tv BBC World News America PBS May 31, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT
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>> and now, bbc "world news america." ♪ katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. protests rock france as the battle over labor affect travel and other industries. in falluja, striking back against iraqi government troops. there is a growing concern over the fate of the civilians trapped in the city. this small town in ethiopia has produced some of the world's best runners. we are put through the paces with the next generation of champions. >> they have been going down this slope five times this morning. i'm struggling to keep up. ♪ katty: welcome to our viewers on
public television in america and around the globe. the labor protest which has gripped france for weeks could become worse. the national railway strike is getting underway. it takes full effect on wednesday. president ollanta says he will not back down on the reforms, france's 35-hour work week. with a sporting event days away the troubles are getting global attention. from paris, lucy williamson. lucy: from france's northern cities to the southern ports, oppositions to the reforms have spread along the industrial veins. the tactics are as simple as the message, stop. the government is trying to unblock france's economy by giving companies more freedom to negotiate with employees. union leaders say that freedom comes at the expense of worker's
rights. the protests have spread from oil refineries to highways to transport hubs. as aere is no shame political leader in admitting when you have made a mistake. then, we can work together on creating social progress. lucy: the government is admitting nothing of the sort. it has been dipping into the country's oil reserves and removing blockades to keep the country running. the prime minister said compromise is possible, but he will not scrap the bill. country,ng the stopping the french from getting around and living their normal lives, damaging france's reputation, threaten the economic revival which is taking hold is unacceptable. lucy: today, railway workers joined the rolling strikes. 40% of high-speed trains are about to be affected, two thirds of inner-city lines. further strikes are planned by
air traffic controllers and paris underground staff. several unions have called for as thetests to continue clock takes toward the start of the european championships next week. lucy williamson, bbc news, paris. katty: on top of the labor disruptions the u.s. state department has warned americans of the risk of potential terrorist attacks throughout europe during the football championship in france. they say there is not a specific credible threat. potential targets include tourist sites, restaurants, transport, and people are urged to remain vigilant. stadiums, fan zones, and venues broadcasting the tournament are also listed. the tour de france cycle race in july followed by the catholic world youth day in poland. iraqi forces trying to fight into the city of falluja say they have repelled a four hour counterattack by islamic state militants.
as the fighting intensified, aid agencies are voicing concern for 50,000 civilians trapped in the city. some warn of a human catastrophe. i spoke with the senior advisor to the iraqi government who is now at the national endowment for democracy. thank you for coming in. what do we know of how the battle is shaping up in falluja? >> it is going to be a hard battle. , they care less about living. they are well trained and want to create maximum damage. they have entrench themselves among the population deliberately. it will be difficult for an army that is not professional to fight its way through. it will be a tough one. katty: this is a test for the iraqi army of being able to retake a town and doing it while protecting the civilian population living there. that is tough. >> it is very tough,
unfortunately, because of the nature of the fighters. the possibility -- they are well concealed. they know that if they want to easily.y can flee the anna sent 50,000 or so people who have suffered under isil have to confront their home being a battleground. katty: there is a further complication, falluja is a sunni city on the outskirts are shia militias taking part in the assault on the city. what complications could that lead to? >> the militias are kept in the peripheral of the military zone. they're not going inside the city. in that respect, that is good. the fact that if they are left unchecked, those are ill trained volunteers. a lot of them get emotional. risk of sectarian
violence. the good thing is the iraqi army is taking the lead, that is reassuring. everyone is hoping that they keep an eye on the militias and keep them in check. katty: how much control is there from baghdad in the senior military over the iraqi army? has it improved? >> it has improved. up to thisthe build operation and because of u.s. involvement, and others, all eyes are on the militia. this is helping to keep some of the leaders in check. this is a war zone. things will happen. katty: how much do you know about what americans are doing in falluja? >> they're doing a lot from the air and advisers on the ground. the iraqi army is benefiting from the u.s. support in the battle. katty: thank you for coming in.
takes up anton welcome endorsement when the california governor jerry brown supported her ahead of next week's primary. donald trump stole the spotlight by holding a press conference that was supposed to be about contributions to veterans organizations, but turned in to an attack on the news media. nick bryant was at the conference and joined us from new york. you are at the press conference with donald trump. i understand that he did not call you a slave, but how did it go? nick: he did not get a chance, i k a not called on to as question. perhaps i missed out. it was his most vicious assault on the press yet. we have growing used to him attacking the press, at his rallies it is a big applause line at his stump speech when he starts to criticize them.
it gets big applause. i do not know if we have seen that the level of animosity so far. he called one reporter a loser. he called another a real beauty. he called one reporter a slave. when asked if this was how he would conduct media relations if he becomes president he said "yes." one reporter retaliated afterwards by calling donald trump a roaring jackass. is how thisuestion plays out politically given 60% of americans do not trust the press. does this play to donald trump's advantage or not? nick: this is the thing his base laps up. in america they believe there is a liberal bias in the media. politicians as far back as richard nixon have been accusing the present available bias. it works with a republican base.
does it raise questions about donald trump? do they want their president to use that kind of language at press conferences? you remember white house press inferences are often held some of the most stately rooms in the white house. the east room. do they want donald trump using that language there? it returns to the question on if he has the temperament to be president. katty: hillary clinton got an important endorsement from the governor of california. the race is tight in california. what does this mean for her? nick: hillary clinton has spent more time in california then she has planned. she canceled events in new jersey to focus on california. she has the support of jerry brown, the popular governor of california. he went against bill clinton in 1990 two. endorsements in the election cycle have not made much of a difference, but bernie sanders
would have hoped that a character like barney -- like jerry brown would have supported him. it could have been significant, because hillary clinton wants to win california. even though she will probably secure enough delegates in new jersey, she wants to win on a high by winning california. katty: for the first time, an american has been diagnosed with an infection that cannot be treated by antibiotics. public health officials have been warning that a superbug of this nature could make its way into america and has been cautioned against overprescribing antibiotics. i spoke to the director of the national facility of allergies and infectious diseases. this woman is fortunate because other drugs can treat her condition. are you concerned patients in the future may find themselves in a position where we cannot treat them?
dr. fauci: i am concerned. the issue with this patient is that the bacteria that she has, that she has been infected with, was e. coli that possessed this 1articular gene, called mcr- which imparts on the bacteria the ability to resist an important drug. as you mentioned, she did not necessarily need the drug. her that. was sensitive to other drugs. the fact that this gene is in bacteria which is now in this country is important. when that happens, sooner or later you know that it will happen again. it may be associated with a bacteria that is resistant to everything else. resistant bacteria continues spreading, what does that mean in terms of future illnesses like pneumonia or other common infections?
dr. fauci: i don't know if it will have a major impact on common infections, but it is something to be concerned about and we should do something about . the issue is if it spreads into the kinds of infections that are fundamentally resistant and need this drug, colistin. the drug in question the gene resists is a drug called colistin. it is not a very good drug, it is a drug we used decades ago that is not used much now. they only good thing about it is that when you get a bacteria that is resistant to the commonly used drugs, it tends to be sensitive to colistin. katty: who is doing the work on developing a new class of antibiotics to replace colistin if needed? dr. fauci: there are multifaceted approaches to antibiotic resistance. you want surveillance to make sure you diagnose it.
you want proven use of antibiotics. the other thing is what you mentioned, an effort to make a pipeline of antibiotics to replace those that are no longer useful because of the emergence of resistance. we play an important role in doing the fundamental basic science that sets the stage for the development of these antibiotics. it requires a strong partnership with the pharmaceutical industry. therein lies one of the problems. of newelopment antibiotics is not a highly desirable profit-making enterprise for pharmaceutical companies for a number of reasons. they tend to invest their money in interventions that many , often for then rest of their lives, like blood
pressure medications, anticholesterol medications, viagra, other drugs -- diabetes drugs. people use and use them all the time. with antibiotics, people use them from 10 days to two weeks, then no more. when you get resistance it loses its utilization. katty: thank you very much. dr. fauci: you are very welcome. years today marks 100 since the largest naval battle of the first world war. to markations were held the anniversary. 6000 british servicemen and germans died at the battle of jutland of the danish coast. in the coldt: waters of the north sea, the british and german warships scattered symbols of remembrance. german forget-me-nots and british poppies. this is over the centuries old wrecks of ships along the jutland bank.
300 miles away, a service and commemoration in cork wall. the strains of the naval h ymn the british and german flags were laid on the altar. was the only time in history when two fleets of met, theattleships most powerful weapons of their age. the germans sank more ships, but never ventured their fleet in combat. the british maintained command of the sea and an economic blockade that ensured german defeat. i was not frightened, but apprehensive. his father was a junior midshipman. he wrote an account of the battle. his son was at the service. his father was lucky. >> we passed on the port side all that was left of the battle cruiser invincible. her bow and stern sticking out
of the water, broken in half. john nickel died on invincible, one of three battle cruisers that lula. six of his shipmates survived. three of his grandchildren came today. >> he was a member of the royal naval reserve for 21 years. he joined in 1916. do think the: navy's contribution in the first world war has been forgotten? >> i think so. i'm glad that this has come up. this afternoon, the princess royal and german president laid wreaths in the --al and the terry at quiet in the naval cemetery at lyness cemetery. of the battleunts and upon by a sailor who died at jutland.
just off shore, a german and british warship anchored side-by-side. once enemies, now allies. bbc news. katty: remembering those who died at the terrible battle of jutland. you are watching "bbc world news america." come, they are called dollhouse is, but these miniature structures are a feat of architecture. we have gone to see these tiny designs. french officials in south korea say the north's attempt to launch a medium-range ballistic missile has failed. the aborted test took lays near the eastern sea port city, but gave no further details. the missile tests were banned by the un following south korea's rejection of talks from the north. japan put its military on alert. correspondent: these are the
latest images released by e.on yang. -- by pyongyang. ofy show kim jong un plotting victory in a fun league game against china. there were no pictures of the missile launch. today, north korea attempted to launch an unidentified missile. our military presumes it fired. i will say only this for now. correspondent: the missile appears to be seen here in a parade last year. the theory is that it can travel to point 5000 kilometers putting south korea, japan, and american bases on guam at risk. it has never been successfully flight tested. there were three failures last month. the north has been making progress in other areas. viewing a. kim warhead that can withstand
atmospheric reentry. they are testing a solid fuel missile industry. the south is ready for anything. >> we are bracing for provocations. areespondent: the tests worrying the region. japan's military is on alert and china imposed new sanctions. none of this has slowed pyongyang's drive to develop a new missile. ♪ katty: you may never have heard , but this town has had a huge impact on athletics. some of the best runners in the world come from there with 16 olympic medals and dozens of world championships. what is the secret to their success?
it may come down to coaching. the bc has gone to see the next generation in action. correspondent: the new breed of young athletes beginning their morning routine under the teen i of the coach, a man who discovered and trained 4 of the gold medalists. he invited me to take part. three times a week they come to this forest that has previously been the training ground for 2. the training session last for an hour and a half. leveln see their fitness is very high. they have been going down this slope at least five times this morning. i am struggling to keep up. the coach says the secret war the bekoji success in athletics is the altitude above sea level which helps endurance. discipline and also hard work.
>> we want them to be good at competing at the international level and representing their country. we first get them into clubs, then if they are capable, we let them compete at the international level. then they moved to the international arena. this is where they start their journey. the training is about more than producing gold medalists. the coach is sponsored by unique scholarship program that gives female athletes the opportunity for further education. >> i started running in elementary school when i was a seventh grader. when i finished school i joined. in the camp i spoke to the manager to be a part of his team. i wanted an opportunity to participate at the international
stage for my country and to changed livelihoods of my family. in the future, i want to reach the highest level and help my family as well as often. not everyone will turn professional. positive impact the sport can have on a community, something this town continues to grow. bbc news, bekoji, ethiopia. amazing. imagine having your own dream house in miniature form. dollhouses have captivated children and adults alike. they are a reflection of social change. on display at the national building museum are 12 historical doll houses on loan from victoria's museum. with a small stories exhibition to find out more about these treasures. >> in the exhibition we have 2000 pieces.
there are hundreds of miniature items in the doll's house is. is a newries exhibition at the national building museum and washington, d.c. from a touring exhibition london. we have brought 12 of our most special doll's house is over to tell the story of british homes over the last 300 years. you have small terrace houses all the way to grand country mansions. we have high-rise apartments. open plan family homes. one particularly beautiful house is from the 1830's and 1840's. when you look into the beautiful rooms, you can see the craftsmanship that has gone into making the tiny items. the dolls are dressed beautifully in layers of lace and satin. their hair has been individually
curled. in one room there is a tiny pair of slippers that must have been totted on a pair of needles get them that small. a lovely thing about doll's houses is it brings generations together. a great exhibition for grandparents, grandchildren, and parents to come to together to talk about their own experiences of family life and living in different styles of homes. it plays a important part of childhood. the process of playing fantasy life. cute. very i want to take my daughter to the exhibition. that brings this program to a close. you can find more on our website. to find me and the abc team, we are on twitter. i am @kattykaybbc. thank you for watching. please, tune in tomorrow. ♪
>> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. e-trade. and, cancer treatment centers of america. >> e-trade is all about seizing opportunity. >> cut. >> so i am going to take this opportunity to direct. thank you. we'll call you. evening. film noir, smoke, atmosphere. you are a young farmhand. e-trade is the cow. milk it. >> e-trade is about seizing opportunity.
captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening. i'm hari sreenivasan. gwen ifill and judy woodruff are away. on the newshour tonight. >> i don't think it's anyone's business if i want to send money to the vets. >> sreenivasan: responding to media scrutiny, donald trump accounts for the nearly $6 million he raised to benefit veterans groups. also ahead: more than a thousand migrants lost their lives attempting to cross the mediterranean just last week-- marking a surge in journeys as the weather turns warmer. plus, brazil's favelas become the stage for bold policing experiments aiming to push out violent drug gangs before the olympics. >> we don't want the games to be an island of success and perfection. we want the games to transform rio, and to make rio a safer city in the years to come.