tv BBC World News America PBS April 11, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
♪ ♪ ♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, national geographic channel, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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have tried to. ♪ ♪ welcome to our viewers on public television in america and elsewhere around the globe. a special congressional commission in brazil has been debating whether to recommend impeachment proceedings against the country's president, and f's government is linked to an economic crisis and scandal that has brought people out to protest in their millions. said she rousseff has has done nothing illegal could we are joined live from your addition aero. exactly why would they want to impeach dilma rousseff? reporter: it depends on who used the two. some say it is nothing more that
a congressional coup to get rid of a democratically elected president. her opponents in congress who make up a majority say she has committed illegal acts, but it is important to point out that this the corruption scandal, which is pervasive across manyt, has drawn in politicians and many business leaders, and under that, dilma rousseff herself has not been accused, and the reason the politicians want her to be impeached are relatively minor fixing government accounts. that is why she said this is nothing more than a congressional coup, but it is the start of a critical week, which could determine dilma rousseff's future. katty: what happens after this vote? of this: at the end week, perhaps this weekend, it goes to the lower vote of congress, and more than 500
members will vote on whether or not the president shall face an impeachment trial. if two thirds of congress vote in favor, then dilma rousseff would have to stand down for 180 days while she is, in effect, tried iv senate. she has practically sealed her political fate, and that is why this week is critical for dilma rousseff. just a decade ago, brazil was the darling of a world -- of the world with a growing economy. this crisis could cost dilma rousseff the presidency. katty: how is she doing in the opinion polls? : the latest polls show about 65% are in favor of the impeachment process, and what this process has shown is that this is still a deeply divided country, divisions that have been hidden really during the good years of the last decade, but in this debate in congress, what we have seen are those divisions between north and
south, between rich and poor, and even along racial lines. there are many things that have been highlighted by this crisis. katty: in rio de janeiro, thank you for joining us. i spoke a short time ago to the director of the world institute at the woodrow wilson center for international scholars, and i thought about asking him what went so wrong with an economy that had been so promising at the beginning of dilma rousseff's presidency. hubris,nagement, leading to a catastrophic outcome, which is a recession of 3.8% of gdp in the year immediately after the reelection of president dilma rousseff. katty: you think it is too simple than that brazil was a victim of the crash in commodity prices. >> brazil is not a victim of the
crash of the commodity crisis. victim of brazilians in brazil. it is quite clear. by the president dilma rousseff and starting at the end of president lula, who was the most popular president, with an 84% approval rating in the last year of an eight-your governance, so that led them to believe that they could do anything and nothing would go wrong. optimistict an interpretation that brazilians have finally woken up and that they do not want corruption like they have had it? lining.is the silver people rallying in the streets. people say we have an opportunity to end impunity in a nation famous for it. we cannot rebuild a modern economy in brazil or build a modern economy in brazil with the levels of graft that we had before.
it is a very, very painful thing. right, thank you. the british prime minister faced parliament today to address his past overseas investments, financial dealings that came to light in the aftermath of the leak of millions of confidential documents, the so-called panama papers. the prime minister has been under pressure since it emerged that he used to hold shares in an offshore account that was set up by his late father. david cameron said the fund was legitimate and also announced new measures to make offshore accounts held in british territories more transparent. cameron: today, i can tell the house that they have agreed that they will provide u.k. law enforcement and tax agencies with full access to information on the beneficial ownership of companies. we have finalized arrangements with all of them except two, both of which we believe will follow in the coming days and months, so for the first time,
u.k. police and law enforcement will be able to see exactly who really owns and controls every company incorporated in these territories. cayman islands, british virgin islands, bermuda, isle of man, jersey, the lot. david cameron speaking in parliament, and the cease-fire in yemen is showing strain just hours after it went into effect. the saudi backed government is accusing the rebels of violations, but there are also reports of sporadic exchanges of gunfire elsewhere in the country. it is supposed to set the scene for peace talks in kuwait next week. our reporter has more. could this latest cease-fire in yemen finally bring peace to the country after more than 18 months of conflict? here in the southern city, the mood is not particularly optimistic. >> a local journalist believes
the truth is a positive move but is convinced the cootie rebels -- the rebels will not respect it. the fighting that began has not stopped completely. most of the forces of the exiled government and the rebels have accused each other of violations in at least three different parts of the country. and yet, speaking last month, the rebel leader said he was in favor of a negotiated settlement. >> we said at the very beginning that wars cannot solve any problems for us, and if we want solutions, then it must be through dialogue, however long the war lasts. already one of the poorest countries in the middle east, the civil has killed thousands and forest more than 2 million out of their homes. much of the destruction the result of a year-long campaign of airstrikes by a saudi led
coalition in support of the exiled yemeni government. with the threat of famine now hanging over half the country, the united nations is calling on the two sides to respect the cease-fire so that peace talks, due to start next week in kuwait, can't get underway. bbc news. -- can get underway. bbc news. precarious truce. china wants to be a world soccer superpower by 2050 and has outlined a plan for the next decades, to get a certain number of people playing by 2020. has ranked the china football league and 81st place. at a suicide writer has ramped into a bus killing at least 12 people.
officials say most of those who died were new army recruits. nearly 40 of his were injured in the same explosion, and the fonda -- and the bombing happened near the city of jalalabad. and one man has defected, according to south korean officials, and the man has not been named, but they say he was a senior colonel and that he left last year. thet wrenching reminder of need to rid the world of nuclear weapons. that is how the u.s. secretary of state sized up his visit to hiroshima. john kerry is the senior most u.s. official to visit the site of the atomic tom dropped by u.s. planes at the end of world war ii. it helped to end the war, but it killed thousands of people. our reporter has more. reporter: it has taken nearly 71 years, but finally, a serving u.s. secretary of the has come to hiroshima.
with his japanese and g-7 colleagues beside him, mr. kerry wreath for the 140,000 people who were killed here when they dropped an atomic bomb right over this spot. >> it is no doubt this is a moment filled with symbolism, and it would be even more if president obama decides to come here and do this next month, but at a time when nuclear disarmament seems to be further away, is this political theater? appears to -- kerry be moved. a gutary kerry: it is wrenching display. it tugs at all of your sensibilities as a human being. this was a display that i will personally never forget. i don't see how anyone could forget. the images, the evidence, and
the re-creations of what happened on august 6, 1945. reporter: one person witnessed the atomic bombing as an eight-year-old child. , butelcomed his visit here his fine words are not enough. why can't they say, right now, we abolish it? why can't he's a that? she now wants president obama to follow and use this as a platform to push nuclear disarmament, as he promised in 2009. >> oba gave us that. but nothing happened. chance to show the that i did such a thing.
i am going to do this for world peace. reporter: it is, perhaps, a vain hope. d one years after the city was destroyed in the first nuclear attack, the world still has 15,000 nuclear warheads. over 90% are owned by just two countries, russia and america. bbc news, hiroshima. katty: still a lot of work to be done there. and an indigenous community in canada has had a rash of suicides, and they say they have been overwhelmed by a growing number of suicide attempts. this story just seems bizarre, heartbreaking, extraordinary. what is going on? about a we are talking
fairly impoverished community up in northern ontario, and i do not know if your people are familiar with it, but they had a crisis in 2011. it was not a suicide crisis. it was a housing crisis. this area seems to go from crisis to crisis. it is very poorly and there is not a lot of economic development. health and lot of housing problems, and i should also point out that though this area is in the news right now, it was not the first rate of based on suicides in first nations in canada. it is a crisis across the country. this is just the latest, and not only were there the 11 attempted suicides over the weekend. were 101 said there since september alone, so that gives you the magnitude of what is going on there, but there was another situation in manitoba in march, where there were a lot of suicides, so it is a real problem for our first nations across the country. katty: the numbers are
extraordinary, over a hundred before, and not just this tribe. how easy is it for the government to send mental health officials, support needed, to a community like this? are very remote. >> it is not easy, and they have in response to this crisis sent two from the government, which is our national government, and vendor is a provincial team, an emergency team, which has gone in, and it is a fly in community, and especially when there are no ice roads, it is hard to get in there, but it is one thing to do with the crisis, and the problem is they need the mental health professionals there all of the time to try to prevent this from happening as opposed to react to this when it and from ag, provincial point of view, ontario has made cuts, so they do not have the people up there all of the time to do with the crisis before people start to take their own lives. katty: the primacy has responded.
what more do you expect the prime minister to do? >> he has taken lead on that, and they point to the $8.4 million they have promised in the latest budget for indigenous economies across the country. they say they hope it will restore hope, that he will give them hope that change is coming, that he will get better, and that therefore, the number of attempts will go down. katty: thank you very much. >> you are welcome. katty: you are watching "bbc world news america." come, taking on tasks that are far to your old for their age. the children of migrant workers. experiencing one of its worst drought in nearly 50 years affecting 10 million people, and aid agencies warn the situation could get warrants. -- worse. our bbc reporter. >> the unprecedented season that is hot has left it dry, and
millions of people starving. much of their livestock, which they depend on, have been white out. in some areas, up to 90% of the animals have been lost. counting his losses. he had hundreds of cows, goats, and camels, that they are now dead. at the only health clinic in this area, people are coming to get medical attention. some, like this person, have walked four days to get here. severely around and needing treatment. across the affected areas, malnutrition rates have increased dramatically. six remaining children now facing critical state in ethiopia. community andnal the ethiopian government have stepped up efforts, but it is not coming in quick enough.
assistance in the whole of africa, and in particular, the affected regions by climate change. and they need to increase their assistance in order to meet the demand. in 1994, ine famine which nearly a million people died, but the government says it is in a much better shape to help its people. and yet, they need more help in this disaster. ethiopia. bbc news. ♪ have: chinese authorities launched a national census to try to determine the number of so-called left behind children in their country.
these are kids who are growing up in the countryside while their parents work and live far away in big cities. our reporter has gone to two of the country's aptly affected areas. badly affected areas. >> this 14-year-old is helping her younger brother with his homework. she is the only one who can. the children live alone. and their remote village, they grow their own vegetables and cook their own meals. their parents work more than 1000 miles away and calm back to visit just once a year. when you are sad or upset about something at school, it must be very hard not being able to talk
to your mummy or your daddy about it? >> i cannot tell them. mom and dad live a hard life outside. i do not want them to worry about me. reporter: alongside the responsibilities of an adult, she carries the vulnerability of a child. to 80% ofhools, up the pupils are growing up without their mums or dad's. have's modern economy may been built on the hard graft of its internal migrants, but it has taken a heavy toll on its children also. the numbers involved are staggering, some 16 million children affected nationwide. left behind in villages like this one, while their parents work elsewhere. most arguably one of the pressing social issues of our
time, and despite much handwringing, it is an issue the communist party has so far done very little about. most left behind children are not alone but kept under the watchful eye of a grandparent. many still struggle, like this 11-year-old. >> my parents do not live here. they work in another city. they both work in factories, making clothing. it is hard for mom and dad to earn money. but i miss them so much. it is very painful. reporter: this is where his dad works. despite years of service on these production lines, it is still almost impossible for him
to lose his official migrant status, which means, like millions of others, his children are not allowed to attend local schools. in a restaurant close to the factory, we show his parents the interview we recorded with their son. they have not seen him for five months. >> i am so worried because i am not with him. i worry about his safety. were not barriers, we would bring him with us. : the chinese government admits the problem is urgent, but until their parents are given full citizenship rights, the true cost of every made in china product will be measured not just in price but in the
terrible burden it places on these children. , chinese province. katty: 60 million children missing their parents. now, what would you do to celebrate your 100th birthday? well, one great-grandfather in the u.k. is not sitting in his rocking chair, so he decided to mark's 100 years by jumping from a plane. reporter: 100 years old. but he is not one for sitting still. for his birthday, he wanted to skydive. of ast being a bit daredevil, really. i always have been, all my life. reporter: born during the first world war and named after a battle, he fought the nazis, but
that was on the ground, not from the air. now a centenarian, he is at 10,000 feet and ready to go. them, i want to be before out, so that was that. reporter: freefalling at 120 plus miles an hour. >> absolutely beautiful. i enjoyed every second of it. it just came natural to me. reporter: he is now the oldest ever skydiver in the u.k., and by doing it, he has raised money for a local hospice. scared? >> not in the least. reporter: would you do it again? >> yes. reporter: shall we go? maybe by next birthday.
by then, he will be the oldest skydiver in the world. katty: fabulous. the rest of us have no excuse at all. happy birthday. that brings this program to a close. i am katty kay. from all of us here at "bbc world news america," thanks for watching. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, national geographic channel, and aruba tourism authority. morgan: i have always been fascinated by god. ♪ morgan: why do people all around the world worship their god so differently? i am setting off on a journey
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff.ju gwen ifill is away this week. on the newshour tonight: presidential contenders try to make it in new york, as bernie sanders wins his seventh straight match-up over hillary clinton. then, inside kenya, and the country's rampant corruption, where police bribe instead of patrol and nearly a billion dollars of government money goes missing. >> woodruff: and, the legacy of jackie robinson. a new ken burns pbs documentary tracks the icon's journey from baseball hero to civil rights champion.yy