tv BBC World News America PBS February 26, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PST
>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments unforgettable.
i have lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america." anchor: this is "bbc world news america." a truce has just come into effect in syria. the partial halt in the fighting is being closely watched. another twist in the race for the republican presidential nomination. new jersey governor chris christie throws his support behind donald trump. fifa elects a new leader. end the corruption allegations and restore will -- world soccer's reputation?
anchor: welcome to our viewers on how television in america and around the globe. after five years of war in syria, a partial cease-fire has come into force tonight. it is the most determined international effort yet to bring a pause to the fighting. hasions loyal to assad signed up but they don't include islamic state. here is our diplomatic correspondent. the syrian government keeps up its bombing just hours before all of this is supposed to stop. after almost five years of mounting horror, could the agreement by the u.s. and russia to scale down the killing really make a difference? great distrust is so president obama is hardly radiating confidence. president obama: if implemented,
this cessation could reduce the violence and get more food and whoto syrians suffering desperately need it. it could save lives. reporter: a look at a map of syria shows the gulf between the american and russian views of where the cease-fire applies. the areas in black are probably where the u.s. led coalition says extremist jihadists are in control and can still be bond. that should leave most of syria protected by the cease-fire according to the western and arab coalition. but look at russia's definition of the cease-fire area. these tiny zones in orange. when i spoke to western diplomats today, they hoped in practice the russians would show far greater restraint. but it is only a hope. >> we very well understand the cease-fire will be a difficult, possibly controversial, process. but there is no other way than a -- other than a peaceful
solution. reporter: where does that leave a rebel held city like aleppo, home to western backed rebels like these enduring sustained russian and syrian government attack? will they somehow be spared when america concedes aleppo also contains designated terrorists? contains designated terrorists? one hope for any reduction in violence is more aid convoys will get through like from the international committee of the red cross. it's leader talks of sleepless nights. >> we see needs growing and growing. the gap between the needs and what we are able to do is increasing by the day. reporter: in syria and on the migrant route through europe where these families were on the move again today, the need for a cease-fire could hardly be more acute. anchor: for more on this truce,
i'm joined by the senior director of human rights and democracy at the mccain institute. this partial cease-fire has any chance at all of holding? >> i was in munich two weeks ago when a similar cessation of hostilities was announced and that fell apart almost as soon as it was signed. i am not optimistic this will hold long either for the reasons your reporter indicated. there are so many disagreements over the regions covered and the exemptions carved out for dealing with the designated terrorist groups. i wish i could be more optimistic, but i am not. anchor: what is your analysis of russia's role in all of this? what is it even want to see a partial cease-fire? >> russia has accomplished some of what it set out to do since it started launching attacks at the end of september. that is to insert itself into the conflict filling a void left by the united states. it has supported and propped up assad. he is in a stronger position
than he was. u.s. military officials have acknowledged russia is now a player. everyone is going to putin seeking his help and support for a cease-fire and yet he never lives up to the agreements he signs. anchor: is there any agreement between americans and russians over where this agreement can lead? >> we have seen u.s. military officials at the pentagon are very skeptical about russia's ability to fulfill the agreement. the supreme allied commander for nato yesterday was talking about how russia is trying to rewrite the rules of the international order. i don't think there is much confidence this agreement will stick, particularly among military officers in the u.s. anchor: the syrian conflict has caused so much chaos and migration. it has been a breeding ground for terror groups. is it possible russia does want to bring it to an end and will pressure president assad to
make some concession? >> most of russia's strikes have not been against isis. they have been against the forces the united states have supported and trained. it lumps any opposition to assad as a terrorist organization. it does not direction she -- differentiate. russia has not shared the same interests we have. it has played a role in driving refugee flows, which is that for europe. russia takes some pride in that. anchor: this is the most concerted international attempt to try and stop the fighting in syria. what are the consequences if it completely falls apart? >> yesterday, president obama said history would judge harshly if we did not do our part in trying to end this terrible conflict with diplomacy. i wish he said that five years ago. the president should have been much more engaged, not waiting after 400,000
people have been killed. half the population has been displaced, and we see a terrible conflict in the middle east with refugee flows going to europe. we should have been much more engaged in this conflict, including creating a safe zone in syria. anchor: have the americans been outmaneuvered by the russians? the russians were willing to use military on behalf of president assad. >> sadly, i think we have. it goes back to 2013 one president obama did not follow through on his use of chemical weapons. president putin stepped in and looked like a diplomat. he has flexed his muscles since the end of september by getting the russian military involved. the united states has largely stayed out of this. russia looks like it comes to the aid in support of its allies. we have not supported the forces russia has been targeting. it has not been a pretty picture for the united states i am afraid. anchor: thank you for joining us. we still have eight must to go until the u.s. presidential elections. every day, there is a new twist and turn.
today, new jersey governor and former candidate is christie threw his support behind donald trump. he made the announcement in texas a day after the debate which pitted the remaining field against each other. here is a portion of governor christie's remarks. chris christie: i have been on that stage. there is no one better prepared to provide america with the strong leadership it needs at home and around the world than donald trump. standout and the person who will do exactly what needs to be done to make america a leader around the world again. he will provide strong, unequivocal leadership. he will do what needs to be done to protect the american people in the homeland and create jobs for this country. he will make sure people around the world know america keeps its word again. is someone who when
he makes a promise, he keeps it. anchor: governor chris christie endorsing donald trump. for more on the race, i spoke with the senior white house reporter for politico. of aroller coaster ride race just took another switchback turn. what impact does it have, donald trump being endorsed by chris christie? >> a number of things. christie is of the first of significance of republican candidates to drop out and make an endorsement. he is known for a maverick reputation but has close ties to a lot of people in the republican establishment, including donors. this week, we had two republican congressmen being the first at that level to endorse donald trump. christie opens the door to more republican support going to trump. as a surrogate in the media, christie can be very effective.
we saw what happened when he took apart marco rubio on the debate stage. anchor: speaking of marco rubio, the man was widely judged to have done well in last night's debate but it did not last long for him. >> no. this morning, donald trump went on twitter and was attacking rubio. he was getting heat for spelling errors. people were focused on spelling errors. they did not realize he had chris christie in the air about to reshape the way people were thinking about the race. anchor: we are heading into super tuesday where 12 states are going to vote, including texas with a lot of delegates at stake. where does this leave the race, this endorsement donald trump now has? >> it is not clear chris christie will move a lot of those in texas. but he changes the dynamic a lot. texas is important because that is ted cruz's home state. if donald trump can do well over ted cruz there, it will take the air out of cruz's campaign. then there is the florida primary not long afterwards.
if donald trump can beat rubio , that will take the air out of his campaign. anchor: it seems there is a very narrow path to the nomination for either marco rubio or --ted cruz against donald trump. >> in any other presidential election, if you had somebody who won three of the first four states, we would say that person is almost certainly going to be the nominee. people are not saying that about donald trump because they feel like it cannot be trump. perhaps that will prove true, but it will be hard to get there. anchor: if you look ahead to march 15, you have two swing states in the past few elections, ohio and florida, what is the significance in terms of who they go to? if marco rubio cannot win in florida, is he finished? >> it would seem difficult at that point. ohio is the home to john kasich who is trying to get establishment support him behind him. ohio is a winner take all state.
the way the rules are written, there are some delegates that split depending on the state. ohio has a lot of delegates, whoever wins gets all of those delegates. that is a big chunk of votes that will go into the corner. anchor: is it possible this summer when republicans assemble to nominate their candidate for the presidential election it is a divided or broken convention? that no one has enough votes to go through? >> it is possible. if trends continue as they are, it seems donald trump will have control of the delegates he needs to make it happen. that is something the republican party establishment does not want. they will be trying to figure out a way to stop it. they will be pouring money into advertising at this point. but it may be too late to change it. it seems like trump has a lock on the nomination or is coming close to a lock. anchor: thank you for joining us.
in other news from around the world, several countries have announced new limits the number migrants crossing their territory on the way to northern europe. slovenia has said it will allow fewer than 600 to enter each day. more migrants continue to arrive in greece. state tv iran says polling stations are closed in nationwide elections after voting was extended several times because of high turnout. the elections for a new parliament and assembly of experts, the first since tehran signed a deal with world powers over its nuclear programs. the assembly is an influential body that appoints the supreme leader. latest census figures suggest its population has shrunk by almost one million people in the past five years. it has been attributed to a falling birthrate and lack of immigration. the problem is expected to get worse with about 40% of japanese citizens expected to be 65 or
older by 2015 leading to concerns over rising costs for elderly care. controversy, the new man at the top of fifa has vowed to restore the image of the governing body. he was elected as successor to the former president who was forced from office after a corruption scandal. fifa announced a number of reforms aimed at making it more transparent and accountable. our sports editor reports from europe. fifa's new president, the man the world governing body has chosen to repair its battered reputation. winner of today's election fighting back tears before delivering his first address as the new leader. >> we will restore the image of fifa and respect of fifa. everyone in the world will applaud us. we applaud all of you for what
we will do in fifa in the future. we have to be proud of what we will do together. reporter: the football administrator only entered the boss withdrew for breaching ethics rules. endorsed by some of the great of the game, he targeted votes in typical fifa fashion by dublin grants for national associations , expanding world cup, and even the creation of a legend team to raise money for charity. >> he is a good guy. he will run it well. he will be a good president. the reform program means it will not be run as a fiefdom. reporter: the arrest of senior officials plunged fifa into crisis. the president banned from the sport he world for so long.
today, fifa approved a package of reforms seem crucial to its survival. pressure will now be on him to implement them. he was not as clear as some of the minority candidates. immediately, we would like to see an endorsement of some of the recommendations from the minority candidates. reporter: for many, it could have been worse. the favorite had to deny links to a crackdown on pro-democracy protesters in 2011. ultimately, even fifa saw him as a more acceptable front man. the new president has a long way to go before commencing everyone he has the appetite -- convincing everyone he has the appetite to clean up such a tainted organization. that is the challenge for the third president in 14 years. he is seen as part of football's establishment. critics point to his loyalty.
he even hails from the same swiss valley as the man he now replaces, sepp blatter. with the criminal investigations ongoing in the u.s. and here in switzerland, do not think today represents the end of this great scandal. anchor: you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, they are rolling out the red carpet in hollywood. the lack of diversity is dominating the oscars buzz. two sisters separated as young girls when a volcano destroyed their hometown have been reunited 30 years on. simon jones has their story on what made it possible to find each other. reporter: together again at last. aged justr sister, three and nine when the volcano
erupted, reunited in front of the cameras. >> it was beautiful and sad because it has been 30 years since the tragedy, so i have to catch up with 30 years of her life and she has to do the same with me. reporter: the eruption of the volcano was the second most deadly of the 20th century leaving 23,000 people dead. the ash caused a mudslide burying villages below. the sisters thought each other had died. but they were both pulled from the debris at adopted by different families. excited, nervous, everything. you don't know if you're going to feel rejected or something. >> i wonder if she will love me. it is difficult. it is difficult to explain this moment. were reunitedtwo through d.n.a. testing with the help of a foundation dedicated
to supporting victims of the catastrophe. she made an appeal on facebook to trace missing family members. it is the first case using d.n.a. evidence that shows these people are sisters from the tragedy. it is the first reunion of the victims identified by d.n.a. evidence. on, the sisters and their families have a lot to catch up on. simon jones, bbc news. anchor: the red carpet is rolling out, stylists are in overdrive. this weekend, hollywood is in the spotlight. the oscars are upon us. the lack of diversity in the nominations has been criticized. some black actors say they will boycott the oscars.
a protest rally will be held on the night. we have this report from hollywood. definer: so many things the oscars print the glamorous red carpet, the golden statuettes, and this year the all-white list of acting nominees. that, there is the perceived overall lack of diversity. one film many believe was overlooked, the story of the rap group, "straight out of compton." one of the musicians featured in the film says the makeup of academy awards voters is the problem. >> it is the old generation. those first-generation people that do not get it. they don't understand the dynamics of the world they are living in. people 50 on down get it because they live in a world where everybody is about everybody. reporter: the academy knows it is crucial to credibility that they are seen as relevant to modern audiences.
that has been seriously threatened by the reaction to this year's nominations. the academy has plan to counter that by replacing significant numbers of older members who have not been active in the industry in recent years. he is an academy member. he's angered by the way they want to increase diversity at the expense of long-standing voters. >> i would not want to be put into a category i was against diversity. to nurture talent, i am all for it. but to bring them in because of their race is wrong, or their sex or beliefs, that is wrong. to me, it is all based on talent. who chooses the talent is not the academy. as i said before, it is the studios. reporter: the studios often cast black actors in somewhat clichéd roles. perhaps the industry can follow the lead of "star wars." they chose a relatively unknown
black actor in a role that could have been played by any ethnicity. do you think studios should follow suit? >> i think it is inevitable and critical. i feel it was important to me to work on a movie, that the movie be inclusive. reporter: whatever the eventual outcome, the academy, film industry, and public are united on one thing. they want the discussion around next year's oscars to be about the films themselves. overshadowing the oscars on sunday night. four mothers have set a new world record as the oldest all-female crew to row across the ocean. it started in the canary islands and ended today in antigua.
mothers who met on the school run and decided to set themselves a challenge. wrecks you are officially the oldest female team to have crossed any ocean. congratulations. >> we have had the best time. >> congratulations! reporter: antigua must have seen a long way away from their home village in north yorkshire where the women met and planned their record-breaking trip. they set off on december 20. during the 3000-mile journey encountered a hurricane, power failure, attacks by flying fish cove a seasickness, and injuries. families had flown in to welcome them ashore. >> the greatest moment in the life. >> your girl. it has been fantastic. i am so proud of her even though
i did not think she should do it in the first place. >> awesome. absolutely awesome. >> i'm desperately proud of all of them, but obviously francis. she is a super girl, a superwoman. reporter: now world record holders, the women said it was never about finishing first, but finishing as friends. >> we did it. reporter: did you ever doubt? >> we never doubted. we knew we would get here. >> we are so proud of what we have done. [applause] ic row hasthe epr raised money for a new and villains and cancer center and put four determined mothers in the record books. anchor: a very inspiring achievement. to think they met on the school run. that brings today's broadcast to a close. you can find much more on the day's news at our website.
to reach me and most of the bbc team, go to twitter. thanks for watching and have a great weekend. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. on the newshour tonight, a wild ride on the road to the white house; governor chris christie endorses donald trump, after a rough night for the republican frontrunner on the debate stage. plus, my report from south carolina, as democrats ready to vote tomorrow. then, in iran, voters turn out in droves for the first major election since the controversial nuclear deal. also ahead, it's going to be a very white oscars this weekend. what will it take to bring more diversity to the silver screen? >> i could only play so many best friends and gang leaders. i knew that i wasn't going to land a leading role. i knew there wasn't enough