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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 11, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. three separate car bombs rocked back dad killing almost 100 people -- rocked baghdad, killing almost 100 people. the so-called islamic state lames responsibility. the president of brazil waits as the senate decides whether to impeach dilma rousseff. years imprisoned in north korea. kenneth bae is here to tell us his story. ♪
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. more than 90 people have been killed in baghdad during a series of bomb blasts, making it the deadliest day there this year. the so-called islamic state has taken credit for the attack that targeted shiite communities in the capital. the attack took place in a market inside the city. correspondent: carnage in seiter sadr city. da witnessing district the worst attack on the capital in months. it was rush hour. a pickup truck with explosives hidden under fruits and busyables detonated in a market. the so-called islamic state said today'sed out all of
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attacks, and that this one was aimed at shiite militiamen. many of the victims were women and children. are notecurity forces in control. they say they have metal detectors, where are they. how do car bombs go through checkpoints? correspondent: you can see blood everywhere. they were poor people who were here to earn their living. can this corrupt government tell us why? of saddam hussein successive iraqi governments have failed to tackle the problem of corruption. maliki promise to do something about it, but imprisoned those that complained. when so-called islamic state seized parts of the country, the government was powerless to respond. -- er r body --
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crowds loyal to the country's most influential shiite cleric stormed the green zone and occupied parliament. they condemned the latest violent by the islamic state. american officials seem to be urging the politicians to get a grip. >> the recent attacks by daesh is the latest reminder of the danger that it poses to all iraqis from all communities. working together to stop the progress made by daesh continues. correspondent: they have retaken two thirds of the territory they lost to islamic state. but even if they are on the back of striking capable fear far beyond the territory it controls. katty: a miserable day in baghdad. in brazil, senators have been debating whether president dilma rousseff will face an impeachment trial. if the simple majority votes in
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favor she will automatically be suspended from office for six months. the president is accused of manipulating finances to hide a growing public deficit. she denies wrongdoing. on the capital, brasilia, how she ended up here. correspondent: the final hours before the brazilian senate began a debate on the future of the country's embattled president. rousseff's opponents in the streets of the capital are a notice shehe could be forced from the capital. last week president rousseff welcomed the olympic flame. she will play no official role in the games themselves. the prospect of an impeachment trial. there are charges she illegally concealed the size of the deficit. facing humiliation, but defiant, in a rare sitdown interview
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dilma rousseff said the accusations were baseless and that she was the victim of a coup from her enemies. : we will keepseff fighting to come back to government if the impeachment request is accepted. what we will do is resist, resist, and resist. and fight to ensure that we come out victorious. correspondent: with the recession and the government in the grip of a corruption scandal, the nation is in discontent. popularity is at an all-time low. reason enough for the senators to be supporting calls for the president's impeachment and her suspension from office. >> we have a political crisis. we need to solve this crisis. correspondent: this long, drawnout, and divisive process is being played out in the full glare of the media.
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in rome, the pope offered prayers for his fellow south americans. in brazil, few have they that the country's problems will be quickly solved by dilma rousseff's suspension from office. katty: we are joined with the latest from brasilia a short time ago. but you are reading on how the senate looks to be deciding -- what are you reading on how the senate looks to be deciding? correspondent: the majority of speeches in the senate seem to be in favor of impeachment. remember the senate only needs to deliver a simple majority for the impeachment process to begin and dilma rousseff's automatic suspension to kick in. she would have to leave the presidential palace tomorrow and ceremony is where. she has said all along, until
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the last minute, that this is a political coup against her. she does not give any ground to the charges that she manipulated government accounts, and sees this as an undemocratic attempt by her opponents to be thrown her. un-throne her. it looks like they will be successful. katty: are any senates speaking out in her favor? correspondent: a few. there are a lot of personal attacks on the president seen live on television in brazil and around the world, doing discredit to brazil's institutions. it looks like a majority of senators are said to vote in favor of an aging the president -- of impeaching the president. katty: thank you very much. obama's former national security adviser says that on a string of critical issues, britain will be less
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important to the white house if it leaves the european union. tom donilon weighed in on the issue ahead of the referendum on if britain should stay in or exit the eu. he joined figures in signing an open letter saying that leaving european union would diminish britain's place in the world. thank you for joining me. of republicanroup and democratic senior foreign-policy officials in the anted states weighed in on internal british decision over whether to stay in europe or not? tom: because of the stakes for u.s. interest, and the historic ties between the united states and united kingdom. the united states has a deep interest, strong, prosperous united kingdom. we have a deep interest in seeing the united kingdom involved in europe and the world.
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we have an interest in the integrity of european institutions. it is our judgment that those interest would be harmed by the brexit. katty: the national security adviser to the president, how would britain pulling out of europe materially change the relationship with the white house? tom: britain will be the first call that the united states makes to respect to global issues or a crisis, but they will have less ability to deal with it. is ag engaged in europe multiplier for european influence -- being engaged in europe is a multiplier for european authority and effectiveness going forward. katty: what would you not call britain on that he would not have before? tom: with respect to the iranian nuclear deal. the united states partnered with the european union and the g5 plus 1. i think that britain would be less important, frankly, on
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those kinds of global and political issues. the immigration policy, the development and allocation of resources around the world. , tocally, we see eye to eye be continually involved in europe and the world. the bigger point is that i think by an exit, it would involve britain becoming more inward focused as opposed to engaged in the world. that is a less powerful partner for us and harms u.s. interest. katty: so britain would be less important to the white house if it were not part of europe? tom: on some issues, that is the case. where you have europe acting as ineu entity and on issues the continent that the u.s. has interest in. things like a eurozone crisis. the migration crisis. terrorism issues.
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the united states has a deep interest in europe, and the u.k. would not be at that table if it withdrew from europe. katty: you are concerned that britain pulling out of the eu could negatively impact of the european project as we know it? how could that play out? tom: the fragmentation of the european union is unprecedented. you have seen a cascade of crises from the recession to the euro crisis, migration issues, .errorism, threats from russia the difficulty of the european union dealing with these issues -- and an exit like great britain would add to the forces of fragmentation and contribute to the unraveling of the effectiveness of the european union. the united states has a deep investment to the european project which has brought peace, prosperity to europe. that's should not -- that should not be taken for granted. katty: investigators in texas
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say an explosion at a fertilizer plant three years ago that killed 15 people was a criminal act. they found the fire had been intentionally set. the explosion in april of 2013 demolished part of a small town. no arrests have been made and the investigation continues. hundreds of thousands of north koreans rallied yesterday to mark the end of the workers party congress. the elaborate show and political theater works a darker side of the secretive regime. one person who has experienced those realities firsthand is kenneth bae. w an american that was imprisoned for two years on charges that he was trying to overthrow the government. for the first time he is telling his story in a memoir entitled "not forgotten." describe your time in a north korean prison where you were the longest serving -- are the longest-serving american prisoner ever.
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kenneth: i was sent to labor camp that was specialized for foreign inmates, foreign prisoners. i was there, i realized i was the only one, the only prisoner they ever had in that time. i was surrounded by 30 guards and staff. people working in the labor camp. i was pretty much given a day-to-day work anywhere between 8:00 a.m. until 6:00. katty: they interrogated you for 10 hours to 12 hours a day? kenneth: in the beginning of the ordeal. for the first weeks i was interrogated until the early morning until the night. toty: you were sentenced hard labor. went to that mean for you? kenneth: it was literally hard labor. it was like working on a farm. planting seeds.
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digging the hole, working the cold in the winter time. katty: for you beaten in prison? kenneth: i was not beaten or tortured. katty: why were you sentenced to prison? what was the reason the north korean government gave? kenneth: that i was trying to overthrow the government. particularly bringing people to north korea to pray and worship. katty: when you were arrested and sentenced a hard labor it was not your first time in north korea. you had been 18 times already. what were you doing? foreth: i organized tours westerners to be able to go to north korea, explore the land, meet north koreans. as part of it, they can go and worship and pray for the north korean people.
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katty: when you are arrested, you were arrested because you had taken a computer into the country which had photographs of starving north korean children and prayers. why did you take that computer? you must have known it was dangerous. kenneth: it was not a computer, it was a portable hard drive. i was supposed to leave that in china before across the border into north korea. and morning, i was rushing left my computer at the hotel. i forgot to take out my hard drive. it contained photos from western media. that got me in trouble. katty: it was a mistake? you were released with the intervention of the u.s. government. you have been back a year and a half. describe the day you found out you were leaving prison. kenneth: november 3, 2014. i was therefore 735 -- i was
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.here for 735 days i did not even know i was going home. not until they told me that i was being pardoned at the last minute. i did not know that until that afternoon. katty: and must have been a relief. kenneth bae, the book is "not forgotten." thank you for being here. 2 americans are still in prison in north korea. music for the dogs. that is the way it was meant. we will take you to a canine concert that is getting a lot of attention. yesterday, the british prime minister described in nigeria as fantastically corrupt. is nigeria still one of the worst countries in the world when it comes to corruption? correspondent: the british prime minister said nigeria is fantastically corrupt. is he right?
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been lootedria has from top to bottom. it is the only the 32nd most corrupt country. oil rich, it should be well off. $20 billion in oil revenues disappears. budget, $15y's billion stolen. money that was supposed to be spent on arms to fight boko haram. now, nigeria's president has declared war on corruption. he has launched a tough anticorruption campaign. dozens of officials are under investigation. among the assets recovered, cars, jewelry, houses, and even an mri scanner bought by an
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official for his private clinic. can this crackdown on corruption work? >> it has to work. it has to work because we cannot afford to go back to where we are coming from. i do not think everyone is on board. the reason being that some people profited from the status quo. you can imagine those that profited, you cannot imagine them to be happy with what is happening now. correspondent: correction comes at a terrible price. it could cost nigeria 40% of its potential growth. that is something the country cannot afford. ♪ katty: saudi arabia's state oil company has opened its door to western journalists. the head of a stock market would confirm its place as the world's most valuable company.
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worth 40 times bigger than its nearest corporate rival, apple. it produces 1/8 of the world's oil supply. 43 degrees celsius for 109 degrees fahrenheit. correspondent: one in every eight barrels of crude oil comes nds ofnderneath the sa saudi arabia. this plant produces more than the entire north sea. it is rare to be invited, but the oil company and its chief the charmis on offensive offering a slice of the world's most viable company to encourage future foreign investment in other companies. this is a southeastern outpost of the aramco empire.
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why do they want to change the strategy and diversify the saudi economy after all of these years? it is overdue for identifying other resources. you say timely, is that because of the arrival of u.s. shale? we're liking at a future with fewer hydrocarbons. electric cars -- are you worried that one day you will not be able to sell it? there are more energy resources coming, electric cars and renewables. they are starting from a small base and there are a lot of challenges. oil will continue to play a major part in the long-term. correspondent: the aramco headquarters in tehran, they agreed something had to change. >> the youth have no work.
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a graduate but stay at home. there are older men like us that are retired, and are living on a limited income. god living, i want a job, a shop, to have kids, and when i retire i want my kids to be comfortable and also have a place to live. correspondent: diversifying does not mean producing less oil. aramco says they will produce more this year. why when it pushes global prices down? >> it doesn't matter if they produce them at low prices today, because they're not saving them for high prices tomorrow. they have to continue to produce regardless of price, because you can regard their reserves as internet. correspondent: the oil beneath the desert will keep coming. bbc news, saudi arabia. us would doof
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anything for our pets. for dog lovers you can add a concert specially designed for canine ears heard it marks the 50th anniversary of the brighton festival. laurie anderson, musician and performing artist, is the performance creator. our correspondent has gone on long for a listen. correspondent: these dogs thought they were going for a walk in the park, but were taken to the amphitheater for a concert for canines. i took my four-legged friend to see what he made of it. barking mad, you may say. but not laurie anderson. the veteran american artist and musician whose project it is. that was fun. laurie: yes. correspondent: my dog likeed most of it -- liked most of it.
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he definitely listened. the dogs at the end, when you made them bark and cry -- what was that all about? laurie: i think they had been pretty polite the whole time. it is nice to express yourself at the end of the show. correspondent: if you don't know your work or you, the whole thing seems crazy. laurie: it is crazy. it is completely silly. at the same time, i feel a lot of empathy from dogs. as an artist, i aspire to empathy more than anything else. ♪ correspondent: laurie anderson came to public prominence in the early 1980's when to her surprise the experimental sonic beats she made as an art project became a global pop sensation. ♪
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laurie: i did not even know what the charts work. i don't mean to brag, but i really didn't know. someone said "you are on the charts." it seems like a snobbish art world. among the many projects she has commissioned for the brighton festival is an installation inspired by her late husband, lou reed. it featured his guitars and amps arranged to produce an overlapping feedback loop. laurie: all of the sound, the complex overtones, would fill the theater. instead of going "thank you for already be inld this harmonious world which is three-dimensional and complex. correspondent: it sounds interesting, but i'm not sure. bbc news. silly, but also
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kind of fun. i am katty kay. thank you for watching "bbc world news america." tomorrow. ♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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i'm ketch. and i'm critter. and we love making music! ♪ how does the jaybird say how do you do? ♪ ♪ how does the blinking firefly say that i love you? ♪ i think that every person has something special to say and a unique way of saying it. when i was a kid, i was just fascinated by music. but what do you love? i really wanted to play the blues. so i got a guitar. the first instrument that i learned to play was the mouth harp. it goes like this: boing, boing, boing, boing, boing, boing. ♪ ...with that working wheel and you know, what i did was a lot of performing. you got an audience expecting you to do something great. so you might accidentally do something great. so just play. have fun. ♪ i wonder, wonder, wonder where...♪ critter: anything that you do that you love, go for it. i love music, so i became a musician.

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