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tv   BBC World News America  PBS  September 7, 2016 2:30pm-3:01pm PDT

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>> this is "bbc world news america." >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the
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crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> and now, bbc "world news america." katty: this is "bbc world news america." . am katty kay a level under fire hours to a suspected gas attack. residents are hit from the air. hillary clinton fighting controversies in the run-up to election day. we dive deep into florida to find out why some people do not trust her. possible ufos have always been a source of fascination. we learn about the possible extraterrestrial highway which may run through america.
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welcome to our viewers on public television in america and around the globe. after five years of civil war, it is hard to believe there is anything left to bomb of the room and city of aleppo. what was once a thriving commercial center was hit again today with 10 people dead. it came hours after government helicopters reportedly dropped chlorine gas. there are talks to end the conflict, there is not much hope it will get very far. jeremy bowen is in damascus. his report contains distressing images. jeremy: another air attack on east aleppo, held by an assortment of rebels. civil defense workers pulled out casualties, as they have done countless times before. the attack was close to the place where local reports they
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bombs containing poison chlorine gas was dropped on tuesday. the syrian government and eyes using the local weapons, dachshund denies using chemical weapons despite accusations. this is the government's biggest target. days surrounded used aleppo to seal it off and attempt to siege to start out the anti-regime sources. casualties were taken to one of used aleppo's makeshift hospitals. the fightings and attempt to impose a total siege means that they are short of medical supplies. the regime claims the blood shed on foreign countries intervening. it denies allegation is that it rigs elections and says president assad has no intention to leave office. >> we look at our parliament did we look at our local administration. these western countries would
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recognize only what they want. we have a very strong government. we have a sustained six-year war against syria. i assure you that we shall continue. jeremy: in london, backed by britain and others, a syrian opposition coalition has produced the most detailed map yet out. they do not expect a yes anytime soon from damascus. >> the bloodshed continues to drag its feet and continue to refuse to engage seriously. they would have to be a plan b. jeremy: this is the center of damascus. as part of the capital could not look more different to the east side of aleppo. there is huge war damage a few miles away and across the country.
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this is the regime showcase. president assad would have had to move listened -- would have had to have listened, but right now he does not. in aleppo issad far from over. these are civil defense workers in rebel held used aleppo racing to save casualties in tuesday's attacks, which reports say contained chemical chlorine gas. one syrian general has said the war could get much longer, perhaps another 10-years. jeremy bowen, bbc news, damascus. katty: another 10 years. for more on the situation inside syria i spoke with the former state department official and u.s. ambassador to nato,
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nicholas burns. ambassador burns, do you think we are inching to the stage where the west will have to accept that president assad stays in power in order to stop the scenes we are seeing almost daily in aleppo at the moment? amb. burns: that appears to be where i think things are trending. this is the most serious humanitarian crisis in the world today. hundreds of thousands have been killed since 2011. syrians are homeless in and outside of syria as refugees. the historic city of aleppo has been utterly destroyed by the bombing from the syrian and russian air forces, and by the iranians and hezbollah on the ground. it is a nefarious quartet that has brought about a killing machine. west, europe, the united states, and canada, the arab world, if they are going to
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affect his cease-fire, one of the conditions by the syrian and russian government will be that assad must stay. you remember obama wanted a solid to go years ago, but that will be the price of any cease-fire, if we are lucky enough to win a cease-fire. katty: ivory getting to a stage where the west will be prepared openly -- we had a back-and-forth if there would be more talks in geneva. you think the west will come out publicly to have to say this? amb. burns: i think that might be the step the west needs to take care of you saw tense negotiations at the g20 summit in china the train president obama and president putin. they did not arrive at a deal. reading between the lines, the united states does not trust the russian federation. arab world should not enter into a cease-fire agreement if we do not think the russians and syrians will
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respect it. they are right that the syrian air force be grounded as a consequence of cease-fire. how else would we have hope the killing would stop from the air? there is an urgent need to get the united nations and refugee aid and health assistance to the people of aleppo who are starving. people died were -people dying from wounds because there is no medical care. katty: where do you blame for the fact that washington seems to have so little leverage in the aleppo crisis? amb. burns: the united states has vastly reduce leverage because russia has supplanted the united states as the most important outside actor. i do not blame obama, they are not blaming aleppo. i blame the syrian and russian governments. i do think that the united
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states needs to increase efforts not to put military forces on the ground, but diplomatic efforts to unify the turks, kenyans,s, together to shame the russian and syrian government into a cease-fire. we're not playing that unified role to the best of our abilities, and we ought to do that. katty: thank you for joining me. amb. burns: thank you. katty: someone needs to do something more fast. other news coming in from around the world, french authorities after a careople packed with gas canisters was found opposite notre dame cathedral. there was one empty canister in the front seat and 4 in the backseat. no detonators were found, but those arrested are being investigated for possible conspiracy. from china to afghanistan arrived in a river port after 12-day journey from
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the chinese east coast to an enthusiastic afghan welcome. dr. up to greet the cargo train, which mainly carries machinery -- they lined up to greet the cargo train, which mainly carries machinery. the finance minister has resigned one week after the controversial trip by the american presidential candidate, donald trump purity was seen as the politician who coordinated the meeting between donald trump nieto.sident on an aircraft carrier they candidates will discuss plans for national security as polls are tightening and hillary clinton faces criticism for her use of a private e-mail server as secretary of state. she has been campaigning in florida.
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from tampa, nick bryant has more. nick: the sunshine state. this one is important, because of the multi racial demographics are representative of the country as a whole. that helps hillary clinton, because to study the faces at her rallies is to look at as a mosaic. donald trump supporters are mainly white. her events lack the skill and passion. her speeches are details, but dull. her best applause comes from attacking the billionaire, her trump card literally. >> he mocks a reporter with a disability, calls women takes, calls mexican immigrants rapists and criminals, demeans muslims. donald trump is totally unfit
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and unqualified to be our president. the most unpopular republican nominee in history of , it should have been an open goal, the problem is she is the most unpopular democrat. take this woman's football team practicing next to the rally. players are split 50-58 the coach has a theory about why they are not more and used about the prospect of a female president. >> they speak about things trump has done, and they dismiss it. is honest.he every thing that hillary has been perceived as saying or doing, they want to get her hard it. we criticize women faster and easier, and are more accepting of men. nick: it is with white males that her poll numbers are tanking.
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a local businessman would rather dive into a shark pool then give hillary clinton his vote. it is the cumulative effect of the e-mail scandal, the and clinton foundation, benghazi. they think donald trump is more honest. >> too many scandals. some things at least have to be true. i have this trouble believing her. i cannot vote for her. reporter: a state is used to close contest. some show the billionaire edging ahead. donald trump is gaining in the polls, not because he is more popular, but because hillary clinton is so disliked. a last poll suggested that her image is at its lowest point in 25-years in public life. as we enter the home stretch she of thesevorite of both deeply unpopular candidates. they are limping toward the
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finish. nick bryant, bbc news, florida. katty: for more on the status of the campaign i spoke with anthony zurcher. ofs is the beginning september, generally a critical time that sets the tone for the rest of the election. how is it standing? anthony: it is a 60-day's trip to the finish. the polls are starting to tighten. that should not be too much of a surprise. hillary clinton got a bump out of her convention, but some republicans are coming home to donald trump, and some wavering of clinton supporters because of the steady beat of media coverage on the clinton foundation and e-mail servers. they're not willing to go to donald trump, but they say they are not supporting her when the polls come out. katty: i spoke to a democratic supporter yesterday, and even she said that what is
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frustrating is that these are problems of mrs. clinton's own making. is there anything that she can do to change her fortunes herself? anthony: a lot of it is baked into the cake at this point. she comes out in interviews talking that the e-mail server, she made a mistake him she would not do it now, there is not much else that she can do. she will have a good chance during the debates to take the questions head-on. she saw above at in the democratic convention. when people see her answering questions in a good light on a big stage it helps their view. 80 million to 90 million people might be watching, it could hear big moment for her. aps forou have written our website about the five things that might keep hillary night, one of them was unforeseen events or surprises. what were you thinking? anthony: financial collapse or a
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downturn. americans views of the economy track closely to hillary clinton's of part. -- hillary clinton's support. we have seen a downturn in optimism on the economy when there was a downturn in her poll numbers. it could be a problem if there is a terror attack or international crisis that could push people towards trump. or natural disaster. we saw hurricane sandy help barack obama. these are unpredictable, the kinds of things that politicians hate. katty: thank you, very much. you are watching "bbc world news america." , still to come, apple unveils the iphone 7. one change might have people wondering where to put their headphones. laos.of the summit in president obama met with
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survivors of the united states' secret bombing campaign 40 years ago. we report from the capital. reporter: it was america's secret war. one the united states never fully acknowledged. the nine is dates of dropped 2 million -- the united states laosed 9 million pounds on . president obama's trying to make amends. in laos he visited a rehabilitation center for those toms.d right unexploded he has not apologized for the actions, but he is giving american money and aid to the country. million cluster munitions did not explode. acrossre spread farmlands, jungles, villages, rivers. for the last four decades, laos
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has lived under the shadow of war. reporter: he met with men and women in a town hall. one audience member asked when would be the best time to be born in human history. he struck an optimistic note. pres. obama: now. the world has never been healthier, wealthier, and that are educated -- better educated. ,t has never been less violent more tolerant than it is today. reporter: it would be fair to say that many asian leaders are more comfortable with him than previous american presidents, but his pivot to asia came at a time of china's growing political and economic influence. the push and pull between the global superpowers may be what will shape the region for years to come. he has written about
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everything from ivy league card counters to the founding of facebook. turned his has sights higher. his book, the 37th parallel unidentified flying objects near the latitude. ofore we get to the content the book, i want to ask why you wrote it. you have written about facebook. i suppose there are parallel universes, but why ufos? to writever set out about ufos. i come from a science background and was a skeptic. i heard about chuck zukowski, a reserve share's deputy in colorado. he was fired from the department after investigating a cattle mutilation. he went down the rabbit hole into the world of ufos. i was going to write about one
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man's of session. i got sucked into the topic. i started to see stuff i had never seen before. katty: having researched, and you come away being convinced that they exist? ben: i came away and vents the very least there was a cover-up dating back to the 1940's of a phenomenon involving a crash. it is likely something did crash in laws well in 1947, at least. in 1947, at least. it is possible there have been one or two visitations. about you seem to talk animals, dead animals in particular. why? ben: since the 1940's, 10 thousand cows and horses have been found lying on her left side, missing organs, drained of what. many look like they have been dropped from a height.
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are no predators involved. no one has been arrested. the fbi did an investigation in the 1970's and found nothing. it is one of the great mysteries of the midwest in america. it is something that we have not the geared out. what the connection -- we have not figured out. what the connection is to ufos, it is not clear. it is a side story in the book. the main character thanks that there is a connection. katty: all of the animals, what is the connection to the 37th parallel? ben: chuck discovered the majority of ufo sightings and cattle mutilations occur on the 37th parallel. he called it a ufo highway. most of america's underground military bases are on the same parallel, from the pentagon to white sands. most native american burial sites are on the land. they all have the same ufo connection.
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there is complex of things on the line, which is mysterious, entertaining, and interesting. i do believe something real has occurred there at least once. katty: full disclosure, i am listening and i imagine like many that you speak to, i'm skeptical. is that one of the problems? ben: there such a huge g iggle and mocking factor that no serious scientist or journalist or politician can look into it. it is something that does not need to be covered up here no matter how many videos you see or radar tracking logs, you won't believe it. i understand that. but if you look into the facts of roswell, just roswell, one of the tens of thousands of instances, it is mind-boggling. .atty: mind-boggling apple has unveiled its anticipated new iphone in
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california. the iphone 7 has new camera technology, is water resistant, but the thing people are talking about is that it has abandoned the headphone jack. beyond consumers, shareholders are waiting to see if this will t or not. our technology correspondent has the details. >> it is the best iphone we have ever created. reporter: they have been ordered to pay ireland billions in back taxes. investors are wondering if the boom years are over. for tim cook, everything is awesome. >> amex all the things you do every day so much better. >> the biggest event of his company and vital to regaining momentum. the iphone 7 is waterproof and has what is claimed to be the best camera in a phone. the old headphone jack is gone. you will have to plug a new set into the power socket or splash
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out on wireless earbuds. millions will find their way of listening has become obsolete. >> they are doing it because of more money. you have to buy headphones that will cost more. .t is the next step they are trying to do things -- but for me, it would not work about a great. >> if the sound quality is improved, there might be some advantage. reporter: apple has a range of products and makes plenty of money, but the iphone accounts for 50% of its revenue and more of its profits. it has seen that its best days might be behind it. the share price reflects the iphone's changing fortunes. the iphone 6 was a success. may the price had hit a high of $133. as sales faultered it went down.
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samsung,st competitor, has seen it's sales surge ahead, but the recall after some batteries caught fire was a setback. the iphone market in the west is stalling. >> the markets are saturated. people have a phone. the phones are being used for longer. if apple wants to deliver growth and make wall street happy, it needs to crack emerging markets like china and india. reporter: the apple marketing chief said this about removing the headphone socket. >> it comes down to one word, courage. reporter: they have not been bold enough to get the sales of the iphone surgeon ahead -- surging ahead. katty: i got used to using my old phone. i'm not sure i can face getting a new one unless they can invent
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one that would ever smash, never get lost, and never get stolen. for more on the news, it is on our website. i am katty kay. thank you for watching. i will see you back here tomorrow. >> make sense of international news at bbc.com/news. >> funding of this presentation is made possible by the freeman foundation. newman's own foundation, giving all profits from newman's own to charity and pursuing the common good. kovler foundation, pursuing solutions for america's neglected needs. and aruba tourism authority. >> planning a vacation escape that is relaxing, inviting, and exciting is a lot easier than you think. you can find it here in aruba. families, couples, and friends
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can all find their escape on the island with warm sunny days, cooling tradewinds, and the crystal blue caribbean sea. nonstop flights are available from most major airports. more information for your vacation planning is available at aruba.com. >> bbc world news was presented by kcet los angeles.
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captioning sponsored by newshour productions, llc >> woodruff: good evening. i'm judy woodruff. gwen ifill is on assignment. on the newshour tonight: the tightening presidential race. we break down the latest poll numbers and delve into where the candidates stand on the issue of climate change. then, as chicago mourns its 500th homicide in this year alone, residents desperately search for solutions to the rise in gun violence. >> it's going to take a lot of people all doing something-- not saying something, but doing something-- to fix the problem. >> woodruff: and, 15 years after 9/11, a new battlefront for fighting terrorism. how much responsibility do social media networks have towo stop sp

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