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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 7, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, national geographic channel and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days,
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cooling tradewinds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." this is bbc world news america. returning to helmand province in the wake of nato's withdrawal. the bbc visits the afghan army as it launches a new defensive against the taliban. the global high is on for this man in the hat. the belgian authorities hope this will help find the missing suspect in the brussels bombing. ♪ we're off to meet the wizard, the wonderful wizard of oz ♪ >> in may seem like a bad movie at times, and maybe there is a reason. we look at each candidate's favorite film. why at least one likes to act it
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out. >> nothing better, except for a nice mutton, lettuce, and tomato salad. >> welcome to world news america. afghan forces have begun the new offensive against taliban militants in the province of helmand where allied forces suffered more casualties in more than a decade of fighting in afghanistan. government troops have had a tough time since nato forces ended the combat mission in 2014. we visited the former british base from where he sent this report. >> i flying to what is left of am camp bastion, the main british base in afghanistan. very few journalists have been
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here since the british withdrew. so this is what remains of that vast complex. it's now the headquarters of afghan national forces. but one thing has not changed, helmand is still without question the key frontline in a battle against the taliban. the record of afghan forces has not been good. they made what they called strategic withdrawals in a series of key towns in helmand in recent months. it is a rollcall of places british troops gave their lives to defend. so is strategic withdrawal just another way of saying surrender? >> it was formerly known as bastion leatherneck. >> the brigadier general is currently with the nato operation in afghanistan.
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>> i would say we have withdrawn from areas they formerly held. but after this year, let's look at the capabilities of the afghan army and let's help them help themselves get to a place where they can fight reasonably for the long-term. >> this is the training part of resolute supports mission. it also offers advice and assistance, but is it working? a big test of that has just begun, a major offensive to retake the city. the afghans can expect a tough battle, over 100 british soldiers died defending this in some of the fiercest fighting british forces have experienced for decades. this is what funds it --opium. this year's harvest is already
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underway, and it is expected to be another recordbreaker. helmand now produces enough heroin to supply the world's demand on its own. the vast profit opium generates is a key reason why a decade after british forces first came to helmand, the same familiar territory is being contested in this deadly war. and all the while, local people suffered terrible industries and -- injuries and are forced from their homes. as i leave helmand, it is hard to under -- it is not hard to understand why so many afghans want to leave the country and make a new life in europe. >> for more on the fight against the taliban in afghanistan, i'm joined by the vice president for national security and international policy at the center for american progress.
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our afghan forces in helmand province surrendering territory to the taliban in the name of strategic withdrawal and regrouping? >> every time we do a strategic withdrawal is a bad thing in the sense that you could hold onto territory that you had, but it could also be the tactically and operationally smart thing to do. there is no sense in just losing through fighting. if you need to regroup and live to fight another day, that might be the thing you need to do. that is how the afghan defense minister is portraying this. >> we heard the u.s. brigadier general in that report saying the long-term aim is to get the afghan army to be able to get to the point where you can fight for the long term. that suggests that it cannot at the moment. >> it definitely cannot at the moment. the idea that the nato missions have helped the afghan army help itself to be able to take on security is going to be a short thing. it's going to be a long-term mission to try to build up afghan forces. it is also question about whether they think they will
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have to fight perpetually. there is something else going here with the opium, the corruption, the political dynamics. this could become a semipermanent state of back and forth. >> how long do you think american troops or nato troops will have to be there? >> i think they should commit to supporting afghanistan for a long time. i don't think it should have a set in date anymore than we had for helping, for example, the colombians dealing with narco trafficking in colombia. i don't think it should be a large-scale intervention. that can prove to be counterproductive or good money after bad. but the key capability means to be in a strong position should there be a viable political process. that is something we should be open to staying with. >> do you think it is creating uncertainty, that 10,000 troops are american there to the end of
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2016, and after that, they withdrawal? >> my preference would be that we are there supporting the afghan government for the long-term without much reference to what the numbers would be. that could vary, depending on the situation. as they get stronger, perhaps they need fewer troops but maybe they need more specialized capabilities, more care power and things like that. the question is, are we committed to afghanistan being able to get through what's going to be a very rocky time, and the details should be worked out by the experts. >> thank you very much for joining us. >> prosecutors in belgium have released footage of the so-called man in the hat, the third suspect in the brussels attacks. he is thought to have left the terminal building moments before the blast. he remains on the run. james reynolds reports from brussels the man has yet to be identified. >> three men entered brussels airport with explosives. the two on the left detonated theirs.
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the one on the right, called the man in the hat, did not. he managed to get away amid this, the aftermath of the explosions. belgian officers have tried to retrace his steps that morning. the police have now put together this video of his escape. the security camera picks him up on the outskirts of the airport grounds. he is wearing a distinctive hat and pale jacket. at this point, no one had any reason to notice him. but he needs to get away. here he breaks into a jog. the authorities are desperate to find more footage of this, his getaway. >> a special appeal to people who might have taken a photograph of the suspect. >> an hour after the explosions, a security camera films the suspect walking into brussels. he has got rid of his jacket by
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now. later in town he crosses a busy road. at 9:49 a.m., almost two hours after the bombs went off, is seen again, possibly talking on the phone. the cameras lost the third man at about this point just before 10:00 in the morning. is is a quiet neighborhood near the center of town. he could have gone anywhere from here. this is the best shot the police have of the suspect's face. they still don't know his name nor where he may be hiding. james reynolds, bbc news, brussels. >> the search is on for the man in the hat. in other news from around the world, british prime minister david cameron has confirmed that he and his wife on shares in an offshore trust set up by his late father. 42 thousand dollars before he became prime minister in 2010. papers from a panama law firm revealed details of his father
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registered in the bahamas to shield from u.k. taxes. people caught buying services of sex workers could be fined up to $1700 for a first offense. supporters of the new law say it will offer protection to sex workers and help tackle human trafficking. many women who work in the industry say it will drive their profession underground. there must be no impunity for sex crimes committed in war. that's the warning from the eu ambassador to bosnia as a country struggles to deal with the legacy of mass rape. according to human rights groups, as many as 20,000 women were raped in the early 1990's, often at camps set up for that person that's the purpose. -- set up for that purpose. this report contains some
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distressing images from the start. >> there was no escape. they were trapped. lled by a false promise. hundreds were murdered on the banks of the river. on its famous bridge, the serbs executed men, women, and children. the river became a mass grave. on, the memory of horror is being deliberately erased, and nowhere is it more obvious than here.
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>> she was raped here at this hotel. other survivors say it was used as a rape camp. one alleged as many as 200 women suffered, though exact numbers may never be known. attacked others commander in the white eagles militia, later jailed for mass murder.
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>> it is all made harder by this. the rape camp is now reopened as a spa hotel. tourists from across the region enjoy themselves here area -- enjoy themselves here. if you arrived here as a guest, you would never know that these rooms had been used as torture chambers. young girls, women were raped here, murdered, some were so desperate to escape their tormentors that they ran, they jumped over the balcony to commit suicide. tortured.were the white eagles even allowed a photographer to document their savagery. he was 21 years old when he was taken. he is the figure in black jacket and white jeans. after this beating, he and the other men were taken away and shot. >> did you recognize your brother in the film?
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>> the serbs remember their dead here. the town is controlled by the hard-line nationalist party which fueled the descent into genocide. but today you dare not use that word. the council remove the word from the memorial to the victims in the muslim cemetery. in the hotel were women were raped and men tortured by serb extremists, that is now run by the party which denies it was a place of mass atrocity. a senior party figure.
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do you believe it is morally appropriate for your party which governs in that area to run a hotel where such horrific crimes were committed? >> most of the killers and rapists have so far escaped justice. only one paramilitary has been convicted of rape. across bosnia, there are many thousands of rape that have gone on prosecuted. as bosnia still struggles to rebuild after war, the chances of justice for rape victims are fading. in most wars, sexual crimes have gone unpunished.
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now there is an international campaign to change this. >> in every country it's very difficult to come to terms with all the crimes that were committed. but at some stage, impunity has to be dealt with in a fair and balanced way. there can be no different standards of justice. >> the memory of atrocities is being erased here. symbol ofas a humanity betrayed. >> bbc news, bosnia. >> the struggle for justice in bosnia.
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you're watching bbc world news america. still to come on tonig's program. a greatest hits collection like no other. shakespeare scholars on the edge of their seats. the greek authorities say thousands of migrants must move to organize shelters. the warning comes ahead of the orthodox easter, which marks the beginning of the tourist season. meanwhile on the island of les beaux, fewer migrants have been arriving from turkey. our correspondents in greece and also turkey. >> greece has been very much on the frontline of the refugee and migrant crisis with hundreds of thousands of people crossing this see here to try to make it north through europe. the eu says its new deal with turkey is about preventing people taking the dangerous journey.
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it's about reducing risk and providing safe alternatives. now anyone who arrives here in greece faces being detained and possibly deported. >> the preparation was last-minute, but in the end, the first returns ran smoothly. the deportation centers to be returned to their countries of origin, syrians taken to refugee camps to be exchanged for those directly resettlement in the eu, but it was just a symbolic start to meet the deadline. the next arrivals have been delayed. >> it is still very early days and people are still getting through, but the numbers look like they are dropping. here, no new arrivals made it to shore. there are those still 3000 or so people in the detention camps here and we understand that almost all of them now have applied for asylum.
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that will take at least two weeks. then the deportation process will begin at again and it could be far more challenging as people who don't want to go back to turkey begin to be sent back there. >> 400 years after his death, shakespeare is still finding ways to excite. in this case, a copy of his famous first folio collection of plays has been found in scotland . the volume contains all the classic plays familiar to schoolchildren and scholars alike. our correspondent reports. >> is one of the world's most sought after and valuable books. william shakespeare's first folio. >> this is why the folio is so magical.
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the tempest is one of around 19 plays that would have been lost. >> it does not get much bigger than this in terms of literary discoveries. >> i kept walking past the box that said shakespeare and i got one down and started looking at it. i just could not believe what they were and i got terribly overexcited and had to pull myself back and stop my hand shaking and try to get someone to tell me if this was the real deal. >> it's both exquisitely beautiful and fascinating. folio, williamst shakespeare's legacy would be very different indeed. >> now is the winter of our discontent. >> at best, the tempest, as you like it. 36 plays were preserved in the publication. without it, some of them would have been lost forever. this newest discovery was found here in a gothic revival stately
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home. the publication had been languishing unrecognized in a vault for more than 100 years. detective work to prove its authenticity fell to an academic from oxford. the search for watermarks, to prove the first folio is real. >> him as the most exciting and wonderful moment. it's a hugely charismatic book. >> this first folio discovery comes ahead of the 400th anniversary of william shakespeare's death any year celebrating one of our greatest writers, the rarest of publications rescued from of security is now on display in its island home. next out to a story he would have enjoyed. u.s. presidential campaign. with every twist and turn up the
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race, we learn more about the candidates themselves. their policies, their personas, and sometimes much more than we want to know. the white house hopefuls have revealed their taste in movies. this report on the candidate's favorite flicks and what it says about them. u.s., each presidential candidate has one or more movies they favor. hillary clinton is not off to see the wizard, just a lot more voters. ♪ we're off to meet the wizard, the wonderful wizard of oz ♪ >> donald trump's choice was citizen kane. the movie preferences of presidential candidates are not always further the moment comments. >> when you're running for president, i don't think any answer to any question his cast off or not given much thought about. the political ramifications of their answers must be considered
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before they give them. >> ted cruz seems to adore the 1987 fantasy adventure the princess bride. he has even memorized lines from this film and is eager to show off his talents, as he did in this broadcast in new hampshire. >> there is nothing better, except for a nice mutton, lettuce, and tomato salad. >> it's argued that his affinity for the movie is strategic more than heartfelt. >> ted cruz thinks maybe he can get some younger women who love the princess bride, and they find out he likes the princess bride, maybe they will take a second look at ted cruz. that is what he is hoping, anyway, but it's a little hard for me to believe he is quite obsessedt us -- that with the princess bride. >> john kasich is reported to have a preference for the comedy
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school of rock. he and his republican -- ronald reagan was a hollywood actor, as was arnold schwarzenegger. democrats have their own secret movie weapon. born and bred new yorker bernie sanders has in fact acted in two different films. one of them was released in 1988. sweethearts dance. just over 10 years later, he appeared in the comedy, my ex-girlfriend's wedding reception, in which she played a rabbi. political candidates clearly have an affinity for movies, perhaps because politics and cinema have so much in common. movies pedal fantasy and often deflect from reality and depict strong emotion. that is just what politicians often want to do, too. ♪
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>> bernie sanders bringing today's broadcast to a close. find more on all the days news on website. thanks for watching and please tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, national geographic channel and aruba tourism authority. morgan: i have always been fascinated by god. ♪ morgan: why do people all around the world worship their god so differently? i am setting off on a journey and i want to take you with me.
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♪ morgan: we all ask ourselves this one fundamental question, who is god? announcer: "the story of god with morgan freeman" on the national geographic channel. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening, i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff.good >> ifill: on the newshoursh tonight: president obama's efforts to close tax loopholes raise hackles with u.s. corporations.s >> woodruff: also ahead this thursday, how one town's embrace of refugees is revitalizing theo local economy. >> i am not a burden on the community. i am not a burden on social services. yes, community helped me to get this, but now it's my time to pay back. >> ifill: and, we talk to anita hill, whose testimony a quarter century ago against justiceag clarence thomas rocked the world, and inspired a new film. >> woodruff: plus, the second in our series on indian workers, we

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