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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  August 29, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. brazil's embattled president fights for her political life. dilma rousseff says her opponents are using trumped up charges to force her out. the white house has tough words for turkey. the fight against islamic state in syria grows ever more complex. remembering a comedy legend. gene wilder starred in such classics as "the producers" and "blazing saddles." we look back on a hilarious career. >> i am wet! i am hysterical!
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i am in pain! laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. in what could be her last public appearance as president, brazil's dilma rousseff was defiant today. in her impeachment trial she claimed to have a clear conscience over her handling of the country's economy. her removal would be a death penalty for democracy, she warned her opponents. critics say rousseff manipulated the budget to make things seem better than they were. this report from brasilia. reporter: arriving for what -- brazil's first female president is now fighting for her political life. at her impeachment trial, she battled against being removed from office.
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rousseff: the constitution is clear. it says for an impeachment there needs to be a crime. if there is no crime the impeachment process takes an innocent person from the government command that is a coup, a parliamentary coup. reporter: earlier this year, thousands took to the streets vote for -- both for and against the president, in an illustration of how divided brazilian society is. it was a dramatic economic collapse that led her opponents to seize on an opportunity to impeach her and topple her leftist government, even though no corruption has been directly linked to her. there are supporters of dilma rousseff outside as she speaks but millions more around the country, too, who feel she is being impeached unfairly. the smallness and relative lack of energy, sign that very few
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have hope left she will survive the process. dilma rousseff has been on trial before. jailed forh, she was fighting against the military dictatorship. but she rose to brazil's highest office in 2010 receiving the presidential sash from her predecessor and mentor, the hugely popular lula da silva. but in may, after a campaign against her, many celebrated as she was suspended in proceedings against her began. the move to save her presidency faded away. the trial now is a big comedown after the feel-good factor of the olympics. some of the venues are dismantled. it seems a break for the games helped persuade many brazilians to move on from trying to save the president. >> i think she is already out. nobody remembers her, know what i mean? they say brazilians have
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short-term memories. reporter: but dilma rousseff says fighting is in her nature and she hasn't given up yet. in reality, before the week is out, she could be told she has to vacate the presidential palace. laura: for more on the political turmoil in brazil i spoke a short time ago with a follower of latin america for the atlantic council. it looks as though dilma rousseff may be forced from office. what will that mean for brazil? remove her from office, which is -- >> the likely vote tomorrow to remove her from office, which is differently going to be moving forward, ends a chapter in brazil. brazil has been consumed by this crisis since last december when the lower house first initiated the proceedings against dilma. the country has been engulfed in this. this will allow the interim government in power since may to really put forward its cabinet and proposals for next two years. laura: you were in brazil
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recently. dilma rousseff said this is a plot, a coup d'état in her -- by her opponents. does she have a point? >> her point is that her predecessors have all engaged in some kind of manipulating of the budget. what those who are trying her will say is that what she has done is much more grave than what her predecessors have done. as is this a coup d'état? it is very much a political trial. senators, about 60% of whom themselves are involved in some type of graft or financial scandal. laura: and she tried to talk about that today and brazil's dark history of military dictatorship. do you think she will win public sympathy? >> i think the public has moved on. in addition, her popularity
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ratings are incredibly low, basically about the same level as the unemployment rate, 11% in the country, which is nothing any president wants to have. this is, for her, standing trial today, giving her speech, it is really for the history books is trying to set her agenda and how her presidency looks years down the road. laura: is it possible this is a turning point for brazil and the fight against corruption comes into the open and brazil moves forward? >> that is what i'm optimistic about. i'm very bullish about what happens moving forward. i think the judiciary in brazil has shown its strength. how many countries in the world can you have the judiciary implicating top business leaders and top political leaders? as we recently released in the atlantic council report, looking ahead to the next two years, there will be in fighting among coalitions but this is an opportunity for political
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renewal. laura: thank you so much for joining us. >> thank you, laura. laura: the white house has criticized turkey's military actions against rebels in syria. forces drove troops from the town of jarablus and they moved south against the kurdish-led forces against the sdf. obama administration officials say that hurts the border fight against is, or isil. >> we do not support command we support, ando not the wood oppose further efforts to move south and engage in further activities against the opposition we have supported. i think our message to turkey has been clear that we support the objectives laid out to clear jarablus of isil fighters. and to provide space for them to secure the border. further actions would complicate efforts to have united front against isil we want. laura: for more on the situation
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in syria i spoke a short time ago with the former assistant secretary of defense who is now at the german marshall fund. the white house publicly rebuked turkey today for going after the syrian rebels that are actually backed by washington. is turkey going to listen? >> we will see. vice president biden last week sent a very clear message to the kurdish rebels from of those we have been working in partnership with on the ground in syria, that they should not move west of the euphrates river. we are going to value the work they are doing but that we are sensitive to the turkish allie'' concerns about movement into territory turkey's concerned about. we will have to see if the kurds listen and also if the turks listen. we have sent a clear message to the turks not to attack our friends on the ground. laura: isn't this a huge distraction? the battle supposed to be about fighting islamic state in syria and now they are going after their pet project, the kurdish rebels. >> no question. that is why you saw the pentagon
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spokesperson today say this only complicates matters and plays into the hands of isil. laura: what leverage does washington have? can it get the 2 sides to back away? >> we are trying. we have a long and close military relationship with turkey and are working very closely with the kurds on the ground, u.s. personnel on the ground, as well as supplying the weaponry we provide them. there is leverage but it is very delicate and complicated. laura: you worked in the pentagon. do you see a roadmap towards any kind of peaceful solution in syria? >> very hard to see at the moment. it has been hard to see for many years. one can see areas where we can alleviate certain parts of the syria crisis, and certainly secretary of state kerry last week in geneva with the russian foreign minister was working on addressing various aspects of this crisis but it is hard to
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-- a conference of comprehensive solution. i don't anybody in the world sees a comprehensive solution on the cusp. laura: if the u.s. gives the green light to this renewed offensive in syria, would it tip the balance? >> this is one of the areas that folks in washington in the counter-isil coalition have grappled with. the united states has been working closely with turkish partners to find ways for them to be engaged. we want them to contribute militarily but we don't want them fighting with our friends. so that is where we have to play this role as umpire between the two sides. laura: and i guess the russians are watching closely? >> very closely because within this same territory we have the , kurds from united states, the turks, the russians, and isil all operating in the same very small space. laura: thanks for joining us. >> thanks for having me. laura: doctors in yemen say more than 50 people have been killed
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in an attack. a suicide bomber drove a car into the headquarters of a pro-government militia. the islamic state group says he was behind the attack. -- it was behind the attack. this report from egypt, and a warning, you may find some pictures in the report distressing. reporter: the aftermath of a devastating impact in the early morning. the bomber struck at the headquarters of the pro-government militia. he drove an explosive-laden car in through the gate, turning the queue for breakfast into a scene of carnage. the so-called islamic state said they carried out the attack. bothatest in a series by i.s. and al qaeda. they have been expanding their reach in southern yemen, exploiting the chaos caused by the country's civil war. a desperate rush to help the wounded. dozens of casualties brought to the hospital run by the aid group doctors without borders. so many injured. they filled up the floor.
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one more round of bloodshed in a conflict which the united nations says has killed about 3800 civilians. aid agencies say much of the suffering goes unseen. when we visited in march, we saw the impact of war on the arab world's poorest country. the conflict pits yemen's internationally recognized government against shia houthi rebels who seized the capital in 2014. but there is also saudi firepower in the battle. the sunni heavyweight intervened on the government side and as been leading a controversy -- controversial bombing campaign. the u.n. blames the saudis and their allies for most of the civilian deaths. the saudis see this as part of a regional power struggle and they claim their great rival, shia iran, is directing the houthi rebels.
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they remain in control of the capital, sanaa, defiant in the face of the airstrikes. peace talks have come and gone but there is now an international push for fresh negotiations. in the meantime, the attack has added to yemen's growing body count, and more relatives have endured the agony of finding their loved ones among the dead. deepensemen's pass only -- chaos only deepens. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come, taking a birds eye view of the battleground states, we visit ohio territory , trump must win if you want to -- he wants to become the next president. the benefits of a mediterranean dart in reducing heart disease are well known. the risk of dying if you already
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have the condition can be reduced by up to one third. reporter: 15 greens for a long and healthy life -- the key ingredients of a long and healthy life. a diet of vegetables, nuts, and fish is a good one. you can even beat heart disease. vitamins and compounds which are better for you -- it is a balance. the mediterranean diet is thfulally more heal in most of its components than the standard british diet. reporter: 1200 patients who have had strokes and blocked arteries were tracked over seven years thethe ones who followed mediterranean diet were less likely to be those who died during the study, and healthier hearts, no surprise that this italian deli. >> we use in our recipes a lot of vegetables, fruits, pasta,
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pizza. everything is from the ground. >> we buy relatively healthy things. i have no choice. >> fish. lovely meat dishes. reporter: cardiovascular problems account for more than a quarter of all deaths in the u k, 102,000 every year. the hope is that by eating more like this, we can prevent the disease and extend lives. there is a claim mediterranean cooking could be more effective than drugs widely prescribed for work problems did the author of this heart problems. --heart problems. the doctor even says doctors should provide vegetables before best prescribed vegetables before --prescribe vegetables
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before pills. laura: in the u.s. campaign trail hillary clinton still leads donald trump in the latest nationwide polls, but the race is tightening. but on a state-by-state basis, the bombastic billionaire has catching up to do. our correspondent has been to two of the most pivotal states in the election. on tuesday he will be in pennsylvania. today he is in bellaire, ohio, a town and the state trump desperately needs to win. reporter: on the banks of the ohio river, this election could be decided. in every presidential contest the past 50 years, ohio has picked the winner. the rust they'll town of -- the rust belt town of bellaire has the sort of postindustrial landscape that has become a seabed for the candidacy of donald trump. 4 steel mills have shut down in the area over the past decade. this stretch of river used to be bustling with 300 barges operating 24 hours a day. now there are just 80. this captain reckons america needs a businessman to make it
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great again. >> that is what we need to get things going. we have been overregulated, the trade deals have all failed. nothing has worked. reporter: time for a change? >> we need people who work. proudly: bellaire still calls itself the all-american town, but for decades it has been in decline. donald trump should win here, but he has a problem. american politics has become so polarized in recent decades that presidential elections tend to be won by candidates who can ask -- maximize turnout amongst its own party supporters. polls repeatedly show that republican voters are less loyal to donald trump than democrats are to hillary clinton. getting out the vote is called the ground game, term borrowed from american football and something that democrats are highly practiced at. it is all new to donald trump and what makes his turnout
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operation all the more difficult is republicans are refusing to campaign or even vote for him. >> he doesn't have any tact. if you are going to deal with world leaders, you have to have tact. you can't say my way or the highway. he is bombastic, he is obscene, and i don't like the guy. reporter: you don't think he is presidential? >> no, he has no presidential qualities. reporter: you campaigned for mitt romney. this is a staunchly conservative household. she actively campaigned for republican candidate mitt romney but she cannot stomach donald trump as the party standardbearer. the decline in support from republican women is one of his biggest weaknesses. >> he does not like women who are not supermodels, he does not like muslims, he does not like immigrants, he does not like p.o.w.'s like john mccain. these are people i respect and care about. reporter: are you going to sit this election out?
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>> no, i will be voting. reporter: for hillary clinton? >> i will be voting for hillary. reporter: no republican has ever become president without winning ohio, but donald trump is trailing in the polls. he will struggle to get to the white house if he cannot get mainstream conservatives to support him. laura: the battleground state of ohio, where the election will be won and lost. mr. trump has taken to social discusso african-americans and hillary clinton. meantime ill-advised texting has , led to the end of a political marriage. i spoke to anthony zurcher. starting with mr. trump. he is going to talk about immigration. do we know if he is backtracking or not in his plans to build the wall with mexico? anthony: it has been a week and a half of trial balloons and contradictions. there was a speech scheduled for
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thursday and now it is scheduled for this wednesday, and now we hear he is going to talk about border security, and who knows? who knows what we will do with 11 million immigrants? that is a conversation for later. there's talk about the border wall being a virtual wall but then advisers came back and said no, no, a real wall, which is what donald trump has said time and time again. there is a lot of uncertainty, a lot of false starts and misdirections. maybe we will find out on wednesday. laura: we will be listening in. mr. trump has been tweeting today about a top aide to hillary clinton who announced she is leaving her husband after a third sexting scandal. what is the significance of this? anthony: anthony weiner, who had been caught up with this sexting scandal five years ago in congress, was a rising star in the democratic party and a contender for the new york mayoral race. now he is seen more as huma abedin's husband, and huma
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abedin is an advisor to hillary clinton. donald trump tweeted that it shows hillary has bad judgment. she was trusting this woman whose husband has a record of dalliances. campaign advisers become the news if they do something wrong. the spouse of a campaign adviser is kind of a stretch. we will see if anything happens with it. laura: briefly, they are preparing for the debates next month. anthony: end of september we will get some debates. hillary clinton is apparently hitting the books and reading on policy and donald trump is doing rap sessions with advisers and not studying hard. shouldn't be surprising. laura: fascinating. anthony, thank you so much. the world has lost an actor who not only played willy wonka and young frankenstein but one of the best and worst broadway producers of all time. gene wilder has died at age 82 3 complication's from alzheimer's disease. he was known for his comedy
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chops but he was actually twice nominated for an oscar. a look back on his life. >> hold your breath, make a wish, count to three. ♪ come with me and you will be in a world of pure imagination ♪ reporter: a young gene wilder as roald dahl's willy wonka. a character that has delighted children for over 40 years here at. he made his name in the films of mel brooks, way over the top yet irresistibly funny. no one could do hysteria quite like gene wilder. >> i cannot function in these conditions! you are making me extremely nervous! >> what is that? a handkerchief? >> it's nothing. >> if it's nothing why can't i -- >> my blanket! my blanket! give me my blanket! >> the waco kid. reporter: the pair went on to make a series of films together. in "blazing saddles," he was the burned-out waco kid.
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>> look at that. steady as a rock. but i shoot with this hand. >> they will be there when we are dancing. reporter: acting success led to a career as a writer and director as well. he was not, he said, in private life, a funny man. >> i do make jokes but they are usually not that funny. they are kind of corny. but if i go in public somewhere, the first thing people say -- "come on! let's have one." reporter: after mel brooks, he a formed a second partnership with richard pryor, notably as a pair of wrongly convicted prisoners. >> i sentence you to serve 125 years in the department of corrections. >> what? what? what? >> no no no, we didn't do it.
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it's a misunderstanding. our lawyer told us to come up. he is joking. >> i told you. >> we didn't do it. >> have you got the right case? reporter: when his third wife died of cancer he became a high-profile campaigner for better prevention, along with princess diana, and swapped film roles for television, starring in his own series. he will be recovered chiefly for those classic wilder performances combining his bulging eyes and wild hair with just a touch of sentimentality. >> i am hysterical and i'm wet! i'm in pain! laura: remembering the brilliantly funny gene wilder. that brings the days broadcast to a close but you can find much more on holiday's -- on all the
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days news on our website. to reach me and the rest of the team, go to twitter. thank you for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,
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cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> ifill: good evening. i'm gwen ifill. >> sreenivasan: and i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. >> ifill: on the newshourfi tonight: the backlash against the epipen price hike-- why the drug makers suddenly decided to offer a cheaper, generic versior of the life-saving allergy medicine. >> sreenivasan: also ahead this monday: the murder of a mother of four is the latest crime in the windy city-- a look at the pain brought on by violence inro chicago. >> ifill: and from supporting al-qaeda to a life of academia-l how a former extremist is joining counter-terrorism efforts from a perch at george washington university. >> this analysis will come from the inside, first hand from someone who has lived it and haa played a prominent role in that scene. >> sreenivasan: all that and more on tonight's pbs newshour.

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