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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  February 23, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST

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>> this is bbc "world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spot? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it is the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
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i've lived in this city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, bbc "world news america." >> this is bbc "world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. president obama vows once and for all to close the detention center at guantanamo bay, cuba. in las vegas, nevada, presidential candidates go head-to-head in a state that is no stranger to high-stakes. president underwood's pictures unveiled in washington. kevin spacey's character in "house of cards" taking center stage. ♪
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the club. president obama bowed once again to close the detention center at bay, cuba. he said he did not want to pass the problem to the next commander in chief. with months in office, one of his first premises may not be met due to resistance in a republican-controlled congress. we will hear from a senator on capitol hill. first, this report. >> to witness the signing. correspondent: it was one of the first acts of his presidency. an executive order to close the guantanamo detention center within one year. seven years on, the president is still making the case. we have theama: opportunity to eliminate a terrorist propaganda tool, strengthen allies with partners,
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enhance our national security, and uphold the values that define us as americans. i'm committed to closing the detention center at guantanamo. correspondent: 91 remain at guantanamo from a high of 800. and under 35 -- another 35 will be handed over to other countries soon. there are a few others that the u.s. does not have evidence to try and are too dangerous to be released. those are the ones that president obama wants to imprisoned in the united states. congress has a band guantanamo from being moved to the mainland. u.s. lawmakers are determined that it stays that way. think of theat i president's plan to send terrorists to the united states. [paper crumpling] correspondent: another senator running for president gave the plan short. >> when i'm president of we
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capture a terrorist alive, they're not getting a court hearing in manhattan, they will not have a court hearing in nevada, they are going to go to guantanamo and we will find out everything they know. correspondent: it has been one issuesmost retractable of president obama's time in office. if you will bet on him getting his way in the republican-controlled congress. among the republican senator's who have opposed president obama's move to close a senator oney is the foreign relations committee. senator barroso, what is your biggest objection to the president's plan? >> i think the president has had a misguided obsession with from day one. i see no reason to do it. it is a safe and secure location for holding enemy combatants and
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anyone we capture. that is a place to interrogate, and they can have a military tribunal trial as well. the president has been fixated on this, and i think, to the detriment of our national security. has shown they can convict terrorists like the unabomber and hold them in u.s. maximum-security jails. why can't they cope with guantanamo inmates? >> it may change the way that they are viewed in terms of their rights in court as opposed to enemy combatants. this is at a time where there is increased need for national security. our generals are calling for increased activities against isis, in afghanistan -- we have our secretary of defense asking for additional money to deal with potential threats from russia and china. i think this is the wrong message to send worldwide by the
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president saying we will close this detention facility. laura: if the president and congress cannot agree, will the 91 inmates stay there forever? has released so many. the concern of the american public is so many have gone back into the fight. to this point, one was arrested i the spanish police he was trying to recruit for isis. remember, the president makes campaign promises and then feels obligations to keep them in the sense he was the one that promised all troops out of iraq. that set up the void for isis to then grow. want him for the obligation of a campaign promise to close a maximum security location, the best place, to interrogate for an enemy combatants. laura: we're now down to the hard-core guantanamo inmates. people deemed too dangerous to be released.
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why can't they be detained here? >> i believe we were at the hard-core long before this. the president did a trade, 5 for the military man bowe bergdahl who was captured. traded 5. i think the president has been releasing people that should not have been released. that is why experts are telling us one out of every three released has gone back into the fight, and they are can can you link to try to function as enemy combatants. what if the president tries to use executive action to close guantanamo bay? >> we will oppose that. so often the president uses executive action when congress doesn't act. congress has added in a bipartisan way to say the president could not transfer to the united states, could not thee guantanamo they to point to when his own attorney
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general is asked she said by the virtue of the law the president himself signed it would be illegal to close guantanamo bay and transfer those prisoners to the united states. the president says the existence of guantanamo they ask as a recruiting tool for extremists. what do you say? >> i'm not sure what he says those things. i think it provides a sense of security to the american people that these people are being held captive and will be taken care of as enemy combatants, not common criminals. that is how i think about guantanamo bay as opposed to the way the president ask about it. you for joining us. the u.s. chocolate maker mars is recalling chocolate bars from 55 countries after bits of plastic were found in one of the products.
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the items recalled were made in the netherlands including mars, stickers, and milky way bars. the plastic could cause someone to choke. has made the military gains against islamic militants. the most significant advance to date by army forces in benghazi. the army now controls the main hospital in two major districts close to the city central. the head of the u.s. navy central command says china's the appointment of missiles and radar is changing the landscape in disputed parts of the south china sea. admiral harris told the armed services committee that beijing was clearly the litter rising the area. in the u.k., one person is dead and three are missing after a building collapsed in oxfordshire. 4 people have been taken to the hospital, 2 with serious injuries. the plant closed in 2013 and is being demolished.
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tonight, the republican voters of nevada will have their say. polls suggest donald trump they be going for a third victory in a row. it is the battle for secood place that is heating up. to betablishment seems coalescing behind marco rubio. can he be the one to take down trump and take the nomination? >> that is why i need your vote. correspondent: on paper, marco rubio looks like a perfect republican candidate. accomplished performer with the appeal to bring that party together and broaden its appeal. >> knowing can unite this party faster than i can. we have to unite. if we are fighting in september and october we will lose. correspondent: is he too slick? fed upar voters seem with professional politicians and rehearsed lines.
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esther rubio's opponents have exploited his failure to capture this mood. the notion that obama does not know what he is doing -- >> there it is. the memorized speech. correspondent: marco rubio slumped in 5 in the new hampshire primary. >> i didn't do well on saturday. that will never happen again. correspondent: maybe. mr. rubio arrived in nevada looking for his first win of the campaign. could fortunes change here in the state where he spent several years as a child? senior figures in the republican party hope so, and more donors are betting on the florida senator. this has happened since south carolina when jim bush -- jeb bush dropped out, all of the bush people have gone to rubio. endorsements don't matter as much as they have in the past.
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trans people think that is a bad thing. >> how are you doing? is everything good? correspondent: peggy loves to talk politics at the diner in her las vegas restaurant. donald trump and ted cruz are hot topics. she says one name rarely comes up. hear rubio at all. you can tell they are for trump and cruz, but no rubio. i think people are sick and tired. they are tired. >> i'm calling on the half of the marco rubio campaign. correspondent: at headquarters they are optimistic, but polls isgest their candidate scrapping with ted cruz for second place. if he wants to be president, marco will have to start winning fast. are you seeing any evidence that marco rubio's
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nevada's roots are playing well with the voters? >> he is certainly making a lot of play on his roots as you would expect. he wheeled out quite a number of his family members that live in nevada to rally for the weekend. he was talking up what he described as a second opportunity for his family -- e cubanents wer immigrants. they came here for work. that is the message of how he tabbed into the american dream, and it is resonating to a certain extent. it is not going down necessarily well enough. when you speak to people in las vegas and in nevada, it is not the nevada-roots of marco rubio that is the first thing that comes to mind when they talk about him. a big there has been republican turnout in the states that have voted so far. there is a caucus and nevada. are you seeing the same
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enthusiasm for voting? >> the predictions are the turnout might be low. perhaps 40,000 or so of the republican-registered voters would turn out for the caucus in nevada. that would be around 10% of the electorate. for that reason, it makes predictions tricky. the polls suggest donald trump holds a commanding double digit lead. polls are difficult and have been unreliable. if they are to be believed, ted cruz is strong in the more conservative and rural parts of the state where his message is going down well. a lot of people believe it is a ted cruz-marco rubio battle for second place with donald trump in front. it is difficult to say what will happee. it is an interesting moment. a lot of the republican is rallying behind
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marco rubio. we have heard of endorsements from a senator from a couple of congressman and senior party officials. he will need more than that if he is going to get to move on with this race toward the nomination. laura: thank you very much for joining us. there will be full coverage on bbc world news when the votes come in from that caucus. you are watching bbc "world news america." still to come on tonight's program, bill and melinda gates know which they would choose and their take on the fbi spat with apple. the birth of a baby gorilla by a .are emergency cesarean section it was performed after the mother was diagnosed with preeclampsia. correspondent: he has delivered hundreds of babies, but
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professor carr hill has. never delivered one of these. a tiny newborn gorilla. he was called in from a local maternity hospital by bristol zoo when her mother became unwell. asked to carry out an emergency cesarean section. the three-hour operation was similar to dealing with a human being. the end result was a little different. and about 2 pounds in weight. what was different? >> it was special and different. i've held lots of babies, but this one was special. even though it was small, you expect all the things -- you expected to do all the things it to do the guerrilla things it holding on to you. looking at me with its eyes. >> mother and baby are doing well, but they were nervous moments. notbaby female, who has been named, needed emergency resuscitation.
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now, 11-days old, she is thriving and being hand reared by zoo staff. how is she doing? >> very well. feeding very well. it is still quite small, but it is out of danger, i think. it is doing really well. i was safe to hold it for long periods of time. correspondent: it could be months before the baby gorilla is old and strong enough to be introduced to the rest of the family. the zoo says it will have to be done sensitively and carefully. bbc news, bristol. laura: if you could choose one superpower, what would it be? that is the question of american schoolchildren put to bill cates and his wife melinda. the couples answer?
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they want more energy and time. that led to a new plan for helping the world's poor. ideaates outlined the . i spoke to them in new york. delegates, you make a bold prediction, you say within 15 years the world will discover a new source of energy. how can you be so confident? >> it would be fantastic. we have an incredible challenge that of billions of people do not have energy, yet the way we is causing today climate change. there are great plans going on, paths that we can go down. a number of governments are committed to double their energy research and development. we have a lot of great scientific capability. i am optimistic that a new path will be created and let us solve the problem. that: melinda gates, if
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happened, what difference would that make to the women across the world that have to deal with long household chores without electricity or running water? women spend globally 125 million hours every day carrying water. day.would cook for hours a i've been in smoke-filled huts. it means that they spent all this time creating a fire or chopping wood. they do not have time to participate in the economy. they pull their daughters out of school to do this work. all of the time that goes into the chores, does not go into other things in society. laura: you're very busy and you have three children. inegates, what are you doing your household to make sure the burden of unpaid work does not% fall on melinda? >> i do the dishes at nine.
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that is something i'm largely a signed. i don't do as much as melinda, laura: how are you changing the attitudes of your own children? ourhen it was time for first daughter to go to school 15 years ago, though was the ceo of microsoft. i was at home. i could see all of the driving years ahead. bill said i will drive her 2 mornings a week. in the school there was a buzz amongst women who said he has made our husbands look bad. if he, the ceo of microsoft, could drive his daughter to school, so conveyed. that is cultural changee in the home, then the schools, making it the norm. laura: turning to the zika virus, when you see the zika virus spreading rapidly across latin america, particularly brazil, what do you think needs to be done to stop it?
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thehere are ways to reduce number of mosquitoes or change them so they don't carry viruses. the global health community is saying urgently how quickly can we get money behind this? the new techniques that work in a laboratory, how quickly can we get them into the field? they will be solutions that largely involve bringing the mosquito populations down. we will not solve it as quickly as people want us to because these things take years to have full effect. laura: one final question, bill gates, as the founder of microsoft do you think that apple is right to resist the u.s. government's demand that it unlock the iphones of the san bernardino killers? >> we expect governments to find out everything they can about terrorism, particularly when we have the threat, not only of conventional terrorism, but
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nuclear and biological terrorism -- in making sure people are comfortable with the way that governments handle that information so it is there to protect ttem. that is worth having a debate. should the government be able to access information at all, should they be blind? that is what we are talking about. laura: thank you for joining us. backt forget who it is home in seattle. it is bill gates and melinda that does the dishes. at the national portrait gallery in washington, there is a of u.s. collection presidents' portraits. there is a imposter on the walls. frank underwood played by kevin spacey. it raises the question between the crossover of politics and popular culture. jane o'brien went to underwood's unveiling.
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♪ >> they say we get the leaders we deserve. >> manipulative, murderous, and dirty. the political imaginations and frank underwood in "house of cards" has mesmerized audiences for years. his character, played by kevin spacey, has stepped onto campus at washington's national portrait gallery. >> i suppose i should be pleased i will be hung in our nation's attic, but if they knew what was in my basement a wouldn't hang me so close to lincoln. i would be near booth instead. unveileddent: it was with all of the razzmatazz of show business. who is in the portrait? kevin spacey or frank underwood? >> it is definitely frank underwood. this is the most satisfying aspect of what i do for a living
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. when people talk to me about the character i played as if it is a three-dimensional person. correspondent: it is the work of one of britain's leading portrait artists. >> you find the inner truth of someone. you try to unmask them and get through to who they are, whether deceptionot, it is a business. they're trying to convince you they are someone else. the better they do their job, the harder it is for me to do mine. correspondent: the gallery has a tradition of showing actors in character, but rarely have the lines between fantasy and contemporary colter been so blurred. here you have a genuine work of real british artist of an actor pretending to be an american president against the backdrop of an actual race for the white house. it has so many different plot twists and turns, the food
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writers of "house of cards" could not have made it out. it is a case of art imitating life. season 4 of house of cards leaves frank underwood campaigning for reelection. what does he or spacey think of the real thing? >> americans generally get it right. we will probably figure it out and look back on this time and go "wow, wasn't that crazy?" there have been moments of the presidential campaign has felt like an episode from "house of cards." hopefully, no one will actually vote for frank underwood. howa: what if he did run, would he do? that brings today's broadcast to a close. you can find more on our website. the republican nevada caucuses and the race for the american south. to reach me and the rest of the
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team go to twitter. , and iauratrevelyan would love to hear from you. thank you for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by -- the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation -- giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation -- pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spot? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it is the perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
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moments utterly unforgettable. i've lived in this city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> bbc "world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening, i'm gwen ifill. judy woodruff is on assignment. on the newshour tonight: >> for many years it's been clear that the detention facility at guantanamo bay does not advance our national security. >> ifill: president obama gives congress a plan to shut down the controversial guantanamo bay detention center, and congress pushes back. also ahead, republicans get ready for tonight's caucuses in nevada, one week out from super tuesday. and, the first in our two part series on how los angeles is working to improve its special education programs after a court case exposed a broken system nearly 20 years ago. >> what we've been working on for a number of years is to convince peoplth

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