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tv   PBS News Hour  PBS  September 2, 2016 3:00pm-4:00pm PDT

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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> sreenivasan: good evening. i'm hari sreenivasan. judy woodruff is away. on tonight's pbs newshour, the first hurricane to hit the u.s. mainland in more than a decade makes landfall. as florida recovers, the east coast braces for the storm's remaining impact. also ahead, the f.b.i. releases excerpts of its interview with hillary clinton. what's in the documents, and how could it impact the election? then, five years later, a missouri city hit by a devastating tornado is rebuiltby from the ruin, physically and emotionally. >> now we have this single past experience that links us all together. it's made it so much better. >> sreenivasan: and it's friday. mark shields and david brooks are here, to analyze the full week of news. all that and more, on tonight's pbs newshour.
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>> sreenivasan: it has been are rough day across northern florida, thanks to hurricane hermine. and now, much of the atlantic seaboard is under threat. william brangham begins our coverage. >> reporter: hermine barreled ashore in florida's big bend region, on the gulf coast, g around 1:30 this morning. it battered beaches with winds of 80 miles an hour and flooded towns with storm surge and heavy downpours.oo >> we get out of bed, the water is ankle deep and go and open the door, flood waters coming rushing in. now, the water inside the house is knee deep. >> reporter: adding to the mess: the storm tore up trees and snapped power lines, affecting thousands of people. governor rick scott declared a state of emergency for more thar 50 counties. >> the number one thing is to stay safe. do not drive in standing water, stay away from downed power lines. just because it's clear outsidei does not mean it's safe. >> reporter: from the gulf coast, the storm moved inland and weakened as it pushed acroso
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southern georgia and the carolinas. it's expected to regain some of its power if the storm moves out over warm water in the atlantic. that had north carolina governor pat mccrory, and others, waiting, and hoping. >> we're going to see who gets hit the hardest, and hopefullyo no one will get hard hit at all. our goal is to be over-prepared and underwhelmed when it comes to this storm. c >> reporter: the mid-atlantic states may face the worst of hermine. trm it's projected to stall offshore this weekend, with the potential for historic levels of beach erosion and coastal flooding. already, labor day weekend events up and down the coast were being canceled or delayed.n but today, at least, officials in georgia said the effects were less damaging than feared, andre surfers even took advantage of big waves near savannah. back in florida, there were other concerns. the state has already reportedal dozens of cases of zika virus, and the storm's passage will now leave countless pools of standing water-- ideal breeding grounds for the mosquitoes thatr
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transmit zika. >> sreenivasan: william will be back with what's behind the recent absence of hurricanes hitting the u.s. mainland, after the news summary.s in the day's other news: job creation in august came in lighter than expected. the labor department reports a net gain of 151,000 positions,it far below the gains of recent months. the unemployment rate for august stayed at 4.9% for the third month in a row. the weaker numbers could influence the federal reserve to wait until year's end before raising interest rates again. the man who ruled uzbekistan with an iron hand, islam karimov, has died of a stroke.ka his government confirmed it today. karimov took power in the central asian nation in 1989, and was widely condemned for brutally repressing all dissent. even so, after 9/11, the u.s. used an uzbek air base for air strikes on afghanistan. the deal collapsed when karimov's troops machine-gunned 700 protesters in 2005. russian president vladimir putin said today he does not know who
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hacked democratic party organizations in the u.s. the cyber-attack led to the release of thousands of e-mails and documents, and u.s.s, intelligence agencies have pointed to russian hackers. but, in a new interview with bloomberg news, putin says the culprits could be from anywhere. >> ( translated ): there are sol many hackers nowadays, and they act so meticulously and so precisely, they camouflage their activity to pretend that they were some other hackers from other territories or others countries. at a state level, russia is definitely not involved in this. >> sreenivasan: putin also said moscow has no intention of trying to interfere in the u.s.n election. a gunman who killed a security agent at los angeles international airport will avoid the death penalty. instead, paul ciancia gets life in prison, under a plea deal on murder and other charges. in 2013, he shot a federal screening officer a dozen times, and wounded three others. a former stanford university swimmer walked out of jail today, in a sexual assault case that caused a national outcry.a brock turner served half of a
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six-month sentence, for attacking an unconscious woman after heavy drinking at a party. the victim complained thepl sentence was far too lenient. that sparked widespread criticism of the judge and the system, and this week, state lawmakers approved mandatory prison terms for what turner did. samsung is recalling its brand new "galaxy note 7" smartphones because the batteries can explode or catch fire. today's announcement came just two weeks after the product's launch. samsung says there have been 35v cases of "note 7's" burning or exploding, out of 2 .5 million sold and on wall street, the dow jones industrial average gained 72 points to close near 18,492. the nasdaq rose 22 points, and the s&p 500 added nine. for the week, all three indexes, gained about half a percent. still to come on the newshour: what hermine tells us about weather patterns; rebuilding joplin, missouri, five years after a tornado flattened much of the city; delving into the f.b.i.'s report on hillary
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clinton's emails, and much more. >> sreenivasan: with hermine heading up the east coast of the u.s., we take a closer look at the science, and frequency, ofnd these hurricanes. william brangham is back with more.l >> reporter: hurricane hermine is the first major hurricane toi hit the united states in ten years.t sandy, which did tremendoussa damage in 2012, wasn't a't hurricane when it came ashore. so why such a long period of time since the last major hurricane?ng to help answer that, i'm joinedj by sean sublette. he is a meterologist with thele research group climate central. so, sean, just take on this t question -- not that anyone is really complaining about this, but why have we gone ten yearss since the last major storm hit the u.s.? >> we really have been lucky at this point. weather patterns change from year to year, and the atlantic
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basin has been active over the past decade or so, but the steering winds at any given time have largely directed the major hurricanes away from theth continental united states. now, to remember, a major hurricane, by definition, is a category 3 or greater storm, a 3, 4 or 5. her mean was a category 1 storm and like sandy did a lot of flood damage but did not attain what we technically define as a major hurricane. >> brangham: one of the things i know is the climate models predigged if the temperature globally goes up which it has and oceans get warmer, which they have, that we would see more of these storms around a greater frequency of the storm. are these models somehow contradicted by this last decade? >> not necessarily. n i think what most have begun to indicate if you go to the i.p.c.c. analysis or the consolidation of the research is that they're not necessarily going to become more frequent
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but there will be the tendency or likelihood that the ones that form will have more intense rain and likely stronger winds sos that the ones that do manage to develop will likely be stronger and the fact that sea level has continued to rise as a lot of the polar regions have seen the glacial ice melt, that will compound any kind of storm surge flooding that comes from hurricanes. >> brangham: so this last ten years and the models you're describing, they don't really help us understand what the next ten years could look like for the u.s. >> yeah, for the very short term, there is not an awful lot of skill with those particular batches of climate models. the shorter term is really the area that most of the work needd to be done, but we do look for the longer-term trends when we think about climate change, as climate change is a longer-term phenomenon on the order of decades to a century versus several years to a decade.e
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>> brangham: let's go back to hermine which is threatening the thravrng we have 30 million people up ann down the coast that might be looking at a glimpse of the storm. what are we seeing this weekend and next week? >> tomorrow, the center of theom storm goes up the southeastern coast, affects hampton roads, virginia, then going off the new jersey or del mar va peninsula and likely stalling for two or three days and may obtain hurricane status once again. but really the biggest storyt will be the tremendous coastal flooding if this system hangs off the new jersey and del marva peninsula, you will have a broad area of winds coming onshoreon that will likely do seriousr coastal flooding. >> brangham: why is the stalling important?po we would prefer it to rush through more quickly? >> absolutely. most to have the time, once? the systems mush northward, they go
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back out to sea. the steering winds with this system look like they will set up looks like it will stall off the virginia cape and offshore only 100 miles so so if it just sits and spins in the counterclockwise direction, you have a continuou, fetch of water on to shore from the strong northeasterly winds and that's what's going to pile up the water along the coast. c >> sean sublette from climate central, thank you very much. >> thank you. >> sreenivasan: storms, hurricanes and natural disasters clearly test the fortitude of any area, as we're seeing this weekend with hermine, and just recently, with the rains and flooding in louisiana. we tend to focus on the immediate aftermath and relief, but the devastation can last for years. we have the story of how one h city, leveled by a tornado, has
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spent years rebuilding, and in some ways is better and stronger for the future. the tornado that struck joplin missouri on may 22, 2011 was one of the most destructive ever in u.s. history. 161 people were killed, 1,000 were injured and more than 7,000 homes were damaged. when the newshour visited four months later, people were still literally picking up the piecesp of their lives. >> it is certainly clean, compared with what it used to be. >> sreenivasan: jane cage, a businesswoman who chaired the citizen's advisory council to rebuild joplin, told us back then she was worried people wouldn't come back to the destroyed areas. >> in the beginning, everyone said "i want to rebuild my house." and now, i think people are faced with the reality that their neighborhood, theirho friends may not be in that samea spot. >> sreenivasan: five years later, cage took us on a tour oe the same neighborhood. >> in some ways, this is one of the best recovered neighborhoods.
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they're nicer houses and bigger houses. >> sreenivasan: she says one of the main things that joplin got right in the aftermath, was t encouraging residents to stay. >> we concentrated on keeping our population in joplin, because we saw what happened ina other cities that experienced disasters. and i think one of the first things that we did to make that happen was, our school superintendent made the promise that we would start school on time. >> sreenivasan: five schools were completely wiped out in the storm, including joplin high school. when we visited in 2011, classes had just begun in an abandoned shopping mall. now, a brand new, state-of-the- art high school has opened on the original it's just across the street from where sophomore blake dean'se house was flattened.d. dean described how he rode out the storm in a backyard shelter. >> sure we heard this freight train noise. we just waited in the shelter
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until it blew over us. >> sreenivasan: his family chose to rebuild on the same lot. a bigger and better house. and he says the school is also s bigger and better. >> it's just amazing. it's so much bigger. so much more opportunity. >> sreenivasan: in fact, "bigger and better" is how many in joplin now describe the city as a whole. the population has actually grown by 1,000 people over the last five years. and fellow high school football player maurice aubrey says the sense of community has become m stronger too. >> now we have this single past experience that links us all together. it's made it so much better. >> my complex was here, and my building was right here.di >> sreenivasan: marcinda hempena is one of those people who took advantage of those new opportunities. she was living in an apartment and huddled in the bathtub whenu the storm passed through. >> the weirdest thing was after it was all done, it was so quiet that i thought, "am i dead? did i not make it?
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is this what it's like to be dead?" >> sreenivasan: hempen, a single mom of two now-grown boys, said prior to the storm, she couldn't afford to buy a house, butaf thanks to a $20 million federal loan program which helped her with a down-payment, she owns a home in one of the hardest-hit areas. >> it's still a little unreal. i own this. i can paint a wall. i can do whatever i want to do, and nobody can tell me different. >> sreenivasan: the community wide effort, along with help a from all levels of government and hundreds of volunteer organizations from around the country, has changed the face of the city. nearly 2,000 new homes have been built. 300 new businesses have opened. and thanks to $30 million fromn the federal government, the city has a new sewer system, new electrical grid and new stormw shelters in every school and public building. there are also new parks, n complete with basketball courts, playgrounds and water features. st. john's mercy hospital, which was completely destroyed, has been rebuilt on a new site, and has $11 million worth of
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upgrades to protect from future tornadoes-- including windows that can sustain winds up to 250 miles an hour, fortified "safe zones on every floor, and a 450-foot reinforced tunnelfo which houses generators, wateren and data communications. but for all of the signs of newo growth in joplin, there is one area where the healing has been more difficult. cases of mental distress and trauma have more than doubledle over the past five years, affecting people like marian kelly, who showed us the crawlo space where she rode out thee storm. >> at some point i felt the air getting sucked out of the crawlr space and i thought, "this is how i'm going to die." >> sreenivasan: she was relatively lucky. her house was damaged, but not destroyed, and she emerged with just some cuts and bruises. but the emotional scars have been much deeper. >> for me, the post-traumatic stress disorder has manifested itself in heightened emotional response to things.
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i get anxious or upset in ways i wouldn't have before. also, the concentration issues are there. that's why there are alarms for everything on my phone, that's why everything has to be written down. >> sreenivasan: she has been able to hold down a job, but she says that's thanks to medicatioe and regular counseling sessions. she's not sure she'll ever fulle recover. >> it's been difficult for me to accept that i might not get all of this back, the things that i've lost. i've shaved off a few i.q. points and i don't know if i can expect to get them back. >> sreenivasan: while kelly still struggles with her memories of that terrible day, she is proud of the city for showing such resilience in the aftermath. she is also hopeful that the many young people who have moved to joplin since the storm, will bring new energy and life to the community. that new life is evident in the downtown which had been largely abandoned before the tornado hit.ed now it's dotted with hip restaurants, bars and lofts.
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rachel grindle, who just moved to joplin from long beach, california, is impressed. >> our first week living in joplin, we were invited to friday night wine share, which is this networking group for people our age who are career-ge focused, and then we went to dinner. and i looked at my husband andd said "i feel like we're living more the la life here than we ever did in long beach!" >> sreenivasan: reminders of the storm can still be found everywhere in joplin, whether it's the memorials to the people who lost their lives, or the to the miles and miles of treeless neighborhoods. but five years later, the signs of progress that have emerged from that tragic day have become a model for other communities who have suffered catastrophic disasters. for the pbs newshour, i'm hari sreenivasan.
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>> sreenivasan: stay with us. coming up on the newshour: the controversy over an nfl quarterback refusing to stand for the national anthem; and mark shields and david brooks take on the week's news. but first, today the f.b.i. released two key documents about its investigation into the private email server hillary clinton used when she was secretary of state. one contains the agency's notes from clinton's f.b.i. interview; and the other is a 47-page summary of the f.b.i.'s findings. npr's carrie johnson is covering the story and joins me now. so, what's new about the documents that were releaseder today? >> there are several new details, including a sense of what hillary clinton told f.b.i. investigators in that three andh a half hour interview at f.b.i. headquarters on july 2. she said she used the personal server as a matter of convenience. she never had a concern that she
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or anybody close to her was mishandling classified information. in fact, she actually doesn't recall attending a security briefing or any kind of training about open records lawsuits or open records laws, which is interesting because these materials only came out after a host of requests from news organizations and calls from republicans in congress.o >> sreenivasan: one of the e-mails or at least one of the quotes is about a drone program, i think we can put that up. it says clinton stated deliberation over a future drone strike did not give her cause for concern regarding classification, the f.b.i. saids is this willful oversight, ignorance, too busy? what were the reasons they gave? >> recall, hari, the f.b.i. director james comey said hillary clinton and closest aides were extremely careless with government secrets but did
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not find enough information to prosecute anyone for wrongdoing. these new documents contain more information about what was going through her own email server,r documents about the drone program, the one of the government's most secret toolsgo in the national security spaceac to. allow officials at the c.i.a. and pentagon to engage in extra judicial killing of terrorists or would-be terrorists overseas. what hillary clinton was asked about by the f.b.i. were e-mails about killings about to happen, who should be targeted for the drone strikes and other things.. what hillary clinton said inin response to f.b.i. questionses because namely, listen, i relied on career state department officials to make determinationr about what should and shouldn't be classified.a she also said these programs were the subject of multiple debates in media in newspapers,
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television and the like and, often, her aids were passing around articles from newspapers about drone strikes. so she thought it was okay to write about that. t >> sreenivasan: at one point i remember f.b.i. director comey saying no reasonable prosecutoro would take these case. >> it's enormous controversial among democrats who believe this could further cement a sense in the political campaign thatha hillary clinton is secretive or markoff character problems, and it's -- secret offor may have character problems and past senior officials said when you decide not to bring charges against somebody, you should not dump all kinds of derogatoryg information about them out into the public space. one of them e-mailed me this afternoon saying could young imagine the political careers
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that would be endedli if the justice department decided to release the sensitive case materials in all the matters in which we decline to prosecute people? where to draw the line, so thero is a sense this could set a precedent for demands from congress and supporters for information on closed cases moving >> sreenivasan: carrie johnson: from npr, thank you for joiningi us. >> thank you. s >> sreenivasan: athletes have had a long tradition of being activists with their political protest. the latest case is of san francisco 49ers quarterbacksa colin kaepernick's refusal to stand during the singing of the national anthem at football games. during last night's exhibitionng game, he chose to take a knee during the singing of the "star spangled banner," he says, "to protest serious injustice in the country." but his actions have prompted a wave of anger.
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last night, he was booed by some fans before the singing andfa after he walked off the field. after the game, kaepernick trief to explain his views and the v reason for his decision. >> the media painted this as anti-american, anti-men andan women of the military, an that's not the case at all. i realize that men and women ofn the military go out and sacrifice their lives and put theirselves in harm's way for my free speech and my freedom in this country and my freedom to take a seat or take a the issue is we have a lot of issues in this country to deal with. we have a lot of people that are oppressed and a lot of people who aren't treated equally or given equal opportunities.l police brutality is a huge thing that needs to be there are a lot of issues that need to be talked about, need to be brought to life, and we need to fix those things.
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> >> sreenivasan: kapernick also said he would donate $1 million in charity to some of the causes he believes in. for more on the kaepernick controversy and the broader context, we turn to williamr rhoden, a former sports columnist for the "new york times," who has long written on the subject.e first, your thoughts on what's been happening this past week. >> well, you know, it's prettypr at the nominal. the controversy. but in a way, i think we should probably thank kaepernick because he's really got this into a deeper history of the anthem, of the author of the anthem, of the background of the author of the anthem, francis scott key on slaves and there was this very controversialn third stanza of the national anthem which, you know, maybe talks about being very unsympathetic to slaves. so i think that it has been good in one sense in that it's gotten the country to really think a
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lot more deeply about who we are as a nation and a lot of our hypocrisy. i think in terms of kaepernick,a i think is also once again made us realize the power of athletes, of these people who are in these very prominent positions because, you know, sports is sort of the cultural -- has become maybe one of the primary cultural foundations of this country, and now that you're having especially, particularly young african-american men who are beginning to realize, a, they're becoming much more fluent in our history and are really becoming unafraid to use this podium to express views that are controversial or not controversial and using this sort of national anthem as sort
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of the lightning rod, you know, for a lot of these controversies. so i think it's really been fascinating. >> sreenivasan: but athletesas have had a long history of being outwardly political, active in social causes. >> right. >> sreenivasan: we're quick to think about mohamed ali, about the moment at the olympics when the fistswh were raised up, butu there was also a pretty good quiet spell where athletes chose not to be involved. >> yeah, as the money started increasing. i came of age from, you know, when i was 16 years old, jim brown suddenly announced his retirement from the game becausu his owner art model had sort of been chiding him about not reporting to training camp because he was filming moviese and, at that point, brown was 29 years old, was the greatest player ever, and basically he held a press conference on the
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movie set and said, i'm done. when i was 17 years old, al said he was not going to fight in vietnam. when i was 18, it was smith and carlos at the '68 mexico olympics with the salute.e so that was sort of my politicization and this is how athletes should react and respond publicly. then i think you mentioned the long stretch of time. i think what happened is, as the money really started to enter -- play a more prominent part and people got agents, now -- now athletes started getting agents, and the agents were saying, hey, man, let's take the path of least resistant. now, you know, i guess the question is why all of a sudden are we coming back to this? why do you have some of the greatest names in sports?sp lebron james, dwyane wade, you
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know, chris >> sreenivasan: michael jordan? >> well, that's another >> sreenivasan: i bring michael jordan up because i would say he's in the quiet period. he's one of the athletes that didn't take a political position and here he was a few weeks ago deciding to give a million to different organizations.ff >> for a long time, michaelch jordan became the model of what a black athlete should be which is neutral because you want to take money from both sides, you don't want to make anybody angry, you want to placate the white audience, as he famously was quoted saying, republicansre buy sneakers, too, and i think because of his prominence, because how great he was as an athlete, that sort of became the standard for a lot of athletesat is this whole politically neutral stance, and i think it's interesting that, as you mentioned a couple of weeks ago, he donated money to both sides,
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to the police side and the naacp legal defense fund.ns also athletes realize what is a power structure going to do? you have a league of the n.b.a. that's 80% african-american players, the national football league is almost 70% ofof african-american players. are they going to fire and punish everybody?h i think what we're seeing is ais lot of athletes not being afraid to roar, whether you agree with it or >> sreenivasan: william rhoden joining us from new york tonight. thank you very much. >> myyo pleasure. >> sreenivasan: we turn to the week in politics, which included, yes, a surprise campaign detour to and that means we turn to the m analysis of shields and brooks. that is syndicated columnist mark shields, and "new york times" columnist david brooks, joining us this week from new york.
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all right, mark shields, let's go with mexico for topic one.c this is the surprise trip,tr donald trump not so surprising but a shortly planned trip to mexico he took. first, he came across looking presidential. >> he did.di peter hart, the democratic pollster said donald trump could win this campaign if he had one sane month. and i think an awful lot of democrats were quite nervous wednesday afternoon when this sort of thoughtful almost statesman-like donald trump showed up at a joint session with the president of mexico.xi he it was the longest he had ever been on camera without speaking, that i can recall, and almost came across -- i don't want to say presidential, but it was flirting with that, until, of course, he returned to his native land in phoenix, totally altered and contradicted that impression with his stem-winder
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of a speech, basically saying we're going to round up anybody who's an undocumented immigrante in this >> sreenivasan: david, what about both the moment and whenen he he came back, the policy? >> yeah, first, i would pointin out he has had a sane month, but it's been spread over 70 years. he had that moment, he can utter a sane moment for the time in mexico, but when he came back, he returned to himself and paid tribute to donald trump. he's incapable of being phony. one thing he expresses is his belief that america is besieged by foreigners who threaten us with crime, terrorism, culturalu decay, with job loss, and thath is how he got into this race ann that is what he's expressing in phoenix, and the substance of what he said in phoenix is actually quietly almost moderate, i think, but the tone
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is much more important and the same old hostility andan immigration and that will be politically determinative, the only people in america who really are cottoning on to that message are a certain section of the republican party, has really very little appeal outside of it. >> let me pick up on one thingin david said, hari, and that is fox news poll this week, not exactly a liberal organization, asked the following question, what about undocumenteded immigrants who are currently working in the united states, do you favor deporting as many as possible or do you favor setting up a system for them to become legal residents? by a margin of 77 to 19 americans favor legal status rather than deporting, includinn 66 to 29% republicans who believe we caught to have legal status. so i think david makes a reasonable point and that isis donald trump must believe this because it's not a rational political position, if he's
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interested in being elected. >> sreenivasan: david?av if you look at the substance of what's being said both by clinton and trump, you can predict where we'll end up on immigration. border, weure the don't build a wall, we will legalize the people here and shift to a skills-based system than a family reunification system. that's the basis of what will happen. and in all the violence of the campaign, they're headed in that direction. >> sreenivasan: what is the position he'sdi taking now or in the last week versus what mitt romney said or what the policy is today? >> mitt romney's, of course, was self-deportation, and trump obviously includes that as one of his planks. the difference is not simply in tone and emphasis. i mean, this has been the centerpiece with mitt romney.
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it became an issue in 2012, but it was not the defining issue of the this was the defining issue for donald trump, by his own volition, when he came in. he made this an issue, not thattism congratulations had noh been a controversial issue inis the country, but he made it the centerpiece of his candidacy and he is consistently spoken in disparaging, pray jourtive, ugly terms about undocumented -- there niece undocumented immigrants who graduated as valedictorians of their school, joined the united states military and served the country well. he treats them all as though they're criminal >> sreenivasan: david brooks,oo i heard your doubt on the building of the wall and who'swh going to pay for it. really, that has become not just one to have the slogans, but he repeats it at every speech, every opportunity he gets, not so much in front of the mexican president, but certainly when he came back, and you're saying, no, we won't actually build that
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wall? well, you know, this isn't exactly dog whistle politics, it's just whistle if you look at the nbc "wall street journal" poll and ask people what are the topics you care about in the country, economy, national security andur the deficit have come up high, only 6% list immigration as one of the top three issues. it's not a major issue. the reason it's worked with trump is he's playing identity politics, us vs. them politics, natives vs. foreigners. i think most people don't believe he will build a wall and mexico will pay for it, it's us versus them. in times of economic stress,st there is a susceptiblity of thay kind of identity politics. >> sreenivasan: let's talky lk about the ground game lisa desjardins had a report on earlier this week, pretty significant disparity in what hillary clintonat established in
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key battleground states. the trump campaign says they're planning to open 98 more, but do these offices in these states matter? >> they do matter in this sense, if it's a close race, the idea of being able to contact and turn out your supporters, that is to identify them and make a case to persuade them to find out what it is that they are interested in doubts about or questions they do have. i just point out, in 2008, barack obama had a20 rather spectacular ground operation in the field campaign, and in four different states -- in iowa, in north carolina, in florida and nevada -- he won the election on early voting -- that is, the people who voted before election day. john mccain actually got moree votes on election day, the 12
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hours, the first tuesday of the first monday in november in which people had voted, but he had built up such a number,nu barack obama, that it was enough of a cushion that he could carry those states and win the presidency. so, yes, it is important and it's especially important in at close race. and in the state of florida,l adam smith of the tampa bay times reported that, in the state of florida, donald trump has one field office.ff mitt romney had 48 in 2012.20 hillary clinton has 50 as of today, and donald trump has only one. this is one area where his campaign is not really competitive. >> sreenivasan: david brooks, the trump campaign will probably say we're doing pretty well considering we only have one. >> that's true in the polls. and i do think, if you look at the ground game, i think the marginal effect on the race is probably 2%, 3% points, which is
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significant, given that most states will be close. i think tvat ads are about the same. so we're shifting sort of on the margin here, at least in a normal race. this race has been far from normal and i think basically, i'll quote peter hart, he made the point the majority of people don't want to vote for trump, they just have to prove they can live with hillary clinton. if she can prove she's livable with, she can rack up a victory, but she hasn't done that. her popularity rates are sinking, and i'm not sure if it's because she's campaigning too little or too much. i suspect the latter. i think she would do bet for she were quieter. >> sreenivasan: let's talk about the bump she got after the convention and the criticism trump got after going after the khan family. she's largely in august been raising money and stayed out of
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the spotlight. >> raise money she did, $140 million for her campaign and the democratic party. two events struck me. basically, she has been inin martha's vineyard, nantucket, the hamptons, the tony suburbs of new york, los angeles, san francisco. one event was a $250,000 per person entry those are box car numbers. another was 200,000 for an individual to get in. and i think that the question of what she does as a candidate, i mean, i think she's effective in small groups. i think she's effective when she shows empathy and a personal side, but she doesn't have the benefit of the doubt in the question of trustworthy necessary and transparency and they have been anything but transparent on the question of e-mails. and the e-mails, the one great
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moment she had unscripted in this campaign were the benghazi hearings where, for 11 hours, she stood and took and answerede and took on and ceramic wished her republican interrogators on the house side. but since then, there is sort of a closing down and a lock down,w it seems to me, and a lack of transparency. so i think this raises further questions about her trustworthiness. >> sreenivasan: david brooks,e even today we had more information from the f.b.i., about the notes from the long interview they had and a summary of their findings. >> as far as we know what came out today, nothing really transforms our version of the story. there is carelessness, but mostly reiterating the patterne of closedness, the pattern going back 20 years, the pattern of insularity and secrecy. she's just not an open and transparent person.
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but one of the things she has been doing in the last few weeks is preparing for the debate, and i do think she understands that the olympics sort of changed the culture. the country was super, super into the election, and the olympics came along and something uplifting came along and people were saying, hey, i can watch something on tv i can enjoy i think interest in the campaign wained a little since then, andn may not lock in especially for undecided voters until that debate. so she's trying to make herselfe an interesting personality for the debate. >> i think she has theba advante in debate, she's good in debated donald trump has never been in a one-on-one debate, where for 90 minute you're one of the two people on the firing line. the second thing is, disadvantage for hillary clinton, is because she is suchu a good debater, because she is so knowledgeable and thoroughly
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prepared on all matters policy, she's going to go into this as the overwhelming favorite, and that's what happened to al gore in 2000, he took george w. bush lightly. it's what happened to barack obama in the first debate in 2012, he took mitt romney too lightly. i think she and her campaign are guarding against this possibility. >> sreenivasan: mark shields, david brooks, thank you so much. finally, a newshour each summer, the federal research vessel tiglax travels the length of the aleutian chaih in alaska, ferrying scientists to remote islands to study wildlife. producer eric keto, with public media's alaska's energy desk, recently took a tour of the boat when it docked in dutch harbor and sent us this story
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>> welcome aboard. it's call the research vessel tiglax, commissioned in '86 and she's been mostly in the aleutians her whole life.fe the people who want tot understand this chain and the ecosystem really come through this boat. so i've had the opportunity to meet them all. hi, let's take a walk.wa we have state rooms that handlea 14 passengers, plus you have the center room here. here's the galley, very comfortable. that's a half-eaten dessert you're taking a look at. three freezers on board, $21,000 worth of grocery in airplane and we'll grab gear and get underway from homer with our destinationt being the furthest destination. so the coolest thing is the diversity. two weeks working with sea lions, next sea otterrers, a bird survey, working for the department of energy. everyone who comesg here are
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passionate about what they wanta to do and they only have two weeks to do it. it's our job to show them what hay need to see and try to get it done. welcome to the bridge.we we have what they call the latest electronics. they're real late. she's almost 30 years old now and still going strong. i've seen change. i've seen. things go on the endangered species list and things come off the list. it's a magnificent place. >> sreenivasan: and we'll be back shortly. but first, take a moment to hear from your local pbs station.pb it's a chance to offer your support, which helps keept, programs like ours on the air.
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>> sreenivasan: for those stations still with us, how three became one. o jeffrey brown talks to veteran singers who came together to form a new musical group. they're getting much attention as they released their first t album earlier this summer, and continue touring through october. here's an encore look. >> reporter: the pre-performance huddle in which three singer- songwriters with successful solo careers, morph into one group. ♪ ♪ neko case, k.d. lang, and laura veirs become case/lang/veirs. ♪ ♪ the collaboration was the brainchild of lang, who wanted to form what she calls a: >> folk punk girl group. >> reporter: the three women released an album earlier this
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summer. we spoke before a recent performance at the lincoln theatre in washington, d.c. >> i didn't know if it was goint to work, but i thought it would be interesting. and i love these two artists as individual sources of great inspiration. so, one day, i just had the instinct to call them, to e-mail them, and they wrote back in half-an-hour. >> reporter: the canadian-born lang, now 54, is the senior member of the band, and probably best known to the wider public, selling two million copies of her 1992 album, "ingenue." neko case, 45, has been a mainstay of indie rock and country music since the late '90s. both as a solo artist and with the band the new pornographers; 42-year-old laura veirs, known
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for mixing classic country andxi folk, has turned out a range of work, from a children's record, to a film soundtrack, to her 2013 album, "warp and weft," which included contributionsin from case and lang. the three made an important decision from the start, that they would write only original songs for this effort, and write them together as much as possible. >> i often start with lyrics, and i try to make sure that they're accessible, but slightly off. and laura uses a lot of alternate tunings as a guitar player. and she comes up with incredible melodies. you know, when you first hear them, they seem familiar to you. and then you sing them or play them, and you realize they're on a completely different level, like something familiar is so completely brand-new. and the different languages take
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you outside of your comfort zone. >>how do you meld minds to come up with something that's cohesive and make a record thatm sounds like it's not like a variety show or piecemeal?y so, it was a really hard project for us. >> reporter: so how'd you do it? >> well, some of it is just like gritting our teeth, like, whatat are we going to write about today? i don't know. let's go take a walk. oh, there's a fireworks stand. oh, there's a firework namedk delirium. that's a good song title. let's go write a song. oh, we can't finish it. well, here's neko. she'd kind of come in and write a bridge and finish it. and she took that song," delirium," and made it her own, and added her own lyrics and vocals. ♪ ♪ >> being the boss of your own career, you get used to having veto power and getting what you want, or as close to what youor want as you have mapped out, yo know? >> reporter: you didn't get that in this case? >> not always.
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and it was a really excellent exercise. >> it was a difficult process at times.ti like neko said, we're used to having our own veto power as individual artists. and to hear somebody say, "no, i just don't like that bridge," is excruciating at times. and-- ( laughter ) >> and we all sulked. we sulked. we pouted. >> yes, there was some sulking. but we-- >> reporter: you're laughing as you say it now, right? >> yes, but what that ended up doing, because we didn't have a, language, we weren't friends, we didn't have a vernacular, a common vernacular between us, so we had to swiftly develop one. ♪ they don't love you like i do ♪ >> reporter: they took turns ass lead singers. on "honey and smoke," it was lang, with the other two on backup. the collaboration has brought great reviews from critics and a summer-long tour around the u.s. you all three had success.
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i assume tough times as well. being a working musician, has it been a good life? >> i say yes. i feel every night like, i can't believe this is my job. like, i get to do this. i love the solitary aspect of writing, because usually i write solitary, by myself. but i love the teamwork aspect of the touring and the recording. >> i like the music. i don't like the business. i get very tired of the travel, and moving, constantly moving. but the hour-and-a-half that i'm making music, i'm one of the happiest people on earth.e >> around 2010, i kind of looked up and said, i'm 40 years old. you know, i chose music. i don't have a husband.t i don't have any kids. like, i chose music. so, i had to make a decision. like, do i want to do something else, or do i want to go from journeyman to master? and i realized, you know, i want to be a really good musician.
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so, this particular opportunity happening at that time was thisp beautiful kismet. >> reporter: for now, at least,f neko case, k.d. lang, and laura veirs say this is a one-off project, one album and one tour. and they will savor the collaborative moment ofmo case/lang/veirs before returning to their solo careers. i'm jeffrey brown for the "pbs newshour." >> sreenivasan: online right now, they're in your mattress, your tea and on your face. there are millions of species of mites-- some helpful and others, not so much. our science team gets an up
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close and personal look at these tiny creatures with the help of a high powered microscope. watch our facebook live video on our web site, gwen ifill is preparing fors "washington week," which airs later this evening. gwen? >> ifill: hi, hari. american politics crosses the border, as donald trump searches for middle ground on g immigration. and, hillary clinton take the debate back. is this campaign captivating american voters? or alienating them?? we'll try to sort it out tonight, on "washington week." hari? >> sreenivasan: on pbs newshour saturday, california's drought is in its fifth year, and now health concerns are on the rise as some wells have run dry. that's tomorrow night on pbs newshour weekend. and we'll be back, right here, on monday, with a wrap-up of campaign events from the holiday weekend. that's the newshour for tonight. i'm hari sreenivasan. have a great weekend. thank you and good night. >> major funding for the pbsor newshour has been provided by:
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>> lincoln financial-- committed to helping you take charge of your financial future. >> bnsf railway. >> xq institute. >> supporting social entrepreneurs and their solutions to the world's mostr pressing problems-- >> and the william and florae hewlett foundation, helping people build immeasurably better lives. >> and with the ongoing support of these institutions: and foundations. >> this program was madepr possible by the corporation for public broadcasting. and by contributions to your pbb station from viewers like you.
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thank you. captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc captioned byio media access group at wgbh
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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days,


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