tv BBC World News America PBS May 25, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT
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>> and now, bbc "world news america." ♪ katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. the taliban name the new leader in afghanistan. he is a religious scholar and a deputy of the former leader killed in a u.s. drone strike. u.s. states sued the obama administration over transgender bathrooms. deep underground in china, they are trying to solve a scientific mystery. for one of thet most elusive particles on earth. cannot feel them or see them. they are incredibly difficult to study.
katty: welcome to our viewers on public television and america and around the globe. the afghan taliban announced it has a new leader, four years mansour was akhtar killed, his deputy mawlawi hibatullah akhundzada, has been group forward.he he is 55 years old and uses the clerical type of malawi, the highest status. he is a hardliner, close to ormer taliban natives mullah mar and mullah mansour. taliban leaders are said to have to somewhere near quatar select him. the announcement came to the same time the taliban claimed an
attack in kabul. i spoke to the dean of john hopkins school of advanced international studies. what do you know? >> he is not a military leader. he is not someone with a great deal of influence on military strategies. this was a quick selection. . days they did it in a new way of putting his face out there quickly. the significant thing is that he theot a notorious head of haqqani network. theyone suspected that deputy of mullah mansoor would become the leader. this was the most significant
thing. because he is not a military commander and not the most senior of the leaders of the tally ban, he will have sometimes to consolidate power. over whetherestion he will be anything more than a stuffed shirt. that someone like haqqani will be calling the shots. katty: in terms of what this might mean for negotiations between the taliban and the in government, can we learn anything? >> i do not think anything new will happen quickly. it is good that mullah mansour is out of the way. he was very opulent. he is out of the way. we do not know if this fellow is more inclined to talk. in the short run, he is too weak to change course. entering into negotiations require strong leadership. we do not want to enter talks with the taliban unless we know he is in control and can deliver. katty: does the fact that he was
appointed so quickly suggest any internal rivalry between himself and haqqani have been sorted out? within thes but taliban in terms of negotiations and how far to take those. does the speed of his selection tell us anything as to if the taliban and a united entity? >> in some ways that does not speak to the faction. only that haqqani did not want to take over. that perhaps intelligence did not want haqqani to take over, because that would have put him on a collision course with the united states. katty: the attacks that took place in kabul, is that linked to the selection process? >> i think the taliban will attack for a while here they do not want to give the impression that the killing of mullah mansour as weekend or slackened their resolve. -- weaked or slackened their
resolve. katty: thank you for coming in. hillary clinton broke government rules by using a private e-mail server without approval for her work as secretary of state. those were the findings of an independent audit that was critical of the record-keeping practices before mrs. clinton's time in office. it comes as another political headache in the midst of the presidential campaign. hillary clinton's march to the democratic nomination has been anything but straight forward. in california, another inconvenient obstacle. >> hello. >> we're not talking about the microphone that did not work. the highly critical report from the state department over her use of a private e-mail server. a spokesperson said mrs. clinton did nothing different than her predecessors. the report said former secretary
clinton should have surrendered all e-mails dealing with department's notice before leaving service. because she didn't do so, she did not comply with policies that were implemented in accordance with the federal records act. in the state department, a defensive response. >> while people were aware of her use of personal e-mail, no one had a full and complete understanding of the extent. >> some people did have a full and complete understanding of the extent. she did. >> well, yeah. that is a question for her and her team to answer. >> there was nothing defensive about donald trump. he reveled in hillary clinton's discomfort. or "cricket hillary" as he refers to her. as theys as crooked come. she had that news from reports
that came down. not so good. the inspector general's report, not good. >> the remarkable thing about the election is that both front runners are suffering from disapproval ratings in the polls. would not have done anything to help hillary clinton. jon sopel, bbc news, washington. katty: as donald trump says, not good for hillary clinton. a prisoner swap with russia. -- many in ukraine, he pick she became a symbol of the dispute with moscow was sentenced to 22 years for a crime she denies. in exchange to russians were released. this is what nadia means to ukraine. in captivity,days
much in russia. now, she is a symbol in this country. hash in the last two years suffered so much. can you tell us how you are feeling? she told us. she said she was still willing to fight, and possibly die, for ukraine. nadia savchenko in a defiant mood. chaos ofeeted with the media. it gives you a sense of why she is such a big figure in the country and what her release means. see it within the context of ukraine's russia.ship with many see her as a symbol of defiance against perceived russian aggression in ukraine. in many ukrainians, this military pilot captured by russian-backed rebels and put on
trial in russia, is also a source of hope. >> symbolizing the struggle for all of us. this is freedom, love, and probably the strongest person i have ever known or read about. i really hope that someday we can all be a little bit like her. >> tonight, ukraine's president honored her. this message was aimed at moscow. nadia, we we get back will return ukrainian sovereignty to the eastern part of the country and crimea. the two russian men were also released and reunited with their families. they were captured by the ukrainian army two years ago while fighting in the eastern ukraine. president putin met the wives of 2 russian war reporters
who according to court were killed by nadia savchenko. britain and other european countries say that she was the victim of a russian show trial and welcome her return to ukraine. bbc news, kia. -- kieve. labor a strike against reform is affecting six of the country's age were wineries leading to fuel shortages. on thenions are calling government to reverse controversial labor reforms forced through parliament this month. a lawsuitates filed over the right to allow transgender students to use the bathrooms that match their chosen gender identity. schools across america were told by the white house they have to abide by the direct is. -- directive. texas says the obama makeistration is trying to workplaces and schools laboratories were massive social experiment.
the states that have filed this lawsuit are by and large fairly republican-leaning states. is this another frontline in america's divided politics? >> there is no question. all of these states, and we had indications that texas would launch the lawsuit. it is a little surprised that the 10 other states signed up as well. ofy're doing this because government interference, according to them. there is some sense in an election year this will not go away and mistakes are rising on this issue. protestseen to some or those calling from this action from their state government who said very frankly to us that having conceded ground on same-sex marriage over recent years, this was an issue where can serve it is were going -- where conservatives were going to fight that.
there is an estimated 700,000 transgender americans whose lives are affected. katty: why this issue? you say america has moved so fast on other issues around gay rights. >> i think, although some would suggest that this was where some of those fighting against this rapid progress in many ways over recent years when it comes to thatity saw an area here people did not really get. there is certainly an issue. not only on transgender rights, but on any things. people in those republican states in particular feel that the white house has not brought them along with them . has not done enough to and bends to talk about these issues. a lot of people feel that that is something that can be
appreciated as many issues. it has come to this particular issue, and it is one able don't understand. it invokes fear. it is one that certainly those that are trying to make this about the election, about which party to vote for, have seized on. katty: thank you for joining me. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on this program, 80 years after the queen mary's first voyage, stories on how the ship saved jews from the holocaust are coming to light. ♪ few days,the last nearly 6000 migrants trying to reach europe have n-rescued from flimsy boats in the mediterranean. the main route of escape. our correspondent james reynolds reports from rome. ship rescuedsh these migrants and brought them to the port on the italian
island of sicily. some left libya in an overcrowded wooden vessel. others tried to cross the mediterranean sea in a rubber dinghy. you don't know how long they were at sea before they were found. they are now found. europe.not make it to these pictures show oil refinery coast guard's in libya rescuing migrants. they were taken back to the detention center on libyan territory. three-days, we rescued 1000 934 migrants. the numbers are increasing every day. we have minimum resources. the sea journey from libya to italy is one of 2 major migrant routes into europe. africans come in this way. by contrast, migrants from the
middle east and asia have taken the shorter journey from turkey to greece. europe and turkey have largely blocked that route. this week, the police removed thousands of mostly syrian and afghan migrants stuck on the country's northern order with macedonia. the police have taken them to official caps nearby. -- official camps nearby. in sicilys arrivals show the other routes used by african migrants remain in place. they are still willing to risk their lives to get here. bbc news, rome. ♪ all this week, we have been bringing you a series of reports looking at the science revolution in china. our focus is on the neutrino, a fundamental particle making up
the universe and one of the least understood. under a mountain in southern china, they are trying to unlock those secrets. rebecca morelle has gone to take a look. ♪ scientists are on the trail of one of the most elusive particles, called neutrinos. they are everywhere. trillions of them are streaming through me. the only problem is you cannot feel or see them. they are incredibly difficult to study. down here, they think they have cracked it. walls are out of granite. that is important if you want to see the particles. they are bombarding the surface here.
the other thing i should tell you while we are underground is that neutrinos do not behave like you expect. they do something that no other particle can do. they are constantly changing between three different forms. hopping from one to the other and back. it is this that scientists are trying to understand. >> it is a good age for neutrino studies. many are tackling it. we expect to have it in the near future. ♪ rebecca: this is the heart of the experiment. a tankd these covers is filled with water. inside are detectors. they can spot the very rare occasion that the neutrino bounces into a regular particle.
so far they have found millions. it means they are finally getting close to cracking how they work. this is vital. neutrinos play an essential role in the early universe. understanding them could transform our understanding of the cosmos. katty: here to discuss why this is arch is so critical theoretical physicist at the university of maryland. dr. gates, thank you for coming in. there are neutrinos around us all the time? you can't feel, see, or touch them? >> all the time. mostly no. it is not that it has not been done elsewhere. we have known about neutrinos says the 1950's. in china, it is a marvelous study. neutrinos have a weird property you described in the overlay. it is as if you were going back and watching "the wizard of oz."
when dorothy first got there the horse kept changing colors. the tree knows i like those horses changing colors. we want to understand why and how they are able to do this. that is the purpose of what is called the precision frontier or the intensity frontier. katty: what will neutrinos tell less if we can study them further? >> the first point is that for a long time we thought neutrinos had to travel at the speed of light. we know that is not true. that one a nobel prize a few years ago. it also won a breakthrough price. it is so exciting. one of the things is how much does the universe way? if you know the neutrinos are going through this behavior, it suggests they have weight. if they have weight, they cannot travel at the speed of life. they are among the most numerous things in the universe. we can better weigh the
universe. katty: if we know more about neutrinos we know more about how the big bang happened? >> neutrinos act like message carriers from the beginning of time. they tell us what was going on because we understand the nuclear and particle processes underway. it is another way to have a keyhole. katty: how? >> when you ask how particles do this, you have to know how many, the processes that created them. when you know about the processes, you say did the or that first?s it is a keyhole to what the universe was doing when it was very young. katty: they were first detected in the 1950's deep in a mine in south dakota in the united states. now the research is in china. as an american physicist, the chinese leading the way in this research, what do you feel? >> it is a competition. in the united states our major physics facilities, just outside
of chicago is the fermilab. they are hot in the case of studying neutrinos. the lac has the most powerful accelerator in the world. we in the united states -- we may have the most precise. it is not that we have turned this over to the chinese. katty: the competition is on. let's see who wins. .hank you the queen mary was nothing if not luxurious. 80 years ago, that should set off on her maiden voyage. what is just emerging is the role in saving jews from the nazis. hundreds fleeing germany and austria used to the queen mary to get out of europe. it.outhhampton, this was >> the thirst for speed and the last word in luxury, the queen mary transformed transatlantic sailing. her maiden voyage coincided with
the rise of the nazis. a scramble among jews to get out. >> we were hit all the time by these gangsters, i call them. >> were many jews likelihood, the queen mary would become their unexpected savior. he fled germany in 1938 with his two older brothers. with theirus journey parents, who were arrested by the gestapo. they telegraphed the queen mary to ask the cap did to wait -- the captain to wait. incredibly, he did. >> we kissed him. i don't have the words to praise him. that this man was so good and waited for us for six hours. the crucial point that i'm able to sit here and make this film. >> that captain was robert
irving from dumb for sheer -- who brokeheer -- every room. today captain irving's relatives say he was a man of compassion. instructed.not be it shows a lot for humanity. research shows thousand's of jews were saved by the queen mary. ,hey included robert tannenbaum seen here during his actual escape the month before the war began. one life abandoned, but safety ahead. >> these are my sunglasses. the weather was you to full and sunny. >> to this day, robert remains great old. -- grateful. >> the bottom line is the queen mary saved me, my mom, and my
dad. saved our lives. lefte queen mary southampton for the last time in 1967 and was brought to long beach, california to become a floating hotel and museum. the role in helping jews escape the nazis, lost a history. on the 80th anniversary of her maiden voyage, this remarkable story can be told. these are some of the generations of jews given life after their family made it out on the queen they survived. duncan kennedy, bbc news. katty: a big ship with a big history. remembering queen mary's role in the second world war. you can find more on our website as well. katty kay here for "bbc world news america." thank you for watching. tune in tomorrow.
♪ >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. e-trade. and, cancer treatment centers of america. >> e-trade is all about seizing opportunity. >> cut. >> so i am going to take this opportunity to direct. thank you. we'll call you. evening. film noir, smoke, atmosphere. you are a young farmhand. e-trade is the cow. milk it. >> e-trade is about seizing opportunity.
i'm ketch. and i'm critter. and we love making music! ♪ how does the jaybird say how do you do? ♪ ♪ how does the blinking firefly say that i love you? ♪ i think that every person has something special to say and a unique way of saying it. when i was a kid, i was just fascinated by music. but what do you love? i really wanted to play the blues. so i got a guitar. the first instrument that i learned to play was the mouth harp. it goes like this: boing, boing, boing, boing, boing, boing. ♪ ...with that working wheel and you know, what i did was a lot of performing. you got an audience expecting you to do something great. so you might accidentally do something great. so just play. have fun. ♪ i wonder, wonder, wonder where...♪ critter: anything that you do that you love, go for it. i love music, so i became a musician.