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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 17, 2016 3:59pm-4:29pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am katty kay. a shakeup in the trunk campaign. the republican nominee brings new leadership at the top, hoping to turn around his support. burns out of control in california. 80,000 people told to evacuate as flames threaten their homes. he is known as the fastest man in rugby. for the american, the road to the olympics was no easy path. >> if i can do it, anyone can do it. i came from nothing to something.
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katty: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. with less than three months to go before the election, donald trump shakes up his campaign as he is losing ground against hillary clinton. today, mr. trump's campaign manager says he is advising him .o give policy speeches will the nominee actually listen? gavin hewitt reports from wisconsin. free bumper stickers. gavin: supporters are willing to wait for hours in the midwest in thet he is behind
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polls and mired in controversy. not that you would know that. >> do think he has made mistakes in his campaign? >> no. i think he speaks his mind. >> what mistakes did he make? >> i know he is going to win. that is why we are here. critical moment for donald trump. with some influential republicans telling him to fix his campaign or step aside. mr. trump: law and order must be restored. trump remarkscent have sparked outrage. none damaged his credibility more than arguing with the muslim-american family that lost their son in iraq. he is behind in the key battleground states that he has to win in order to get to the white house. a significant proportion of republicans of his own party have turned against him.
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event, he read from a prompter, and his tone was noticeably different. over to thee've bigotry, hatred, and depression. gavin: there was an attempt to reach out to a wider audience. trump: i'm asking for the vote of every african-american citizens struggling in our country today. gavin: only 1% of black voters supported him in a recent poll. >> unless you're in the trunk and her circle, you are concerned the campaign is going south in a hurry. very concerned it doesn't have a structure. very concerned they don't know how to spend money. very concerned about the temperament of the candidate and his inability to stay on message. gavin: donald trump announce the second shakeup in his campaign in two months. they joined his cord visors at a meeting in new york. they want trump to continue being the unguarded political outsider, but with more focus on
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policy. can he become a more disciplined candidate, and is it too late to persuade undecided voters he is fit to be president? bbc news, wisconsin. katty: for more, i spoke with the chief correspondent at "the washington post." what do you think? change donaldp trump's fortunes in the polls? hope it does, to but it isn't clear it will reduce the downward spiral that donald trump has been going through. what has been happening since the two national conventions has been astonishing to a lot of political observers, who have seen a candidate who seemed competitive at the beginning of the summer against hillary clinton him who is by no means a strong candidate. his fortunes have gone south. he has to figure out better than he has been able to do what it takes to win a general election. it is different than winning the
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primaries among the base of the republican party. he has never seemingly been able to adapt to the new environment. katty: it seems apparent the top of the campaign are keen to keep donald trump focused on message as being the outside political candidate. with donaldem trump's campaign the message or the messenger? is it more to do with his personality and tone, or what his offering is a political solution? dan: it has more to do with the messenger. in the summer, he has drawn attention away from hillary clinton's weaknesses, and put them on his own week this is. -- his own weaknesses. he made an environment where they favor the change candidate, and turned it into a campaign that is a more referendum on donald trump's stability, temperament, knowledge of the issues. he has to change that in some way. the shakeup that we have
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witnessed in the campaign trail seems designed to reinforce many of the aspects of his candidacy that have caused him problems. katty: that is what is confusing. he said, i'm not going to change, i am in ym. the person at the top, stephen bannon, who comes from the news website has been described as more trumpian than trump, if that is possible. dan: that does seem to be the message coming through. that the efforts that paul the campaign chairman and still on the campaign, though seemingly in a diminished role, but paul manafort has spent months trying to can sense republican officials and other party leaders that donald trump could pivot to become more "presidential." is the opposite,
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saying donald trump will be himself and resist the efforts to change his behavior, in some ways to change his style. maybe he can give a more disciplined message. maybe he can talk about being the change agent in a way that he hasn't been able to do. the problem, as he well -- as you well know, is he strays from that message i seemingly picking fights that he does not need to get into. katty: you have been covering american politics for a little long time. historically, how difficult are the polls for trump at the moment? dan: very difficult. at this stage to be down six points or seven points in a country that is as polarized as this, to be behind this far nationally in key battlegrounds is difficult to reverse. it is impossible, because things can change, but he has himself in a difficult position. katty: thank you, as ever. dan: thank you. katty: from 80,000 people in
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california, they have been told to evacuate because of a massive wildfire. the blaze is used of los angeles near the town of san bernardino. the local fire chief describes the scene as "devastating." james cook has this report. james: everyone tells the same story. the fire flashed through with lightning speed. 80,000 people were told to get out fast. >> probation officers are going door-to-door asking people to leave, as they did yesterday. the evacuation area spread to the west a little this morning, as you probably know. when those officers ask you to leave, we ask you do leave, and not children place. shelter in place. we would hate for the fire to overrun your neighborhood, and do not have a way out. james: the blue cut fire was unstoppable. many residents year the worst
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for their homes. >> we have doom buggies. they flew 25 to 30 feet in the air, literally across the yard. almost knocked us out. my legs were on fire. >> the firemen are doing a wonderful job. thank you, please save us. inn, a favorite spot between las vegas and california. this is the main route across the desert plains between southern california and nevada. a lifeline has been cut off. smoldering still here and burning out of control elsewhere is dramatic but far from unique. half a dozen blazes are blazing across california. more than 20 huge fires are burning across the western united states. as the blue cut fire continues raging, a state of emergency is declared. after five years of drought, nothing, it seems, is safe from the fire.
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james cook, bbc news, southern california. katty: they will get news from around the world, 500 passengers have been rescued from a burning ferry of the u.s. territory of puerto rico. it began in the engine room and spread to other compartments. the captain and crew of the caribbean fantasy stayed on the vessel as the rescue was carried out. no fatalities were reported. passengers were taken to san juan. turkey will release 38,000 prisoners early in an attempt to make room for those linked to the failed coup. certain crimes are excluded, such as murder, sexual crimes, and terrorism. they issue 2 degrees, where it dismisses more than 2000 police officers, and hundreds of members of the military. in 1999, the champagne cork pop the euro was introduced and common currency came into existence. economiste winning
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joseph, argues that there are many problems in europe, one is the creation of the currency. what is the problem with the euro? joseph: it creates a single currency across 19 countries. there are very diverse. it took away the exchange rate, interest rate, numeral two critical mechanisms for adjusting when one or another country has a shock. .hey put nothing in its place it was a political project intending to bring countries together and promote prosperity, but the effects have been the opposite. katty: the united states has the dollar, and california is hardly the same economic status mississippi, for example. joseph: exactly right. i describe in the book, what are the institutions we have in the united states? why do we work quite well as
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single currency in the united states, and what would your need to do if they wanted -- what would europe need to do if they wanted to make a single currency work? they have not shown the ability, political resolve, to do this. 2008, the crisis that really illustrated the difficulties the euro would face, washington mutual, one of the biggest banks went into bankruptcy. havee state of washington had to rescue it, the state of washington would be in bankruptcy like greece. the federal government came to the rescue. lateral deposit and insurance corporation. in europe when a greek bank or spanish bank has a problem, or an italian bank which is a concern right now, that country's government has to do something about it. it is up to that country.
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mechanism for resolving banks that are in trouble is just one of the many missing institutions. katty: are you arguing for closer european financial integration? should there be a bigger pan-european budget to do what washington state was able to do, have a bailout? joseph: that would be the first best solution. i lay out exactly what is needed to be done. in economic terms, it is in a lot. lot.i look -- it isn't a when i look at disagreements of little things in europe, i am not optimistic. katty: europe would have then less united without the single currency. actually, european integration
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has kept peace and stability in the eurozone since the early 90's when it was implemented? joseph: a idea of the european project ringing countries together was a good idea. it was a mistake in part. the kinds of economic, political integration was put the cart before the horse. that integration of the single currency would lead to prosperity, ringing political integration. the divisionseen that has occurred in the last few years as the euro has brought on this kind of stagnation. katty: it would always have those divisions. germany is not greece and greece
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is not germany. they may wish the other was like them, but it isn't going to happen. joseph: there have always been divisions. you can manage trade policy, trade integration, but you have never had the kinds of situations where 50% of the young people in spain are unemployed. 60% in greece. of manyth performance worse, thetries is depression is worse than the great depression. this never happened. it was the euro that brought on what i view as a calamity. itty: ok, we have to leave there. the book is the euro: how a common currency threatens the future of europe. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on the program, it is time for our olympic updates. date 12 is offering plenty of action.
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the staff of the chinese history magazine has gone to court to challenge what they say is the illegal takeover of their publication by authorities. they allege they have been shut out of offices. john sudworth has the story. john: the magazine staff filmed the moment in july when their publication was taken over i strangers. us, they cantell be heard demanding as the men in blue, thought to be acting on behalf of the government. the 93-year-old director of the history magazine, at least he was. under his watch, the magazine offered mild critiques of the official communist party version of history. >> they want to dismiss us all. they want us to be the same. to change so we can all be exactly the same.
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john: this week, the editorial staff have gone to court to try to challenge what they see as an illegal attempt to stifle their voice, although few observers chance of them much success. with the old staff walked out, we went to try to speak to those running the magazine. -- locked out, we went to those who are running the magazine. you have legitimate writers and publishers? as you can see, we have attempted to see if we could speak to the new editors, writers, anyone connected to the magazine now, but we aren't allowed anywhere past this gate. staff members who say they are connected, do not want to talk. in a tightly controlled media landscape, debate and criticism have been further rain then -- rain then -- reigned in.
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john sudworth, bbc news. day 12 of theon olympics in brazil, and controversies overshadowing action. the president of the european olympic committee has been arrested by police in rio. officers are investigating the illegal sale of tickets to the game's. mr. hickey is suspected of passing on tickets to those who sold them at inflated races on the black market. the brazilian judge ordered the passports of american swimmers ben lochte and his teammate seized as authorities investigate their claim they were robbed at gunpoint during the olympics. 's father says he is already left the country. beyond those unfortunate incidents, there are plenty of sports.
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including the play of u.s. men's basketball team. from on that and the competition we go to chris mitchell. sporting to mix metaphors, but basketball is thought to be a home run for the american team? inis: team usa has not lost 60 games. they have not lost since 2006. i was in tokyo when they were beaten by greece, that was a shock. before that, they lost to argentina in the 2004 games. that was a last time they were beaten at an olympics. is against argentina in the order finals. they arenba stars, but getting long in the tooth and gray-haired. i expect team usa to come through. come against teams they
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know less well, like the european teams. a big surprise from spain, beating france. the nba star putting up 40 points. if you know basketball, that is some total. team usa, can anyone be them -- beat them? in a word, no. about thet's a thing olympics, obscure sports from countries he would never have expected. has the tide for gold six under par in the british open a few months ago. she is in form. a shot behind, five under, she is a former world leader, but is suffering from injuries. the leading american is lexi thompson. she enjoyed a three under par. stacy lewis, i was following her on the course. it was really hot and she had to
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grind out a one under par round. she was cursing to herself and not enjoying herself. it was hot. the course is starting to look like a proper links course. the wind is drying it out, it is starting to bleach, the ball is starting to run. american's to under par. the americans are there, there is no cut, so they have plenty of chances. it was a wonderful day. idia co., number one, followed her around. she was playing magnificently. she got an eagle on the back 9, 130 yards, straight down the whole. hole.raight down the but no one was there to see. the galleries were woeful. katty: a shame how the spectators have not been showing out for these olympics. i'm glad you got a suntan following the players around.
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thank you. at of this olympics has come number of extraordinarily inspiring stories. tonight, the world run. many americans might not be glued to the matches, but on their team is the fastest man in the sport. the road to rio was no easy path. >> when i was little, i was in foster care, homelessness, my olympic journey has been a lot of different challenges. but i have made it. we got taken away from my mother at an early age. we were in foster care at all six. before that i was sleeping in cars because we didn't have a home. i saw my mother arrested and taken from us. that was last time i saw her.
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i handed going to foster care. early kid, i had to face those challenges. my big dream when i was younger is track and field, going to the olympics and track. i love running fast. i love studying the biomechanics of it. the feeling of vincent station -- the feeling of the sensation when i'm running fast. when i was on the track, i felt alive. on track and field, no one knows about you. i felt i had a gift of speed, and i wanted to showcase it. i was studying film of other runners and i came across run e.on the internet. i started watching it. fast,people running breaking away. i thought, i could do that.
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a lot of people say i can do that. a lot of people, everything i went through. even when i drove to colorado to play rugby, i cried. i said if this does not work out i'm screwed. i put all my eggs in one basket. to comeere, for it true, it is everything. if i can do it, everyone can do it. i came from nothing to something. not know much about rugby, but remember the name carlin isles, who came from nothing to something and learned about rugby on the internet. what an extraordinary story, an extraordinary man. we wish him the best of luck. you can find out more on today's news, the trump shakeup of the
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campaign, on our website. we are covering the olympics, too. you can reach most of us on twitter. i am @kattykaybbc. thank you for watching. we will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.[s[s[s[sing] we wanna get to know ya,
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and all the things you do. it's time to shine a light on little ol' you! announcer: this pbs kids spotlight, dw from arthur! arthur and his friends are always coming up with new adventures but when little sister dw is around? dw: this is about me, remember? the adventures take on a life of their own. dw: don't i look adorable? [sighs] [gasps] announcer: dw is brave... grandpa: atta' girl dw! announcer: smart... dw: what's a career i can succeed in say, by my next birthday? and she always keeps big brother arthur on his toes. dw: you can count on me! the little sister with the big imagination! king: i hearby dub you... princess of safety! and the focus of this pbs kids spotlight!

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