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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  March 31, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> tell me sweet little >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i'll show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic moments utterly unforgettable.
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i've lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> and now, "bbc world news america. >> anchor: this is "bbc world news america." hours after a flyover collapses in calcutta, rescuers dig through the rubble with bare hands to find survivors. at least 20 are dead. more are still trapped. high security in washington as world leaders meet to discuss nuclear threats, promising greater cooperation against north korea. and megacities are growing across asia. now a new exhibition captures their rise in art made from veryday objects.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television and around the globe. it is nighttime in india. and rescue workers in calcutta are using their bare hands to pull away debris from a fallen flyover. dozens of people are thought to trapped under a section of an overpass that collapsed earlier today. when the at least 20 structure, which was still under construction, caved in. people died and more than 70 were dakenfrom calcutta, raul reports. to hospital reporter: hopes are fading of finding anyone alive. but families are still gathered here, waiting for news of their loved ones. many others have gone to local hospitals to look for their relatives. the authorities are worried that more sections of the flyover may collapse. it's more than 12 hours since the flyover behind me collapsed. but the rescue operations are still continuing. more than 70 people have been rescued from beneath the rubble.
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but how many remain? nobody knows. calcutta is still trying to deal with what one politician has described as a monumental disaster. the army is now leading the rescue operation. they're using thermal cameras to try to find those missing and have brought in cranes to remove the rubble. but progress is slow. and many locals have described the initial response as uncoordinated. for the first few hours volunteers used their barehands to try and move huge slabs of concrete, which had people buried underneath. this rescue operation will continue into the night. katty: there will be questions about that construction. there is gridlock in the center of washington right now. because world leaders from 50 countries are here discussing global nuclear safety. one of the biggest issues they will try to tackle is how to keep dangerous materials out of
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the hands of extremist groups. today president obama met his south korean counterpart and the japanese prime minister to show what they called a united front in efforts to defend against orth korea's provocations. i spoke to the president of the plow shares fund, a global security foundation. thanks so much for coming in. the north korean question, what does it mean when the japanese and the south koreans and the americans say we're going to have a united front? what are they going to do differently? guest: they're going to issue some more statements. there isn't much more they can do. they've already taken some of the strongest sanctions actions ever taken against north korea. they've already gotten china to agree on this. to the u.n. resolutions. i think what they're trying to do now is just show some solidarity and stay calm in the face of this constant bit by bit provocations from north korea.
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video showing washington erupting in atomic fire, short range missiles being shot off their coast. but nothing i think dramatic is going to happen. katty: president obama's also been trying to push the chinese on those sanctions that you mentioned, to actually enforce them. are they doing that? guest: yes. there's been some sanctions enforcement. so north korean ships have been stopped at port and searched. every one of them. as the new sanctions mandates. but the chinese could be doing more, there's going to have to be a constant effort to push the chinese on this. katty: i wouldn't try to go downtown washington at the moment because it's crazy down there with the security surrounding these world leaders. but one of them is not here and that's vladimir putin. russia, with its nuclear stockpiles, what can a summit on nuclear issues achieve if russia is not there? guest: right. this summit is about securing nuclear materials. most of the nuclear materials in the world are held by the united states and russia. so when russia, with the biggest warehouse full of nuclear materials, doesn't show up, it hurts your efforts.
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and they've stopped cooperation with the programs, they've ended those. in part because of tensions between the u.s. and russia. in part because russia's invasion of ukraine. because of their syrian warfare. but in part because putin wants to stand up. he says he doesn't need u.s. aid anymore. not true. but he wants to make a stand against the west. there's still many, many things you can do. for example, securing the radiological materials that countries have in their own borders, the kinds of things that we think isis is after. if they do a dirty bomb attack, isis isn't going to take nuclear material from russia and bring it in, they're going to steal it from belgium from england, from france, from the united states, and use it. so you can do much more to secure those facilities. katty: in the light of paris and brussels, the world is very focused on traditional threats from radical islamist terrorist groups. how concerned should we be about the possibility of a group like isis getting their hands on
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nuclear material? guest: i think there's a consensus among nuclear policy experts, nuclear terrorism risks are rising. ecause isis is rising. that video that the brussels bombers took, the people who blew up the airport, blew up the metro, they did a surveillance of a belgian official who worked at a nuclear facility that has exactly the materials we're talking about. surveilling his family, him. what were they up to? we don't know. they don't exist anymore. that is the closest we've ever come. we're not making this up. this threat is real. isis is trying to get these materials. i'm afraid that the steps that this summit will take, while good, are too little, too slow. we're not moving fast enough to meet this rising danger. katty: thanks very much for coming in. sobering words from somebody who knows. in the u.s. presidential race, republican frontrunner donald trump is coming under scrutiny for his comments on abortion. he had come under fierce attack
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for saying that women who have a termination should be punished if abortion becomes illegal. but he then quickly reversed course saying the doctor performing the procedure should be held legally responsible. not the woman. our north america editor has more. reporter: so far, so normal. another town hall, another interview, another highly provocative comment from the republican frontrunner. this time on abortion. and what should happen to women who have the procedure if it's been outlawed. >> do you believe in punishment for abortion? as a principle? mr. trump: the answer is there has to be some form of punishment. >> for the woman? mr. trump: yes. some form. >> 10 years? what? mr. trump: that i don't know. >> why not? you take position on everything else. mr. trump: i do. this is a very complicated position. reporter: donald trump had hoped his comments would appeal to anti-abortion campaigners. instead he managed the rarest of feats.
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uniting pro-life and pro-choice groups in condemnation. even prominent supporters had to admit he'd screwed up. >> it was a terrible answer. nobody's going to defend what he said because the idea of, well, we have to have some punishment, even in his answer it looked like he was fumbling around, trying to figure out what to say. reporter: and the statement was a spectacular u-turn. if congress were to pass legislation making abortion illegal, the doctor or any other person performing this illegal act upon a woman would be held legally responsible. not the woman. the woman is a victim in this case. since issuing that statement last night, he's had nothing to say about the controversy on social media. very unusual for him. for the first time, we've seen donald trump on the run and on the defensive. >> you call women you don't like fat pigs. dogs. slobs. and disgusting animals. your twitter account -- mr. trump: only rosie o'donnell. reporter: donald trump's reaction to women has been a
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theme of this campaign. the interviewer, who asked that question, coming under fierce personal attack. and just last week, this tweet, an unflattering photo of ted cruz's wife heidi next to a picture of his model wife. it led mr. cruz to say this -- >> dond, you're a sniveling coward, leave heidi alone. reporter: and a recent poll reveals his problem. 47% of republican women say they can't imagine voting for mr. trump. 70% of women voters as a whole have an unfavorable view of him. does donald trump is have a problem with women? >> yes. he has a problem with women. women are -- they're looking at some of the things he says. and they don't like it. it sounds sexist. it sounds like someone that they don't necessarily want leading the republican party or the nation for that matter. >> good evening. isn't he the best? reporter: mrs. trump clearly thinks so but a lot of other american women would beg to iffer.
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katty: donald trump can't win without women. quick look at other news now from around the world. belgian authorities say the only surviving suspect in the paris jihadist attacks can be extradited to france. his lawyer said he had agreed to cooperate with france. he was arrested earlier this month in brussels after four months on the run. a car bomb near a bus terminal in turkey has killed seven policemen and wounded 14 other people. some of them civilians. a source in the security forces said the target was a mini bus carrying police special forces who have been involved in operations against the banned kurdish militant group, the p.k.k.. shameful. that is the word crow asia's prime minister has used today to describe the you a quital -- the acquittal of a man. he was found not guilty on accounts of war crimes and crimes against humanity. related to the balkan wars of
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the 1990's. his spokesman said he's now lanning to sue the tribunal. reporter: the been one of the great courtroom dramas. an epic in fact. 13 years since he surrenner -- surrendered to the haig tribunal. finally the day of judgment had arrived. though the defendant himself was absent on health grounds. >> relating to crimes against humanity, the court reached a majority verdict that judged dissenting, concluding that the accusation was not proven beyond all reasonable doubt. reporter: acquitted on all nine charges. it meant vindication for the radical party leader. the poster says he's a winner. and his party's running in next month's general election in serbia. he's no longer the populist fire brand of the 1990's. he's become a marginal figure in a country moving towards european union membership.
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>> it's not even ree motley the same as the old. today he's a leader of a party which will probably reach the election threshold and enter parliament. in public life, he's, i'd say, one of the weakest political figures today in serbia. reporter: that's reflected in lower campaign rallies. the ultranationalist line no longer appeals to many serbians. they've seen where it led them. the in the 1990's and the verdict at the hague is unlikely to produce a political revie value for him and his allies -- revie value for him and his allies -- revival for him and his allies. katty: still to come on the program, they are stars on the pitch but now women from the u.s. national team say their wages deserve a boost. we talked to a former player about today's actions. katty: a baby gorilla born by
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emergency c-section in west england has ventured outside for the first time. the 7-week-old is being cared for by keepers as her mother's been critically ill since her birth. staff have named the new arrival afir, after public vote. reporter: lindsey looks like any proud mom. carrying a newborn through the park. but look closely in her sling. this is a 7-week-old baby western lowland gorilla. now named afir, after a public vote. it means friday's child in begana. and it was on a friday last month that she was born in a rare cesarean operation when her mother became unwell. until mum has fully recovered, afir needs to be hand-reared by staff at bristol zoo. which even involves taking her home with them at night. lindsey told me she sleeps with afir downstairs while her
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husband and two human children sleep upstairs. >> i get my bed set up for the evening and might watch a little bit of tele, make a cup of tea. but i'm aware of afir and trying to get sleep between feeds. just like when you have young babies at home. snatching sleep where you are. -- you can. reporter: is this like having a third child? >> a little bit. y husband jokes, we could have a third one because i can clearly cope. i don't want to. reporter: zoo keepers say the priority is to get afirr back with her gorilla family where the public can see her. but that will take time. first she has to get to know her relatives like dad. and if her real mum can't bring her up, then aunty is said to be showing maternal interest. in the meantime, though, she's got lindsey.
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katty: here in america, soccer is facing a controversy over equal pay. five members of the u.s. women's team have filed a wage discrimination suit against the u.s. soccer federation. saying that despite bringing in $20 million more than the men last year, the women were paid four times less. it's an honor to have you in the studio. thanks very much for coming in. explain what this suit is about. guest: i think what the women are trying to do is try to move the ball forward. they basically are saying, look, you can no longer use the excuse that we don't bring in revenue. to say that you shouldn't pay us equally. what they're trying to do now is try to say, we are successful in terms of results and performance, we've won world cup championships, we've won olympic gold medals, now it's time to pay us fairly and equally to the men. katty: why aren't women paid -- why have we got, in 2016 this ridiculous situation where women
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are bringing in more money and being paid four times less? guest: it's hard to say. i think the age-old pushback has always been, well, revenues, revenues, revenues. and now that is no longer the case. now it's showing, obviously with this year, with u.s. soccer's own fiscal information, that the women brought in $20 million more than the men. so no longer can that argument be made. there's no more excuses as far as i'm concerned. i think that's why they're finally deciding, we need to bring this suit, we need to bring this to the floor and say, enough is enough. katty: we're talking about soccer. but we've seen recently in tennis a similar issue. that female tennis players aren't getting the same kind of prize money as male tennis players. and novak djokovic came out and said the women were riding on the coattails of men. how prevalent is this attitude in the world of professional sports? women's sports are somehow just less valuable than men's? guest: you'd think in today's society it wouldn't be that prevalent because women have done incredibly well in many
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different sports, especially tennis, like you mentioned, and women's soccer. basketball. a lot of different sports, women are excelling and really showing their worth on the pitch or the court or wherever it is. it's unfortunate and there's no basis for this other than just old-fashioned ignorance in terms f value. not only do women show value in the way that they perform and the way that they are drawing crowds nowadays in different sports, but also women are showing that, hey, i can be strong and i can be an athlete and i can also be feminine, so now pay me what i'm worth. i've shown that i can do a lot of different things and that i deserve to be paid the same as the men and in tennis it's interesting argument because billie jean king was able to get women's tennis up to equal pay in terms of four major tournaments. but like you mentioned, the rest of the tour, it's not the case. katty: as a professional female athlete at the top of her game,
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how much have you encountered in your personal career that kind of attitude? what's it like for a female athlete of your standing out on the professional circuit? guest: it's unfortunate. to be honest with you, the fight and the battle that the women's team has taken to u.s. soccer today with this lawsuit is the same fight and battle that we used to have when i played. in the late 1990's, early 2000's. it's the exact same argument that they're fighting, that we fought 15, 20 years ago. and so it's really sad and unfortunate. there are so many opportunities for women to make money in the sports arena. not only with sponsorships but licensing, tv deals. the money is there. i think what needs to happen is a change in attitude that women are equal. katty: ok. it is time it changed. thanks very much for coming in. guest: absolutely. thank you. katty: hadid, one of the world's leading architects, has died at the age of 65. she was born in baghdad but lived in the u.k. for 40 years.
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designing some of the most into movetive buildings around the world. reporter: dame hadid design buildings that could look as fluid as mercury while appearing as life as a leaf. she was called the queen of the curve. her creations were always eye catching, often jaw-dropping, and sometimes controversial. >> people forgot what you can do with modern work. there was an obsession with -- [inaudible] -- of postmodern. so the idea of new was almost alien. reporter: she was born in baghdad and studied math at university. before moving to london in the 1970's to train as an architect. she set up her own practice shortly afterwards. then found there were no takers for her avant-garde ideas. >> i was a woman, i did strange stuff. i think they're altogether
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intertwined. there definitely has been and still remains, it's much better now, but a definite stigma about the woman thing. reporter: it is this building in germany that proved to be her big breakthrough. soon her ability to mix old-school craft schools with revolutionary new computer programs saw her emerge as one of the most exciting and innovative architects of her generation. >> i think she's added an enormous amount of language to architecture. she's devivinged -- devised shapes we never thought we could do. never thought that any architect could do. that is something. a lot of architecture that is a variant on the architects that's come before. she did shapes that -- [inaudible] reporter: her visual flamboins proved popular abroad but less so in the u.k., her adopted home, where she really only made her mark on the aquatic center for the 2012 london olympics >> to be accepted as an architect, i'm not sure it's fully done.
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not here. not in this country. i'm still can be kred to be on the margin. despite all these things. i don't mind being on the edge, actually. it's a good place to be. reporter: she had a reputation for being short tempered and difficult while some of her buildings were criticized for being impractical and overblown. there's no doubt she was uncompromising. a characteristic that allowed her to overcome prejudice and skepticism, to design some truly remarkable buildings of which received multiple awards. dame hadid was a trailblazing visionary. she leaves behind an extraordinary body of work. to be marveled at. y generations. katty: megacities, which are designated cities where over 10 million people live, are shooting up all over the world. and nowhere more so than in sia. now 11 artists are capturing those changes and the constant motion of huge cities using everything from bicycles to plastic bags. their works are on display at a
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new exhibition in boston's museum of fine arts and we've gone to have a look. >> over the last 50 years, beijing, shanghai, seoul, mumbai and delhi have grown tremendously at an unprecedented pace and scale. they're using their artwork to eadvocate some of the conditions -- evoke some of the conditions of those cities and spark critical dialogue about the issues happening within them. >> the artists created the dimensions of this space based on the average size of an individual family home. in mumbai's largest informal settlement or slum. >> this is her eight by 12. she lived in mumbai and was engaged with issues with migration. migration's one of the largest contributors to population growth in megacities, particularly in asia. >> you'll often have an area like this where it's predominantly low lying and then it will be juxtaposed immediately next to a
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neighborhood of luxury high rises that are at such a different scale. >> one of the younger artists in the exhibition hails from seoul and he creates a series called supernatural. after the korean war, seoul was in ashes. it really didn't exist. it's really in the last 50 or years that the city has grown from that point, being one of the strongest economies in the world. it's not just that there's more people or more cars on the road, there are these cultural shifts that are happening because of, for instance, the loss of green space or parks. his parents' generation, there was a lot more interaction with nature. even within the city limits. today, for him and his children's generation, they might say to mom and dad, instead of, hey, can we go to the park today, i can come with you to the supermarket? >> a lot of different senses here. some react to the shadow that you sort of cast.
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most of the cities are going through intense transformation. there's a really hard core urban planning that's happening. unfortunately in india, we're mostly following european or american models of how to build up a city. those models might work very well in europe because they're specific to that particular area. but they're transformed to a different climate, there are a lot of problems that emerge that are only realized much later. >> there are certain side effects of urbanization and urban growth that impact people in cities of all scale. crowding, affordable housing, pollution, or even just cultural side effects. and the artists from this exhibition are sparking that dialogue through their personal experiences in some of the world's largest cities. they're talking about issues that impact any urban dweller anywhere. katty: fascinating. urban cities and those megacities. if you're in boston and have a chance, go and see that exhibition. it looks absolutely wonderful. that brings the program to a close. remember, of course, you can find out much more of the day's
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news on our website. you can find me on twitter. from all of us here at "world news america," thanks so much for watching. please tune in again tomorrow. >> make sense of international ews at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and hong kong tourism board. >> tell me sweet little >> want to know hong kong's most romantic spots? i will show you. i love heading to repulse bay for an evening stroll. it's a perfect, stunning backdrop for making romantic
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moments utterly unforgettable. i've lived in the city for years, but hong kong still makes me fall in love with it time and again. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los presented by kcet los angeles.
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woman: i'm jennifer, and i love being a doctor. the coolest thing about being a doctor is that i get to help people and make them feel better. that just lets me feel good every single day. you shouldn't be scared to go see the doctor because the doctor really only wants you to be healthy, to be able to play and run around and do everything that you want to do. this is cool. grr! jennifer: when i was little, i had a babysitter. her heart wasn't very strong, and that's why i wanted to become a doctor, so i would be able to fix her heart. my dad helped me a lot along the way. he was a doctor so i got to see him helping people. curious george: ha ha! and then i thought, "well, why can't i do this?" and so i would play with his stethoscope and my poor cat was always being examined. nice heart! i always knew that i wanted to help people who were sick. you are the best patient ever! whatever you love to do, work really, really hard at it. keep learning about it. don't give up. and then all of a sudden you could become an expert at it.

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