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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 8, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. a suicide blast at a hospital in pakistan kills dozens. there are conflicting claims of responsibility. the bbc obtains exclusive images that shows british forces operating inside syria. it is the first such evidence of the ongoing fight against islamic state. and bringing color to the streets of rio, we meet a proud toartist who is call the country home.
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. the white house has condemned a suicide attack on a hospital in the pakistani city of quetta. at least 70 people were killed and more than 100 injured in the blast. many of the victims were lawyers and journalists who had gathered to mourn the fatal shooting of a and the islamic state claiming responsibility
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reporter: emergency services rush to move danger to safety. the local bomb disposal squad said that at least 8 kilos of explosives were used. the police suspect a suicide bombing. inside the hospital, people scramble for safety amid utter fear and confusion. outside, somewhere -- some were overwhelmed by the violence that hit them. police have surrounded the hospital and cordoned off the area. an investigation is underway to find out how an attack of the -- on this scale hit the heart of the main hospital in the provincial capital. quetta has seen many attacks in the past, and lawyers have been targeted in recent weeks. but this marks a new level of violence against advocates in pakistan's restive province of baluchistan. the province's chief minister
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said this was a security lapse and was quick to blame pakistan's regional rival, india. lawyers across the country have denounced the bombing and announced a countrywide one-day strike and a week of mourning. laura: for more on this attack, i was joined a short time ago by pakistan's former ambassador to the united states. lawyers in pakistan say this is an attack on justice itself. what is your reaction to the bombing in quetta? >> the extremist jihadis do not appreciate or agree with modernity, and lawyers represent rule of law and a more secular orientation then jihadis would want. it ends up supporting certain jihadis for operations in afghanistan and india while opposing others. the ones that support end up helping the ones it opposes. laura: here we have 2 separate groups that have claimed responsibility, a faction of the
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pakistani taliban and the islamic state. tell us about baluchistan and all the militant groups who operate there. >> there are 42 jihadi extremist groups identified as perpetrators of terror in pakistan. several have been banned but have resurfaced because of pakistan's policy of making a distinction between groups it can use against neighbors and groups it wants to suppress. baluchistan is a particularly difficult problems. -- difficult province. there is an insurgency going on by secular nationalists, and the army intends to use islamists to fight separatists or nationalists, which it considers to be a greater threat to pakistan. laura: it is complicated, but the prime minister has announced a crackdown on extremist groups. has there been success? there was success but it will always be limited by
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pakistan's own 25-year policy of making distinctions between groups. while some groups have been suppressed, others have not and each group ends up splintering because of some doctrinal or other difference, which is why you have various groups claiming responsibility and various groups operating in baluchistan and elsewhere. laura: but has that policy you are talking about created a monster for the pakistani state with so many militant groups? >> it has indeed created a monster and pakistan's people have suffered because of that, but pakistan's military intelligence service and some calleds of what could be the pakistani establishment are just too wedded to this policy to want to change it even though the cost is as high as we saw today. laura: washington is a major supporter of pakistan. is there any more pressure or support that could be brought to bear? >> it is quite clear that washington's support, $22 -- $23 billion since 9/11, has not worked sufficiently to make pakistan change its policy entirely. we do not know what pressure washington might be able to
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bear. i think what we have to live with is that pakistan will continue to be in this dichotomous position until and unless pakistan's leaders realize that the price people are paying is just too high. laura: is there sign at all of any peace talks that might lead to something between pakistan and afghanistan and that porous borders of the militants go across? >> the talks between pakistan and afghanistan have not borne fruitbecause pakistan's ambitions in afghanistan are very disproportionate to their abilities in the region and it always sees pakistan through its conflict with india. it is loath to having any relationship with india, and pakistan continues to look upon them with suspicion. the more pakistan supports groups like the taliban, the more afghans suspect pakistan. laura: ambassador, thank you for joining us. bbc news has obtained exclusive photographic evidence showing for the first time british special forces operating inside
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syria. they have been working alongside moderate rebel fighters of the new syrian army in the battle against islamic state. our correspondent quentin summer full has this special report, and a warning, it contains flashing images. quentin: this is the first glimpse of the secretive ground war inside syria. defending a rebel base from the so-called islamic state. they are a small but lethal force, only a dozen men. -- theeat here is great threat here is a grave and they have come laden with weaponry to fight their way out of trouble. this exclusive footage is from june, immediately after an i.s. attack killed rebels of the base. a suicide attack just yesterday. it once belonged to i.s. militants, and they are
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determined to take it back, but the new syrian army again fought them off. the spokesman, who does not want to be identified, won't comment on the pictures of british special forces. but he does acknowledge their help. >> we are receiving special forces training from british and american partners and we are also getting weapons and equipment from the pentagon as well as complete air support. here, that air support in action. an american fighter taking out another i.s. car bomb. on more than one occasion, british special forces have crossed the border here in jordan to help the new syrian army. few groups have received such a -- up close and personal support from britain and from america. the closeness has led to ridicule from the islamic state, and there have been setbacks on the battlefield. but still, this small band of fighters continues to endure and
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continues to receive intense support from the west. after reviewing these pictures, the ministry of defense said it wouldn't comment on special forces operations. generally, conventional trips need parliamentary approval to be deployed. that doesn't apply to special forces. numbers may be small, but on the front lines against the islamic state, they are making a difference. quentin sommerville, bbc news on the jordan-syria border. laura: our exclusive report on british special forces inside syria. turkish president erdogan said he would approve the reintroduction the death penalty if it were backed by parliament. but there are concerns about the crackdown that followed the attempted coup. parents of some of the young conscripts killed taking part say they were not told what was happening. this report from istanbul.
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reporter: they gave their son a hero's burial. but there was nothing glorious about how he died. to most turks, he was a traitor . he was killed taking part in last month's failed coup. he was a conscript and worked in the army but his family says he had no idea what he was involved in. >> my son didn't know anything about the coup. they woke him up in the night and told him there was an operation. his commanders led my son to death on purpose. reporter: this was the moment the soldiers on the bridge surrendered. moments later, this video was taken. it shows his last moments. in the background, the voice
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says "stop beating him, he is already dead." >> my child was battered and murdered. he was covered in blood. he was bleeding like a slaughtered cow. reporter: but it was the civilians who were remembered at yesterday's huge rally. hundreds of thousands of people with one message. reporter: the crowds here are chanting "martyrs will never die, the country won't be divided." and inside, there was a clear display of national unity. crowds never seen before waving one flag.
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if president erdogan had been shaken by last month's failed coup, you wouldn't know it. he called for national unity and said the people behind the coup were terrorists. but that is not how the soldier is remembered by his family. >> we have died 1000 deaths. i've been crying ever since. this pain is killing me. i am burning on the inside and i hope whoever did this will burn like me. reporter: in some ways, the coup has brought parts of turkey together. but it has also destroyed many lives.
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laura: the cost of turkey's failed coup. in other news, the american airline delta says it has resumed a limited number of flights after it was forced to suspend operations worldwide because of a major computer failure. thousands of passengers were left stranded and planes already en route have not been affected. delta said the problems were caused by a power cut at its headquarters in atlanta. at least 40 people have been killed in mexico in landslides and floods caused by tropical storm earl. most died when mudslides buried their homes in remote villages in puebla state and neighboring veracruz. the storm, which hit the east of the country on saturday, has weakened as it moved north. but heavy rains and strong winds have swollen rivers. the florida health department is investigating a new case of the zika virus in palm beach county. the affected individual recently traveled to miami, where more than a dozen cases were discovered last week. health officials are still
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working to determine the exact source of the infection. donald trump has outlined his plan to jump start the u.s. economy. the republican presidential nominee gave his proposal in a speech to the detroit economic club in michigan, where he was interrupted multiple times by protesters. he promised the biggest tax reforms since ronald reagan and called for sweeping changes to boost middle-class workers. mr. trump: i'm proposing an across-the-board income tax reduction especially for middle income americans. this will lead to millions of new and really good paying jobs. the rich will pay their fair share, but no one will pay so much that it destroys jobs or undermines our ability as a nation to compete. laura: donald trump there. japan's traditional power structure has been shaken to the core after the country's emperor appeared on television and hinted that he would like to retire.
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the 82-year-old monarch, who has been treated for cancer, did not explicitly say he wanted to abdicate, as he is in from making political statements. our correspondent reports from tokyo. reporter: never before has a japanese emperor gone on television like this to make a direct plea to his people. >> in coping with the aging of the emperor, i think it is not possible to continue reducing perpetually the emperor's acts. reporter: the language is vague but the message is clear. the 82-year-old emperor wants to step down. the trouble is that there is no way for him to do so. >> warrior god, as priest and emperor -- reporter: akihito's father, hirohito, was the last to be treated as a god in japan.
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after world war ii, he was forced to declare himself a human being. japan's never -- japan's right-wing has never accepted that being emperor is merely a job. when akihito ascended the chrysanthemum throne, there was no provision for him to ever retire. unlike other monarchs, he is not allowed to say he wants to abdicate or change the law. instead he has appealed directly to the japanese people telling them "i'm getting older and weaker and i cannot go on forever." outside the palace today there was widespread sympathy for the emperor. >> if the emperor needs to abdicate, we feel he is majesty should be respected. >> i'm sure we will consent. we all feel he is loved by the japanese people. reporter: but some here say the 82-year-old monarch may have a larger objective in wanting the law to be changed. >> he is well aware that once they get around to revising the imperial law, if they do, there
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will be people calling for women to succeed the emperor. reporter: emperor akihito's son has just one child, a princess. does her grandfather hope that one day she will ascended the chrysanthemum throne? laura: the emperor hints at transition. you are watching "bbc world news america." gamesto come, the olympic are all about heroes and sometimes about heartbreak. we will have a report from rio. the catholic priest whose image when worldwide at the height of the troubles in northern ireland more than 40 years ago has died. footage was broadcast showing him waving a bloodstained handkerchief as he went to the aid of civil rights protesters shot by british protesters in what became known as bloody sunday. he was 82. chris buckler has this report now.
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of january,e 30th 1972, the day of the civil rights protest, and a of chaos on the city streets. 13 people were shot dead by british soldiers, and another died later from injuries. amidst all the pictures of bloody sunday, it was this image which stood up. a catholic priest waving a bloodsoaked handkerchief as protesters tried to carry a teenager to safety. the footage of dr. edward dalyviolen e trvibled years to shock people double was happening in northern ireland. >> i heard the shot and i saw him die. >> you saw him? >> yes. >> and i make -- a young man. >> about 15.
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he was running. i was running, too. chris: two years later he became derry a, position he used to speak out against all violence. to a is a peaceful end life that was dedicated to bringing peace. chris: into his 80's he continued to work as a chaplain, and last year he was awarded freedom of the city. here he is remembered as an iconic figure, a priest caught in gunfire who worked for peace. laura: the rio olympic games are in full tilt in brazil, where some of the best athletes in the world have achieved greater success, while others have fallen off in dramatic fashion. the bbc's covering events throughout the games and a short time ago i spoke with our
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correspondent in rio. the american swimmer michael phelps gets a 19th medal. what is the reaction in rio? julia: well, laura, i think more amazement at michael phelps' performance and his career. it is really his comeback after having announced his retirement after london 2012, and then having a difficult couple of years. you may remember he was caught drinking and driving a couple of times, and it wasn't very clear when he announced he was coming back to the olympics, coming back to rio, a bit of a surprise. it was amazing to see him get yet another medal. his world record in medals is far beyond previous records. we will probably see him collect perhaps even more. today there was lots of attention to the men's synchronized diving that just
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finished, and we have seen a g.b. team get the bronze. lots of expectation on their performance. i'm here just outside and lots of action taking place in the background. judo had important competitions today. brazil managed to get its firstr she was born and grew up in the city of god. you might know the name of this from the movie "city of god." very close to here. it was very big achievement for brazil and for her. brazil, as the host country, first olympics here in rio, has set the goal high for trying to get as much medals as it could and break its own records and come in top 10 medal winners but
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has so far only achieved silver. people are hoping it will help the country pick up and get more medals in the coming days. laura: julia, some really big names crashed out of the tennis, including venus and serena williams in the doubles. julia: yes, that was a big surprise. serena williams playing in the background, in the tennis center -- the yellow and red building you will see in the background. also, we have had more surprises with novak djokovic losing yesterday to del potro from argentina, who played again and won. he is having a very good performance in these olympics and we are getting gripping, exciting results in day three of the olympic games in rio. after the negative buildup to
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the games, lots of excitement with the city having warmed up to the games. laura: thank you there in rio. staying in rio, street art is there everywhere you turn. there is more to the picture. he has been a street artist for 14 years and is most recognizable character, an angel, can be seen across town. we caught up with him in his neighborhood, often described as the biggest in latin america.
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laura: bringing today's
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broadcast to a close, but you can find more on all the days news on our website, and to reach me and most of the bbc team, go to twitter. thanks for watching, and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judyuf woodruff. >> ifill: on the newshour tonight: donald trump attempts a campaign reset with a focus on the economy, while hillary clinton holds tight to a lead. >> woodruff: also ahead: the rio olympic games are on: we round: up the best moments of weekend wins, and some of the lingering controversy over doping. >> ifill: and refugees moving to upstate new york discover their health care needs move beyond what's visible. >> it's actually hard for themal because there's nothing as depression. they say "okay, because that never existed in my country, there's nothing as depression." >> woodruff: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.shne


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