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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 4, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the republican race is over. donald trump's path to the nomination is clear after ted cruz and john kasich drop out of the race. as britain announces it will accept more child refugees, we are at a camp in calais hearing from teenagers who have been on a nightmare journey. ever heard of the leech dance? our correspondent takes to the the name of science. you will not want to miss these moves. ♪
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katty: welcome to viewers on public television in america and around the globe. first, donald trump won the indiana primary. then his main rival, ted cruz, dropped out. john kasich did the same. mr. trump is the last man standing with a clear path to the nomination. a reality not many of us saw coming. on the democratic side, hillary clinton has the most delegates, but bernie sanders won in indiana last night. bryant has more. trump launchedld his campaign for the presidency he was written off as a giant ego with a miniscule chance. he is the presumptive nominee. tower,brated at trump
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the new york skyscraper where he sealed so many deals. mr. trump: it is a beautiful thing to watch and a beautiful thing to behold. nick: he is usually so outspoken. lastrump that appeared night was restrained and presidential, but the core message was the same. we will make america great again. we will start winning again. you will be so proud of this country very soon. thank you very much. nick: his hostile takeover of the republican party is complete. cruz, an evangelical christian, discovered the contest was not about faith, but fears over immigration and terrorism, and frustrations about the economy. : we gave it everything we got, but the voters chose another path. with a heavy heart, we are suspending our campaign.
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'sck: to understand trump success, visit rural pennsylvania. a region described as america's industrial heartland is now labeled its rust belt. mills resemble archaeological sites. remnants of a bygone world. million blue-collar jobs have disappeared since the start of this century alone. >> it was the silicon valley of the world. nick: he witnessed how automation and foreign competition forced its closure. >> everyone feels things are stacked against the working man. years ago you could do like i did. come out of high school, get a money,the mill get good benefits, raise your family, do pretty well p or jobs like that
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are hard to come by, if not impossible. mills remain operational, but for blue-collar workers opportunities are scarce. of the 2.9 million good jobs created since the good job, 2.8 million have gone to graduates. no wonder people like dave morgan feel like i have been left behind. iswith no jobs to go to, it a sad state of affairs. once prosperous manufacturing towns are places of decline. they are wrecked by the whirlwind of globalization. young people have left and communities have been designated as distress areas. using these communities it is obvious why so many people have lost faith in the american economic and political system, and also the american dream. the animating idea of opportunity and social mobility. it helps explain the anger and
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alienation in this mad as hell election. donald trump has given voice to the politics of decline. it will take more than sloganeering to carry him all the way to the white house. nick bryant, bbc news, pennsylvania. katty: a short time ago, john kasich date his exit from the republican race official. here's what he said. alwaysr kasich: i have said that the lord has a purpose for me, as he has for every one. as i suspend my campaign today, i have renewed faith, deeper faith, that the lord will show me the way forward and fulfill the purpose of my life. thank you, and god bless. sayingjohn kasich goodbye. republican temple and to -- republican temple and to
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supported marco rubio. me to talk about where the party goes. the vulcanmotion in party between resignation and enthusiasm. where do you stand? i will support the nominee. there are lots of the republican party establishment that are disappointed this morning and fearful for the future of the party. how did donald trump managed to pull this off. to book the republican establishment. things.rimary the establishment and party brought this on themselves. they have been talking about fixing the deficit, repealing obamacare, cutting taxes in a progrowth way, do something
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about immigration, build up the military, and more. for the last 10 years that has not happened. activists look at the establishment and say we don't believe you. we will try something different. of stagnation and post economic crisis populism. donald trump tapped into that. katty: do you support the nominee enthusiasm for? tim: i have reservations because some of the things he has said and the way he has said it are uncomfortable for me. as i compare what he could do, might do, but i hope you will do in ways of improving, i think it will be better than hillary clinton. katty: do think they will rally around donald trump? tim: i think so. on the heels of barack obama beating hillary clinton there in 2012 to said they
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would never vote for barack obama. by october, most of these people will be on board. katty: can he win in november? tim: you have to say at the moment that hillary clinton is the front-runner, but do not underestimate donald trump's ability to scramble formulas and flip states that are different. he will have an uphill climb, but he can defy predictions. katty: which groups will he have to make the biggest effort to reach out to? tim: a comes down to six or seven states, the swing voters. suburban women, blue-collar men, and latinos. he is underperforming in those categories with the possible exception of blue-collar men. he will have to improve his standing and possibly bring in new voters. katty: you have to reach out to women and make sure he carries on with her the support he has had.
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tim: that is true. that is not inconsistent with bringing over conservative democrats, lunch bucket democrats. reagan democrats, whatever you want to call them. re-scramble calculations, commentary, and analysis in ways that we cannot predict. katty: thank you for coming in. more on donald trump's path to the nomination i talked to molly who covers the presidential campaign. representative of most republicans question like they have some reservations about donald trump, but will fall in line? >> most republicans yes. partisanship is powerful. this is a different kind of nominee. mentionedim pawlenty there were previous holdouts, but this is a different phenomenon. there was a very vocal faction of big names in the conservative
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intelligentsia -- top strategists and voices for the right -- who say that they view donald trump as we onto pale. having crossed the line here is something different than someone they did not agree with in a primary. there is a large and vocal segment that will not support donald trump no matter what. i think this will be a continuing problem for trump as he becomes the nominee. katty: the atlantic says it is the day that the republican party died referring to donald trump getting the nomination. why does the republican party not survive donald trump's candidacy? >> the republican party as we know it will not survive. it is irrevocably broken. there is an irreconcilable breach between the party establishment and the base. the lack of understanding. the degree to which these people are looking for completely different things in the people
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they seek to represent them. i don't think there is going back. there will continue to exist a republican national committee and republican party, but the party is broken. katty: if trump loses in november against hillary clinton, wouldn't the establishment and a publican party say "we told you so. you wanted someone like donald trump. he is a loose cannon. let's go back to boring establishment politics as we know it." >> would we have learned is that the ideas the republican establishment was selling is not what the base wanted. smaller government, lower taxes -- all of the conservative principles that they thought the party was about , a candidate just ran that was against a lot of those things. a completely different set of ideas based on a different tone and tenor of politics, and got both in republican primary.
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after he loses this election, donald trump does not disappear. the movement he has built does not disappear. those voters i do not think are easily assimilated back into the party. katty: do think he has a chance of winning in november? >> anything is possible. the best case you can make is the case that governor tim pawlenty was making. so many impossible things have happened, you cannot rule out the possibility of more of them. it seems like a steep climb in conventional terms. if you're looking at this in terms of the traditional voting demographics and partisans and motivations -- but what we have seen them donald trump is that he can cut this on a new axis and show us things we have not seen before. katty: thank you for coming in. the fascinating thing about this election is not what it tells us about donald trump, but what it tells us about the state of america. around the world, the united states says an agreement has been reached with russia to
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extend the truce in syria includes -- that includes the city of aleppo. john says there is already been an increase in -- a decrease in violence of those some clashes continue. the u.s. and russia would monitor the cessation of violence and the flow of aid to people who need it. it has been revealed that the prince quietly donated tens of thousands of dollars to a charity working with poor people in afghanistan. an american who has the charity and kabul said she wanted to honor prince's support. britain will accept more child refugees who reached camp's in europe without their parents. most come from syria and other conflict zones. arecamp in calais are many waiting is called the jungle. has been speaking to afghan and syrian teenagers there.
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lyse: hours after sunset on a cold bleak day, boys shambled back to the shanty town to sleep. it has been another long day of trying to britain illegally and failing. it is another way in the squalid camp they call the jungle. it is a hard life for grown-ups playing conflict, imagine what it is like for children on their own. they are scarred and scared. the afghan boys at the center say they will not stop until they reach family and a new future in britain. they do not want their faces shown. last night, i jumped into a lorry. the driver found me a sleep. i was taken to a detention center. when they let me go it was made right -- it was midnight.
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it took me four hours to walk back. i did not know the way and was very scared. this check is home for a 16-year-old. he fled syria on his own six months ago. today, his older neighbor is making a window to let in light, a godsend for a vulnerable boy. at night, when you are in your tent, what do you dream about? i dream, he says, of getting to britain to be with my family. hassen is trying to get in through existing eu rules. only a small number 60. he is being helped by a british -- only a small number six seed. he is being helped by a british charity. >> we say the british government has a moral and legal obligation
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to do more now. and work with children every day who not only struggle under the pressures of living alone in a foreign continent, but who are also at risk from very real dangers -- with sexual exploitation on what he had and human traffickers on the other. , he: as we leave calais gets news that he can go to britain and apply for asylum. the question is, how many will follow? lyse doucet, bbc news, calais. katty: one child gets out, so many left behind. still to come on the program, meet valkyrie, a humanoid robot that nasa hopes will break new ground in space. it is being tested on earth. the state of emergency is declared in alberta, canada because of a wildfire that has sparked widespread evacuation.
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the flames are raging in the oil .ining town of fort mcmurray pipelines are being shut down. james cook reports. james: in panic they fled. an entire city on the move. people thousands of worst to leave their homes in minutes. he hind them, fort mcmurray, a ghostly site wrethed in smoke, abandoned to its fate. >> we had basically 2 minutes to grab our stuff and we had to leave. >> they did not let us take our things. we lost everything. james: reports from the city are sketchy and rumors are rife here there has been significant damage. in one neighborhood for out of every five homes are said to have been destroyed. even as hardened to tragedy are finding the stuff.
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>> it has been the toughest day of my career. --m -- you know, the whole the people here are devastated. everyone is devastated. the community is devastated. this is going to take a wild to come back from. -- a while to come back from. james: as they ran, some residents documented their escape on phones and cameras be looked to have been coming under control when the wind shifted. the flames complicated the evacuation. >> fort mcmurray being evacuated has been difficult not only for the province officials, but for the folks who live there. james: with high temperatures, looking than a day, and strong wind, the danger is far from over. james cook, bbc news. ♪ we humans have always
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been fond of collecting things. stance, art, butterflies. what about parasites? the u.s. government established a parasite collection to learn about diseases affecting livestock to 20 million specimens have been transferred to the smithsonian's museum of national history for safekeeping. jane o'brien went to a swamp in maryland to meet the new year later. with i am on a leech hunt the curator of the national parasite collection. the water is cold. we are to find new specimens using our bare legs as bait. we stand here and wait for the leechs? >> they are blood feeding and attracted by movement. you have to do the leech dance. jane: there is such a thing as the leech dance. this is how it goes. >> you can do this, bounce your
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knees to create ripples. you can do it side to side. jane: a pleasant morning passed dancing in a swamp in the name of science. the leech were unimpressed. is that a leech? >> no. that is plants. jane: the national parasite collection contains 20 million specimens, including plenty of leechs. undaunted, we returned to dry land. >> here we have older specimens in jars. these are roundworms that are a major health concern worldwide. ticks, mitesfleas, , and single celled organisms. some are more than 200 years old . a reference point for future research and a historical record. >> there are parasites like the guinea worm that we are trying to eradicate because of its impact on humans.
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eradicated,es is the specimens in this collection will be our lasting knowledge of the species. jane: at george washington university, scientists are studying hookworms, a serious health problem in developing countries. collections can show how such parasites jumped from animals to people. >> parasites of animals generally are the source of new emerging diseases in humans. 60% of all pathogens of humans , or originally started in an animal. if a parasite appears in humans, you can find it compared to what has been in animals previously. jane: the national parasite collection continues to grow. the hunt for leechs is not over. in the swamp and a scours the water and dances in the hope of attracting at least one.
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jane o'brien, bbc news. better than me. nasa's most advanced humanoid robot has arrived in edinburgh where a team of researchers is eagerly awaiting his delivery. valkyrie is designed with the goal of carrying out space exploration missions that are too dangerous for humans. victorino had exclusive access to the lab. 250 miles above the planet, the international space station has been home to t.0 astronauts and one robonau the next generation of this type of robot is being developed on earth. it makes this one look retro. you are looking through the eyes of a human-like robot. this is valkyrie. it is the six foot humanoid designed to work in disaster zones and go to space. it arrived at the edinburgh
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center for robotics so that programmers can push the boundaries of how humans and robots work together. worth in excess of 1.5 million with 44 movable joints, lasers, and cameras that simulate human vision, this is nasa's most advanced humanoid. ofvalkyrie is a unique piece hardware. there are only three of its kind in the world. the team has to create a set of instructions that will allow this robot understand how to use its body to carry out each new task. >> you have to make it to the things we take for granted. for you and me walking, balancing, dexterous manipulation comes naturally. getting a robot to do something like that takes a lot of effort. correspondent: with a core set of human skills, valkyrie could be put to work in unpredictable environments. >> everyday actions. to be able to do what a human being does pure to mitigate
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situations that happen sometimes in disasters, like fukushima. to go to the international space station. correspondent: it is hoped that humanoids could be sent ahead of human astronauts to explore the surface of mars. this very young robot is still learning. it takes several attempts to master each new skill. the ability to control its balance and motion could have an impact much closer to home. >> doing research on a human-like robot can feed into technologies that are relevant socially. for example, some of the work on axle skeletons for support of human disabilities. things like aesthetics for people who love lost -- things for people who have lost limbs. correspondent: this could lead to technologies that could change or save human lives. bbc news, edinburgh. katty: valkyrie doing things
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that we cannot do. that brings this program to a you can find out more on our website. from all of us, thank you for watching. do tune in tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles. [s[s[s[singing] we wanna get to know ya,
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and all the things you do. it's time to shine a light on little ol' you! announcer: this pbs kids spotlight, dw from arthur! arthur and his friends are always coming up with new adventures but when little sister dw is around? dw: this is about me, remember? the adventures take on a life of their own. dw: don't i look adorable? [sighs] [gasps] announcer: dw is brave... grandpa: atta' girl dw! announcer: smart... dw: what's a career i can succeed in say, by my next birthday? and she always keeps big brother arthur on his toes. dw: you can count on me! the little sister with the big imagination! king: i hearby dub you... princess of safety! and the focus of this pbs kids spotlight!

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