hear about the democratic party i think of people propagating freedom. reporter: that is out. search -- that is how pew
research described the divide over core institutions like religion and marriage. while you think different generations never see i die, for decades, roughly the same number backe youngest and oldest to democrats but that is changing good in elections since 2000, we have seen the generation gap grow, continuing this year. then there is the ideological divide. two decades ago, the average democrats and republicans were relatively close in the political center ground was strong. fast forward to 2014 and see how the moderate middle has collapsed. the very liberal and very conservative camps are who the candidates have to appeal to in the primaries. where you choose to live and why is a key factor in creating these alien tribes. conservatives prefer to live in bigger houses with lots of space, while liberals prefer a walkable community where the housing is closer together.
the choices impact to our friends and neighbors are and be perspective on life. >> it is important for me to live in a town where we share the same values, that being conservative mostly here. >> m&a's deftly a big melting pot. isferent people -- atlanta definitely a big melting pot. different people, different backgrounds. georgia, andanta, its rules runnings are a good example of how different populations can be and how the political divide has grown. democrat al gore won atlanta by 18 points but lost to republican george w. bush in surrounding counties. barack obama increased the democrats' lead in the city, yet the lead for mitt romney in the rural counties sorted to 64 points. as one part of the population grows more diverse from the other is aging. it is only going to get harder for these 2 tribes to find any common ground.
here to help us explore the political divide a bit more is norman on sting, a resident scholar at the american enterprise institute and the author of "it's even worse than it looks." your book looked at precisely this issue. why has america become as divided as it has played out in the campaign? by sayingt me start there is a new edition of this book saying "it's even worse than it was." we have had polarization, but the correct term is tribalism. people now, american voters, or more motivated on the negative side by distaste for or hatred for the other party than they are by allegiance to their own. you see that to a degree by the , whoty that bernie sanders is not a democrat, or hasn't been until he started this quest -- he has been a socialist and
an independent -- is very much in the contest for the democratic nomination, and donald trump, who has been variously many different things, perhaps changing parties as often as wives, is an acknowledged front-runner on the republican side. and the fact is that we are moving towards the poles in but it is muchard with the sense that the other side is the enemy. they: one of the things have admired about america is that this is the country of moderation, where europeans lurch to far left and far right. is america becoming more like europe? to some degree it is but the polarization we have is somewhat asymmetric. the republican party has lurched dramatically to a radical right position. if you look at what passes for a moderate now, marco rubio, who is against abortion even in the cases of rape and insist, who
has now said that he would repeal the dream act on the first day that he is president, whose views on economic policy record by all the other republicans involve trillions of additional tax cuts and slashing more spending. on the democratic side, bernie sanders has moved into a position that would be centerleft in britain, but hillary clinton still occupies something close to the center. with donald trump, you don't have ideology, but what you have -- you don't have a firm ideology but what you have is something that familiar in europe, populist nativism, and that is becoming a big factor now. the immigration issue is what voltage into prominence, it is still a dominant issue with you the other contenders, especially ted cruz and marco rubio. and the sense of fear about that, along with the fear about isis and threats from abroad, price a lot of our politics as much as ideology. katty: what to bring people back to the political center?
norman: it is not going to happen for a while, in part because it is not a structural problem. you could argue the system makes it more difficult because we can't have multiple parties structurally as you can in a parliamentary system. the samee some of trends elsewhere. it is a cultural problem now, and changing the culture -- when we have tribal media and social business models are to create apocalyptic visions and drive us further apart from it is a big challenge. maybe hillary clinton as president and divided government might make a difference. katty: norm ornstein, thanks for coming in. enter the peacock room and you are surrounded by victorian objects from london. it is the standoff between artist and patrons, the result is filthy lucre, which points out the excesses of the original design while making its own statement. you can find it at a gallery in washington.
hisartist spoke about work with gillian anderson of "x-files" fame. >> i was brought once again to whistler's glorious peacock room. more ie i research, the became intimate with this room, the more i thought it was time to reimagine the space through a contemporary lens. i had spent many months in research and hadn't seen the peacock room yet. and i walked in and i was just -- it took my breath away, it really did. i was really taken by how painterly the entire room, every service was -- every surface was, that put me on my path. this is whistler's harmony and blue and gold, the peacock room.
1876ler painted between and 1877. he spent about three months on this project, unsolicited. when you look at the centerpiece mural, there are these two fighting peacocks, and he represents himself with the 2 decadent, fighting peacocks, and full of the representation of the peacock as this tempestuous animal that is also a very aesthetically spectacular beast. and so there it is. this beautiful mural that was the tide -- that whistler titles "the story of art and money." this is "filthy lucre." creating a work of art that is so closely based on an existing work of art, let alone a great masterpiece, was a delicate
operation, because i sent out to create a work of art that was in a no way a parity of whistler's peacock room, but i said out to create a contemporary work of art that interrogates the original room. more about the ideas around it and more about the time in which the peacock room was made. it was a work of art made in the height of the american gilded age, even though it was made in london, and we live in this monstrous time of incredible wealth and incredible poverty. and so i hope that the viewers will be able to not only have an aesthetic experience, but that will also be able to contemplate the conditions in which these 2 works of art were made. katty: it is always worth seeing
the peacock room. the program to a close. you can find much more of the days news on a website. from all of us here on "bbc world news america," thanks for watching. do tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: on the newshour tonight: republicans rally in nevada for tomorrow's caucus after donald trump's big south carolina win this weekend, while democrats take on the palmetto state. >> woodruff: also ahead, a temporary cease fire is reached for war-torn syria a day after the deadliest attack yet by isis kills at least 130 people. >> ifill: then, an empty chair sits among the supreme court justices as they hear cases for the first time without the late justice antonin scalia. >> woodruff: and, why scientists are turning to elephants for hope in cancer research. >> it's as if these elephant cells have said, "well, it's much safer, much better