tv PBS News Hour PBS April 22, 2016 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening, i'm judy woodruff. on the newsur tonight: u.s. suicide rates climb to a 30-year high, especially among young girls. we examine this disturbing trend. the voting rights are restored to convicted felons. and father of biodiversity e.o. wilson to then, on this earth day, efforts by famed biologist and father of biodiversity e.o. wilson to save alabama's river delta.r >> we've only discovered, much less studied, about 20% of all species. so here is a world that is waiting for exploration, and that's just the beginning. >> woodruff: and it's friday. mark shields and david brooksav are here to analyze the week's
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thank you. tibpu >> woodruff: it took all day, but more than 170 countries signed the landmark paris accorn on climate change today. the ceremony took place at the united nations in new york. secretary of state john kerry signed for the united states, with his granddaughter joining him. h beforehand, he acknowledged the deal falls short of its stated goal. >> the power of this agreement is not that it, in and of itself, guarantees that we actually hold the increase of temperature to the target of 1.5 degrees or two degrees t centigrade. in fact, it does not. and we know that. we acknowledge it.
the power of this agreement is the opportunity that it creates. >> woodruff: each nation will set non-binding targets for cutting emissions of carbon dioxide and other gases by 2025. the u.s. target is up to 28% below 2005 levels. a new earthquake hit off the coast of ecuador last night, followed by smaller aftershock,e but there were no reports of new damage. still, the official death toll from last saturday's quake rose again, to 587. survivors are now lining up daily for food and fresh water as aid workers warn of delays in distributing the supplies. and a new risk has emerged-- the threat of mosquito-borne e illness. the u.s. presidential candidates are heading into another big weekend, the last before the next batch of primaries. for republican frontrunner donald trump today, that meant hunting for votes and trying to
win over party big-wigs. john yang has our report. >> reporter: the trump campaign proceeded on two fronts: with the candidate himself appearing in delaware... >> my family asked me, dad, why are you doing this?ly i'd rather not do it. i wish we had somebody, republican orb democrat, to do it. i couldent careless.ca >> reporter: in florida, a top campaign official treed to easet the worries of the republican national committee. he described the candidate as an actor playing a role. the "new york times" obtained a recording. >> and that's what's importantwh from our standpoint, for you to understand that he gets it. the part that he's been playing is now evolving into the part n that you've been expecting, but he wasn't ready for, because he had first to complete the first phase.t
>> reporter: that was new grist for the mill of ted cruz. he campaigned in williamsport, pennsylvania today, branding trump and his team as liars.ll >> yesterday they were down in florida meeting with party leaders and they were saying, this is their words, that this is all a show. they don't believe anything they're saying.th they're just trying to deceive gullible voters. he is telling us he's lying to us. >> reporter: in the democratic race, bernie sanders is basking in the glow of praise from vice president joe biden. endorsing anyone, but in a "times" interview this week, he praised sandersdo he said: "i like the idea of saying, 'we can do much more,' because we can." my hope is it would be a record-breaking turnout ontu tuesday. (cheers and applause) >> reporter: clinton also campaigned in pennsylvania, focusing on pay equity, citing
the decision to put a woman on the 20-dollar bill. >> i'm very excited about harriet tubman. >> i'm very excited about harriet tubman and the otherou women that will be included on our money. t but i also want to make sure that women are making the money. >> reporter: pennsylvania is the biggest prize among the fivees states that vote on tuesday. >> woodruff: in london today, president obama called for overturning north carolina's new law on public bathrooms. it limits transgender people to the facility that corresponds to their sex at birth. mr. obama said that's wrong, but he said britons should still feel free to visit. the british government has issued a travel advisory warning of possible discrimination in some u.s. states.ad the president also weighed in on britain's upcoming vote on whether to leave the european union. he penned an op-ed in "the daily telegraph," writing, "the u.s. and the world need your outsized
influence to continue, including within europe." later, he followed up on hisow appeal, at a news conference with prime minister david cameron. >> part of it is to be honest and to let you know what i think, and speaking honestly, the outcome of that decision a matter of deep interest to the united states because it affects our prospects as well. the united states wants a strong united kingdom as a partner, and the united kingdom is at it's best when it's helping to lead a strong europe. >> woodruff: the >> woodruff: the president also warned the u.s. would be in no hurry to write a free trade deao with britain, if it does exit the e.u. but the candor was not appreciated by some, including london mayor boris johnson, who heads the "leave" campaign.
>> it's something to which the i americans would never submit their own democracy. america is a proud democracy, built on principles of liberty, the idea of the sanctity of representation and no taxation without representation.pr it is very odd, it is perverse, it is hypocritical. >> woodruff: johnson also blasted the president's decision to move a bust of winston churchill from the oval office. he called it "a symbol of the part-kenyan president's ancestral dislike of the british empire." the president did not responds directly to the jibe. but he did say he moved the churchill bust so he could put a bust of martin luther king junior in the oval office instead.in the united states announced today it's buying roughly 35 tons of so-called heavy water from iran. the liquid is used to make weapons-grade plutonium, andnd last year's nuclear deal calls for iran to sell its excess stockpile.
republican leaders in congressea today criticized the purchase as a dangerous precedent.da the number of migrants arrivinga in greece is rising again. the international organization for migration says more than 150 people reached the greek islands from turkey on each of the last three days. initially, a european union deal with turkey had cut arrivals to near zero. back in this country, medical officials completed an autopsy on prince, but said it could take weeks to fix the cause of death.ut the pop music great was found dead yesterday at his home in suburban minneapolis. today, as an impromptu memorial swelled with balloons and flowers, investigators said some points are already a clear. >> there were no obvious signs of trauma on the body at all. we have no reason to believe at this point that this was a suicide, but again this early on in this investigation and it's
continuing we're continuing to investigate. >> woodruff: the sheriff and the medical examiner's office would not confirm or deny reports that prince might have overdosed on painkillers last week.t wall street ended the week with a lackluster day.th the dow jones industrial average gained 21 points to close at 18,003. but the nasdaq fell 39, and the s&p 500 added just a fraction. for the week,th and, thousands of people haveho gathered in boston this weekend for pax east, one of the world'o leading gaming festivals. organizers say it's like "woodstock for gamers," where serious players can compete and preview what's new. g the buzz this year is all about virtual reality games that use headsets to transport users to alternate worlds.it still to come on the newshour: an alarming rise in suicide rates among teenage girls.
virginia's governor explains why 200,000 felons can vote in november. mark shields and david brooks nsalyze the week's news. fighting the terror group alou shabab in a propaganda war, and much more.ab >> woodruff: the government released new statistics about suicide in the u.s., and the results were sobering and stunning. the nation's suicide rate is at its highest point since 1986.19 nearly 43,000 people killed themselves in 2014, which is th4 most recent year with full data. hari sreenivasan has more on this story from our new york studios. >> sreenivasan: the rise in rates were particularly alarming among some age groups. while the numbers are still smaller among children, thenu suicide rate was up sharply among 10 to 14 years old girls,
tripling in the past 15 years. it also rose steeply among middle-aged americans-- 63% higher for middle aged women, 43% higher for men. for some perspective on these trends and some of the potential reasons behind it, i'm joined by katherine hempstead, who studies this for the robert wood johnson foundation.in for the record, the foundation is a funder of the newshour. which of these sets of numbers, we went over a couple of them, stood out to you when you saw this? >> well, i think there has beene concern about the middle-aged group for a while and people have been noticing increased rates for males and females.es with these latest results we see really large increases for women in particular and a closing of gender gap as the female startss to be closer than the male rate. >> sreenivasan: females try more but men succeed more? >> i think that's true. t there is much more of a non-fatal to fatal ratio for females, there are many more
attempted self-harms that don't result in fatal incidents. but with the new trends, we see the rates getting closer, and we see a change in the method. we see the increasing adoption of suffocation or hanging as a suicide method by females and males and that is a highly lethal method. >> sreenivasan: compared tot guns which is probably still the number one lethal -- >> guns is the most lethal means of suicide and the most important method for males but we saw for moat males and females an increase in suffocations as suicide. >> sreenivasan: are suicides unreported? >> there is probably some underreporting of suicide, but i think that, over this time period, i don't believe this is any kind of a data artifact.i i don't think that underreporting has been a huge part of the problem or that's changed a lot over the last 15 years, so i think this is a real trend in suicide.id >> sreenivasan: is there any
way to capture unsuccessful suicides, attempts or hospitalizations? >> oh, yeah.? when people attempt suicide,ic many times it results in an emergency room admission, so we do have a lot of data on non-fatal attempts. a lot of those attempts are done with poisoning, probably the most common method for non-fate ail tempts. we find females versus malesal have a larger ratio of non-fatal attempts because they use less lethal methods and in younger groups there are more nonfatal attempts. >> sreenivasan: maybe because younger people are doingre this more impulsively than older people? >> yes, there is a lot of evidence among younger people, suicidal behavior, where fatal or unfatal, has maybe an adverse event, a relationship problem, a fight with an authority figure, problem with parents, maybe a
minor league -- a minor legal infraction. so we see a lot of suicide attempts, uncompleted suicides for younger people, especially males, that are the result of recent crises that precipitate impulsive self-injury. >> sreenivasan: are there large-scale patterns you can say are attributed to the economy or the great recession we just went through or when people are down in the dumps, they've lost their fortunes and everything, are these the times when we see suicides pick up? >> that's the thing p we focused on when we looked at the middle age. we looked to see can we associate any particular kindsy of circumstances to this rising rate of suicide among the middle aged? and sure enough we did see an increasing reference to things like job problems, personal finance issues, foreclosures, bankruptcies, things that really accelerated during the time of t the recession, but we see that those trends are persisting even when a lot of people feel like the economy's recovered quite a bit but maybe those improvements
aren't being felt by everybody.. and the middle aged i think are particularly vulnerable to those kinds of precious because they are bread winners, have dependents, their retirement may not be insured and kids to pick through college so i think they may be affected by those problems. >> sreenivasan: i know teenagers, there are small cohorts from 10 to 13, when the c.d.c. breaks out the numbers but thed. overall number is increasing. >> that's particularly troubling. it's harder to pin those kinds overincreases to the broader kinds of economic, you know, pocketbook issues that you would think would have more of an impact on older people with those kinds of responsibilities. people are concerned and want to understand the motivations. >> sreenivasan: is there a contagion effect?co >> you know, some people have talked about that, you know, i
think that is extremely difficult to have really rigorous evidence to support or refute the idea of some kind of contagion, particularly to say that that would account for a large share of suicide, but i do think there are waxes and wanes in times when suicide may come to see more culturally acceptable or a more popular way to talk about a response to problems and this can sort of kind of rise and fall over time and go in and out of favor with certain groups and i think adolescents can be susceptiblen to that kind of language and imagery. >> sreenivasan: katherine hempstead from>> the robert woor foundation, thank you so much.yo >> sure, it's a pleasure. thanks for having me on. >> woodruff: virginia governor terrry mcauliffe signed a sweeping order today to restore voting rights to more than 200,000 convicted felons after
their release from prison. republicans in the commonwealth quickly accused the governor ofl abusing his executive power to help democrat hillary clinton win a battleground state. governor mcauliffe joins me now from richmond.le governor, welcome. why the decision to overturn something that's been in placeor in your state since the civil war? >> well, let's be honest, we've had a bad history on votingng rights in virginia. 1901, 1902, they put in the poll tax, they put in literacy tests and had a horrible disenfranchisement for felons. what i did today was to erase a really, really repressive tactics used to deprive people their right to vote. >> woodruff: you included convicted felons accused of violent crimes, murder, rape. you didn't make any exceptions. why not?wh >> why should i? once you have served your time, once you have paid your debt to society, the judge, jury have determined what your sentencen
would be, once you complete that, why should you not be back in? when these people, even if they've committed heinous crimes, butd once they have finished serving their sentence, they go back to their communities, they get jobs, they have family members. you want them, judy.d i want everybody getting a job. i want them paying taxes and feeling good about themselves. you've paid your debt to society. >> as you just heard, the republican party in your state is questioning why you did this blanket change in the law in what was the law for so long and they're saying it's an example of political opportunism, that you have this election coming up and that explains the timing of it. >> if i were to do it for political purposes, i would have done it last year before my entire 140-member of the general assembly.as you follow the news, i worked hard to win one senate seat to
get control of the senate. if i were to do this for political purposes, i would have done it last year. let me be clear --market doesn'o need it, she'll win virginia and beat donald trump. so put the politics aside. it's unfortunate republicansun always default to partisan politics. this was, morally, the right thing to do. this was about letting peoplepe who have already served their sentence, they are done with probation, back in as full citizens of our society. that's what we should do!! >> woodruff: governor, let me l ask you about another argument that's made, and this is a conservative argument. the gentleman we spoke with, roger kleg, heads the center for opportunity, he says reenfranchisement, makes sense onre a case by case basis. once a person can show they've actually turned over a new leaf, changed their behavior, but he said, when you grant this sort of right to vote to everybody, you are not allowing the each individual to show whether they have respect for the law, and he
makes the point, he says, you can't demand the right -- basically what you're doing is giving the right to vote to people who would be then determining other people's votes, other people's laws, which is what you do when you vote. >> oh, judy, that's silly. first of all, let me be clear, i'm restoring voting rights, i'm not giving people bad gun right -- back gun right or commuting sentences. i am giving people who have served and paid their debt to society determined by a judgea and jury who said this is the debt to be paid back, once you've done that, i'm saying you can come back and be part of society. you can go back, have a job, buy a home, do everything else.el i want you to feel a good about yourself and voting.lf we have a difference of opiniono i was proud to do this.is it was morally the right thing to do. i have the full legal authorityr under the constitution to do itd i have the legal authority, the
moral authority, and i did it. >> finally, governor, you've said today, i believe, that you want to encourage these individuals to register and vote. how are you going to do that? >> well, i think by coming on your show, and i think we're going to see an awful lot of press that came off it today. we didn't tell anybody what we were doing today.da we invited a lot of folks from restoration of rights community because i've done a lot of these events. they didn't know. when i announced what i was doing today, the folks who came up and said, governor, i haven't voted in 20 years, there were mothers, daughters, fathers sons, crying, it was incrediblec would be bobby blevins, now 79, stood next to me weeping in tears and he got to vote. he called me after voting in the last election and he said, that's what leadership is all about.
sac governor my job is to grow an economy and to make sure that everybody can enjoy a great life. what i did today was morally the right thing to do. i gave people back their voting rights, plain and simple. you served your time, come on in. be part of the virginia economy. be part of our family, and you can't do it if you treat people like second-class citizens. >> woodruff: governor terryoo mcauliffe of the commonwealth of virginia, we thank you very much. >> thank you. >> woodruff: and now to the analysis of shields and brooks. that's syndicated columnist mark shields and "new york times" columnist david brooks.ks welcome to you, gentlemen. so we just heard from governor terry mcauliffe of vavment he decided to allow 200,000
ex-felons, people who served their time for a felony crime to vote. what do you make of it? >> i'd like to see the ideological breakdown of ex-felons, but i think it's's right. i never quite understood.er you know, you're assigned the cost and you have to pay for committing a crime or even a fennely. you do your time, your parole, your probation, you should ben, able to rejoin society in full measure. one of the weird things in our whole criminal just system is we have people who are 50, 60, well past what they call criminal menopause, and they're perfectly upstanding citizens and not the person they were at 19, yet we continue to punish them. and whether they're in jail, we should bel, more lenient on them and if they're out, we should make them full citizens.l >> woodruff: mark? i agree. i thought terry mcauliffe,c accused of being a super salesman, a huckster, whatever, i thought he was convincing in his case, especially in virginia's long history of denying people the vote, persistently, as part of governmental policy, given the
historical record. once a person has paid his or her debt to society and is off parole, why not?? don't we want them to become part of society again and the community? >> woodruff: apparently, thereoo are more and more states that are doing this. >> yes. a lot of red states, too.t you know, the whole political question. >> woodruff: so let's move too the presidential contest. surprise, david, i want to ask you about donald trump. the republicans are meeting in florida, the rnc, the republican national committee.on yesterday or i guess last night trump's campaign manager paul manafort in a closed-door session, said, and some of this was recorded so we know he said it, that in effect what donald trump has been doing has been acting, play acting and he's going to be changing his tune, and you're going to see a different donald trump, and he'h going to raise money for reps. what do you make of this? o >> first, the rnc gathering, from what one can tell it's the
gathering of the russian royal family in 1916. they seem to have no argument. all they want is they don't want the show in cleveland to be bada as long as the show is good, we can have a disastrous candidatea who can destroy the party, so they're fine as long as there is no bad drama. so they're laying down and thist will go down as one of the hardest r.n.c. hits for how he's behaved. as far as paul manafort, he said donald trump is going to be donald trump, he's not going to stop being himself, and that isf a large, loud, sometimes obnoxious and appalling campaigner. he's not going to turn presidential because he lacks the gravidas, the knowledge base and core, yet he hired paul manafort who's saying, don't worry, he's not a blow hard, he h's just a rank opportunist who's been putting on a show all this time i don't think it's going to work and i don'tis thik it's particularly attractive
either. >> woodruff: mark? i think it'ser quite attractive. i do. (laughter)at judy, i think the republicanbl party chair's responsibility is not to give the party a candidate, it's to give the candidate a party.ca and if the voters choose otherwise it's not the chairman's credit a fault in the decision. the votersde made their se edecision and i think that'st' what we're seeing in florida and the republican party, there is a sense oaf inevitability. it was a crushing victory for trump attitudes in new york. when ted cruz, the would-be alternative fishes a distant -- finishes a distant third, he's no longer a plausible candidated he's just a vehicle to stop trump. looks like indiana is the last shot. let trump be trump. donald trump has been this unbridled person who has been totally continu contradictive hi his positions on issues, judy, are like the footprints at the seashore's edge. they change withed the tide.
today they're here, they're gone tomorrow. it obviously hasn't bothered them. it's a personal choice on voters' parts. now he's going to make a serious policy decision, speech, rather, on gender and foreign policy and, you know, i think we'll just continue to see new trumps from here forward. >> woodruff: you mentioned a changing position.o one of the things he said in i guess it was the "today show" yesterday, david, is he was asked about the income lgbt law, using public bathrooms and basically said the republican's governor shouldn't have changed theho law, that he should have left way it was. now conservatives, ted cruz, and others are coming back to say this is noty the republican position. >> yeah, so that law is so bad now i have to praise trump. so ehe's right. i mean, he made the obvious point, is this really a problem here in like, are there a lot of bathrooms in north carolina where people are scared to go in
in? i don't think this is a problem. this is 1980s socially conservative world politics. picks on something seeminglyl changing in the sexual revolution and trying to homize the republican base over it. donald trump is playing a different game. to his credit, he's not playingi the game. people are saying he's sociallya moderate, he is but not in the way liberal republicans are socially moderate or moderate republicans are.te he's socially moderate in a populist way, and ends up moderate on a lot of social issues. to his credit, he's not stuck in jerry falwell lands.nd >> woodruff: we should know.oo president obama in london todayy in a news conference, mark, no surprise, criticized the north carolina law. you said a minute ago, i thought, trump is inevitable now. >> i think there is a growing
sense of inevitability. he's going to sweep the northeast. now you're left with john kasich who's won one state and has had two semi-weak seconds in new hampshire and new york and a lot of wonderful editorials and fawning praise from many in the press, but there isn't anybody standing between him and the nomination except him, which he is. on the north carolina thing, judy, it reminds me of the furor about unisex bathrooms, how thee were a threat to western civilization. she's obviously never been in an airplane. if she did, she must have been uncomfortable on flights. this is a solution without a problem. politically where trump shows a certain shrewdness is he's come down on the entightened and
smart side politically. the business community moved as one against this sort of thing. governor pat mccrory, the republican incumbent in north carolina is now trailing in the latest poll. cooper, the democratic attorney general, his job rating has falon in large part -- fallenen according to this brouhaha. >> trump is inevitability, not inevitable. he's likely to get the nomination. but you should go back to the delegate numbers. people have farkded in the new york victory. he'll do well in pennsylvania and all these states. indiana, not sure if the polling shows him up. say cruz does well in indiana. say cruz does well in california, which is possible.ib trump would need a pretty significant percentage of the delegates to get over the top and if you look at the smartest
analysis of people breaking down congressional district byst congressional district, he has him coming close, but in best case scenario, getting a majority of the delegates but easily coming up short, and maybe he can buy enough delegates to get over the top but there is significant even a 50/50 chance he doesn't quite get the delegates there and has to scramble. >> i defer to sean trend on his knowledge of congressional districts and the politics. what i said is there was a growing sense of inevitability. i think the wind is going to out of the sails of the anybody but trump movement.mo >> woodruff: two other things. bernie sanders did not do well in the state he was born in. in new york, hillary clinton won by 16 points.in what does bernie sanders want now and can he get it? >> hillary clinton won a smashing victory in new york and i think she has a clear path to the nomination.
bernie sanders has made history. he will leave this campaign, when he does, as the major leader of a national movement. he has changed the whole ethos of the democratic party. the democratic party argued weic have to take big money because otherwise we're unilaterally disarmed. this is a man with 7 million individual contributions outraised hillary clinton and runningai on issues of economic justice, inequality, ofua controlling the banks, saying that the message of representing the smallng people, the messagef franklin roosevelt, the teddy roosevelt, the mall factors of great wealth driving the money changers out of the simple is current and relevant. it's an amazing achievement. >> woodruff: you're saying the democratic party has changed? >> bernie sanders hasng robbeder every democrat of the excuse we have to take big money and mute our social economic values method to molify the guys who
write the big checks and i think he's changed the debate. >> woodruff: what do you say? d i think it's not enough for him. if ehe continues to fight the way he fought in new york, he will end up hurting his own movement. it will end up being, well, it wasn't about the causes, it was about bernie. because theie highly confrontational style he took in new york didn't work and it will do damage to their nominee. hillary clinton is having to t spend a lot of money in places that she won't have to spend in the fall and he's pressing her in those places.ac if he keeps fighting it will drain her and sour the mood around him. >> i disagree. i think she's in a better candidate when she's in a competitive situation. i think theet new york campaign was new york values. that's the kind of thing, the
new york races we're used to. it did not bring out him and his best. he made the mistake of thinking and saying he was going to win. he should have played it as the underdog. but he has not made this a personal campaign. he's not brought up bill clinton's $500,000 speeches, eleven given to foreign audiences while she wasen secretary of state, he hasn't charged her of being the 1% living in a bubble.ng on the issues of economic loyalty and on the economic concentration are the issues.co >> woodruff: no time to ask about the new currency. you probably both think it's too soon to put a worm on the bills. >> they're not serious are they? we'll talk about it next time. david brooks, mark shields.
>> woodruff: stay with us, coming up on the newshour: what it will take to save alabama's largest river delta,la and paying tribute to the music legend, prince.ce but first, the u.s. is stepping up its campaign in somalia against the terror group al shabab, but that fight will not be won unless u.s. allies like kenya, and others intensify their efforts. in january there was a big setback to the mission, when more than 100 kenyan troops died on their base in somalia. it was al-shabab's deadliest attack, ever. last week, the group released a video of the operation. now, with the help of the pulitzer center on crisis reporting, special correspondene nick schifrin looks at whether al-shabab is winning in somalia, and in the propaganda war. a warning: some viewers may find images in this story disturbing >> reporter: it is 48 minutes of violence, video game graphics,ph and visions of victory.
the video is pure propaganda, full of fancy editing and half truths.op but it's effective at portraying shabab as strong, and kenya as weak.iv what do you see when you watchu this video? >> the first thing you notice, number one, is how many people they have moving against this defensive position. h >> reporter: clint watts is a former u.s. soldier and f.b.i. investigator. he's now a shabab expert. >> the kenyan forces just getting annihilated here by whai is a seemingly rag tag group s that was put together on short notice. if you were with a competent force, just like you see here in this video with this vehicle running away, they should be able to stand right there and eliminate that entire forcet moving through the open. >> reporter: it was the deadliest day in kenyan military history.te they were vulnerable not onlyle because of poor defenses, but also because they haven't been on the offense.ns >> any troops that are out there, just parked, as sort of a occupy and hope that peace will come, are always going to be vulnerable.
>> reporter: african unionic troops pushed shabab out of its strongholds five years ago. but since then, the troops haveh mostly remained in their bases. that's allowed shabab to launch daily attacks, and resurge. >> that particular pause gave al shabaab time to regain its balance. >> reporter: kenyan lt. col. emmanuel chirchir was the chief spokesman against shabab. in the el adde attack, he lost his brother dan.sh >> i hear some people believe that when they die, they will meet virgins. that's what al-shabab believe. when dan died, he met god. >> reporter: dan chirchir died instantly.an his funeral was held with military honors. shabab has attacked bases before. but never with a car bomb thatt exploded inside a base for african union troops, known as amisom.a >> it's a new experience, a new challenge that amsiom forces that are facing as a whole. >> reporter: in response to shabab's resurgence, the u.s. military has dramatically's
escalated its own attacks. in just the last seven weeks, u.s. air strikes and u.s.-backed ground assaults have killed at least 190 al-shabab fighters, more than the total killed in the previous nine years.e >> the kenyans have taken a huge hit. you've got to somehow back them up and give them some reason to believe they're going to be ok. >> reporter: the u.s. now calls these attacks self-defense, because they target shabab fighters massing and presumablye preparing for an attack. gen. david rodriguez is the u.s.' top soldier in africa. >> they disperse and attack and focus all that energy on one of the forward operating bases of >> reporter: but the previous decade's worth of american strikes couldn't prevent this horror.ri in fact, the al-shabab brigade that carried out the attack is named after a kenyan al-shabab commander killed by a u.s. drone in 2009. in somalia were you winning most of the battles? this man, whom we granted anonymity, is a former member of same unit. he says al-shabab would be losing if african forces were more aggressive.
>> ( translated ): most of the time, we would look at the enemy's strength, and leave.st if a town was taken from us, itu was tough to retake it, since they had aerial support. >> reporter: which is why the u.s. is pushing-and training- african troops to attack more. >> so it becomes a kind ofo competition in ensuring that you are ahead of the enemy. if you are ahead of the enemy, you will reduce this kind of, any kind of threat. >> reporter: but the video's threat is also as a recruitment tool to lure susceptible, often impoverished and disenfranchised young men. >> you can watch this as a potential recruit and be like,rm "i am going to be this guy on the battlefield.fi this is something that excites me. and i'm with my brothers out here. and it's violent and they're successful. so i want to be part of a winning effort."fo >> reporter: did you like the feeling of fighting for al- shabab against the african forces?in >> ( translated ): at first it was good. we were like brothers.
in the beginning my morale was high. ( >> reporter: shabab reinforces that by forcing kenyan soldiers to portray themselves as the losers.rc >> reporter: in response, the african union released its own video, showing the el adde village recaptured.ed >> amisom is not a peacekeeping missions. amisom is a war fighting mission. so from deployment you know you've come to fight. >> reporter: but shabab uses that same video to mock kenya's public relations attempts. >> so from deployment you know you've come to fight. you know you've come to fight. you know you've come to fight. we will fight them, deep in their hideouts. >> reporter: pointing out kenya's refusal, even to thisny day, to release a death toll. even kenyans who support the troops make the same exact critique.ps right now what we have now is propaganda from al-shabab.ag what we need is the truth from the government. >> reporter: boniface mwangi is an anti-corruption campaigner..- he held a vigil for the el adde
victims, but criticized the government for withholding details about how they died. >> we are celebrating the people who died, and asking thean generals and the commander in c chief, what really happened in somalia.f, tell us the truth. >> reporter: as long as kenya declines to tell its side of the story, al-shahab wins the battle, and the propaganda war. for the pbs newshour, i'm nick schifrin in nairobi. >> woodruff: this was an earthf: day that got more attention than many past, due in part to today's signing of the global climate accord. but for all of the celebrationra surrounding that, there's still major concerns about what's happening to the environment and the impact of development.at that tension is playing out in alabama with one of the country's preeminent naturalists calling for the creation of a new protected area to cover one
of that state's most important waterways. jeffrey brown has our report.s >> brown: the mobile-tensaw delta, where five rivers meet in southern alabama to drain into the gulf of mexico. more than 200,000 acres of bog, marsh, swampland and floodplain, it's one of the most biologically diverse places in north america, home to scores of species of flowers, birds, fish, turtles and more. >> there are a tremendous variety of plants and animals in it. a >> brown: it's also the childhood playground of edward o. wilson, where he searched out snakes and insects, and worked as a 14-year-old counselor at nearby camp pushmataha. >> it was wartime. and they didn't have any older, smarter kids to be nature counselor. so i just simply led the boys through the whole summer on expeditions searching and capturing snakes. we built up a fantastic collection of different species
of snakes. and thus was born the naturalist, and thus was born the professor. >> brown: one of the world's best-known professors-- a leading biologist and naturalist, and a two-time pulitzer-prize winning author, now 86, wilson's quest is to preserve the diversity of life on the earth, including here in the delta, where wilson andhe others have been lobbying for the creation of a new national park. h >> well this is golden club, it's just one of the beautiful flowers, really a peculiar flower, isn't it.ld t >> brown: working with wilson on the park effort, and joining us in the hurricane bayou is writee and botanist bill finch. >> brown: among his many roles, finch hosts a sunday morning call-in radio show in mobile to talk nature, gardening and the delta. >> working in the delta's favor, finch says, is its sheer size
and power. the water is simply too wild to do any major building here. moreover, the state governmente has already protected tens of thousands of acres of territoryt through its "forever wild" land trust, which uses taxes on oil drilling to purchase conservation lands. >> we've done great work protecting this floodplain.in where we are now. the land was not expensive. it was not hard to purchase. but not everything lives in the floodplain.ar even the turtles who live here require the dry land. what we've done a terrible job of is preserving the areas where people can develop, the areas that are dryer than this. >> brown: finch and wilson took us to an area that has been protected: splinter hill bog, home to carnivorous flowers like these pitcher plants, which use decoy flowers to trap theirwh prey.
>> the bug also contains a long-leaf pine forest whichfo finch says his vital habitate compares with other species. but this is a relatively small area, and finch's real concern is development, which among other things replaces soil, plants and natural water ecology with concrete and asphalt, sending mud and debris rushing into the delta, clouding the water and killing plant and animal life.cl so what do you want to see? what kind of federal... >> you know, there's lots of. ways. we've tried to do it alone as a state.we we've tried to get some federal money. but there's lots of opportunities for getting more federal support for what we're doing, and for getting federal attention for one of the mostos diverse areas in north america.r and so you know, the national park service provides some opportunities for that.he >> brown: in 2013, the mobile county commission endorsed a plan to study the impact of a national park. but even that has drawn opposition.
>> i didn't grow up fishing or in boats. but when i became a commissioner, this was part of my district. >> brown: merceria ludgood is a mobile county commissioner who favors the study, but knows many of her constituents will be wary of going further. t >> you'll have people on the one side who don't know anythingng about the delta, its environmental implications for quality of life here. all they see is we need a job. so the conversation then gets fractured and you have thean people who want development, who want the jobs on one side, and the environmentalists on the other side. o and what we've got to find is a way to marry that. >> brown: opposition in this deeply conservative state alsoon arises from suspicions of any federal intervention, especially one that could limit hunting ant fishing, sports popular in the delta. >> the short answer for why not
a national park here is it's not necessary.we >> brown: chris elliott is a commissioner in baldwin county, across from mobile and home to many new housing and commercial developments. n >> and the people of south alabama have traditionally opposed increased federal government oversight over our areas. and we just don't think it's necessary here in south alabama. we're doing a fine job protecting this natural resource on our own. >> brown: he points to efforts like the state's "forever wild" land trust, as well as to local agencies like the mobile bay estuaries program, which in this large subdivision has been working to mitigate storm water drainage problems caused by poor planning in the 1970s. >> you can't just go in and j restore a stream; you have to strengthen its ability to handlt those larger quantities of storm water runoff.. >> brown: roberta swan is director of the estuarieswn program. >> this is not a natural stream restoration. this is an enhanced stream restoration. there are rocks in here that are not native.
and the reason why it's not a true stream restoration is because we have to accommodate the impacts of humans on the environment. it's inevitable, and if we were to turn the delta into a national park, we would losea control-- we would lose the ability to mitigate the human impacts on that ecosystem. w >> brown: agreement on the need to protect a precious naturalra resource, but vast differences on how to do it. bill finch and edward wilson want to limit some development,l but see a potential compromise with hunters and fishers in a national wildlife refuge designation that would still allow those sports to continue. >> there are a lot of options out there that we can explore that allow us to have it all in many ways, to do the things we're doing now, to have the kind of careful human use of the delta that we've got now, butve still preserve our biodiversity,
>> brown: and for wilson, finding a way to protect the delta of his youth, is part of a much larger goal of setting l aside half the earth for habitat, one which begins with h lesson in humility.ty >> there are about two million species known worldwide of all kinds of organisms. total number of species is probably close to 10 million worldwide.f meaning we've only discovered, much less studied, about 20% of all species. so here is a world that isal waiting for exploration, and that's just the beginning. >> brown: for the pbs newshour, i'm jeffrey brown in the mobiler tensaw river delta. >> woodruff: remembrances continued to pour in today for
singer and songwriter prince, who died yesterday at his home in minnesota. even president obama paused to reflect on the superstar's legacy during his newsga conference in london. >> he put out great music and h was a great performer. it's a remarkable loss and i'm staying at the winfield house, the u.s. ambassador's residence. it so happens our ambassador has a turntable, and so this morning we played "purple rain" and "delirious" just to get warmed up before we left the house for important bilateral meetings like this. >> woodruff: mr. obama's tributm was one of many from friends and fans alike. here's a collection: from the new orleans superdome, to san francisco's city hall, landmarks across the country liu up in prince's signature color purple last night to honor the iconic musician. but for many, remembering thean superstar meant celebrating the
songs that were his life's work. ♪ ♪ in minnesota, thousands flooded into downtown minneapolis to dance the night away outside the nightclub where his movie "purple rain" was filmed. while in new york, hundredsor turned out for a street party hosted by filmmaker and prince friend, spike lee. over on broadway, tributes flowed from fellow singers andut musicians. the cast of the smash hit 'hamilton' danced to prince's "let's go crazy" after their curtain call. and at the nearby at the bernard b. jacobs theater, actress jennifer hudson led the cast of "the color purple" in a rendition of one of the singer's most iconic melodies. ♪ ♪ >> woodruff: prince died yesterday at age 57.
on the newshour online, spicy fish with couscous and fried zucchini with mint aren't dishes normally associated with italian cuisine, but these delicaciesta are quintessential for roman jews, who have lived in the italian capital for centuries. as the holiday of passover begins tonight, we talked to the authors of the new book "tasting rome."we they gave us two kosher recipes perfect for a familyhe celebration. find them on our home page, pbs.org/newshour. a reminder about some upcoming programs from our pbs colleagues. later tonight on washington week, republicans prepare for a brokered convention, president p obama does damage control abroad and new faces are coming to u.s. currency. on pbs newshour saturday, local governments and private industry are striking deals to get infrastructure projects
underway. but are they a good deal for taxpayers?bu hear more from governor terry mcauliffe on one such deal in virginia, tomorrow on pbs newshour weekend. and we'll be back, right here o, monday with a look at how nepal is coping one year after a devastating earthquake.ok that's the newshour for tonight. i'm judy woodruff. have a great weekend. g thank you and good night. >> major funding for the pbs newshour has been provided by: >> lincoln financial-- committed to helping you take charge of your financial futuren >> and the william and flora hewlett foundation, helping people build immeasurably better lives. f
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