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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 5, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, "bbc world news america." laura: this is "bbc world news america." reporting from washington, i am laura trevelyan. let the final stretch begin. with two months to go until election day, the presidential candidates in here in ohio. president obama cancels his meeting with the philippine leader after language that had some reaching for the bleep button. and moving a frozen library from the alps to antarctica. scientists are racing the clock to save ice containing valuable clues.
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laura: welcome to our viewers on public television in america and also around the globe. it may be a holiday here in the united states but there was no rest for the presidential candidates working hard to win over the voters with two months to go until election day, . democratic nominee hillary clinton and her republican rival donald trump blanketed the battleground state of ohio, key to winning the white house. nick bryant starts our coverage. nick: labor day blitz began with the rollout of the new plane, emblazoned with hillary clinton's name but in letters dwarfed by her campaign slogan "stronger together." ms. clinton: hey, guys. look to our big plane. board,our reporters on the in-flight entertainment came from the former secretary of state. mrs. clinton: so happy to have you all with me.
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just waiting for this moment. no, really, and i will come back to talk to you more formally but i want to welcome you on to the plane. nick: she hasn't held a formal news conference for 275 days, and this didn't qualify either. after a couple of awkward minutes, she returned to the front of the plane. in the battleground state of ohio, it wasn't just the clinton jet sitting on the tarmac. donald trump flew here as well. the aeronautical theme continued when he addressed china's failure to provide the right steps for air force one, as president obama arrived for the g20 summit. mr. trump: coming down the metal staircase at the back of the plane. i have to tell you, if that were me, i would say, you know what, folks i respect you a lot, but let's get out of here. nick: labor day marks the end of the summer, and they have hardly been sunny months for donald trump. his row with the parents of a muslim american soldier killed in iraq was one of the pivotal moments of the campaign, when he
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-- one that he struggled to recover from. hillary clinton has faced new questions about her use of a private e-mail server and foreign donations to the clinton foundation. the democratic convention gave her a strong lead in the polls. they have tightened in recent weeks. mrs. clinton: [coughing] nick: today she was spluttering through a speech in cleveland. mrs. clinton: [coughing] every time a think about trump i get allergic. [laughter] but it is character questions about her trust and ethics that are hampering her candidacy. mr. trump: can you hear me ok? nick: many voters view him as a mouth -- loudmouth and it has emphasized doubts about his temperament. we are entering the final sprint of this marathon campaign and both candidates seem to be limping to the finish. nick bryant, bbc news, washington. laura: for more on this critical stretch from now until election
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day i spoke a brief time ago with "time" magazine washington correspondent jay newton-small. the candidates are visiting state fairs and talking to reporters. has this become a normal campaign? jay: for all intents and purposes it has been for this one weekend but i don't think it is going to last and it never does. every time you think donald trump will stay on message and read off teleprompters, the next day he does something to completely blow that out of the water. i would expect more surprises down the road. laura: donald trump has 64 days to close that narrowing gap between himself and hillary clinton. how do you think he is going to do it? jay: he actually doesn't have 64 days because early voting begins in 21 days. in at least two states, and then you will see increasing numbers of states vote and then the weeks after that. people are beginning to make up their minds and that is really crucial. you saw him this weekend campaigning in michigan in largely black areas.
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that is not because he actually expects to in that many black votes. what he's trying to reassure suburban white voters, women voters in particular, that he is not racist and it is ok to vote for him. then the first of the three presidential debates -- how many wavering voters are there at this point and how do they get swayed by the debates? jay: there aren't that many -- well, there are and aren't. not that many who are actually undecided. -- absolutely undecided. but that said, people who are still making up their minds and say they are not concretely for one or another, that is more like 40% of voters. there is a lot of room to change minds if that is possible in the debates. donald trump has said today he would absolutely take part in all three debates. those are three opportunities to completely upend the momentum of
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the race. laura: how much do money and count inchinery this homestretch? jay: a huge amount. traditionally speaking, the amount spent on television, where hillary clinton is up by tens of millions of dollars, and has been for months, that's a huge amount. also, ground game. this will be a big test for donald trump because hillary clinton has doubled the number of offices in the state of ohio, just offices, then he has entire national staff. he has zero staff whatsoever on the ground in these states. i don't know how you run a presidential campaign like that. it will be fascinating to see if he can just turn people off by going on television and making speeches and you don't do any ground game. laura: the national polls have a tightening race from the big lead hillary clinton had after donald trump's missteps.
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but it is in the battleground states where the election is one or lost. jay: hillary is leading in those states but it is not knock you out leads. the average of polls have served -- has her within two percentage points of donald trump in those states. that has got to be a concern for hillary clinton, who has campaigned enormously in the states and spent tens of millions of dollars and she still has not broken away. that is where you will see her spending a ton of time. laura: thanks for joining us. jay: thank you, laura. laura: for full coverage of the u.s. presidential election, make sure to go to the bbc website. you will find a complete guide to what to expect, profiles of the candidates, and ongoing coverage of hillary clinton's and donald trump's campaign stops. the latest will all be there at bbc.com/uselection. laura: as the presidential
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contenders vie for the top spot, the current president is the first u.s. leader to step foot in the southeast asian nation of laos. at the g20 summit everything from trade deals to climate change was discussed. he met with president putin for 90 minutes. no deal has been reached to address the situation in syria hit mr. obama has acknowledged the gaps of trust exists between putin haspowers and described the relations lately as abnormal. with aime ago i spoke former state department spokesman and author of the upcoming book "red line." a cease-firebout deal in syria. p.j.: they have tried but it is difficult. think of it this way -- for two years the united states and russia have been fighting separate wars. united states fighting the islamic state, russia fighting to preserve the syrian regime.
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for 2 years it was a manageable deconfliction process to work that out. now 2 things are happening. first, the ripple effects of -- are becoming very difficult. on the one hand, as territory is taken back from the islamic state, who controls it? on the other hand, you see the on the where a gain regime side makes it more difficult to solve the problem and the war. laura: and yet president obama said today that the united states and russia have common enemies -- so-called islamic state, al-nusra. is the fact that the russians are supporting president assad that means they cannot agree? p.j.: they have a common adversary or 2 but the problem is that all of the opposition elements are interwoven and they are trying to say, ok, don't bomb on this side, bomb on that side. it is proving very difficult to
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do. and the spillover effects with al-nusra but also with the kurds. the dilemma is that for a long time the 2 sides have pushed away to the future, this fundamental divide, which is the future of bashar al-assad. and you find that as these wars are being prosecuted, the elephant in the room that no one can address. but you cannot end the conflict without it. laura: turning to another colorful character, from president putin to the president of the philippines, president to duterte, he was due to meet with president obama in laos but he said if he was asked about extrajudicial killings use of vulgar insult and the meeting is off. you cannot curse the president of the united states and hope to get a meeting. p.j.: this is a rookie mistake. it would not have happened with the previous philippine administration.
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the president of the philippines has not reached his first 400 days in office. -- 100 days in office. if you don't want an issue to dominate discussion, the one thing you shouldn't do to flag it in public in advance. he was going to lose one of two ways. if the meeting happened, this was going to be a prominent issue, extrajudicial killings. the president said this would not be productive so i will meet with the president of south korea. laura: and yet the philippines is a key ally for the u.s. how do they figure out? p.j.: there is a contrast here. anti-americanism works very well if you are vladimir putin. his poll numbers are in the high 70's and 80's. if you are the president of the philippines, brand-new, and you are worried about assertive china, we will see but he has made a serious mistake. laura: p.j. crowley, thank you for joining us. in other news around the world, on the ground in syria, islamic state says it carried out a
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series of attacks on government held areas. it killed the dozens of people. the biggest blast was in the coastal city of tartous. at least 30 people were killed there. many of them rescue workers who were helping the victims of an earlier car bomb. at least 24 people have been killed in 2 explosions in the afghan capital of kabul. a number of security officials are said to be among the dead. the taliban says it was responsible for the blasts, which occurred in quick succession in a crowded part of the city. the defense ministry says people were rushing to help victims of the first explosion when a suicide bomber detonated the second one. at least 1000 people have been evacuated from forest fires fueled by strong winds and high temperatures threatening popular resort areas on the spanish coast. firefighters supported by water dropping aircraft are struggling to control the blaze. authorities believe the fire was started deliberately.
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the first man-made object ever to land on a comet has been spotted more than a year after scientists at the european space agency lost contact with it. the little robot is visible in new images downloaded from the rosetta spacecraft. it was dropped on the surface of the comment by rosetta in 2014 but fell silent hours later when its battery went flat. lorry drivers and farmers are blockading the main motorway route into calais calling for the closure of a migrant camp known as the jungle. they say they are being attacked at night by migrants desperate to stowaway on trucks to reach britain. lucy williamson reports. slowly aftero midnight here and you are an open target. it is ago-slow protest by lorry drivers reaching a battle with migrant gangs. joining them, several hundred residents living and working in
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the migrant capital of france. this is a coalition of grievances against the migrants. there are lorry drivers here, local farmers, business owners, even some police. and despite recent security measures and government assurances, they say the migrants are waging a guerrilla war and the solution cannot wait. >> they protest because it is getting worse and worse. ,very night nearly every night attacks, there are traffic jams, etc., because of some smugglers who have their business in calais and they want to make business and get migrants. lucy: one film by the bbc last month shows the roadblock and people smugglers threatening drivers as they direct the migrants onto lorries. this local wine merchant says that british customers have shrunk to a trickle because many
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are too scared to stop in calais. >> we have to go step-by-step in and the very first step distribute all the migrants, all of our friends, all of europe, being more strict, and the fact that they cannot stay in calais. lucy: france's interior minister has said the jungle camp will be clear, but the migrants have been dispersed before, security tightened. however the obstacles change, the lure of crossing the channel remains. lucy williamson, bbc news, calais. laura: tensions in france over the migrants desperate to reach britain. you are watching "bbc world news america." still to come on tonight's program, beneath the racial tension in baton rouge. 2 months after a high-profile police shooting ignited protests, we speak to residents about the issues which divide them.
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tensions ran high outside the anc headquarters in johannesburg as factions within the governing party went head-to-head. the protesters want president zuma to be recalled. reporter: the anc's military wing surrounded the party headquarters, ready to defend president jacob zuma against those who want him to resign. for thee calls president to step down from within the anc and without. among protesters are young members of the anc who have accused mr. zuma of running the party and south africa into the ground. they cite recent cities in elections as an example of how the party has been damaged by his leadership. who thinkoung people the anc must be led to greater heights.
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and it is our generation that is going to do it. ancrter: this is a and c -- vs. anc. a heavy police presence has been brought here as tensions run high. usually areal anc determined not to let the group hand over the memorandum of demands. threats of violence have been made against those seen as being disloyal to the president. >> bringing zuma down and ultimately the anc down. that will not be allowed. we continued to govern. reporter: the party secretary-general did receive the memo, but it remains to be seen what effect it will have, if any. the president himself is still in china following the g20 summit and will only return later this week.
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bbc news, johannesburg. laura: it has been 2 months since alton stirling, a black shot by police in baton rouge, louisiana. it led to protests and three police officers were killed by a gunman. the bbc traveled to baton rouge for this report. reporter: these railway tracks used to divide baton rouge into predominantly white and black areas. but there are more deep-rooted divisions in this part of the deep south. the first bus boycott of the civil rights movement in america took place here in the 1950's. and african-americans here tell me they are still judged by the color of their skin. >> because you are black, you
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are a menace to society. because you are black, you are automatically a monster. because you are black you are not contributing to society. because of your skin color. reporter: do you think they can -- do you think it can change here? >> it can. there is always hope. as long as people begin to see that things are wrong. reporter: this, for many, was a wake-up call. the shooting of 37-year-old black man alton sterling. what followed was violent clashes and protests and the revenge killing of three officers. friends of alton sterling tell me tensions between the police and the black community have always been part of life here. >> your life shouldn't be a question when you are being pulled over by the police. the police pull me over right here, i don't know what is going to happen next. this might be my last 10 minutes of life.
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reporter: you have been pulled over by the police? >> the last time i got pulled over by the police it was a white man and he told me that if i moved he would shoot my black ass, just like that. just like that. reporter: it is not just interactions with police that are causing despair. the high crime rate and poverty, also factors. according to some analysts, african-americans here are three times likely to be unemployed compared to white americans. in this salon, people talk of economic segregation. >> land of the free, home of the brave, that is what it is supposed to be. but we are not equal here. in baton rouge, we have real lives, but this past month, we're totally not equal. i didn't realize we were this far off. >> we want to prosper, we want a good paying job, we want more money to be able to take care of our families. but they are not giving us that.
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they are not giving it to us. and my son told me last night he filled out an application. he said, "mom, i want to get me a job so bad, but they don't want to give it." reporter: for those that believe the answer lies in faith, there are also challenges within the church. even divine institutions are divided. >> the most segregated hour in america is on sunday morning. and yet we are all worshiping one god. i think the church has to come together first. what if i preached in my white brothers' pulpit one sunday morning and they came over and preached here next sunday morning? there would be people who would leave, but that is the cost of unity. reporter: decades have passed since the fight to legally end segregation in the states. but as the issue of race resonates across america, many feel this is an important moment in a new civil rights movement.
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bbc news, baton rouge. laura: how louisiana's divided past defines its troubled present. it is a race against time for scientists working in the french alps. they are trying to extract samples from some of the world's most rapidly chunking glaciers. temperatures have risen by 1.5 degrees in the last decade. the samples contain unique information about the earth's atmosphere in previous centuries. it could provide clues in the fight against global warming. victoria gill has the story. victoria: approaching a very high altitude laboratory. this team of scientists is living and working on the glacier here because climate change is heating and changing the ice that they are camped on. the team wants to rescue the information locked deep in the ice before it disappears.
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>> we will collect the impurities in the atmosphere and this will be in the glacier. all this information is stored in the glacier like pages in a book. when you go through this book you can see all this information. victoria: this is a frozen library, tiny air bubbles locked inside the layers of this glacial ice are the record of our past atmosphere and climate. the team will cut it and move it into this tent and store it in their ice cave, a mountain freezer. so pressures are the samples that the the team has dug into the solid ice but they won't be here long. they are ready to go. this is the beginning of a very
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long journey for these ice floes. they will be stored here for two years but the ultimate destination is the most reliable freezer, antarctica. >> the idea of getting ice from the alps to antarctica sounds silly to people but it makes a lot of sense for us. to be able to store this ice for decades or centuries, we put it in the safest position you can think of. victoria: many glaciers are melting, and retreating. this ambitious archive aims to preserve particles, bubbles, even bacteria trapped in the deepest, oldest ice, allowing future scientists to track the past atmosphere and climate and help predict its future. victoria gill, bbc news, the french alps. laura: the stunning frozen library bringing today's broadcast to a close. you can find much more on all the day's news including the
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latest on the presidential campaign on our website. to reach me and the rest of the bbc team, go to twitter. from all of us here at "world news america," thanks for watching and please tune in tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation, newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good, kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs, and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here, in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the
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island with warm, sunny days, cooling trade winds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> "bbc world news" was presented by kcet, los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> yang: good evening, i'm john yang. gwen ifill and judy woodruff are away.d on the newshour this labor day, the presidential candidates hiti the campaign trail in full force, beginning the finale, sprint to election day. also ahead, world leaders gathered in china for the g-20 summit. what they agreed to and the issues that still divide them.m. plus, a young black man's journey into adulthood overshadowed by racially-charged politics. >> walking through racism is important, but how are we dealing with talking about patriarchy, ma song any, homophony, mentalness?e we're not including these in the narrative around young black men.

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