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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  April 19, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, e-trade, and cancer treatment centers of america. >> proper nutrition can maintain your immune system during cancer treatment. that is why dietitians are part of every patient's team.
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learn more at cancercenter dot column. >> and now, "bbc world news america." >> this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. taliban stormed the military building in kabul. new yorkers vote in their presidential primary. we see how donald trump is campaigning in the city that he calls home. exploitedtrump has terrorism and frustration about the economy. katty: william shakespeare died 400 years ago. his audience extends to the digital world. we take a swing at playing the classics, virtually. ♪
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. 28 have been killed and more wounded in kabul after a car bomb exploded. it came one week after taliban militants announced the start of the spring offensive. it targeted a security agency within the afghan government. christian fraser has the details. christian: a firefight in the center of kabul at the height of the morning rush hour. the entrance to the headquarters of a special fortress unit that protects the ministers and vips. >> a very big explosion happened. it damaged to the walls, and windows. there are suicide attackers in the area.
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the first attack was followed by another as more fighters and suicide bombers stormed the heavily guarded compound. the car bomb went off close to the surrounding houses and government buildings. 300 are said to have been injured. the smoke was seen rising close to the american embassy in the which arose the alarms, though they were not under attack. >> the glass fell on people and several were wounded in the market where i was. the situation was panicky and tents. -- and tense. hospitalized 10 wounded. our services are ready to treat their injuries. christian: the taliban has claimed responsibility one week after announcing the beginning of the spring offensive. the insurgency has been gaining with drew,nce nato
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even as kabul traced bring them to the negotiating table. some say that it is stronger than when they were driven from power in 2001. katty: for more, i'm joined by the general who formally commanded u.s. and coalition forces there. thank you. what is this scale and the location of the attack, what does it tell you about the taliban? >> they are very aware of the international impact of media attention they get when they go after big, urban targets. theyis disturbing is that find a way to wheedle through the intense afghan security around the capital. they launched this attack against one of the most important parts of the government, the intelligence responsible for vip security. katty: what is it reveal about the capacity of afghan forces
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and their ability to protect themselves? a reassessment of security inside the capital. afghann one-mile of the presidential palace. it suggest a security in the capital needs reinforcement as the taliban kickoff the spring offensive, one of their home arguments. they went for a high-profile target early. katty: what is it mean the spring offensive? >> typically in afghanistan the winter is severe in terms of the weather. snow makes it hard to get back-and-forth, particularly from pakistan. the winter months has been a bit of a hiatus and significant taliban and offensive operations. that has been less true than this past winter where we saw six americans killed in december in a suicide attack outside of an air force base. several suicide attacks in kabul
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, and before the holiday season we saw kunduz under siege. katty: your painting a picture of a country where there are security forces. as nato and american forces continue to withdraw, though security problems will increase? >> no question. at the high water mark of 2010 two thousand 11, there were 150,000 western forces. today, it is less than 10%. the taliban has not been crashed. katty: you predicted that afghanistan when you were serving there and when you left, you predict it that this would happen? >> things were on the ascent in terms of the afghan economy and the democratic election of a president. katty: you did not think it was dependent on foreign forces staying in the country? wefor three or four years were more focused on iraq and
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timen the 2007, 2008 period. the taliban has come back in like the tide. nato troops are fraction of what they were. .atty: thank you for coming in it is primary day in new york. two of the presidential candidates were busy voting for themselves, or at least we assume that they were. hillary clinton and her husband cast their ballots early. shortly after, it was donald trump's turn. he is hoping to get his campaign back on track with a win tonight. he has tapped into the fears and frustrations of his supporters. in the city that witness 9/11 and the financial crash of 2008, it is a message that resonates. nick bryant has more. nick: this is where he built his
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corporate brand. it could be traced back to new york. >> new york 355. nick: manhattan island was not only the side of the destruction of the 20 hours in 2001, but the collapse of lehman brothers in september of 2008. they have gone through 9/11 and the financial crisis. those massive double jays shape the consuls of american politics. trump has exploited fears of islamic terrorism and frustrations about the economy. ferry to staten island, you will find a blue-collar stronghold of donald trump. make america great again is a slogan that sounds good to pete. his repair business is yet to rebound from the great recession . like so many great -- like so many working americans, his income is stagnant. >> i have a business.
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you see it every day. people repair their cars, they now.i haven't got it right i'm trying to make ends meet." nick: do you think drug can turn it around? >> i think he can. nick: in uptown manhattan, worshipers dress in the flag of their country. nypd.iform of the no city has a richer tradition of ethnic diversity. the memory of 9/11 stirs fears of the "other" in new york and elsewhere. recent polls suggest the majority of voters support donald trump's ban on foreign muslims entering the country. that has made these americans feel like outsiders. you wear the flag of america. loveam muslim, and i america. trump will what he has to do to get votes. he has pander to his audience.
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>> this is the land of god, not of trump. as a new york has stood symbol, not only of america's brash self-confidence, but it's optimistic spirit. fears have propelled the presidential ambitions of one of its most favorite sons. to takehaps not enough him to the white house. nick bryant, bbc news, new york. katty: for more, i spoke to laura trevelyan al-asad of a polling station. when you look at the polls on the democratic and republican side it seems clear. we know who will win the new york primary. laura: that's right. donald trump is ahead by double digits. hillary clinton is ahead by 13% or 11%. the question is, by how much do they win?
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i'm at the polling station where donald trump cast a vote for himself, and so did his wife, no surprises -- that if he can win more than 50% across new york state in all the congressional districts he would win all of the 95 delegates up for grabs. that would blunt the momentum of ted cruz and john kasich. if they can blunt his momentum, and i'm hearing in the bronx only 285 people have voted -- but that is where ted cruz and john kasich have been trying to get votes. re that could win the would deny donald trump some of the delegates he wants. hillary clinton is expected to win here. she represented it for eight years. can she slow the momentum of bernie sanders and claw back some of the youth vote?
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it is all about the margins of victory. viewers might be forgiven for thinking that this primary campaign has gone on for months and months. every time we get to the primary we say that this will be decisive. do think there will be a chance when we come out of new york landscape will have changed? particularly, on the republican side? laura: i wish i could say definitively. the republican side, if donald trump can win all 95, that takes him closer to the , what heal of 1237 needs to clinch the nomination and put to bed the notion that there could be a contested convention, which is what his rivals want. 50%, cannot win more than and he has not been winning more than 50% in general, then his rivals will say let's keep going. in newlaura trevelyan
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york. thank you. other news. airstrikes in northwest syria have hit a vegetable market killing or wounding a large number of people. some say around 40 have died in the rebel held province. russian airstrikes have a targeting rebel positions in the area. there have been angry protests by people in cairo after a policeman shot the and are over the price of a cup of tea. one other person was also wended in the eastern suburb of the begich capital. a senior police officer confirmed that the argument was over how much the t cost. damagedrt that was following earthquakes on japan's kyushu island has partially reopened. flights are bringing much-needed supplies, adding to
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what is being delivered by the u.s. military. 100,000 people are still sleeping outdoors, many are free to return home because of the aftershocks. the number of people known to have died in the earthquake that hit ecuador on saturday is 480. hundreds are missing and thousands injured. the president said that it was the worst tragedy to hit the country for a decade. the cost of rebuilding could be billions. the epicenter is the coastal they of god is not us -- epicenter is a coastal city. >> the shocking devastation wrought by nature. less than one minute the earthquake lasted. hardly any houses intact. this is the commercial city. they have been trying to clear bodies from the rubble. there are many bodies trapped
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inside. community residents are coming back to take what they have of their belongings. he owned a small bar on the corner. he last five members of his family on saturday. >> it was so strong i lost my balance. my family was in a corridor. it seems they were trying to come downstairs but didn't make it. daughter-in-law was found cradling her six-week-old baby. they were alive. they pleaded with him to stay. when the authorities issued a tsunami warning, they had to run . when he returned, the mother and baby were dead. they are cleaning up their lives. taking what is left to a safer place. they have arrived and started their work. so much is unknown. >> as we get access to more
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places, we will find more people . more needs and more people that have died. are at the local football stadium. on hand, each new body brought from the rubble. with no homes to go back to you, watching the cleanup is all that residents can do. waiting to see if anyone can be found, dead or alive. heartrending stories out of the earthquake in ecuador. still to come on this program, restoring the ancient syrian city of palmeiro. -- palmyra. modern technology is playing a part. not very long ago tattoo parlors were viewed as posing a central health risk to those who enter. today, tattoo artists are trusted to operate safely and to spot gens cancer -- spot skin
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cancer. >> did this be the frontline in the battle against skin cance to see bodies get up close. he already spotted a melanoma. >> i noticed a mole on her shoulder blade had doubled in size and darkened. it was diagnosed as melanoma. a life.o save it is a very rewarding thing to look back on. janeiro, de tattooists are trained to identify skin cancer. this video shows how they can get a special qualification. what started in brazil has come to bristol. tattooists are being targeted
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because they see parts of our body that we cannot see ourselves. they are not the only ones. targetim to hairdressers, barbers, massage therapists -- anyone whose profession involves working with skin. >> i wouldn't even know what i was looking forward. -- looking for. >> they can now advise customers bodyere are areas of her were she should avoid having a tattoo so she can keep an eye on her skin. there is a risk that bodyguard could hide the signs of cancer in the years to come. experts warn tattooists and i customers to be vigilant long-term. bbc news, bristol. ♪ the triumph arch was
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destroyed in syria. it's replica is in london. the monument was blown up by the islamic state and palmyra. inopy has been erected trafalgar square. restorations have begun on the original site. from a brutal occupation, but still hauntingly beautiful. this aerial footage shows the , a desert oasis that tested for hundreds of years on the agent so wrote between east and west. last year, the so-called islamic state took control of the city and threatened to destroy the irreplaceable monuments which make this a world heritage site. in the last be weeks, the syrian government forces backed by the russians have regained the city. senior archaeologists have returned to see the what damage was done. >> i found palmeiro in a good
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situation. it is not destroyed. to restoreus hope something destroyed by isis in the future. i.s. has often filmed themselves smashing into goodies. many feared that palmyra would be destroyed. that is why a group of archaeologists has been experimenting with a computer-controlled drill to reproduce a replica of the arch. they say that it is incredibly precise. >> they got to the point where we were trying to decide whether to include cobwebs, bird nests 3-d renderings of the images derived from thousands of images to produce the most
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accurate possible rendition. >> the replica arch has been put up in trafalgar square for all to see as part of world heritage week. it has to be said, not everyone is a huge fan of the project. some classical scholars believe that it is not authentic and a waste of time and money. if nothing else, supporters say that it is an act of defiance against those trying to destroy syria's history. palmyra's experts hope they will not have to rebuild monuments from scratch, but the technology could be invaluable. bbc news. katty: doing what we can to restore the devastation and senseless devastation, in palmyra. the 400th anniversary of william shakespeare's death. his plays has been adapted to
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every medium, including a board game. now shakespeare has entered virtual reality with a young game developed in california. jane o'brien traveled to sacramento. jane: who knew shakespeare could be so much fun? look at the audience. they are not watching the performers, they are looking at the screen. play the knave is a type of theater where the players control avatars to create an animated film. a shakespeare short. do not be fooled by the technology. the exaggerated gestures are very shakespearean. >> this is an old style of acting that was used during shakespeare's time from an older oratorical method of delivering speeches. interesting it is that the technology is bringing back the older style of acting.
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concept is irresistible, even for someone like me who has never played a video game. you choose your costume, your stage, and your play. welcome to my production of "macbeth." this is where lady macbeth realizes everything has gone wrong and has a nervous breakdown. colin is the doctor. need we fear when none can call our powers to account? who would have thought the old man to have had so much blood in him? this is actually really difficult. >> what is it she does now? jane: play the knave was devised as a teaching tool to make shakespeare more accessible in a digital age. >> when you're looking at the screen, you aren't thinking about your classmates with the teacher. maybe they don't understand
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the language, but they want to because it is part of the game. >> you get a better feel for what is going on, and you are performing. >> here we are in the first elizabethan theater in north america built in 1932. jane: game players may be able to use the full truth the editor in and when it is digitally scanned. theater iner washington when it is digitally scanned. we now have virtual reality and it isn't surprising that one of the first places that we go to see what the technology provides is shakespeare. may prefer the real thing, but this raises the question, what is the real thing? performance by robots? as shakespeare said, all of the world is a stage. that must include the virtual world. jane o'brien, bbc news.
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as you havemacbeth never seen her before. one more piece of news. they, the bbc was named recipient of a peabody award for its coverage of the migrant crisis in europe. the citation read that the bbc reminded us why it is the gold standard of the electronic media news with its deeply detailed and humane television and radio reporting. we want to add our congratulations to those who have worked on this story to keep bringing it to our viewers. congratulations to our reporters in the field and you can find out more of the day's news on our website. if you live like to reach me, you can find us on twitter. i am @kattykaybbc. thank you for watching. two in tomorrow -- tune in tomorrow. ♪
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>> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, national geographic channel and -- e-trade and cancer treatment centers of america. >> e-trade is all about seizing opportunity. >> cut. i will take this opportunity to direct. thank you. we will call you evening, film noir, smoke, atmosphere. you are a young farmhand. e-trade is your account. -- is your cow. nope it.
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--milk it. e-trade is all about seizing opportunity. >> shouldn't what makes each of us unique make our treatment unique? advanced genomic testing is changing the way you fight cancer. we are focused on the evolution of cancer care. you can learn more at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc ho >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. >> sreenivasan: and i'm hari sreenivasan. >> woodruff: on the newshour tonight: it's tuesday-- primary night in new york. voters hit the polls today after heavy campaigning by the republican and democratic presidential candidates. >> sreenivasan: also ahead this tuesday: the longest war. what's behind the recent uptick in violence in afghanistan. >> woodruff: plus, a conversation with special presidential envoy brett mcgurk on the decision to send morett u.s. troops to iraq. >> sreenivasan: and many american schools have a growing problem with lead contamination. why are districts across the country struggling to provide clean drinking water? >> the nature of the beast is that lead levels in water are unpredictable and exposure iss really like a russian roulette.


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