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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  May 16, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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♪ ♪ >> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, e*trade, and cancer treatment centers of america. >> shouldn't what makes each of us unique make our treatment unique? advanced genomic testing is changing the way we fight cancer. we are focused on the evolution of cancer care. you can learn more at >> and now, "bbc world news america."
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♪ laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan . comments creating waves on both sides of the atlantic, and crisis,ng the migrant angelina jolie speaks about the acts of humanity and some of the darker side it has provoked. >> it has given a false air to those who provoke fear and separation. the catwalk to the movies, havana is the place to be right now. local artists do not want to be left behind. ♪
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. day foreen another busy donald trump, fighting fires. today, it was an article about how he treats women. over the weekend, he denied he posed as his own spokesman. but there has been a growing rift between him and key leaders in the u.k. it started after the presumptive republican nominee proposed a ban on muslims. and today, it was revived in a series of interviews. jane o'brien has the story. jane: donald trump and his family attending a graduation ceremony over the weekend at the university of pennsylvania. ♪ jane: these are events when civic leaders traditionally preach the gospel of american values and urge young adults to take them into the world. the trouble is that much of the world doesn't agree with mr. trump's particular brand of what those values are. london's new mayor sadiq khan is
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a muslim who has taken exception to mr. trump's proposal of banning all muslims from entering the u.s. he called the plan "ignorant." it lifted this response from mr. trott. donald trump >> he doesn't know : me. he hasn't met me. i think they are rude statements, and tell him i will remember those statements. they are very nasty statements. jane: mr. trump suggested mr. khan would be able to visit the u.s. in spite of his religion. n is unimpressed. mr. khan: with respect to donald trump, there is nothing exceptional about my friends and family? my views are quite simple. i'm afraid donald trump and his advisers, your views on islam are ignorant. jane: british prime minister david cameron who enjoys a chummy relationship with president obama has been angered by mr. trump's comments about muslims, calling them stupid, divisive, and wrong.
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that has drawn the suggestion from mr. trump that the prime minister's days of flipping hamburgers with the u.s. president might be over if mr. trump wins the white house. mr. trump: it looks like we aren't going to have a good relationship. who knows? i would like to have a good relationship with him, but it sounds like he is not willing to address the problem either. jane: despite the odd political disagreement, mr. obama's trips to the u.k. have been dignified. some people might be wondering what tone would be set by a president trump. jane o'brien, bbc news. washington. spoke ad for more, i brief time ago with our reporter anthony zarqa. anthony when donald trump is , critical of foreign leaders, what does it do to him here? anthony: i think it is par for the course for donald trump. i don't think it should surprise anyone here in the united states that he is picking fights with leaders who are questioning him or attacking credentials.
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he's he is, questioning. he is pushing back. he has done that throughout the primary and has won the nomination. i think they will still like him. laura: yet this line of attack about the dangers posed by his proposed ban on muslims, that it plays into the hands of extremists, that was echoed indirectly by a very senior figure here, general petraeus, who was the commander of international forces in afghanistan. are we see him being more scrutinized because he's going to be the nominee? anthony: i think that's exactly right. it is because he is going to be the nominee. he has it sewn up now. if you listen to conservatives, it's because liberal media was hoping he would get the nomination, and they would be able to take him down once he got it, but this is not the first time there has been a whole host of international security expert in march 2 signed a letter, over 140, who said he was being dangerous and a nativist. it's not too surprising. i think people are paying more attention because he's going to be the standardbearer. laura: every single day, there's another story about him. today, it's the allegations
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about how he treats women. is this going to carry on until november? anthony: it seems so. it's been going on for the past six months, one after the other. that is the brilliance of donald trump. he throws so much out there and generates so much controversy. it is one thing after another that no one has any time to focus on him before moving onto the next one. laura: no one has any time to focus on his actual policies. are they being drowned out by this white noise about releasing his tax returns or if you was or was not his own spokesperson? anthony: it was last week he was questioned about his tax plan, and he backed off and said, we might not be cutting taxes for the rich as much as i said. that created a one-day tempest in a teapot, and then we begin focusing on all these other things. i mean, he has policy statements put out on his website. he has explained some things, but whenever he is pushed on them, he gets mushy about the details. and even then, they are not fleshed out very much. laura: fascinating.
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anthony thanks so much. , today, the united states and other world powers said they are ready to supply arms to libya's new unity government to help in the fight against the so-called islamic state. to make it possible, the group meeting indiana will approve exemptions to a u.n. arms embargo. u.s. secretary of state john kerry called the plan of arming the government-backed forces while stopping extremists from getting weapons a delicate balance. well, for more, i spoke a brief time ago to james dan freed us, the supreme allied commander at nato. he is dean of the fletcher school at tufts university. admiral is arming libya's , government of national accord really going to bring the country closer to stability or make it more chaotic? >> i think a bit of both. my hope, and obviously, this is the calculus we are making, is that by engaging with this government at this very nascent and early stage we can begin to undo the mistakes we made as a global community, walking away
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from libya, clearly letting the situations simply continue to drift is not an option, laura, so my vote would be, let's move forward. laura: what about the danger? there is so much turmoil in libya. there is a second administration. it is not like the government is in charge, and then you have islamic state. what are the dangers of those weapons falling into the hands of islamic state? >> i think there is some danger of that, and we have seen examples of that in the past. but frankly, libya is awash in , weapons. that is already the state of affairs. so moving forward with even somewhat questionable but, let's face it, hopefully, the right partners on the ground, is a good bet at this point, given that there are already so many weapons on the scene there. laura: do you think this is just the first stage in greater western involvement in libya? >> i do. and, again, the mistake we made
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-- and it's all of us, we can't point a finger at a given country, a given alliance, a given coalition -- the mistake we all made was thinking that the people of libya on their own would be able to disaggregate the tribal bitterness, the feuding, the rivalries. we simply walked away. this is our chance as an international community to go back. so what i foresee happening is support in terms of logistics and weapons, trainers, intelligence sharing, information, and potentially putting some partnership operations in place on the ground in libya. i think we will move in that direction. we need to. if we don't, we will have a zone of instability to the immediate south of europe that will threaten the continent deeply. laura: admiral you are being , very frank about the mistakes made in 2011 when you were nato's supreme commander.
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you talked there about partnership operations. what do you mean? does that mean potentially ground troops in libya? >> i think we are some distance , laura at this point from , ground troops in libya, but we could begin with special operations forces. and frankly, there are many , reports that such operations are occurring now. we can have liaisons on the ground. we can continue to provide logistic support moving these systems forward and train the libyans in how to use them. all of these things are quite possible. they fall short of putting a significant ground force in place, but i do think we need to be visible and present, but not conducting combat operations. that is the track i think we are on in libya. laura: admiral thank you so much , for joining us. >> what a pleasure, laura. laura: of course, that current instability in libya is helping to fuel the migrant crisis. angelina jolie pit,
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the u.n. envoy, spoke to the bbc about the plight of those making the treacherous journey. we will hear from her in just a second, but first, the former head of the british intelligence service mi6 was also present today and had this morning. >> if europe cannot act together to persuade a majority of its citizens that it can gain control of its migratory crisis, then the eu will find itself at the mercy of a populist uprising, which is already stirring. the stakes are very high, and the u.k. referendum is the first roll of the dice in a bigger geopolitical game. laura: sir richard dear love. as we mentioned, angelina jolie pitt was also stressing how high the stakes were. she underlined europe is only a fraction of the global refugee problem and called on the world to address the issue. angelina: on one hand, the refugee crisis has produced
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great acts of generosity and solidarity with refugees here in europe and in other parts of the world. and on the other hand, fear of uncontrolled migration has eroded public confidence and the ability of governments and international institutions to control the situation. it has given space to a false air of legitimacy to those who promote politics of fear and separation. it has created the risk of a race to the bottom with countries competing to be the toughest in the hope of protecting themselves, whatever the cost or challenge to their neighbors, and despite their international responsibilities. but since no country can seal itself off from the impacts of the refugee crisis, such a free-for-all would lead to an even greater set of problems. it would amount to the worst of both worlds, failing to tackle
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the issue and undermining international law and our values in the process. and there is another factor. at the moment when we need strong, collective action, we are questioning our ability to cope with international crises. but the worst possible choice we could make is to decide to step back from the world. laura: it other news now from around the globe, dozens of experts have started a 10-day meeting to implement the rules in the climate deal from paris late last year. approve theations principal limiting global warming. the meeting comes just days after the american space agency wasished data showing april the seventh consecutive month of record-breaking global temperatures. the president elect of the
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philippines is filling up a communist post. he says the communists, who have been waging the longest insurgency, i welcome to fill welcome to the form of labor. violence involving one wing are thought to have claim 30,000 lives since the 1960's. scientists in the united states and they have cloned a strain of by zika virus, caused mosquitoes and which causes birth defects. at the university of texas, they showed the clone could infect laboratory mice, and they say that experiments will help them develop a vaccine, which could be ready for testing in the coming months. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, china and overlooking india. someone joins us to explain why. ad the prison of when a swale
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-- of venezuela is in the grip of a severe economic crisis, and the state of emergency there has extended. nicolas maduro said they had to reclaim their means. the new swale it is currently operating at less than half its capacity. daniel reports now from caracas. daniel: this is one of the companies that is shut down, the biggest food and beverage producer here and venezuela, and while the government says they are involved in and economic war against president nicolas maduro, they say the government has blocked their ability to import raw materials. is thatthis means workers strictly and another 300,000 indirectly are going to be made on employed if the government takes control of our plants.
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right now, they are paralyzed for a lack of raw materials. we know what happens with the x appropriation. they are inefficient, and their products will become absent from the streets. that is my fear regarding this country. daniel: now, it remains to be seen how these new measures will be implemented. approvedey have to be by the national assembly which , is controlled by the opposition, but they have met at a time in which the opposition is calling people out on the streets to protest nicolas maduro. and to promote a referendum. this is not the first time that maduro has threatened to take control over a private sector company. in fact, his government appropriated more than 1000 companies during their rule, and most of them are not producing anything, so it is not clear how these new measures would change things for then a swale and's. -- venezuelans.
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lore: on a daily basis, we are given an idea of how the world is more connected that injure before, and in the next decades, everyone will have their eyes on india and china. we had a guest who joined us just a short time ago. china, aresed with we overlooking india? >> i think we all are. it is one of the reasons i wrote the book, the brave new world, with china and united states, because in our public discourse, we have so much worry about china. one day, they seem 10 feet tall, they are about to come get us, and the next day they are the , doomed dragon and their economy is falling.
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india factors much less in our discourse. if you think about it, within a decade or 15 years, india will have 100 million more people than it china. it is going to be the third-largest economy on earth. laura: these two countries are the superpowers of 30 years time? >> i think they are. and i hope it's not a competition between three superpowers. i hope it can be a cooperation between china, india, and the united states, where we get along quite well. trade remains open. there are no military conflicts. that is what i am hoping for and what i argue for in the book. free for that, but you know the situation in the quarter hours of power washington, in delhi, and beijing. how do you think the three countries see it? >> right now is a difficult time in our relations with china in particular. when you talk to folks on the chinese side, they seem in a defensive crouch just like we in the u.s. are. we are worried about our
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blue-collar workers. manufacturing has been hit pretty hard. china's, as well. they had to layoff off 5 million coal and steel workers. they are on the defensive crouch. we are on the defensive, and it's making relations tense. laura: do you feel in delhi they are interested with a warmer relationship with the united states? they are a democracy after all, not in autocrats the -- a top received like the chinese. >> they absolutely are. i think there has been a dramatic turnaround in u.s. relations with delhi over the last decade. when i was in government, some people wanted a closer relationship with the united states, but there was still a little bit of distrust. there were remnants of the nonaligned movement where india didn't want to take signs. now the modi government wants a close relationship with the united states. that doesn't mean an alliance. it means a partnership. and part of it is because they
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are also worried about china. they have to cooperate with china, but they are worried. laura: if all three countries could work together in this ideal world, where do you think they could really make a difference? >> climate change is the number one area. you know we used to think , between the united states and europe, blue global problems like climate change and others we could solve. we absolutely cannot do this without china and india. so by 2030, china and india will be the first and third largest carbon emitters on earth. i live in california. india is already one of the fastest growing. a small cloud comes from asia comes over and hits us here. so those are the kinds of problems that we really cannot solve without them. laura: wrote china and india have large militaries. as partners with united states in solving global problems? >> >> india very much is a partnership.
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and it is becoming more and more so. our military already exercises more with india than any other country on earth. that is quite surprising. it worries me a little bit that there is so much increase in military expenditure all over asia. so 50% of the new arms imports around the world in the last few years were just in asia alone. and china, i think the obama administration and the bush administration has done a lot to try to increase the communication we have with the pla, the chinese army. it's not always perfect, and tensions remain. so we have a lot of work to do. laura: thank you very much for joining us. >> thank you. laura: being showcased, havana, whether a visit by the kardashians or more, cuba has for more.lace
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from havana, our report. report: in a fast-moving cuba, some things never change. the annual mayday parade is a show of strength by lower -- loyal revolutionaries, especially this year after a visit by president obama raised questions about the country's political direction. days later, an altogether different kind of march in havana. french fashion house chanel turned the boulevard into an open-air catwalk. but no banners for workers rights. this is a closed, private event that only a few locals were able to glimpse the world's top models strutting their stuff in their neighborhood. >> action! will: it is not just chanel in town. hollywood has been here recently, too. showtime filmed the finale of first, their hit show "house of lies" in cuba. next, a major blockbuster, "fast and furious 8."
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universal studios saw the 1950's cars as the perfect props for their movie franchise. some cubans found work on the set as crew or extras. and were thankful for their first taste of hollywood, but many hope the next film will be more of a joint production. >> once the embargo is lifted, which i am really hoping that it is, and certainly every cuban i've ever met is hoping and praying that it is, once that happens, things are going to change dramatically, and i think the cubans will be very conscious. you know they are very , culturally careful people. will: cuba is undoubtedly cool at the moment, and everybody seems to want a piece of it. this historic square was closed for weeks so chanel could hold their after party, but the fear
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is that these celebrity-driven events are squeezing out ordinary cubans and don't involve enough cuban talent. to try to create real bilateral cooperation in the arts, the white house sent a culture delegation, including r&b artist usher to visit cuba's first -- top art school. >> the themes have always been similar. you have seen examples even when we were not allowed to collaborate directly of cuban artists influencing american artists. and vice versa. typical -- pivotal and unique. it is truly historic, the first time in history we have had the chance to do this. will: a music festival in havana is aimed at having as many local artists as possible. as many as visiting cuba is ones. culturally rich and diverse, hence its attraction to foreign filmmakers and celebrities, but
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local talent wants to benefit from the boom in creative industries, too. will grant, bbc news, havana. laura: and before we go, we wanted to show to you some of the scenes of celebration in central england. they gathered with their remarkable achievement. parading the premier league trophy around the city streets. this all asers gave of 5000 to one at the start of the season. and finishing 10 points ahead of the second-place arsenal, for a fan like me today. that brings today's show to a close, but you can find more of the day's news on our website, and you can tweet me and the rest of the team. i cap at laura trevelyan. at laura trevelyan.
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thanks for watching. ♪ >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, e*trade, and cancer treatment centers of america. >> e*trade is all about seizing opportunity. >> cut! so i'm going to take this opportunity to direct. thank you. we'll call you. evening, film noir, smoke, and atmosphere. bob! you're a young farmhand and e*trade is your cow. milk it. ♪ >> e*trade is all about
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