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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 10, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan could comments by donald trump spark controversy. the republican nominee blames the media for blowing it out of proportion. his opponent accuses him of inspiring violence. ms. clinton: yesterday we witnessed in the latest in a long line of casual comments from donald trump that crossed the line. laura: scathing report released on the baltimore police department criticizing offices for using excessive force and discriminating against black people. he is having a golden day in
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rio. the latest on the olympic action and what to watch for next. welcome to "world news america." another day, another controversy in u.s. presidential campaign. today donald trump hit back on those accusing his campaign of inspiring violence against his opponent. the media for misinterpreting but he said. hillary clinton retaliated. the democratic nominee said that words matter and that come doesn't have the temperament to be president. gavin hewitt reports. gavin: donald trump in the midst of a new firestorm. the issue, the right to own guns guaranteed by the second amendment, a right that he says would be at risk from hillary clinton presidency. mr. trump: if she gets to pick
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her judges, nothing you can do, folks. although the second amendment people, maybe there is, i don't know. gavin: some interpreted these words as incitement to use violence against hillary clinton if gun rights were threatened. today she responded. ms. clinton: towards matter, my -- words matter, my friends, and if you are running to be president or you are president of the united states, words can have tremendous consequences. gavin: donald trump's allies struggled to defend him. rep. ryan: i heard about the second amendment quotation. it sounds just like a joke gone bad. i hope he clears it up very quickly. you should never joke about something like that. gavin: on the streets, a donald trump comment was once again the story. >> a comment like that hits me in a bad way. not because i think he is calling for people to really take up arms and do something with their guns about what they think. >> there are a lot of comments he has made that i think are
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overtly inappropriate and horrible. gavin: many people are conflicted over what trumps strategy actually is. believe these controversial remarks are planned in advance. they certainly get him attention. there has been no effort to reach out to the independent voters he needs. one group firmly backing donald trump, the gun lobby. they air commercials fiercely opposed to hillary clinton. >> protected by armed guards for 30 years, but she doesn't believe in your right to keep a gun at home for self-defense. gavin: the question being asked on almost a daily basis is this -- has donald trump finally gone too far? nearly 1/5 of registered republicans now say they want him to drop out of the presidential race. gavin hewitt, bbc news, washington. laura: for more on the fallout
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from trump's remarks i'm joined , by kenneth vogel of politico. has donald trump gone too far this time? kenneth: it hasn't seemed to have hurt him thus for any he openly far, and he acknowledges this fact. why would he change his campaign when it has gotten him this far? i do see a new reality setting in in the general election where you have a one-on-one matchups and folks who were willing to give him a pass in the past on these controversial remarks, give him the benefit of the doubt that he was joking, seemed less willing to do so now. some of this stuff is sticking to him in a way it wasn't during the primary. laura: he has had a tsunami of negative coverage for that last few weeks from insulting the military family to the 50 national security experts disavowing him. is some of it showing up in the polls? kenneth: oh, yes. hillary clinton had a bounce from the convention, donald trump did not.
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we were waiting to see if the bounce -- if the usually you forget about it. then you get a drop. she did not get that drop. she stayed up. it looks very good for her right now. laura: donald trump is back on message today, attacking hillary clinton over the new edge of e-mails showing links between the clinton foundation and the state department, which he says is a pay for play. is it obscured from the white noise around him in his remarks? kenneth: that is a much more nuanced, complex controversy. i mean, it is a real thing and should be something she should answer for. the new e-mails give new fodder for critics with a claim that this is a way to raise money from people who had interest before her state department. it is a real issue but not as sensational as donald trump seemingly calling for violence
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against hillary clinton and her nominees. woman holding a baby, and the woman seemed quite shocked by what trump may have said or implied. women are always swing voters in elections. is this possible this is turning women off? kenneth: we have seen. even republican women who went overwhelmingly for mitt romney, and he still lost fairly big, are turning away from donald trump. that is a potentially very serious development. laura: we have 90 days to go in this long campaign. the three presidential debates , the televised debates, that will be the next moment in the public gets to look at these two close up. how important are they going to be? kenneth: extremely important. when you hear donald trump already answering gamesmanship around whether he will accept the terms of the debate, that is eye-opening. it seems less likely that he will back out of a debate and more likely that he is trying to build some drama and maybe get a concession from the presidential commission on debates.
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he has performed very well in debates. those were surprisingly beneficial to him during the primary election. i think he wants to get into those debates, particularly the way things are heading now, to try to reset the election. laura: usually in u.s. elections it is about now that everything settles down. is this the key period for both candidates? kenneth: i mean, it is a danger period for donald trump. i don't necessarily think the polls we see now with hillary clinton up 10 points nationally are going to remain static. impressions, while they are baked in, as we like to say, there are so many events that could change it, including the dates and events we don't even know about that are beyond our control. while donald trump is in a danger period, it is by no means forgot that he will head into -- it is by no means forgone that he will head and to election day down 10 points. laura: ken vogel, thank you for joining us. with intense fighting continuing for the city of aleppo, syria is
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un call for a cease-fire. fresh evidence shows the plight of thousands of civilians trapped in rebel held areas of eastern aleppo. they've been there since the a key route into the area was closed by government forces in july. quinton summerville reports. quinton: can aleppo still be called the city you go the fighting quicken here over the weekend. in this neighborhood, shops and factories are gone. here there are only battlefields. these rebels, along with jihadists attack the regime and say they are distorted. -- say they destroyed it. "thank god," says a fighter. "we step on you enter.
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form -- we stepped on you and took your uniforms." the miracle of aleppo is that people still survive here. a clockwork lamp is his only light. the situation here has become even more desperate. >> we wash with our hands. there is no water. sometimes we are cut off four or five days from even 10 days. you have to go outside to the well. i have nothing here. quentin: she is just one woman with six children, and they are among 2 million people the u.n. says are suffering across the rebel-held east and regime-held west aleppo.
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>> i used to cook from aid we got a while back. but that is finished. we don't have any food, nothing. the cook -- we cook leaves off the trees. the situation is horrendous. quentin: the u.n. once a cease-fire for the city could a -- but a rebel commander that i spoke to remotely dismissed the idea. this is biased. when aleppo was under siege and they were becoming winded because of the lack of medical care and when they suffered from food shortages, we heard nothing from the u.n. we understand his call for cease-fire by the u.n. to be nothing but to give the regime a chance to catch its breath after the defeat they suffered in the battle. quentin: one of his man took our , keen to on a tour show that they have regained control of this part of aleppo.
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>> now you can see the route is open. lots of guards managed to enter the city loaded by materials. , the main food materials, and also medical materials. quentin: but aid is only trickling through. aleppo is divided by war and united only in suffering. quinton summerville, bbc news, beirut. laura: the agony of aleppo. in other news, russia's president putin accused ukraine of resorting to terror by attempting to send special forces into crimea to sabotage central infrastructure. the russian security services one agent was killed trying to arrest them. ukraine at qs's mr. putin looking for justification to attack ukraine. russia annexed crimea in 2014.
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the southwestern united states being battered i severe weather as tropical storm javier comes from mexico. downtown phoenix was hit by a dust storm. it was described as a monster cloud 50 kilometers wide. thousands have been left without electricity and many flights were canceled. thailand announced a plan to make short-term foreign visitors do special some cards allowing authorities to track mobile phones even when the phones are off. the telecom regulator says the move is to prevent criminal activity and it denied that it would be an invasion of privacy. a scathing report accused police in the city of baltimore of routinely discriminating against black people and using excessive force. the u.s. justice department ordered the investigation after a young black man, freddie gray, died in police custody in april last year, sparking the worst riots in baltimore for decades. aleem maqbool cover that unrest
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and joins me today. policeing report accuses in baltimore of discriminating against black people and using excessive force. the justice department ordered the investigation after freddie gray died in april of last year, sparking the worst riots in baltimore in decades. aleem maqbool finds me with more on the findings. what i've looked at the report i was struck by what they reveal about the discrimination by the police against the black people of baltimore. aleem: absolutely. they are there in black and white in his report. there was a lot of focus on stop and searches, cars and pedestrians. in those cases, 84% of stop and searches were on black people in the city. now, there is a high african-american population, over 60%. still, there was a discrepancy. interestingly, it also said that when he stopped white people they were more likely to find contraband, particularly drugs.
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and yet they were still targeting particularly areas with high concentrations of african-americans. i was also struck not just by statistics but also by the fact that in some cases supervisors in the police issued orders which were in themselves discriminatory, like, for example, go and pick up all the black hoodies in an area. there were lots of statistics like that. and remember, the police force is about 40% black itself. laura: what kind of changes is the u.s. justice department calling for in the wake of his -- this report? aleem: a big one is a change in training and another one is accountability. we saw in this report that sometimes people did complain, members of the public complained that interactions with police officers had been racist. in 60 cases there were cases where officers were reported to have used the n-word. yet only one of them was even recorded as a racial slur.
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never mind investigated. accountability will be a big one. when we look at accountability, remember that it all started with the freddie gray case and a few weeks ago we had the officers involved in that case released and they have been charged but none of them were convicted. the perception is that that accountability is not really going to come. laura: you have reported extensively from baltimore. how do you think this report will go down with people there? reporter: well, yes, we heard anecdotal evidence of all of this kind of stuff when we spoke to people there. there was a lot of anger that people felt that they were screaming and no one was listening to them. there will be some sense of relief that this is in black and white. but i don't think there will be any surprise with the findings of this report and people here just as in cities across the country -- there are cities where reports like this have been carried out, like cleveland, like ferguson -- they will be wanting to see results, and i am not sure the results will come.
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laura: aleem maqbool there. still to come on tonight's program, what do killer whales and women have in common? the link that scientists are investigating. died in a babies have fire at a maternity unit in one of iraq's biggest hospitals. all of the babies were premature and in a special reward for treatment. -- a special ward for treatment. an investigation suggests an electrical fault was to blame for the place. seven other babies and 29 women were rescued. people were screaming and running from the room with the newborns, which was blocked by thick smoke. >> relatives gather outside of the maternity ward in one of baghdad's biggest hospitals. fire tore through.
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at the victims, i saw them charred. it was a horrible scene. it was difficult for me to give birth to a child, i have medical treatment to have a baby after all of these efforts that i received a charred body. this father still does not know if his twin babies are alive. equipment that was used to help these premature babies survive is now charred. grief hasrents, the already turned to anger. they claim the hospital showed a lack of respect to the victims as parents struggle to identify their babies. the iraqi ministry of health says the fire was probably started by an electrical fault. it took three hours to put out. the total patients in the department were 20. each of them were saved. taken away to other
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hospitals. as far as we know they were taken away quickly without significant effect from the smoke or fire. moved to 29 women were nearby hospitals. 19 are believed to have been treated for burns or smoke inhalation. bbc news. laura: now to an interesting link between women and killer whales. 2 of only three species that have evolved to stop having babies halfway through their lives. the question is why. victorino deal went out with scientists to try to find an answer. victoria: these organs have something in common with humans that is very rare.
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amale killer wells go through kind of menopause. this team has come to the coast to find out why any species has evolved to stop producing so early in life. >> is stopping her late 30's or 40's but potentially can live to 80, 90 come and the oldest estimate is 100 years. our interest from an evolutionary perspective. it is really difficult to explain. >> that is the four-year-old. victoria: it is a phenomenon seen only in humans and two marine mammal species. even long-lived wild apes and elephants do not go through this change. study it, the scientists work with conservationists who painstakingly document the lives of these orcas. >> this is a unique population of killer whales in that they have been followed and monitored
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closely. watched for 40 years. it is all of that time that has made this new research possible. >> there we go. we take photographs and we get individual pictures, identification pictures on everybody. and then we see who has new babies. and who is missing. and we do this over and over all the years. and we have kept very good track of what the total population is. victoria: this is what has given insight into the crucial role females are playing in a later, post-reproductive lives. >> we have a male here and his mother is just close by. >> this is what the adult male -- the kind of attraction you are interested in. >> yes, just the importance of this bond between mother and son. victoria: the center's vast library of killer whale data has allowed the team to reveal how menopause benefits species. they have discovered that older
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females leave to hunt and adult sons depend on postmenopausal mothers for their very survival. >> they keep the group alive and help support individuals and survive for longer. by taking the importance, we can unravel this mystery of menopause. victoria: the team will continue to watch from the service as these animals revealed the evolutionary depths of a key part of our own lives. victoria gill, bbc news. laura: it is day 50 the olympic games in rio. the athletes are trying to reach the top of the podium. today the goldman to kristin armstrong in the women's road race individual time trial. for the rest of the day's action we can go to chris mitchell. before we talk about today, we have to reflect on mr. phelps, the u.s. swimmer with a staggering 21 olympic gold
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medals. how much do they way? -- do they weigh? chis: a lot i guess. more than anyone else's stash of olympic medals by quite some margin. it was sensational. they got in his he chose to come out of retirement. that was one of the, if not the, moment. he dominated the butterfly. for some decade he was unbeaten. then le close came to the london games and beat him. michael phelps retired. rather limply going out on a whimper. he went to rehab, he was arrested for driving under the influence, he called it his darkest day. look at the picture of his face there. was it laughter, tears, sensational. medale won another gold
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half an hour later in the relay and he is in the pool tonight in the semifinals in the individual mentally. it is like 2008 all over again when he won 8 gold medals in beijing. he has that kind of form. laura: quite amazing. tell us about kristin armstrong and her cycling gold. chis: another comeback story. she retired to have a family. she came here to defend her title. she did it. she did it three times in a row. sensational. she is 42. she will be 43 this week. she celebrates her birthday here. that was another brilliant story for the united states. laura: a brilliant story for the u.s. women's gymnasts. the gymnastics is going on now? what is happening? chis: the gymnasts just finished the male all-around program. it was a thriller. defending the title.
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no man has done that since 1972. that was another japanese athlete. kato did that in 1972. not been beaten for 16 years but it looked like he was done for into the last piece of apparatus. he nailed it. the european champion from ukraine, beating him by the narrowest of margins. a quick point is that whitlock of great britain got the bronze. since been 108 years great britain got any metal and gymnastics. they are happy after they won old in diving two hours ago, beating americans and chinese. it is a good day for great britain. laura: chris mitchell and rio. thank you for joining us. so, the olympics brings today's broadcast to a close. you can find more on our website with the latest on the olympics.
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to reach me and most of the team go to twitter. i am @lauratrevelyan and i would love to hear from you. from all of us, thank you for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> woodruff: and i'm judy woodruff. >> ifill: on the newshour tonight: >> if we can't figure out a way to turn that anger and frustration into action, we're not going to get better. >> ifill: i sit down with the mayor of baltimore, after a blistering federal review accuses the baltimore police of systemic racial bias. >> woodruff: also ahead this wednesday, controversy follows donald trump, and new questions emerge over whether the republican nominee has the temperament and character to be president of the united states. >> ifill: and a chilling account of abuse-- leaked documents reveal disturbing conditions for migrants held off australia's coast. >> woodruff: plus, what if your

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